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CETA ratification process: Latest developments

02-10-2017

Since June 2017, several significant developments have occurred in relation to the ratification process of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada. This updates an earlier 'at a glance' note, published in June 2017.

Since June 2017, several significant developments have occurred in relation to the ratification process of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada. This updates an earlier 'at a glance' note, published in June 2017.

CETA ratification process: Recent developments

21-06-2017

On 28 October 2016, the Council decided to sign the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), and on 15 February 2017 the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement's conclusion. As CETA is a mixed agreement, the EU Member States are currently in the process of ratifying it in accordance with their constitutional requirements. Only after all have done so, can the Council adopt a decision to conclude CETA, after which the agreement will enter into force.

On 28 October 2016, the Council decided to sign the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), and on 15 February 2017 the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement's conclusion. As CETA is a mixed agreement, the EU Member States are currently in the process of ratifying it in accordance with their constitutional requirements. Only after all have done so, can the Council adopt a decision to conclude CETA, after which the agreement will enter into force.

The US Supreme Court's landmark rulings of June 2015

16-07-2015

The founding fathers drafting the US Constitution designed the government so that each branch had a check on the others, in order that no single branch would have absolute power. The Supreme Court's main method of controlling the power of the legislative branch is judicial review. Under this principle, it has the power to examine laws and declare them unconstitutional. While the US Constitution holds that democracy is the appropriate process for change, the Court has now ruled, in Obergefell v. Hodges ...

The founding fathers drafting the US Constitution designed the government so that each branch had a check on the others, in order that no single branch would have absolute power. The Supreme Court's main method of controlling the power of the legislative branch is judicial review. Under this principle, it has the power to examine laws and declare them unconstitutional. While the US Constitution holds that democracy is the appropriate process for change, the Court has now ruled, in Obergefell v. Hodges, that 'individuals who are harmed need not await legislative action before asserting a fundamental right'. In the closing days of June, the Court issued three rulings which have made, and will continue to have a major impact not only on US citizens but also on the broader US political landscape.

The ECB's Expanded Asset Purchase Programme

02-02-2015

On 22 January 2015, the European Central Bank (ECB) launched its Expanded Asset Purchase Programme (more commonly known as quantitative easing, or QE) with the aim of reviving the euro area economy. This unconventional monetary policy instrument – under which the European Central Bank will create new money to purchase euro-denominated, investment-grade securities issued by euro area governments and European institutions – has generated lively debate among policy practitioners, academics and the media ...

On 22 January 2015, the European Central Bank (ECB) launched its Expanded Asset Purchase Programme (more commonly known as quantitative easing, or QE) with the aim of reviving the euro area economy. This unconventional monetary policy instrument – under which the European Central Bank will create new money to purchase euro-denominated, investment-grade securities issued by euro area governments and European institutions – has generated lively debate among policy practitioners, academics and the media. The results achieved in countries that have previously implemented QE (the US, UK and Japan) have been mixed. But discussions on its introduction by the ECB have been particularly lengthy since the euro area presents particular challenges that relate to the legality and the feasibility of the programme, and these may impede the ECB's programme from fully realising its potential. These challenges are also the reason why the ECB stressed during the press conference following its decision to launch QE that the programme will not be a panacea, but must be accompanied at national level with structural reforms, as well as fiscal policies that support the overall recovery of the economy.

National Constitutional Avenues for Further EU Integration

14-02-2014

This study investigates national constitutional limits to further EU integration and explores ways to overcome them. It includes an in-depth examination of the constitutional systems of 12 Member States (Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom) and a bird’s eye view of all Member States. EU integration can be advanced by avoiding substantive constitutional obstacles in various ways. Overcoming the substantive ...

This study investigates national constitutional limits to further EU integration and explores ways to overcome them. It includes an in-depth examination of the constitutional systems of 12 Member States (Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom) and a bird’s eye view of all Member States. EU integration can be advanced by avoiding substantive constitutional obstacles in various ways. Overcoming the substantive obstacles requires managing national procedural constitutional hurdles. This is possible to the extent that the required broad political consensus exists.

Externí autor

Leonard F.M. BESSELINK, Monica CLAES, Šejla IMAMOVIĆ and Jan Herman REESTMAN

The Division of Competences in the European Union

01-03-1997

This study seeks to identify the policy and legal instruments enabling better transparency, democracy and division of powers to be achieved within the EU. After analysing the current relations between the Member States and the EU it proposes alternative solutions in particular on the balance of powers.

This study seeks to identify the policy and legal instruments enabling better transparency, democracy and division of powers to be achieved within the EU. After analysing the current relations between the Member States and the EU it proposes alternative solutions in particular on the balance of powers.

Externí autor

Professor J.H.H. Weiler

Constitutional Courrts in the Member States of the European Union

15-03-1995

Externí autor

Ana Rosa Marin Blesa, Stephen Ollerenshaw and Nickolaos Lazaridis

Chystané akce

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
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EPRS

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