6

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Klíčové slovo
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Latin America's informal economy

22-09-2016

Informal employment affects around 130 million workers in Latin America and the Caribbean, of whom at least 27 million are young people, and represents nearly half of non-agricultural employment. Its incidence varies across the region's countries (from 30.7% in Costa Rica to 73.6% in Guatemala), sectors and population groups. Fighting informality has become a clear objective in the region. Some Latin American countries have taken big steps to reduce informality, applying a different mix of specific ...

Informal employment affects around 130 million workers in Latin America and the Caribbean, of whom at least 27 million are young people, and represents nearly half of non-agricultural employment. Its incidence varies across the region's countries (from 30.7% in Costa Rica to 73.6% in Guatemala), sectors and population groups. Fighting informality has become a clear objective in the region. Some Latin American countries have taken big steps to reduce informality, applying a different mix of specific policies and strategies and obtaining generally positive results; however, more efforts are needed. Moreover, the current crisis can endanger this positive trend. International institutions, such as the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the EU, are also promoting measures to support the transition to the formal economy in the region, and the European Parliament has shown a special interest in this issue. Yet, formalisation in Latin America remains an important challenge, and economic growth alone is not enough to achieve it: the ILO insists on an integrated and comprehensive approach that would complement public policies with efforts by social actors as a way to achieve broad-based consensus. Experts agree that the focus should be on workers' social and labour inclusion. This briefing examines the strategies applied by five big Latin American economies – Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru – based on recent ILO studies, and looks at the results obtained thus far and the assistance provided by the EU and the ILO.

Overview of the Agricultural Inputs Sector in the EU

15-07-2015

This study analyzes the seed, feed, energy, fertilizer, and plant protection agents farm input sectors from two perspectives: the demand side and the supply side. Average input shares in the EU-27 for seeds and fertilizers declined while they increased for feeds. Market concentration is the largest in the plant protection agents sector followed by the energy sector, and lowest in the feed sector.

This study analyzes the seed, feed, energy, fertilizer, and plant protection agents farm input sectors from two perspectives: the demand side and the supply side. Average input shares in the EU-27 for seeds and fertilizers declined while they increased for feeds. Market concentration is the largest in the plant protection agents sector followed by the energy sector, and lowest in the feed sector.

Externí autor

Justus Wesseler, Alessandro Bonanno, Dušan Drabik, Valentina C. Materia, Luca Malaguti, Marcel Meyer and Thomas J. Venus (Wageningen University, the netherlands)

Agriculture in Austria and South Tyrol

03-07-2012

This briefing note is a guidance document for Members of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament who are part of the delegation to Austria and South Tyrol. The briefing note provides a general overview of the country’s geographical, economic and demographic situation and detailed information on the nature of its agricultural system.

This briefing note is a guidance document for Members of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament who are part of the delegation to Austria and South Tyrol. The briefing note provides a general overview of the country’s geographical, economic and demographic situation and detailed information on the nature of its agricultural system.

EU Competition Framework Policy and Agricultural Agreements : Collation and Comparative Analysis of Significant Decisions at National Level

15-05-2012

The establishment of a set of antitrust compatible agreements is crucial in strengthening the economic power of producers. Better regulation principles call for a smart approach to the Single CMO proposal based on the extension of rules and the promotion of compatible practices like codes of conduct, standards contracts, quality schemes or price observatories. Furthermore, there should be more emphasis given to encouraging a consistent and unique interpretation of EU Competition Law since the overall ...

The establishment of a set of antitrust compatible agreements is crucial in strengthening the economic power of producers. Better regulation principles call for a smart approach to the Single CMO proposal based on the extension of rules and the promotion of compatible practices like codes of conduct, standards contracts, quality schemes or price observatories. Furthermore, there should be more emphasis given to encouraging a consistent and unique interpretation of EU Competition Law since the overall picture reflects a heterogeneity of national decisions concerning the Internal Market.

Externí autor

Javier GUILLEM CARRAU (Regional Parliament of Valencia, Universities of Valencia and of Cardenal Herrera-CEU)

Agriculture in Hungary

15-09-2010

This briefing note is a guidance document for members of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament who are part of the delegation to Hungary. The briefing note provides a general overview of the country’s geographical, economic and demographic situation and detailed information on the nature of its agricultural system.

This briefing note is a guidance document for members of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament who are part of the delegation to Hungary. The briefing note provides a general overview of the country’s geographical, economic and demographic situation and detailed information on the nature of its agricultural system.

Agriculture in Brazil

14-02-2008

This note was written as a back-up document for the European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development delegation during its trip to Brazil in April 2008. It consists of: 1) an introductory section setting out the main physical and demographic data; 2) a general chapter on the Brazilian economy; and finally 3) an in-depth analysis of the agricultural sector in terms of both production and commercial aspects, with some additional remarks on recent health problems in relation to EU ...

This note was written as a back-up document for the European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development delegation during its trip to Brazil in April 2008. It consists of: 1) an introductory section setting out the main physical and demographic data; 2) a general chapter on the Brazilian economy; and finally 3) an in-depth analysis of the agricultural sector in terms of both production and commercial aspects, with some additional remarks on recent health problems in relation to EU meat imports.

Chystané akce

17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
Další akce -
EPRS
05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Další akce -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Další akce -
EPRS

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