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Amending capital requirements: The 'CRD-V package'

15-04-2019

In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council (the co-legislators) reached a political agreement on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package'), which establish the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The amendments to the package implement the most recent regulatory standards for banks, set at international level ('Basel III framework'). They also address some regulatory shortcomings ...

In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council (the co-legislators) reached a political agreement on the legislative proposals amending the current Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (the 'CRD-IV package'), which establish the prudential framework for financial institutions operating in the EU. The amendments to the package implement the most recent regulatory standards for banks, set at international level ('Basel III framework'). They also address some regulatory shortcomings and aim to contribute to sustainable bank financing of the economy. Parliament is due to vote on adopting the proposals during the April II plenary session.

Exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board

05-12-2018

This briefing presents selected issues regarding the work of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in advance of the exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in ECON on 6 December 2018. The briefing thematically covers the following: (i) Pending response to the EP 2017 Banking Union report, (ii) Updated information in the resolution case of Banco Popular, including the Valuation 3 report, (iii) SRB’s 2018 MREL policy; (iv) The backstop to the Single Resolution Fund (SRF); (v) Liquidity ...

This briefing presents selected issues regarding the work of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in advance of the exchange of views with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in ECON on 6 December 2018. The briefing thematically covers the following: (i) Pending response to the EP 2017 Banking Union report, (ii) Updated information in the resolution case of Banco Popular, including the Valuation 3 report, (iii) SRB’s 2018 MREL policy; (iv) The backstop to the Single Resolution Fund (SRF); (v) Liquidity in resolution, including the summary of external briefings commissioned by the ECON Committee; (vi) Brexit-related issues, (vii) Bank liquidation regime, (viii) Other publications including the SRB’s 2019 work programme and the 2018 contributions to the SRF.

EMU Reform and the New Normal for Monetary Policy: Challenges and Perspectives

29-11-2018

This paper assesses the scope for monetary policy in the euro area as it returns to normal financial conditions without support from easy money but with a financial stability objective (whether legislated or not). We find that both financial stability and traditional monetary objectives can be achieved without one limiting the achievement of the other because, in the new normal, the ECB can use new policy tools derived from the regulatory metrics required under the post-crisis macro-prudential framework ...

This paper assesses the scope for monetary policy in the euro area as it returns to normal financial conditions without support from easy money but with a financial stability objective (whether legislated or not). We find that both financial stability and traditional monetary objectives can be achieved without one limiting the achievement of the other because, in the new normal, the ECB can use new policy tools derived from the regulatory metrics required under the post-crisis macro-prudential framework. Whether they offer large improvements depends on how a clear mandate for financial stability is defined and whether coordination with traditional monetary or fiscal policies is needed. Risks to monetary policy in the new normal are mainly external and depend on the transmission of monetary policies not aligned with ECB policies. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

Externí autor

Andrew HUGHES HALLETT

Central Bank Communication at Times of Non-Standard Monetary Policies

14-09-2018

Communication is an important monetary policy tool, as central banks can use it to manage the expectations of economic agents. Communication becomes even more important in times of non-standard monetary policies due to increased levels of uncertainty and the introduction of new policy tools. In this paper, we summarise the literature on central bank communication in times of non-standard monetary policies, with a particular focus on forward guidance. This document was provided by Policy Department ...

Communication is an important monetary policy tool, as central banks can use it to manage the expectations of economic agents. Communication becomes even more important in times of non-standard monetary policies due to increased levels of uncertainty and the introduction of new policy tools. In this paper, we summarise the literature on central bank communication in times of non-standard monetary policies, with a particular focus on forward guidance. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

Externí autor

Lukasz JANIKOWSKI, Andrzej RZONCA

Post-crisis Excess Liquidity and Bank Lending

14-09-2018

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the ...

With the Asset Purchase Program, the European Central Bank has supplied significant amounts of liquidity into the financial system starting from 2015, resulting yet into a new upswing in excess liquidity. The expanded asset purchase programme (APP) program broadly coincided with further cuts in the ECB’s deposit facility rate, which currently stands at -0.4%. Against this background, this note assesses the ECB policy of negative rate on the deposit facility and discusses the associated risks in the context of an excess liquidity overhang for the euro area, including risk-appetite for banks. This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Externí autor

Corrado MACCHIARELLI

When Communication becomes the Policy

14-09-2018

Non-standard policy measures are intended to work via financial markets. Their effectiveness thus depends on how ECB communication affects the expectations of market participants far into the future. Communication has become as important as the details of the policy measures itself. The success of communication is often measured by short term market reactions, increasingly using advanced statistical techniques to interpret them. But this ‘policy making by the markets’ lacks a strong anchor because ...

Non-standard policy measures are intended to work via financial markets. Their effectiveness thus depends on how ECB communication affects the expectations of market participants far into the future. Communication has become as important as the details of the policy measures itself. The success of communication is often measured by short term market reactions, increasingly using advanced statistical techniques to interpret them. But this ‘policy making by the markets’ lacks a strong anchor because financial markets often anticipate policy and the assessments of investors change all the time, often independently of monetary policy actions. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Externí autor

Daniel Gros

Country-Specific Recommendations in banking - June 2018

14-06-2018

Financial sector reforms have been flagged by the Commission in its Communication on the 2018 European Semester as the policy area where Member States have made the most progress during last year. This briefing focuses on the banking recommendations addressed by the Council to individual Member States within the framework of the European Semester over the past years (2011-2018). It takes a rather broad approach and covers all recommendations targeting individual Member States’ banking sectors from ...

Financial sector reforms have been flagged by the Commission in its Communication on the 2018 European Semester as the policy area where Member States have made the most progress during last year. This briefing focuses on the banking recommendations addressed by the Council to individual Member States within the framework of the European Semester over the past years (2011-2018). It takes a rather broad approach and covers all recommendations targeting individual Member States’ banking sectors from a financial stability perspective or in respect of the financing of their economies and access to finance. It takes stock of these banking relevant country-specific recommendations issued since 2011, looks in detail at the main topics addressed and gives an overview of the implementation by Member States as assessed by the Commission. The briefing is regularly updated.

Further harmonising EU insolvency law from a banking resolution perspective?

28-05-2018

Further to recent resolution and liquidation cases experienced in the Banking Union, both the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM) and the Single Supervision Mechanism (SSM) have called for further harmonisation of insolvency law. In April 2018, the SRB stressed that “the divergence of national insolvency laws is a major obstacle towards a fully-fledged Banking Union”. As part of the SRM review due by 31 December 2018, the Commission shall “evaluate the necessity of taking steps order to harmonise insolvency ...

Further to recent resolution and liquidation cases experienced in the Banking Union, both the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM) and the Single Supervision Mechanism (SSM) have called for further harmonisation of insolvency law. In April 2018, the SRB stressed that “the divergence of national insolvency laws is a major obstacle towards a fully-fledged Banking Union”. As part of the SRM review due by 31 December 2018, the Commission shall “evaluate the necessity of taking steps order to harmonise insolvency proceedings for failed institution”. This briefing explains why the completion of the Banking Union may need to be underpinned by further progress in harmonising Member States’ insolvency law. This briefing takes a ‘banking resolution’ perspective, and does not specifically address initiatives that the Commission has taken to improve the efficiency of Member States’ insolvency law framework (See separate EGOV briefing “Completing the Banking Union”).

The ESM and the IMF: comparison of the main features

27-04-2018

This document provides a comparison of the main objectives, tools and governance structures of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It contributes to the debate on recent proposal regarding the possible evolution of the ESM into a “European Monetary Fund”, in the wider context of the discussions on how to strengthen the governance of Economic and Monetary Union. The note also presents summaries of three external papers prepared in spring 2017, upon ...

This document provides a comparison of the main objectives, tools and governance structures of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It contributes to the debate on recent proposal regarding the possible evolution of the ESM into a “European Monetary Fund”, in the wider context of the discussions on how to strengthen the governance of Economic and Monetary Union. The note also presents summaries of three external papers prepared in spring 2017, upon a request of the Economic and Monetary Committee on this subject.

Cash outflows in crisis scenarios: do liquidity requirements and reporting obligations give the SRB sufficient time to react?

19-04-2018

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments ...

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments moratoria and funding of the resolution process.

Externí autor

Alexander Lehmann (Bruegel)

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