Effect of Migration Policies on Human Rights in the European Neigbourhood

11-07-2011

Cooperation with third states constitutes an important pillar of the EU’s migration policy. This study analyses to which extent the cooperation between the EU and its neighbouring countries had an impact on the protection of the rights of migrants and refugees in the respective countries. It gives a general overview of the state of the art of national migration policies and legislations in the Eastern and Western European neighbourhood and the Western Balkan states. .Three case studies on Georgia, Kosovo and Lebanon illustrate further the country specific situation of migrants and refugees and provide for a detailed analysis of the implications the EU engagement had on the protection of human rights. The development of national migration policies was mainly due to the engagement of the EU, however, these policies have been shaped rather by EU security considerations than by national migration-related concerns leading to the adoption of very restrictive national migration policies likely to endanger the rights of migrants. The study concludes by offering a set of recommendations to encourage the EU to move the debate on future cooperation with neigbouring states on migration issues in a more migrants’ rights centred direction that is in compliance with the principles of the rule of law, good governance, democracy and human rights.

Cooperation with third states constitutes an important pillar of the EU’s migration policy. This study analyses to which extent the cooperation between the EU and its neighbouring countries had an impact on the protection of the rights of migrants and refugees in the respective countries. It gives a general overview of the state of the art of national migration policies and legislations in the Eastern and Western European neighbourhood and the Western Balkan states. .Three case studies on Georgia, Kosovo and Lebanon illustrate further the country specific situation of migrants and refugees and provide for a detailed analysis of the implications the EU engagement had on the protection of human rights. The development of national migration policies was mainly due to the engagement of the EU, however, these policies have been shaped rather by EU security considerations than by national migration-related concerns leading to the adoption of very restrictive national migration policies likely to endanger the rights of migrants. The study concludes by offering a set of recommendations to encourage the EU to move the debate on future cooperation with neigbouring states on migration issues in a more migrants’ rights centred direction that is in compliance with the principles of the rule of law, good governance, democracy and human rights.

Ekstern forfatter

Wolfgang BENEDEK (University of Graz, Austria), Lisa HESCHL (study coordinator, University of Graz, Austria) and Anna Maria LEICHTFRIED (University of Graz, Austria), Adnan ĆERIMAGIĆ (University of Graz, Austria). Case studies: Georgia: Gaga GABRICHIDZE (Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia) and Irakli KOBAKHIDZE (Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia) Kosovo: Valon MURATI E.RMA (University of Prishtina, Kosovo) Lebanon: Eugene SENSENIG-DABBOUS (Notre Dame University, Louaize, Lebanon), Elie EL-HINDY (Notre Dame University, Louaize, Lebanon), Guita HOURANI (Notre Dame University, Louaize, Lebanon), Pamela CHEMALI (Research staff), Michele FENIANOS (Research staff), Joelle ZLAKET (Research staff), Liliane HADDAD (Collecting, Archiving, Indexing and Retrieving Research Material), Elie NABHAN (Collecting, Archiving, Indexing and Retrieving Research Material) and Elias SFEIR (Collecting, Archiving, Indexing and Retrieving Research Material)