11

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The protection of fundamental rights in the EU: European Parliament achievements during the 2014-2019 legislative term and challenges for the future

17-04-2019

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively ...

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively against Poland and against Hungary. The EP has also consolidated its former requests under the proposal for an EU mechanism on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental rights (EU DRF Pact). Important legislative dossiers on procedural rights were approved (presumption of innocence, safeguards for children in criminal proceedings, legal aid). While the EP continued to report annually on the situation of fundamental rights in the EU and on traditional issues of interest (among which minorities, Roma, anti-Semitism, right-wing extremism, prisons, media freedom, as well as follow up activities on mass surveillance and CIA), it has also addressed new issues, such as protection of whistle-blowers (a Commission proposal was issued following insistence of the EP), islamophobia, afrophobia and fundamental rights of intersex persons. The EP has also adopted resolutions on the situation in specific Member States, such as Malta, Slovakia, Romania, expressing Rule of Law concerns. Among the challenges that remain open for the next term are the art. 7 TEU procedures against Hungary and Poland, the strengthening of the protection of art. 2 TEU values including through the promotion of the EU DRF Pact, the EU accession to the ECHR, the enhancement of the EU and EP monitoring mechanisms, the adoption of pending files, including the Rule of Law conditionality for EU funds, the Rights and Values and Justice programmes, the equal treatment directive, the reform of the transparency regulation and, in the longer term; the reform of the Treaties.

Fri bevægelighed for personer

01-03-2018

Fri bevægelighed og ophold for personer i EU er hjørnestenen i unionsborgerskabet, som blev indført med Maastrichttraktaten i 1992. Den gradvise afvikling af de indre grænser inden for rammerne af Schengenaftalerne blev fulgt op med vedtagelsen af direktiv 2004/38/EF om unionsborgeres og deres familiemedlemmers ret til at færdes og opholde sig frit inden for EU. Uanset betydningen af denne ret er der fortsat ti år efter udløbet af fristen for gennemførelse af direktivet betydelige hindringer for ...

Fri bevægelighed og ophold for personer i EU er hjørnestenen i unionsborgerskabet, som blev indført med Maastrichttraktaten i 1992. Den gradvise afvikling af de indre grænser inden for rammerne af Schengenaftalerne blev fulgt op med vedtagelsen af direktiv 2004/38/EF om unionsborgeres og deres familiemedlemmers ret til at færdes og opholde sig frit inden for EU. Uanset betydningen af denne ret er der fortsat ti år efter udløbet af fristen for gennemførelse af direktivet betydelige hindringer for gennemførelsen.

Beskyttelse af de grundlæggende rettigheder i EU

01-03-2018

Den Europæiske Union bygger på værdierne respekt for den menneskelige værdighed, frihed, demokrati, ligestilling, retsstatsprincippet og respekt for menneskerettighederne, herunder rettigheder for personer, der tilhører mindretal, som fastsat i artikel 2 i TEU. Der findes en EU-mekanisme, der — for at sikre at disse værdier overholdes —- afgør, om der er tale om en alvorlig overtrædelse eller en klar fare for en alvorlig overtrædelse fra en medlemsstats side, og denne mekanisme er blevet aktiveret ...

Den Europæiske Union bygger på værdierne respekt for den menneskelige værdighed, frihed, demokrati, ligestilling, retsstatsprincippet og respekt for menneskerettighederne, herunder rettigheder for personer, der tilhører mindretal, som fastsat i artikel 2 i TEU. Der findes en EU-mekanisme, der — for at sikre at disse værdier overholdes —- afgør, om der er tale om en alvorlig overtrædelse eller en klar fare for en alvorlig overtrædelse fra en medlemsstats side, og denne mekanisme er blevet aktiveret for første gang for nylig. EU er ligeledes bundet af sit charter om grundlæggende rettigheder, som fastlægger de rettigheder, der skal respekteres af såvel Den Europæiske Union som af medlemsstaterne i forbindelse med gennemførelsen af EU-retten. EU har desuden forpligtet sig til at tiltræde den europæiske konvention til beskyttelse af menneskerettigheder og grundlæggende frihedsrettigheder.

Den Europæiske Ombudsmand

01-10-2017

Den Europæiske Ombudsmand foretager undersøgelser af sager vedrørende fejl og forsømmelser i Den Europæiske Unions institutioner, organer, kontorer og agenturer og handler på eget initiativ eller på baggrund af klager fra EU-borgere. Ombudsmanden vælges af Europa-Parlamentet for hele valgperioden.

Den Europæiske Ombudsmand foretager undersøgelser af sager vedrørende fejl og forsømmelser i Den Europæiske Unions institutioner, organer, kontorer og agenturer og handler på eget initiativ eller på baggrund af klager fra EU-borgere. Ombudsmanden vælges af Europa-Parlamentet for hele valgperioden.

Retten til at indgive andragender

01-10-2017

Siden Maastrichttraktatens ikrafttræden har enhver borger i EU haft mulighed for at indgive andragender til Europa-Parlamentet, i form af en klage eller en anmodning, om forhold, der falder ind under EU's virksomhedsområde. Disse andragender behandles af Europa-Parlamentets Udvalg for Andragender, som træffer afgørelse om, hvorvidt de opfylder betingelserne for at blive behandlet, og derefter behandler andragenderne.

Siden Maastrichttraktatens ikrafttræden har enhver borger i EU haft mulighed for at indgive andragender til Europa-Parlamentet, i form af en klage eller en anmodning, om forhold, der falder ind under EU's virksomhedsområde. Disse andragender behandles af Europa-Parlamentets Udvalg for Andragender, som træffer afgørelse om, hvorvidt de opfylder betingelserne for at blive behandlet, og derefter behandler andragenderne.

The European Accessibility Act

15-08-2016

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with ...

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with the objective of ensuring that the Act can effectively achieve its declared aims: implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by fostering the integration of disabled persons in society and guaranteeing equal access to goods and services.

Empowering women on the Internet

30-10-2015

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern ...

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern slavery.

Privacy and Data Protection Implications of the Civil Use of Drones

10-06-2015

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental ...

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and data protection, to security and to safety.

Routine Tail-Docking of Pigs

25-11-2014

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Commitments Made at the Hearings of the Commissioners-Designate, Juncker Commission (November 2014 - October 2019)

14-11-2014

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

Kommende begivenheder

25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
Anden begivenhed -
EPRS

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