4

resultat(er)

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Type af publikation
Politikområde
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Dato

Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles

26-09-2017

The IA clearly defines the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and relies on comprehensive and up to date sources of information. Overall, the objectives appear to be relevant, measurable, and achievable; however, some discrepancy seems to exist between the definition of the operational objective and the indicators suggested for monitoring and evaluating the impacts of the proposed initiative. In addition, two of the suggested indicators could have been better qualified, in order ...

The IA clearly defines the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and relies on comprehensive and up to date sources of information. Overall, the objectives appear to be relevant, measurable, and achievable; however, some discrepancy seems to exist between the definition of the operational objective and the indicators suggested for monitoring and evaluating the impacts of the proposed initiative. In addition, two of the suggested indicators could have been better qualified, in order to make them operational. The IA lacks any precise quantification of the impacts of monitoring and reporting over time on HDV CO2 emissions in the EU, although this weakness is acknowledged and attributed to the lack of reliable methodology. The analysis of the impact on the competitiveness of SMEs appears to be, in general, insufficiently developed or explained. The Commission consulted a broad range of stakeholders, whose views are described and analysed extensively; however, at least two issues considered relevant by the large majority of stakeholders, were not taken up and dealt with in the IA. The IA appears to have addressed most of the RSB recommendations; however, the aspect regarding data sensitivity and the potential market-disruptive risks relating to the monitoring and data collecting system seems still to be insufficiently illustrated and the arguments used lack any supporting evidence. Finally, the IA seems to make a reasonable case for the preferred option, which is reflected in the legislative proposal; however it is unclear why vehicles of categories O3 and O4 (i.e. trailers), included in the scope of Article 2, are not covered by the IA.

Organic food

19-05-2015

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that aims at sustainable agriculture, high-quality products and the use of processes that do not harm the environment, human, plant or animal health and welfare. Globally, 43.1 million hectares of agricultural land was under organic production in 2013, six million more than the year before. With 10.2 million hectares, the European Union (EU) accounts for 24% of the world’s organic land. There are almost 2 million organic ...

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that aims at sustainable agriculture, high-quality products and the use of processes that do not harm the environment, human, plant or animal health and welfare. Globally, 43.1 million hectares of agricultural land was under organic production in 2013, six million more than the year before. With 10.2 million hectares, the European Union (EU) accounts for 24% of the world’s organic land. There are almost 2 million organic producers in the world, mostly in Asia (36%), Africa (29%) and Latin America (16%). The EU represents 13% of this total. The infographic first shows the production and consumption of organic food in the world. It then focuses on the EU figures for organic agricultural land, producers, sales and consumption. The last part describes the places where Europeans buy organic food and the reasons they choose to do so. Unless otherwise reported, data in this infographic are based on ‘The world of organic agriculture 2015’ - the largest global data collection on organics published by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) in collaboration with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM - Organics International) and other partners. Data are collected and published annually.

Fisheries in Azores

16-02-2015

Information note on the fisheries sector in Portugal for the Delegation of the European Parliament Committee on Fisheries from 7 to 10 April 2015. The note describes fisheries in Azores and related activities.

Information note on the fisheries sector in Portugal for the Delegation of the European Parliament Committee on Fisheries from 7 to 10 April 2015. The note describes fisheries in Azores and related activities.

Impact of the Crisis on the Real Economy

12-01-2010

This crisis came about because a bubble burst. Keeping this in mind leads to important considerations : 1) Europe (and in particular the Euro area) exhibited the same pre-crisis or ‘bubble symptoms’ (house price increase, excess credit growth) as the US. 2) The impact of the crisis on the real economy should be assessed on the basis of changes in unemployment and consumption (rather than only in GDP). A ‘happiness’ indicator, based on these two variables, has behaved in a quite different way across ...

This crisis came about because a bubble burst. Keeping this in mind leads to important considerations : 1) Europe (and in particular the Euro area) exhibited the same pre-crisis or ‘bubble symptoms’ (house price increase, excess credit growth) as the US. 2) The impact of the crisis on the real economy should be assessed on the basis of changes in unemployment and consumption (rather than only in GDP). A ‘happiness’ indicator, based on these two variables, has behaved in a quite different way across member countries. 3) If one looks at the crisis as the inevitable adjustment after a bubble one has to compare the present state of the economy to some ‘normal’ state (before the bubble) and not just to 2007, which represents the peak of the bubble (and therefore an unsustainable situation). Accounting for this leads to a quite different picture of the severity of the crisis. 4) Perspectives for the recovery? It does not seem that a credit crunch will impede a recovery as the ECB’s survey of bank loan officers has returned to normal, pre-crisis (but also pre-bubble) levels. Credit growth is still negative, but a more meaningful measure of the credit market is the ‘credit impulse’, which has sharply improved over the last year and seems to have returned to ‘normal’ by the end of 2009.

Ekstern forfatter

Daniel Gros (CEPS) and Cinzia Alcidi (CEPS)

Kommende begivenheder

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