7

resultat(er)

Ord
Type af publikation
Politikområde
Forfatter
Dato

Jernbanetransport

01-02-2018

Den europæiske politik vedrørende jernbanetransport tager sigte på at skabe et fælles europæisk jernbaneområde. Åbningen af jernbanesektoren for konkurrence, som blev påbegyndt i 2001, har over en periode på ti år været genstand for tre pakker og en omarbejdning. En fjerde pakke, der har til formål at fuldføre det fælles europæiske jernbaneområde, blev vedtaget i april 2016 (den tekniske søjle) og i december 2016 (markedssøjlen).

Den europæiske politik vedrørende jernbanetransport tager sigte på at skabe et fælles europæisk jernbaneområde. Åbningen af jernbanesektoren for konkurrence, som blev påbegyndt i 2001, har over en periode på ti år været genstand for tre pakker og en omarbejdning. En fjerde pakke, der har til formål at fuldføre det fælles europæiske jernbaneområde, blev vedtaget i april 2016 (den tekniske søjle) og i december 2016 (markedssøjlen).

Automated vehicles in the EU

07-01-2016

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly ...

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly, efficient and accessible. Worldwide, automobile manufacturers and technology firms are working on driving system innovation. Agreement by all stakeholders on the desired deployment of the new technologies will provide developers with the certainty they need for investments. For an effective communication between the technological and political spheres, categorisation and terminology are being developed which define different levels of vehicle automation. Motor vehicles are highly complex systems which need advanced technical and legal standards in terms of road safety requirements. The technical requirements as well as international traffic rules are agreed at United Nations level and are currently in the process of being assessed with a view to the increasing automation of vehicles. The European Union and its Member States participate in international working groups which are revising the regulations as prerequisites for the deployment of automated vehicles. Furthermore the European Union is funding research on automated road transport as a priority in the Horizon 2020 Transport Research programme. Some key elements of the discussions on political and technical aspects are the questions of how data protection and cyber security can be secured and liability issues can be solved.

The Cost of Non-Europe in the Single Market for Transport and Tourism

28-10-2014

Significant progress has been achieved during the last 20 years in creating a Single Market for Transports. European tourism is and will remain a vital component of the economy, with enormous economic potential. Both sectors suffer however from remaining barriers, gaps and market inefficiencies that create substantial costs and that could be addressed through further action at EU level. The gains that could be achieved from addressing the identified issues have been estimated at 8.6 billion euro ...

Significant progress has been achieved during the last 20 years in creating a Single Market for Transports. European tourism is and will remain a vital component of the economy, with enormous economic potential. Both sectors suffer however from remaining barriers, gaps and market inefficiencies that create substantial costs and that could be addressed through further action at EU level. The gains that could be achieved from addressing the identified issues have been estimated at 8.6 billion euro annually for the transport sector and 6.2 billion euro annually for the tourism sector. Creating a fully integrated transport sector and a more efficient tourism sector will also mean improved mobility, better environmental sustainability, enhanced internal cohesion and international competitiveness of the EU. Action in these two sectors can be seen as a key driver of EU growth and as a response on how to face the globalisation challenges more efficiently.

Drones: Engaging in Debate and Accountability

25-04-2013

Remotely piloted vehicles or aircraft are not an invention of the late 20th or early 21st century. Adding weapons to UAVs was proposed as early as the late 1940s, although these armed UAVs only came into use decades later. Remotely-piloted systems are also used in science, agriculture, environmental protection, goods transport and border security. New opportunities, such the use of RPAS for regulating air traffic, reveal the challenges in cyber security, privacy protection, national and public security ...

Remotely piloted vehicles or aircraft are not an invention of the late 20th or early 21st century. Adding weapons to UAVs was proposed as early as the late 1940s, although these armed UAVs only came into use decades later. Remotely-piloted systems are also used in science, agriculture, environmental protection, goods transport and border security. New opportunities, such the use of RPAS for regulating air traffic, reveal the challenges in cyber security, privacy protection, national and public security, and structural changes. Shifting demands, new UAV market entrants and increasing competition in the global market will challenge traditional (combat) aircraft industry structures. Innovation requires political and societal debate. Innovation in defence requires even more of this debate. Drones do not alter what the military does. Debate, organised at the European level, could develop a set of rules regarding the use of RPAS.

The Impact of Overtaking Bans for Heavy Goods Vehicles on Two-Lane Highways, on Traffic Flows and Routes of Transport

15-03-2010

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Ekstern forfatter

Ewan Hardman, Ben Morris, Peter Owlett and Tim Rees (TRL Limited)

The Future of Mobility in the EU

15-01-2010

This briefing note examines the current debate on the future of mobility and traffic policy in Europe. It picks up on trends and challenges such as social differentiation, demographic change and cultural aspects, and looks at their significance for mobility and traffic from a socio-ecological perspective. In a second stage, current papers on the further development of traffic policies are critically examined. The final section looks at what a sustainable mobility culture might look like in a society ...

This briefing note examines the current debate on the future of mobility and traffic policy in Europe. It picks up on trends and challenges such as social differentiation, demographic change and cultural aspects, and looks at their significance for mobility and traffic from a socio-ecological perspective. In a second stage, current papers on the further development of traffic policies are critically examined. The final section looks at what a sustainable mobility culture might look like in a society that is taking on an ever more differentiated and pluralistic form, focusing on the aspect of multi-optional transport products. The issues covered by this note were presented and discussed in the framework of a workshop on 'The Future of Transport' held in the European Parliament on 2 December 2009.

Ekstern forfatter

Jutta Deffner and Konrad Götz (Institute for Social-Ecological Research, Frankfurt am Main, Germany)

Interoperability of the Community Railway System II - Obstacles and Solutions in View of the Revision of the EC Rules Implications of their Possible Extension

03-04-2007

Existing obstacles and solutions in view of the revision of the EU regulatory framework. Implications on the possible extension of the interoperability railway system.

Existing obstacles and solutions in view of the revision of the EU regulatory framework. Implications on the possible extension of the interoperability railway system.

Ekstern forfatter

Trt Trasporti e Territorio (Italy)

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