13

resultat(er)

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Type af publikation
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Dato

Precision agriculture in Europe:Legal, social and ethical considerations

13-11-2017

The aim of this study is to illustrate the different ways in which the current EU legislative framework may be affected by the digitisation and automation of farming activities and the respective technological trends. The study analyses the issues that might have to be dealt with, identifying the European Parliament committees concerned and the legislative acts that might need to be revisited, especially in view of the forthcoming Commission communication on the future of the Common Agricultural ...

The aim of this study is to illustrate the different ways in which the current EU legislative framework may be affected by the digitisation and automation of farming activities and the respective technological trends. The study analyses the issues that might have to be dealt with, identifying the European Parliament committees concerned and the legislative acts that might need to be revisited, especially in view of the forthcoming Commission communication on the future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). It also provides a series of overarching recommendations that EU actors may wish to take into account when dealing with precision agriculture. To do so, an analysis of the multiple ethical and legal challenges associated with precision farming technologies has been performed, along with a scanning of current legislation in a wide range of areas of EU policy-making, including agricultural policy and related fields, such as environment, health, food safety and climate change.

What if manmade biological organisms could help treat cancer?

08-09-2017

Synthetic biology is expected to begin to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally occurring biological systems. Applications of synthetic biology in the healthcare domain hold great promise, but also raise a number of questions. What are the benefits and challenges of this emerging field? What ethical and social issues arise from this engineering approach to biology?

Synthetic biology is expected to begin to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally occurring biological systems. Applications of synthetic biology in the healthcare domain hold great promise, but also raise a number of questions. What are the benefits and challenges of this emerging field? What ethical and social issues arise from this engineering approach to biology?

Horizon scanning and analysis of techno-scientific trends: Scientific Foresight Study

05-07-2017

This horizon scan has identified eight major technological trends relevant for STOA. First, a scan was conducted to measure controversy on social media, and this constituted an initial controversy ranking. After more detailed analysis of the main technology trends identified, a set of STOA-relevant areas were selected, which have not yet been investigated by STOA so far. These are big data, gene technology, electric vehicles, autonomous cars and impact of algorithms. A number of additional trend ...

This horizon scan has identified eight major technological trends relevant for STOA. First, a scan was conducted to measure controversy on social media, and this constituted an initial controversy ranking. After more detailed analysis of the main technology trends identified, a set of STOA-relevant areas were selected, which have not yet been investigated by STOA so far. These are big data, gene technology, electric vehicles, autonomous cars and impact of algorithms. A number of additional trend areas with high potential impact on society were identified for analysis: screen addiction, fake news and bioterrorism. Within the eight topics selected for detailed analysis from the initial horizon scanning process, keywords, subtopics, and sentiments have been detected and analysed from social media and news articles. These eight technologies are areas for discussion amongst the STOA Panel members when considering new project activities to be undertaken.

Ekstern forfatter

Michael Baumgartner, Bijan Farsijani (Augmented Intelligence Institute; http://www.augmento.ai)

Research for PECH Committee - Small scale fisheries and “Blue Growth” in the EU

18-04-2017

This study presents an overview of Blue Growth emerging industries and investigates the linkages with the traditional maritime activity of fisheries with emphasis on small-scale fisheries. Positive synergies are investigated as well as possible opportunities (and threats) that Blue Growth can or should offer to small-scale fisheries and coastal communities in the context of economic growth, employment and innovation.

This study presents an overview of Blue Growth emerging industries and investigates the linkages with the traditional maritime activity of fisheries with emphasis on small-scale fisheries. Positive synergies are investigated as well as possible opportunities (and threats) that Blue Growth can or should offer to small-scale fisheries and coastal communities in the context of economic growth, employment and innovation.

Ekstern forfatter

Kim Stobberup, María Dolores Garza Gil, Aude Stirnemann-Relot, Arthur Rigaud, Nicolò Franceschelli, Roland Blomeyer (Blomeyer & Sanz)

Synthetic biology and biodiversity

01-12-2016

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural ...

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural environment. The European Union is party to the CBD and the protocols relevant in the context of synthetic biology.

What if injections weren't needed anymore?

26-11-2015

Synthetic biology is expected to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally-occurring biological systems. What are the benefits of this emerging field? Are there any ethical and social issues arising from this engineering approach to biology?

Synthetic biology is expected to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally-occurring biological systems. What are the benefits of this emerging field? Are there any ethical and social issues arising from this engineering approach to biology?

Horizon 2020: Key Enabling Technologies (KETs), Booster for European Leadership in the Manufacturing Sector

15-10-2014

Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) are crucial for the competitiveness and renewal of European manufacturing. This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), examines the nature of KETs, the drivers and barriers to KETs deployment. It includes an assessment of the current KETs situation in the EU in a global perspective. A broad overview of European policies and financing instruments precedes an in-depth assessment of the role of ...

Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) are crucial for the competitiveness and renewal of European manufacturing. This study, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), examines the nature of KETs, the drivers and barriers to KETs deployment. It includes an assessment of the current KETs situation in the EU in a global perspective. A broad overview of European policies and financing instruments precedes an in-depth assessment of the role of KETs in Horizon 2020. The analysis continues with a look at the contribution of KETs to growth, their impact on employment and the skills requirements for KETs.

Ekstern forfatter

Maurits Butter, Noëlle Fischer, Govert Gijsbers, Marcel de Heide, Frans van der Zee (TNO) ; Christian Hartmann (Joanneum Research)

The Impact of Biotechnology on Developing Countries

14-02-2013

Modified (GM) crops are increasingly grown in developing countries and can lead to socioeconomic benefits and costs depending on where and how they are adopted. After examining conventional assessments of farm-level indicators such as: yield increase, pesticide costs, farmers' incomes from GM crops, the paper goes on to argue that a variety of structural issues at the national and international level have to be considered in order to obtain a comprehensive picture on the potential which GM crops ...

Modified (GM) crops are increasingly grown in developing countries and can lead to socioeconomic benefits and costs depending on where and how they are adopted. After examining conventional assessments of farm-level indicators such as: yield increase, pesticide costs, farmers' incomes from GM crops, the paper goes on to argue that a variety of structural issues at the national and international level have to be considered in order to obtain a comprehensive picture on the potential which GM crops have to enhance food security in developing countries. Hence, the paper further explores the relationship between GM crops and biodiversity against the backdrop of agro-ecology as a potentially beneficial concept for smallholders in developing countries.

Ekstern forfatter

Timo KAPHENGST (Ecologic Institute, Germany) and Lucy SMITH (Ecologic Institute, Germany)

Technology Assessment on Converging Technologies

02-10-2006

The workshop was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on June 27, 2006. The title of the workshop was "Converging Technologies in the 21st century: heaven, hell or down to earth?"

The workshop was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on June 27, 2006. The title of the workshop was "Converging Technologies in the 21st century: heaven, hell or down to earth?"

Ekstern forfatter

ETAG (European Technology Assessment Group) ; Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe ; Danish Board of Technology (DBT), Copenhagen ; Flemish Institute for Science and Technology Assessment (viWTA), Brussels ; Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST), London ; Rathenau Institute, The Hague ; Robby Berloznik, Raf Casert and Robby Deboelpaep (viWTA) ; Rinie van Est, Christien Enzing, Marc van Lieshout and Anouschka Versleijen (Rathenau)

How to Optimise the Efficiency of Science and Research, the Most Important Critical Success Factors of the High-Tech Economies - Scientific Methods Server

01-09-2005

The study provides the European Parliament with practicable solutions for raising substantially the efficiency of publicly funded academic research. The survey makes recommendations for raising efficiency - in experimental research using biotechnology as an example, - in the operation of research infrastructure and - in technical research processes. To this end, knowledge gained from commercial production processes is applied to research processes. In this regard it is essential to introduce ...

The study provides the European Parliament with practicable solutions for raising substantially the efficiency of publicly funded academic research. The survey makes recommendations for raising efficiency - in experimental research using biotechnology as an example, - in the operation of research infrastructure and - in technical research processes. To this end, knowledge gained from commercial production processes is applied to research processes. In this regard it is essential to introduce new ways of thinking where research is concerned: 1. In many areas, research facilities function in a similar way to commercial enterprises. 2. For this reason value-creation is pursued also in research facilities. 3. Individual research processes are comparable with value-creation steps in the commercial economy. 4. Certain research processes and the deployed infrastructure contain significant potential for efficiency optimisation.

Ekstern forfatter

Walter Gränzer (Technische Universität München, Germany) with the support of Oliver Haas, Christian Hackl, Ulrich Wild (TUM-Tech GmbH, Germany)

Kommende begivenheder

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
Anden begivenhed -
EPRS

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