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The advisory European Fiscal Board

13-09-2019

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

This note provides an overview of the main features and recent developments regarding the advisory European Fiscal Board. This body was established by the European Commission in October 2015, in the context of the implementation of an “integrated framework for sound fiscal policies”, proposed in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015. The Annex presents excerpts from the latest Annual Reports published by the board.

Country-specific recommendations: An overview (September 2019)

11-09-2019

This note provides an overview of the country-specific recommendations issued annually to EU Member States under the European Semester for economic policy coordination. It presents how these recommendations evolved over time (2012-2019), including from the legal base perspective. Finally, it shows how recommendations were implemented over the 2012-2018 European Semester cycles. The note is updated on a regular basis.

This note provides an overview of the country-specific recommendations issued annually to EU Member States under the European Semester for economic policy coordination. It presents how these recommendations evolved over time (2012-2019), including from the legal base perspective. Finally, it shows how recommendations were implemented over the 2012-2018 European Semester cycles. The note is updated on a regular basis.

The legal nature of Country-Specific Recommendations

10-09-2019

The Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) are annually adopted by the Council based on the Commission (COM) proposals within the framework of the European Semester. The CSRs provide integrated guidance on macro-fiscal and macro-structural measures based on the COM assessment of Member States' medium-term budgetary plans and national reform programmes in light of broad policy priorities endorsed by the European Council or adopted by the Council on th basis of the Annual Growth Survey. The Council ...

The Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) are annually adopted by the Council based on the Commission (COM) proposals within the framework of the European Semester. The CSRs provide integrated guidance on macro-fiscal and macro-structural measures based on the COM assessment of Member States' medium-term budgetary plans and national reform programmes in light of broad policy priorities endorsed by the European Council or adopted by the Council on th basis of the Annual Growth Survey. The Council also adopts policy recommendations to the euro area as a whole in accordance with Article 136 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) following a COM proposal. Table 1 displays the development of the number of CSRs and the minimum and maximum number per Member State.

An overview of the Stability and Growth Pact - September 2019

10-09-2019

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is the legal framework (based on primary and secondary EU law) that seeks to ensure sustainable public finances in the interest of the stability of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). It consists of two main building blocks: the preventive arm and the corrective arm. Stylised overviews, including on flexibility provisions (endorsed by the Council) within the existing rules of the SGP, are provided in the annexes. The main sources used in this briefing are primary ...

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is the legal framework (based on primary and secondary EU law) that seeks to ensure sustainable public finances in the interest of the stability of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). It consists of two main building blocks: the preventive arm and the corrective arm. Stylised overviews, including on flexibility provisions (endorsed by the Council) within the existing rules of the SGP, are provided in the annexes. The main sources used in this briefing are primary Union law (Articles 121 and 126 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), secondary Union law (the amended Regulations (EC) 1466/97 and 1467/97 as well as the Regulation (EU) No 1173/2011), the Code of Conduction on the implementation of the SGP and the Commission Communication entitled ‘Making the best use of flexibility within the existing rules of the SGP’.

Implementation of Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure - State-of-Play (September 2019)

04-09-2019

This note presents the Member States' situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission and the Council. It also gives an overview of relevant comments on the MIP published by other institutions. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. This document is regularly updated.

This note presents the Member States' situation with respect to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, taking into account recent assessments and decisions by the European Commission and the Council. It also gives an overview of relevant comments on the MIP published by other institutions. A separate EGOV note describes the MIP procedure. This document is regularly updated.

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2019 - A comparison of Commission and Council texts (implementing the ‘comply or explain’ principle)

04-09-2019

The table overleaf compares the draft 2019 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) proposed by the Commission on 5 June 2019 with the 2019 CSRs adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019. The comparison is provided in order to facilitate the assessment of the "comply or explain" rule stipulated in Article 2-ab(2) of EU Regulation No 1175/2011: "The Council is expected to, as a rule, follow the recommendations and proposals of the Commission or explain its position publicly". The table overleaf provides ...

The table overleaf compares the draft 2019 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) proposed by the Commission on 5 June 2019 with the 2019 CSRs adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019. The comparison is provided in order to facilitate the assessment of the "comply or explain" rule stipulated in Article 2-ab(2) of EU Regulation No 1175/2011: "The Council is expected to, as a rule, follow the recommendations and proposals of the Commission or explain its position publicly". The table overleaf provides an overview of all modifications introduced by the Council. When compared against the Commission text, the strikethrough yellow text has been deleted from the Council text, while the green text has been added to the Council text.

Economic Dialogue and Exchange of Views with the President of the Council (ECOFIN)

02-09-2019

Mika Lintilä, Minister of Finance of Finland, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Finnish Presidency (July - December 2019). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Finnish Presidency priorities in ECON matters and the Council’s work relating to the implementation ...

Mika Lintilä, Minister of Finance of Finland, is participating in the ECON Committee in his capacity of President of the ECOFIN Council during the Finnish Presidency (July - December 2019). In accordance with the Treaty of the Union, “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing provides an overview of the Finnish Presidency priorities in ECON matters and the Council’s work relating to the implementation of the European Semester for economic coordination. References are also made to further reading relating to the state-of-play on the Banking Union, the implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact and the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure under the European Semester.

Country-Specific Recommendations for 2018 and 2019 - A tabular comparison and an overview of implementation

02-09-2019

This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 5 June 2019 and adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019 and • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations based on its Country Reports published on 27 February 2019. • The 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 23 May 2018 and adopted by the Council on 13 July 2018. This study was provided by the ...

This document presents: • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 5 June 2019 and adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019 and • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations based on its Country Reports published on 27 February 2019. • The 2018 Country-Specific Recommendations proposed by the European Commission on 23 May 2018 and adopted by the Council on 13 July 2018. This study was provided by the Economic Governance Support Unit (EGOV).

Structural Budget Balances in EU Member States - August 2019

30-08-2019

Structural budget balances play an important role in the fiscal policy frameworks of the EU both as part of the application of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) and in the implementation of the balanced budget rule by the contracting parties of the intergovernmental Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the EMU (the fiscal section of the Treaty is called “Fiscal Compact”). This document provides a short overview of the concept and application of the structural balance rule(s) in ...

Structural budget balances play an important role in the fiscal policy frameworks of the EU both as part of the application of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) and in the implementation of the balanced budget rule by the contracting parties of the intergovernmental Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the EMU (the fiscal section of the Treaty is called “Fiscal Compact”). This document provides a short overview of the concept and application of the structural balance rule(s) in the EU. It will be regularly updated, in particular, the Annex that shows progress made (based on the latest Commission forecast) by Member States in reaching their structural budget commitments under the preventive arm of the SGP.

Public hearing with Andrea Enria, Chair of the ECB Supervisory Board - ECON on 4 September 2019

30-08-2019

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 4 September 2019. The briefing addresses (i) the role and tasks of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), (ii) individual cases that merit particular supervisory attention; (iii) institutional and organisational issues (Extension of the Banking Union to Bulgaria and Croatia, and memorandum of understanding between the European ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the European Central Bank (ECB), Andrea Enria, which will take place on 4 September 2019. The briefing addresses (i) the role and tasks of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), (ii) individual cases that merit particular supervisory attention; (iii) institutional and organisational issues (Extension of the Banking Union to Bulgaria and Croatia, and memorandum of understanding between the European Court of Auditor (ECA) and the ECB); (iv) the risk assessment of Banking Union banks with a particular focus on leveraged loans, NPL, profitability and sovereign exposures (v) supervisory issues and policies (finalisation of Basel 3 and review of internal models, SSM Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process and transparency of stress tests further to the recently published report from the ECAs: (vi) policy developments and supervisory issues raised on the AML front; (vii) Brexit. On a more prospective note, this briefing also presents (viii) an external paper on "Lessons from the United States for banking resolution in the Banking Union" which advocates harmonisation and centralisation of bank insolvency proceedings in the Banking Union.

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