15

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Cross-border distribution of investment funds

23-04-2018

The Directive on Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS) provides for strong investor protection and creates a label for European retail investment funds. The Directive on Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM) lays down rules for the authorisation, supervision and oversight of managers of non-UCITS funds, i.e. alternative investment funds (AIFs). Facilitating cross-border investment remains an essential part of the European Commission's action plan on building ...

The Directive on Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS) provides for strong investor protection and creates a label for European retail investment funds. The Directive on Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM) lays down rules for the authorisation, supervision and oversight of managers of non-UCITS funds, i.e. alternative investment funds (AIFs). Facilitating cross-border investment remains an essential part of the European Commission's action plan on building a capital markets union (CMU); the current legislative initiative is limited to facilitating further the cross-border distribution and supervision of UCITS and AIFs, mainly by reducing national regulatory barriers. This briefing presents the rationale for both the existing legislation and the new legislative proposal, as well as the positions of the institutional bodies and stakeholders.

General arrangements for excise duty

05-03-2018

To ensure proper functioning of the internal market, Directive 2008/118/EC and related pieces of EU law seek harmonisation of the general conditions for charging excise duty on alcohol, tobacco and energy products. Disparities in the application of these rules can result in tax-induced movements of goods, loss of revenue and fraud. The REFIT initiative on general arrangements for excise duty, announced in the Commission's work programme for 2018, intends to further harmonise and simplify provisions ...

To ensure proper functioning of the internal market, Directive 2008/118/EC and related pieces of EU law seek harmonisation of the general conditions for charging excise duty on alcohol, tobacco and energy products. Disparities in the application of these rules can result in tax-induced movements of goods, loss of revenue and fraud. The REFIT initiative on general arrangements for excise duty, announced in the Commission's work programme for 2018, intends to further harmonise and simplify provisions for the export, import and transit of excise goods, inter alia through automation of movement control procedures.

Upgrading EU Company Law for digital solutions and cross-border operations

09-01-2018

Currently, EU company law is partially codified in Directive (EU) 2017/1132 relating to certain aspects of company law. Harmonisation of EU company law is a prerequisite for deploying a fully-fledged digital single market enabling all operators, in particular SMEs, to draw on the potential of the digital economy and to eliminate unnecessary barriers, while safeguarding their rights and providing legal and cyber security. Despite the recent codification and recently amended other pieces of EU company ...

Currently, EU company law is partially codified in Directive (EU) 2017/1132 relating to certain aspects of company law. Harmonisation of EU company law is a prerequisite for deploying a fully-fledged digital single market enabling all operators, in particular SMEs, to draw on the potential of the digital economy and to eliminate unnecessary barriers, while safeguarding their rights and providing legal and cyber security. Despite the recent codification and recently amended other pieces of EU company law, problems linked with legal certainty, administrative burden, unnecessary costs for companies resulting in lack of transparency or ineffective protection of companies, still remain. These points were noted and underscored several times by the European Parliament. The European Commission is expected to publish a legislative proposal on an EU company law package on 16 January 2018, potentially addressing digitalisation, cross-border mergers, divisions and conversions, as well as rules on conflict of laws related to company law.

Richtlinie 2004/113/EG zum geschlechtergerechten Zugang zu Gütern und Dienstleistungen

24-01-2017

Die Richtlinie 2004/113/EG ist Teil des Antidiskriminierungs-rechts der EU. In ihr sind Mindestvorschriften mit dem Ziel festgelegt, die Gleichstellung von Männern und Frauen beim Zugang zu und bei der Versorgung mit Gütern und Dienstleistungen sicherzustellen. Die Umsetzung in den Mitgliedstaaten der EU wird in dieser Studie kritisch bewertet. Die Studie enthält das Fazit, dass ein besonderes Augenmerk auf den Begriff der „mittelbaren Diskriminierung“ beispielsweise im Gesundheitswesen oder in Bezug ...

Die Richtlinie 2004/113/EG ist Teil des Antidiskriminierungs-rechts der EU. In ihr sind Mindestvorschriften mit dem Ziel festgelegt, die Gleichstellung von Männern und Frauen beim Zugang zu und bei der Versorgung mit Gütern und Dienstleistungen sicherzustellen. Die Umsetzung in den Mitgliedstaaten der EU wird in dieser Studie kritisch bewertet. Die Studie enthält das Fazit, dass ein besonderes Augenmerk auf den Begriff der „mittelbaren Diskriminierung“ beispielsweise im Gesundheitswesen oder in Bezug auf die sich schnell entwickelnde kollaborative Wirtschaft gelegt werden muss. Um die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter beim Zugang zu Gütern und Dienstleistungen zu erreichen, ist es aufgrund multipler Wirkungszusammenhänge erforderlich, dass diese Richtlinie im Einklang mit anderen Gesetzen zur Gleichstellung der Geschlechter, Antidiskriminierung, Barrierefreiheit und Verbraucherschutz umgesetzt wird. Die Bewertung der europäischen Umsetzung unterstützt den Umsetzungsbericht des Ausschusses für die Rechte der Frau und die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter des Europäischen Parlaments zu diesem Thema.

Trafficking in Human Beings from a Gender Perspective (Directive 2011/36/EU): European Implementation Assessment

29-04-2016

Trafficking in human beings (THB), in all its forms, is a serious crime affecting fundamental rights, health, social life, economy and justice. THB knows no boundaries and most reported victims are female EU nationals from Central and Eastern Europe. THB can be tackled effectively only through a coherent approach at the levels of legislation and executive powers and through strategic policy-making. Proper investigation and prosecution are important and enhance victim protection and assistance as ...

Trafficking in human beings (THB), in all its forms, is a serious crime affecting fundamental rights, health, social life, economy and justice. THB knows no boundaries and most reported victims are female EU nationals from Central and Eastern Europe. THB can be tackled effectively only through a coherent approach at the levels of legislation and executive powers and through strategic policy-making. Proper investigation and prosecution are important and enhance victim protection and assistance as well as prevention. However, taking into account the gender dimension of THB is essential to ensure adequate support for the victims as well as effective prevention. The 2011 EU Anti-Trafficking Directive represents a landmark piece of legislation in that respect. The Ex-Post Impact Assessment Unit of the European Parliament has asked several groups of experts to analyse the implementation and application of the Directive, from a gender perspective, in 12 Member States: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, the UK and Spain. The contributions received point to an uneven implementation of the Directive's requirements across the EU Member States. The findings emphasise the need to improve the identification of victims, which is key for granting them protection, to establish better training on the gender aspects of the different forms of human trafficking for front-line officers, to enhance cooperation between public administration and competent NGOs, and to expand prevention via public awareness campaigning.

Externe Autor

- Denise Charlton and Nusha Yonkova, on Ireland; - Josie Christodoulou, on Cyprus and Greece; - Ryszard Piotrowicz, Bärbel Uhl, Klara Skrivankova, Marjan Wijers, on Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and the UK; - Venla Roth, on Finland; - Genoveva Tisheva and Nusha Yonkova, on Bulgaria; - Viviana Waisman and Gema Fernandez Rodriguez de Liévana, on Spain.

Gender equality in employment and occupation. European Implementation Assessment

29-05-2015

The principle of equal pay is anchored in the EEC founding Treaty of 1957. Directive 2006/54/EC was a recast of secondary law dating back to 1975 pursuing gender equality in (access to) employment and it ‘consolidated’ case law in this area developed by the European Court of Justice. This European Implementation Assessment is based on input received from four independent groups of experts (included as annexes) on different aspects of the application of the Recast Directive: legal aspects and in ...

The principle of equal pay is anchored in the EEC founding Treaty of 1957. Directive 2006/54/EC was a recast of secondary law dating back to 1975 pursuing gender equality in (access to) employment and it ‘consolidated’ case law in this area developed by the European Court of Justice. This European Implementation Assessment is based on input received from four independent groups of experts (included as annexes) on different aspects of the application of the Recast Directive: legal aspects and in particular direct and indirect discrimination; proper consideration of the role of job evaluation and classification systems; necessary protection of pregnancy and the role of maternity leave and related schemes in view of gender equality at work and for careers. The assessment concludes that there is a very strong case for immediate and vigorous actions at EU level, going beyond voluntary measures, in line with EP resolutions.  

Third countries’ reciprocal access to EU public procurement: Detailed appraisal of the European Commission's Impact Assessment

22-07-2013

The Ex-ante Impact Assessment Unit of DG Parliamentary Research Services was requested by the INTA and IMCO Committees to provide a detailed analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules on the access of third country goods and services to the European Union’s internal market in public procurement and procedures supporting negotiations on of European ...

The Ex-ante Impact Assessment Unit of DG Parliamentary Research Services was requested by the INTA and IMCO Committees to provide a detailed analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules on the access of third country goods and services to the European Union’s internal market in public procurement and procedures supporting negotiations on of European Union goods and services to the public procurement markets of third countries.As part of this process, the Unit has commissioned four research papers, drafted by specialist experts, on various aspects of the Commission’s IA. They are authored by: Prof. Dr. Andrea RENDA, CEPS, who addresses the questions put forward by the INTA and IMCO Committees from a methodological point of view. Mr. Máté Péter VINCZE, MSc in Economics, who deals with the questions put forward by the INTA and IMCO committees, with a view to finding answers substantiated inter alia by data-mining in relevant databases. Dr. Pedro TELLES, Bangor University, UK, who focuses on impacts, thresholds and national legislation in respect to SMEs. Professor Dr. Nicola DIMITRI, University of Siena, Italy, who analyses reciprocity and retaliation questions, using a game theory approach. The experts were asked to provide an appraisal of the European Commission’s impact assessment, analysing, commenting and possibly complementing it with regard to eight topics: Openness of EU public procurement market; Potential benefits of market opening; Impact on job creation of the different options; Risk of retaliation and leverage creation; Administrative burden of assessed options; Impact on SMEs; Justification of thresholds; Existing national legislation restricting access to public procurement markets.

Externe Autor

Authors of the Annexes: Annex I - Methodological aspects, by Prof. Dr. Andrea Renda of the Centre for European Policy Studies Annex II - Openness, job creation, administrative burdens, SMEs and thresholds, by by Máté Péter Vincze Annex III - SME related impacts, thresholds and national legislation, by Dr. Pedro Telles of Bangor University (UK) Annex IV - Game theory considerations, by Prof. Nicola Dimitri of the Department of Political Economy and Statistics of the University of Siena (Italy)

Potential Impact on SMEs of Certain EP Amendments to Two Proposed Public Procurement Directives

14-06-2013

This paper contains an assessment of a set of amendments proposed by the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament to the new Public Procurement Directives. The paper first gives a high-level assessment of all proposals that were initially considered relevant from the perspective of SMEs’ access, which is followed by a more detailed assessment of those amendments that are likely to have a significant impact on SMEs.

This paper contains an assessment of a set of amendments proposed by the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee of the European Parliament to the new Public Procurement Directives. The paper first gives a high-level assessment of all proposals that were initially considered relevant from the perspective of SMEs’ access, which is followed by a more detailed assessment of those amendments that are likely to have a significant impact on SMEs.

Verordnung zur Überwachung des Handels mit Drogenaustauschstoffen zwischen der Gemeinschaft und Drittländern: erste Bewertung der Folgenabschätzung der Europäischen Kommission

15-03-2013

Mit diesem Themenpapier soll eine erste Analyse zu den Stärken und Schwachstellen der Folgenabschätzung der Kommission bereitgestellt werden, die dem Vorschlag zur Änderung der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 111/2005 des Rates zur Festlegung von Vorschriften für die Überwachung des Handels mit Drogenausgangsstoffen zwischen der Gemeinschaft und Drittländern beiliegt. Es versucht nicht, sich mit dem Inhalt des Vorschlags zu befassen und wird zur Bereitstellung allgemeiner Informationen und von Hintergrundinformation ...

Mit diesem Themenpapier soll eine erste Analyse zu den Stärken und Schwachstellen der Folgenabschätzung der Kommission bereitgestellt werden, die dem Vorschlag zur Änderung der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 111/2005 des Rates zur Festlegung von Vorschriften für die Überwachung des Handels mit Drogenausgangsstoffen zwischen der Gemeinschaft und Drittländern beiliegt. Es versucht nicht, sich mit dem Inhalt des Vorschlags zu befassen und wird zur Bereitstellung allgemeiner Informationen und von Hintergrundinformation erstellt, um die jeweiligen Parlamentsausschüsse und Abgeordneten umfassender bei ihrer Arbeit zu unterstützen.

Drogenausgangsstoffe: erste Bewertung der Folgenabschätzung der Europäischen Kommission

15-03-2013

Im Rahmen dieses Dokuments soll eine erste Bewertung der Stärken und Schwächen der Folgenabschätzung der Kommission vorgelegt werden, die dem Vorschlag für eine Verordnung zur Änderung der Verordnung betreffend Drogenausgangsstoffen beigefügt ist. Es analysiert, ob die in den eigenen Leitlinien der Kommission zur Folgenabschätzung festgelegten wichtigsten Kriterien sowie die vom Parlament in seinem Handbuch zur Folgenabschätzung identifizierten zusätzlichen Faktoren durch die Folgenabschätzung erfüllt ...

Im Rahmen dieses Dokuments soll eine erste Bewertung der Stärken und Schwächen der Folgenabschätzung der Kommission vorgelegt werden, die dem Vorschlag für eine Verordnung zur Änderung der Verordnung betreffend Drogenausgangsstoffen beigefügt ist. Es analysiert, ob die in den eigenen Leitlinien der Kommission zur Folgenabschätzung festgelegten wichtigsten Kriterien sowie die vom Parlament in seinem Handbuch zur Folgenabschätzung identifizierten zusätzlichen Faktoren durch die Folgenabschätzung erfüllt werden. Es versucht nicht, sich mit dem Inhalt des Vorschlags zu befassen.

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