8

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Art der Veröffentlichung
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Datum

International Roma Day

28-03-2017

Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture.

Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture.

Discrimination(s) as emerging from petitions received

28-02-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions (PETI), focuses on several issues stemming from a sample of forty petitions received. Whilst all petitions are related to anti-discrimination law, they are quite heterogeneous in terms of the respondent entity, the grounds of discrimination and the legal sources invoked. Recommendations are made to assist the PETI Committee and the EP ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Petitions (PETI), focuses on several issues stemming from a sample of forty petitions received. Whilst all petitions are related to anti-discrimination law, they are quite heterogeneous in terms of the respondent entity, the grounds of discrimination and the legal sources invoked. Recommendations are made to assist the PETI Committee and the EP in replying to petitions received in this field.

The Situation of Workers in the Collaborative Economy

04-10-2016

The collaborative economy (or “platform economy”), encompassing work-on-demand via apps like Uber and crowdwork like Amazon Mechanical Turk, has grown exponentially in recent years, thanks to the development of high-speed networks, the exploitation of big data and the availability of mobile devices, which have cut down transaction costs and allow for real-time effective matching of supply and demand. While creating many new opportunities for digital and physical services, which have, thanks to lower ...

The collaborative economy (or “platform economy”), encompassing work-on-demand via apps like Uber and crowdwork like Amazon Mechanical Turk, has grown exponentially in recent years, thanks to the development of high-speed networks, the exploitation of big data and the availability of mobile devices, which have cut down transaction costs and allow for real-time effective matching of supply and demand. While creating many new opportunities for digital and physical services, which have, thanks to lower costs as compared to established operators, rather expanded the market for services instead of crowding out the incumbents, this new digitally based economy has also raised questions on the situation of workers. As this literature review shows, their legal status (either as employees or self-employed) is often unclear, and negative effects on the labour market can be witnessed (such as missing social protection, low remuneration of work, questionable work-life balance and more). Many of these effects are due to the functioning of the digital economy, which relies on micro-tasks, trust-inducing mechanisms as ratings and - at times opaque - algorithms. The literature review also presents policy solutions as discussed in recent literature.

EYE 2016 – Integration of young migrants

28-04-2016

It is difficult to fit all young migrants into a single category and not all immigrants gain the same level of acceptance. Yet non-discrimination is a fundamental value in the European Union, and binding legislation is complemented by EU-level frameworks and funds to support action to promote integration in the Member States. Research reveals that young migrants face many obstacles in education, but policy changes and projects can help overcome them. This note has been prepared for the European Youth ...

It is difficult to fit all young migrants into a single category and not all immigrants gain the same level of acceptance. Yet non-discrimination is a fundamental value in the European Union, and binding legislation is complemented by EU-level frameworks and funds to support action to promote integration in the Member States. Research reveals that young migrants face many obstacles in education, but policy changes and projects can help overcome them. This note has been prepared for the European Youth Event, taking place in Strasbourg in May 2016. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

Preventing and Countering Youth Radicalisation in the EU

15-04-2014

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this study focuses on the question of how to best prevent youth radicalisation in the EU. It evaluates counter-radicalisation policies, both in terms of their efficiency and their broader social and political impact. Building on a conception of radicalisation as a process of escalation, it highlights the need to take into account the relation between individuals, groups and state responses. In this light, it forefronts some of the shortcomings of current policies ...

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this study focuses on the question of how to best prevent youth radicalisation in the EU. It evaluates counter-radicalisation policies, both in terms of their efficiency and their broader social and political impact. Building on a conception of radicalisation as a process of escalation, it highlights the need to take into account the relation between individuals, groups and state responses. In this light, it forefronts some of the shortcomings of current policies, such as the difficulties of reporting individuals on the grounds of uncertain assessments of danger and the problem of attributing political grievances to ethnic and religious specificities. Finally, the study highlights the ambiguous nature of pro-active administrative practices and exceptional counter-terrorism legislation and their potentially damaging effects in terms of fundamental rights.

Externe Autor

Didier BIGO (CCLS – King’s College, United-Kingdom), Laurent BONELLI (CCLS – University of Nanterre, Paris X, France), Emmanuel-Pierre GUITTET (CCLS – University of Manchester, United-Kingdom) and Francesco RAGAZZI (CCLS – University of Leiden, Netherlands)

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Discrimination in Healthcare"

09-04-2014

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Discrimination in Healthcare’ held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Wednesday, 22 January 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the challenges faced by discriminated groups in the sector of healthcare, and the solutions taken by the EU and its Member States. The workshop was hosted by MEP Glenis WILLMOTT (S&D, UK) and MEP Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chairs of the Health Working Group within the European Parliament ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Discrimination in Healthcare’ held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Wednesday, 22 January 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the challenges faced by discriminated groups in the sector of healthcare, and the solutions taken by the EU and its Member States. The workshop was hosted by MEP Glenis WILLMOTT (S&D, UK) and MEP Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chairs of the Health Working Group within the European Parliament’s Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

Externe Autor

Graham THORNICROFT (Institute of Psychiatry and King’s College of London, the UK) , Anthony BABAJEE (LGBT activist, the UK) , Marian MANDACHE (NGO Romani Criss, Romania) , Ioannis N. DIMITRAKOPOULOS (EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, France) and Gianfranco COSTANZO (National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty, Italy)

The EU's role in combating discrimination

09-05-2012

The right to equality of treatment is a universal right recognised by a number of international human-rights agreements, including the European Convention on Human Rights. In addition to the rights provided by the ECHR, discrimination against EU citizens is also prohibited by various provisions of EU equality law. This area has grown considerably over the past 50 years. The Treaty of Rome offered protection only on grounds of nationality and gender, but the scope of EU equality legislation grew significantly ...

The right to equality of treatment is a universal right recognised by a number of international human-rights agreements, including the European Convention on Human Rights. In addition to the rights provided by the ECHR, discrimination against EU citizens is also prohibited by various provisions of EU equality law. This area has grown considerably over the past 50 years. The Treaty of Rome offered protection only on grounds of nationality and gender, but the scope of EU equality legislation grew significantly in the period following the coming into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam. New treaty articles and a broader range of discriminatory grounds opened up the opportunity for broader scale directives. The Commission's attempt to introduce a horizontal equal-treatment directive has, however, so far failed to secure unanimous Member State approval, despite the support of the European Parliament. Most commentators consider it unlikely that this proposal will be adopted any time soon. However, there is little consensus either in academic circles or amongst Member States as to how best protection of equal treatment can be further improved.

Ethnicity and Race-Based Profiling in Counter-Terrorism, Law Enforcment and Border Control

14-11-2008

The aim of this study is to synthesize legal arguments and research findings relating to ethno-racial profiling in the field of anti-terrorist policies and legal instruments. The ultimate goal is to formulate guidelines and recommendations for the European legislators. In Part I, the study provides an analysis of the concept and utility of profiling. This includes an assessment of the most important substantive criteria of profiling and the necessary safeguards. Part II focuses on the compatibility ...

The aim of this study is to synthesize legal arguments and research findings relating to ethno-racial profiling in the field of anti-terrorist policies and legal instruments. The ultimate goal is to formulate guidelines and recommendations for the European legislators. In Part I, the study provides an analysis of the concept and utility of profiling. This includes an assessment of the most important substantive criteria of profiling and the necessary safeguards. Part II focuses on the compatibility of profiling with the most important international, European and national human rights instruments, along with European instruments in the context of the fight against terrorism, police and judicial cooperation and exchange of information and intelligence between Member States, while also taking into account the rights and guarantees provided to individuals in terms of privacy, data protection and nondiscrimination. Part III explores the impact of profiling on minority communities, police-minority relations, and the effectiveness of police and anti-terrorist law enforcement endeavours. Finally, Part IV offers recommendations on possible ways to carry out research on racial profiling and monitoring police activities in order to identify racial profiling practices.

Externe Autor

András Pap (Institute for Legal Studies - Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

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