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Public country-by-country reporting by multinational enterprises

26-04-2019

Tax transparency has gained particular importance as a tool in the fight against tax avoidance and tax evasion, particularly in the field of corporate income tax and aggressive tax planning. Cooperation between tax authorities aims at allowing them to obtain information covering the global business of multinational enterprises (MNEs), and progress has already been made in this area. A further step in tax transparency would be to broaden it by providing publicly available information relating to tax ...

Tax transparency has gained particular importance as a tool in the fight against tax avoidance and tax evasion, particularly in the field of corporate income tax and aggressive tax planning. Cooperation between tax authorities aims at allowing them to obtain information covering the global business of multinational enterprises (MNEs), and progress has already been made in this area. A further step in tax transparency would be to broaden it by providing publicly available information relating to tax paid at the place where profits are actually made. Public country-by-country reporting (CBCR) is the publication of a defined set of facts and figures by large MNEs, thereby providing the public with a global picture of the taxes MNEs pay on their corporate income. The proposal is being considered by the European Parliament (EP) and the Council. In the EP, the amendments put forward by the ECON and JURI committees were voted on 4 July 2017. In the absence of a Council position enabling negotiations on the proposal, the Parliament adopted its position at first reading in plenary on 27 March 2019. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

An overview of shell companies in the European Union

17-10-2018

In April 2018, the European Parliament's Special Committee on Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance (TAX3) requested a study on shell companies in the EU. In response to this request, the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit (EVAL) and the European Added Value Unit (EAVA) of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) prepared this study. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the phenomenon of shell companies in the European Union. In particular, it approaches the issue through ...

In April 2018, the European Parliament's Special Committee on Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance (TAX3) requested a study on shell companies in the EU. In response to this request, the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit (EVAL) and the European Added Value Unit (EAVA) of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) prepared this study. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the phenomenon of shell companies in the European Union. In particular, it approaches the issue through a set of ‘proxy’ indicators at a member state level. It proceeds by presenting main risks associated with the shell companies. Finally, if presents policies aiming at mitigating these identified risks.

Tax transparency for intermediaries

03-07-2018

The situations highlighted by the ‘Panama papers’ and ‘Paradise papers’, among others leaks show how certain intermediaries and other providers of tax advice appear to have facilitated companies and individuals in avoiding taxation, often through complex cross-border schemes involving routing assets to, or through, offshore entities. Among the tools to fight tax avoidance and aggressive tax planning are established mechanisms for disclosure of tax information and publication of tax-relevant information ...

The situations highlighted by the ‘Panama papers’ and ‘Paradise papers’, among others leaks show how certain intermediaries and other providers of tax advice appear to have facilitated companies and individuals in avoiding taxation, often through complex cross-border schemes involving routing assets to, or through, offshore entities. Among the tools to fight tax avoidance and aggressive tax planning are established mechanisms for disclosure of tax information and publication of tax-relevant information by companies. In June 2017, the Commission adopted a proposal aimed at ensuring early information on such situations, by setting an obligation to report cross-border arrangements designed by tax intermediaries or taxpayers and by including the information collected in the automatic exchange of information between tax authorities within the European Union. The directive was adopted on 25 May 2018, and it is to be applied from 1 July 2020. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB)

15-06-2018

The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication on 25 October 2016 of two new interconnected proposals: on a common corporate tax base (CCTB), and on a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). Building on the 2016 CCTB proposal, the 2016 CCCTB proposal introduces the consolidation aspect of this double initiative. Companies operating across borders in the EU would no longer have to deal ...

The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication on 25 October 2016 of two new interconnected proposals: on a common corporate tax base (CCTB), and on a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). Building on the 2016 CCTB proposal, the 2016 CCCTB proposal introduces the consolidation aspect of this double initiative. Companies operating across borders in the EU would no longer have to deal with 28 different sets of national rules when calculating their taxable profits. Consolidation means that there would be a ‘one-stop-shop’ – the principal tax authority – where one of the companies of a group, that is, the principal taxpayer, would file a tax return. To distribute the tax base among Member States concerned, a formulary apportionment system is introduced. The legislative proposal falls under the consultation procedure. The report was adopted in the ECON committee on 21 February and Parliament’s opinion in plenary on 15 March 2018. the proposal is thus now in the hands of the Council. Third edition, based on an original briefing by Gustaf Gimdal. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Listing of tax havens by the EU

14-05-2018

Broadly speaking, 'tax havens' provide taxpayers, both legal and natural persons, with opportunities for tax avoidance, while their secrecy and opacity also serves to hide the origin of the proceeds of illegal and criminal activities. One might ask why establishing a list of tax havens or high-risk countries is useful. Drawing up such lists started with action to stop harmful tax practices arising from the discrepancy between the global reach of financial flows and the geographically limited scope ...

Broadly speaking, 'tax havens' provide taxpayers, both legal and natural persons, with opportunities for tax avoidance, while their secrecy and opacity also serves to hide the origin of the proceeds of illegal and criminal activities. One might ask why establishing a list of tax havens or high-risk countries is useful. Drawing up such lists started with action to stop harmful tax practices arising from the discrepancy between the global reach of financial flows and the geographically limited scope of jurisdictions, matching or inside national borders. However tax havens are referred to, they all have one thing in common: they make it possible to escape taxation. Distinctive characteristics of tax havens include low or zero taxation, fictitious residences (with no bearing on reality) and tax secrecy. The last two are key methods for hiding ultimate beneficial owners. In the EU, the process of adopting a common list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions, which is also central to determining whether a third country presents a high risk in relation to money-laundering, was initiated as part of efforts to further good tax governance, and its external dimension. On 5 December 2017, the Council adopted a first common list resulting from the assessment of third countries against distinctive criteria. Pursuing the assessment process, the Council has updated the list on the basis of commitments received, while also reviewing countries that had not yet been assessed. This briefing updates and develops an earlier one, from December 2017 'Understanding the rationale for compiling 'tax haven' lists', PE 614.633.

FATCA Legislation and its Application at International and EU Level

14-05-2018

This study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, analyzes FATCA legislation and its application at international and EU level: it first provides a global overview on exchange of tax information and of the FATCA mechanisms applied through intergovernmental agreements. The study then describes the extraterritorial nature and negative externalities of FATCA, in particular its impact on U.S. citizens ...

This study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, analyzes FATCA legislation and its application at international and EU level: it first provides a global overview on exchange of tax information and of the FATCA mechanisms applied through intergovernmental agreements. The study then describes the extraterritorial nature and negative externalities of FATCA, in particular its impact on U.S. citizens abroad and the potential conflicts with EU law, with specific attention to the right of FATCA data protection under the GDPR. It concludes with suggestions for bilateral and unilateral EU-U.S. policies, with final remarks on a multilateral approach.

Externe Autor

Carlo GARBARINO

Revision of the Fourth Anti-Money-Laundering Directive

12-04-2018

Directive (EU) 2015/849, which forms part of the EU regulatory framework to combat financial crime, has shown gaps in the light of terrorist attacks and various tax leaks. In this context, the European Commission proposed to amend the directive, along with Directive 2009/101/EC, to broaden their scope, lower thresholds benefiting from exemptions and provide for the creation of automated centralised mechanisms (e.g. central electronic data retrieval systems). The European Parliament and Council each ...

Directive (EU) 2015/849, which forms part of the EU regulatory framework to combat financial crime, has shown gaps in the light of terrorist attacks and various tax leaks. In this context, the European Commission proposed to amend the directive, along with Directive 2009/101/EC, to broaden their scope, lower thresholds benefiting from exemptions and provide for the creation of automated centralised mechanisms (e.g. central electronic data retrieval systems). The European Parliament and Council each put forward substantial modifications to the Commission proposal, including not amending the aforementioned Directive 2009/101/EC. These include: the obligation for Member States to provide data to the Commission on trusts and legal arrangements; specific professional secrecy obligations for staff working, or having worked for, competent authorities supervising credit and financial institutions; cooperation between competent authorities; or the obligation for Member States to provide Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) with access to information – including through registries or central electronic data retrieval systems – which allows the identification of any natural or legal person owning real estate. The agreement reached in trilogue negotiations now needs to be approved by the Parliament in plenary, and thereafter by the Council. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Überarbeitung der Geldwäscherichtlinie

11-04-2018

Der derzeitige EU-Rechtsrahmen für Finanzkriminalität – bestehend aus der Richtlinie (EU) 2015/849 und der Verordnung (EU) 2015/847 – steht vor der Herausforderung, mit den technologischen Innovationen bei Finanzdienstleistungen, durch die neue Möglichkeiten zur Verschleierung von Finanzierungen sowie zur Ausnutzung von Schlupflöchern im System durch Kriminelle entstehen können, Schritt zu halten. Nach der Annahme des Berichts im Januar im Ausschuss soll im April im Plenum darüber abgestimmt werden ...

Der derzeitige EU-Rechtsrahmen für Finanzkriminalität – bestehend aus der Richtlinie (EU) 2015/849 und der Verordnung (EU) 2015/847 – steht vor der Herausforderung, mit den technologischen Innovationen bei Finanzdienstleistungen, durch die neue Möglichkeiten zur Verschleierung von Finanzierungen sowie zur Ausnutzung von Schlupflöchern im System durch Kriminelle entstehen können, Schritt zu halten. Nach der Annahme des Berichts im Januar im Ausschuss soll im April im Plenum darüber abgestimmt werden.

Gemeinsame (konsolidierte) Körperschaftsteuer-Bemessungsgrundlage

06-03-2018

2016 beschloss die Kommission, den Vorschlag für eine gemeinsame konsolidierte Körperschaftsteuer-Bemessungsgrundlage wieder aufzugreifen, doch diesmal – einem zweigliedrigen Ansatz folgend – mit zwei miteinander verbundenen Vorschlägen. Das Parlament, das lediglich konsultiert wird, soll im Rahmen der Plenartagung im März über diesen Vorschlag abstimmen.

2016 beschloss die Kommission, den Vorschlag für eine gemeinsame konsolidierte Körperschaftsteuer-Bemessungsgrundlage wieder aufzugreifen, doch diesmal – einem zweigliedrigen Ansatz folgend – mit zwei miteinander verbundenen Vorschlägen. Das Parlament, das lediglich konsultiert wird, soll im Rahmen der Plenartagung im März über diesen Vorschlag abstimmen.

Steuertransparenz in Bezug auf Intermediäre

22-02-2018

Durch die Offenlegung von Steuerinformationen durch Steuerintermediäre oder Steuerzahler können Steuervermeidung und aggressive Steuerplanung bekämpft werden, da sich den Steuerbehörden dadurch ein umfassendes Bild bietet und sie sich mit dem Teil der steuerlichen Situation befassen können, der in ihre Zuständigkeit fällt. Das Parlament wird auf der Plenartagung im Februar über einen Vorschlag der Kommission abstimmen, mit dem der automatische Austausch dieser Informationen gewährleistet werden soll ...

Durch die Offenlegung von Steuerinformationen durch Steuerintermediäre oder Steuerzahler können Steuervermeidung und aggressive Steuerplanung bekämpft werden, da sich den Steuerbehörden dadurch ein umfassendes Bild bietet und sie sich mit dem Teil der steuerlichen Situation befassen können, der in ihre Zuständigkeit fällt. Das Parlament wird auf der Plenartagung im Februar über einen Vorschlag der Kommission abstimmen, mit dem der automatische Austausch dieser Informationen gewährleistet werden soll.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
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