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Environmental impact of the textile and clothing industry: What consumers need to know

17-01-2019

The amount of clothes bought in the EU per person has increased by 40 % in just a few decades, driven by a fall in prices and the increased speed with which fashion is delivered to consumers. Clothing accounts for between 2 % and 10 % of the environmental impact of EU consumption. This impact is often felt in third countries, as most production takes place abroad. The production of raw materials, spinning them into fibres, weaving fabrics and dyeing require enormous amounts of water and chemicals ...

The amount of clothes bought in the EU per person has increased by 40 % in just a few decades, driven by a fall in prices and the increased speed with which fashion is delivered to consumers. Clothing accounts for between 2 % and 10 % of the environmental impact of EU consumption. This impact is often felt in third countries, as most production takes place abroad. The production of raw materials, spinning them into fibres, weaving fabrics and dyeing require enormous amounts of water and chemicals, including pesticides for growing raw materials such as cotton. Consumer use also has a large environmental footprint due to the water, energy and chemicals used in washing, tumble drying and ironing, as well as to microplastics shed into the environment. Less than half of used clothes are collected for reuse or recycling when they are no longer needed, and only 1 % are recycled into new clothes, since technologies that would enable recycling clothes into virgin fibres are only starting to emerge. Various ways to address these issues have been proposed, including developing new business models for clothing rental, designing products in a way that would make re-use and recycling easier (circular fashion), convincing consumers to buy fewer clothes of better quality (slow fashion), and generally steering consumer behaviour towards choosing more sustainable options. In 2018, the EU adopted a circular economy package that will, at the insistence of the European Parliament, for the first time ensure that textiles are collected separately in all Member States, by 2025 at the latest. The European Parliament has for years advocated promoting the use of ecological and sustainable raw materials and the re-use and recycling of clothing.

Workshop on Biocidal Products Brussels (15 April 2010)

15-04-2010

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at a Workshop on Biocidal products, organised by the ENVI Committee in cooperation with the IMCO Committee, and held at the European Parliament in Brussels on 15 April 2010. The aim of the workshop was to provide MEPs with a comprehensive and balanced overview on the issues and interests at stake regarding the ongoing legislative procedure on the proposal for a regulation concerning the placing on the market and use of biocidal products (COM ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at a Workshop on Biocidal products, organised by the ENVI Committee in cooperation with the IMCO Committee, and held at the European Parliament in Brussels on 15 April 2010. The aim of the workshop was to provide MEPs with a comprehensive and balanced overview on the issues and interests at stake regarding the ongoing legislative procedure on the proposal for a regulation concerning the placing on the market and use of biocidal products (COM (2009) 267 final).

Externe Autor

Carl-Michael SIMON (Associate Sidley Austin Law Cabinet, Belgium), Sally BLOOMFIELD (London School of Hygiene), Claudia CASTELL-EXNER (Deutscher Verein des Gas- und Wasserfaches e.V.), Christian SCHWEER (Pesticide Action Network), Ilaria MALERBA (Federchimica/CEFIC - European Chemical Industry Council) and Bernd GLASSL (AISE - International Association for Soaps, Detergents and Maintenance Products)

The Consequences of the "cut off" Criteria for Pesticides : Alternative Methods of Cultivation

15-12-2008

Commission proposal for a Regulation to replace Council Directive 91/414/EEC is currently being negotiated. The current Directive provides the framework for the authorisation and marketing of agricultural pesticides. The Regulation will update the human and environmental safety ‘cut off’ criteria by which plant protection products are approved. This may result in the prohibition of a significant number of synthetic chemical pesticide products. Various non-chemical control methods can make valuable ...

Commission proposal for a Regulation to replace Council Directive 91/414/EEC is currently being negotiated. The current Directive provides the framework for the authorisation and marketing of agricultural pesticides. The Regulation will update the human and environmental safety ‘cut off’ criteria by which plant protection products are approved. This may result in the prohibition of a significant number of synthetic chemical pesticide products. Various non-chemical control methods can make valuable contributions to crop protection. The aim of this briefing note is to provide information on technologies that complement, or can be used as alternatives to, the application of synthetic chemical pesticides.

Externe Autor

Dave Chandler (Coordinator, University of Warwick), G. Bending, J. Clarkson, G. Davidson, S. Hall, P. Mills, D. Pink, D. Skirvin, P. Neve, R. Kennedy, J. M. Greaves, W. P. Grant and R. H. Collier

Impact assessment on priority substances in water

19-02-2008

Externe Autor

Andrew Lilico, Dermot Glynn Europe Economics Chancery House 53-64 Chancery Lane London WC2A 1QU

The European Parliament and the Environment Policy of the European Union

01-07-1999

This working document provides an indication of the challenges the European Union continues to confront as well as the progressive policy responses the European Parliament has been able to make. The purpose of this publication is to provide all those who work with EU legislation with a concise overview of environment policy up to April 1999.

This working document provides an indication of the challenges the European Union continues to confront as well as the progressive policy responses the European Parliament has been able to make. The purpose of this publication is to provide all those who work with EU legislation with a concise overview of environment policy up to April 1999.

Externe Autor

Vincent P. Bantz, Marinella Castellucci, Francisco Flores Albacete, Robert Schuman Scholars

Das Europäische Parlament und die Umweltpolitik der Europäischen Union

01-07-1995