13

Ergebnis(se)

Wort/Wörter
Art der Veröffentlichung
Politikbereich
Verfasser
Schlagwortliste
Datum

Control of the acquisition and possession of weapons

23-06-2017

In the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks, in November 2015 the European Commission presented a package of measures aiming to tighten control on the acquisition and possession of firearms in the European Union, improve traceability of legally held firearms and enhance cooperation between Member States, as well as ensure that deactivated firearms are rendered inoperable. The proposal to amend the current 'Firearms Directive' (Directive 91/477/EEC) was part of this package. It aimed to ban some ...

In the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks, in November 2015 the European Commission presented a package of measures aiming to tighten control on the acquisition and possession of firearms in the European Union, improve traceability of legally held firearms and enhance cooperation between Member States, as well as ensure that deactivated firearms are rendered inoperable. The proposal to amend the current 'Firearms Directive' (Directive 91/477/EEC) was part of this package. It aimed to ban some semi-automatic firearms for civilian use, as well as to include some previously excluded actors (collectors and brokers) and blank-firing weapons within the scope of the Directive. Parliament and Council reached agreement on the proposal in December, and formally adopted it in March and April respectively. The new directive reduces the number of weapons categories and changes the classification of certain types of weapons, while strictly defining exceptions for civilian use of the most dangerous weapons. It entered into force on 13 June 2017, with the deadline for transposition of most provisions set at 14 September 2018. This updates a briefing of January 2017, drafted by Jana Valant: PE 595.875.

Control of the acquisition and possession of weapons

25-05-2016

In the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks, in November 2015 the European Commission presented a package of measures aiming to tighten control on the acquisition and possession of firearms in the European Union, improve traceability of legally held firearms and enhance cooperation between Member States, as well as ensure that deactivated firearms are rendered inoperable. The proposal to amend the current 'Firearms Directive' (Directive 91/477/EEC) was part of this package. It aims to ban some ...

In the aftermath of the Paris terrorist attacks, in November 2015 the European Commission presented a package of measures aiming to tighten control on the acquisition and possession of firearms in the European Union, improve traceability of legally held firearms and enhance cooperation between Member States, as well as ensure that deactivated firearms are rendered inoperable. The proposal to amend the current 'Firearms Directive' (Directive 91/477/EEC) was part of this package. It aims to ban some semi-automatic firearms for civilian use, as well as to include some previously excluded actors (collectors and brokers) and blank-firing weapons within the scope of the Directive. Stakeholders commented particularly on the proposed ban on some semi-automatic firearms and the obligation for collectors to deactivate firearms. The Justice and Home Affairs Council held a debate on the file in March 2016. Parliament's Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) Committee is expected to adopt its report in June 2016. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Illegale Kleinwaffen und leichte Waffen: Vorgehen auf internationaler und EU-Ebene

13-07-2015

Kleinwaffen und leichte Waffen (SALW) zählen zu den wesentlichen Instrumenten der bewaffneten Gewalt in der ganzen Welt sowohl in Konflikt- als auch in Nicht-Konflikt-Situationen und haben aus humanitärer und sozio-ökonomischer Sicht eine beträchtliche Auswirkung auf ganze Gesellschaften. Die internationale Gemeinschaft, insbesondere die Vereinten Nationen, hat die Verbreitung und den Handel mit illegalen SALW als ein wichtiges Aktionsfeld identifiziert und in diesem Zusammenhang einen verbindlichen ...

Kleinwaffen und leichte Waffen (SALW) zählen zu den wesentlichen Instrumenten der bewaffneten Gewalt in der ganzen Welt sowohl in Konflikt- als auch in Nicht-Konflikt-Situationen und haben aus humanitärer und sozio-ökonomischer Sicht eine beträchtliche Auswirkung auf ganze Gesellschaften. Die internationale Gemeinschaft, insbesondere die Vereinten Nationen, hat die Verbreitung und den Handel mit illegalen SALW als ein wichtiges Aktionsfeld identifiziert und in diesem Zusammenhang einen verbindlichen Rahmen festgelegt, um den illegalen Handel mit SALW unter allen Aspekten zu verhüten, zu bekämpfen und letztendlich zu beseitigen. Der wichtigste politische Prozess – das Aktionsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen – entstand aus der Agenda zur Abrüstung und Rüstungskontrolle, während das rechtsverbindliche Feuerwaffenprotokoll Teil der internationalen Zusammenarbeit im Bereich der Strafverfolgung ist. Kürzlich hat der Vertrag über den Waffenhandel einen bedeutenden Beitrag zu den Anstrengungen zur Regulierung des Handels mit SALW geleistet. Die Europäische Union fördert aktiv die Vertragswerke und Prozesse, die auf die Bekämpfung illegaler SALW abzielen: Sie hat ihren eigenen politischen Rahmen für Feuerwaffen und SALW geschaffen, sie unterstützt zuverlässig die Standards auf internationaler Ebene und leistet wichtige Unterstützung für Länder in der ganzen Welt, um sich mit dem illegalen Handel mit SALW und deren Verbreitung auseinanderzusetzen.

Russia: Arms control and non-proliferation

22-06-2015

Arms control and non-proliferation agreements are an important part of Europe's post-Cold War security order, now looking increasingly fragile due to the Ukraine crisis. Numerous concerns have been raised about Russia's commitments on weapons of mass destruction and conventional arms.

Arms control and non-proliferation agreements are an important part of Europe's post-Cold War security order, now looking increasingly fragile due to the Ukraine crisis. Numerous concerns have been raised about Russia's commitments on weapons of mass destruction and conventional arms.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Finally an outcome and what next?

29-05-2013

The fruit of years of negotiations and intensive civil society campaigning, the recent agreement of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) has been widely presented as a major achievement. Exceptionally it was adopted by resolution of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The wide scope of the treaty, which includes small arms and light weapons (SALW) and, to some extent ammunition, alongside the main conventional arms has satisfied most stakeholders. The major hindrance for the impact of the ATT relates ...

The fruit of years of negotiations and intensive civil society campaigning, the recent agreement of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) has been widely presented as a major achievement. Exceptionally it was adopted by resolution of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The wide scope of the treaty, which includes small arms and light weapons (SALW) and, to some extent ammunition, alongside the main conventional arms has satisfied most stakeholders. The major hindrance for the impact of the ATT relates to uncertainty about its global relevance.

Human Rights Implications of the Usage of Drones and Unmanned Robots in Warfare

03-05-2013

In recent years, the use of drones and other unmanned robots in warfare and other situations of violence has increased exponentially, and States continue to invest significantly into increasing the operational autonomy of such systems. The present study provides an overview of the current and likely future use of such systems and examines the relevant legal implications under human rights law, international humanitarian law and the UN Charter. The study concludes that the present sense of uncertainty ...

In recent years, the use of drones and other unmanned robots in warfare and other situations of violence has increased exponentially, and States continue to invest significantly into increasing the operational autonomy of such systems. The present study provides an overview of the current and likely future use of such systems and examines the relevant legal implications under human rights law, international humanitarian law and the UN Charter. The study concludes that the present sense of uncertainty as to the applicable legal standards, the rapid development and proliferation of drone and robotic technology, and the perceived lack of transparency and accountability of current policies have the potential of polarizing the international community, undermining the rule of law and, ultimately, of destabilizing the international security environment as a whole. Accordingly, the study develops the following policy recommendations for European foreign policy: 1. First, the EU should make the promotion of the rule of law in relation to the development, proliferation and use of unmanned weapons systems a declared priority of European foreign policy. 2. In parallel, the EU should launch a broad inter-governmental policy dialogue aiming to achieve international consensus: (a) on the legal standards governing the use of currently operational unmanned weapon systems, and (b) on the legal constraints and/or ethical reservations which may apply with regard to the future development, proliferation and use of increasingly autonomous weapon systems. 3. Based on the resulting international consensus, the EU should work towards the adoption of a binding international agreement, or a non-binding code of conduct, aiming to restrict the development, proliferation or use of certain unmanned weapon systems in line with the legal consensus achieved.

Externe Autor

Nils MELZER (Geneva Centre for Security Policy - GCSP and Swiss Chair of International Humanitarian Law, Geneva Academy - ADH)

Drones: Engaging in Debate and Accountability

25-04-2013

Remotely piloted vehicles or aircraft are not an invention of the late 20th or early 21st century. Adding weapons to UAVs was proposed as early as the late 1940s, although these armed UAVs only came into use decades later. Remotely-piloted systems are also used in science, agriculture, environmental protection, goods transport and border security. New opportunities, such the use of RPAS for regulating air traffic, reveal the challenges in cyber security, privacy protection, national and public security ...

Remotely piloted vehicles or aircraft are not an invention of the late 20th or early 21st century. Adding weapons to UAVs was proposed as early as the late 1940s, although these armed UAVs only came into use decades later. Remotely-piloted systems are also used in science, agriculture, environmental protection, goods transport and border security. New opportunities, such the use of RPAS for regulating air traffic, reveal the challenges in cyber security, privacy protection, national and public security, and structural changes. Shifting demands, new UAV market entrants and increasing competition in the global market will challenge traditional (combat) aircraft industry structures. Innovation requires political and societal debate. Innovation in defence requires even more of this debate. Drones do not alter what the military does. Debate, organised at the European level, could develop a set of rules regarding the use of RPAS.

EU arms exports: Member States' compliance with the common rules

20-01-2013

The European Union (EU) is the only regional organisation to have set up a legally binding arrangement on conventional arms exports. Nevertheless, concerns have been raised about differing national interpretations and applications of the common position, as EU Member States remain responsible for its implementation .

The European Union (EU) is the only regional organisation to have set up a legally binding arrangement on conventional arms exports. Nevertheless, concerns have been raised about differing national interpretations and applications of the common position, as EU Member States remain responsible for its implementation .

Arms Trade Treaty (ATT): final negotiations

08-06-2012

The first international treaty regulating sales of conventional arms is to be finalised in July 2012. Even if the ATT raises big expectations, the consensual procedure chosen for its adoption, coupled with contentious issues dividing participants, means that a 'lowest common denominator' treaty with limited scope and weak implementation ay be the result.

The first international treaty regulating sales of conventional arms is to be finalised in July 2012. Even if the ATT raises big expectations, the consensual procedure chosen for its adoption, coupled with contentious issues dividing participants, means that a 'lowest common denominator' treaty with limited scope and weak implementation ay be the result.

Arms trade treaty

05-09-2011

Unlike weapons of mass destruction and land mines, international trade in conventional weapons is not covered by a legally binding global treaty. Currently, the relevant international regulations are made up of a patchwork of UN embargos, transparency mechanisms and a voluntary code of conduct. Since 2010, a UN preparatory committee on Arms Trade Treaty has been mandated to prepare the basis for a final conference to agree the treaty in 2012.

Unlike weapons of mass destruction and land mines, international trade in conventional weapons is not covered by a legally binding global treaty. Currently, the relevant international regulations are made up of a patchwork of UN embargos, transparency mechanisms and a voluntary code of conduct. Since 2010, a UN preparatory committee on Arms Trade Treaty has been mandated to prepare the basis for a final conference to agree the treaty in 2012.

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

Partner

Bleiben Sie in Verbindung

email update imageAktuelle Informationen per E-Mail

Sie können sich per E-Mail aktuelle Mitteilungen über Personen und Ereignisse im Zusammenhang mit dem Europäischen Parlament zusenden lassen. Dazu zählen aktuelle Informationen der Mitglieder, der Informationsdienststellen oder des Think Tank.

Dieser Dienst kann auf der gesamten Website des Europäischen Parlaments genutzt werden. Sie können den Dienst abonnieren und Mitteilungen des Think Tank erhalten, indem Sie einfach Ihre E-Mail-Adresse angeben, ein Thema auswählen, zu dem Sie Informationen erhalten möchten, die Häufigkeit der Mitteilungen (täglich, wöchentlich oder monatlich) festlegen und abschließend zur Bestätigung auf den Link klicken, der Ihnen zu diesem Zweck per E-Mail geschickt wird.

RSS imageRSS-Feeds

Über den RSS-Feed bleiben Sie immer auf dem Laufenden und werden über alle Aktualisierungen auf der Website des Europäischen Parlaments informiert.

Klicken Sie auf den folgenden Link, um den RSS-Feed zu konfigurieren.