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EU response to the Caribbean hurricanes

20-09-2017

The scenes of devastation caused by recent hurricanes in the Caribbean are a stark reminder of the destructive force of nature. As residents struggle to rebuild their lives following the passage of the latest storms, attention turns to the relief efforts. The EU can help through emergency humanitarian assistance and a variety of funding mechanisms, depending on the status of the territories concerned and their relationship with the EU.

The scenes of devastation caused by recent hurricanes in the Caribbean are a stark reminder of the destructive force of nature. As residents struggle to rebuild their lives following the passage of the latest storms, attention turns to the relief efforts. The EU can help through emergency humanitarian assistance and a variety of funding mechanisms, depending on the status of the territories concerned and their relationship with the EU.

What if intensification of farming could enhance biodiversity?

06-03-2017

Could introducing more precision agriculture in Europe allow us to obtain food resilience, while ensuring sustainability and jobs, and taking into account the EU’s wide agricultural diversity? Precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, involves using technology to improve the ratio between agricultural output (usually food) and agricultural input (land, energy, water, fertilisers, pesticides, etc.). PA consists of using sensors to identify crop or livestock needs precisely (in space or time ...

Could introducing more precision agriculture in Europe allow us to obtain food resilience, while ensuring sustainability and jobs, and taking into account the EU’s wide agricultural diversity? Precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, involves using technology to improve the ratio between agricultural output (usually food) and agricultural input (land, energy, water, fertilisers, pesticides, etc.). PA consists of using sensors to identify crop or livestock needs precisely (in space or time), and then intervening in a targeted way to maximise the productivity of each plant and animal, whilst minimising any waste of resources.

Die Raumfahrtpolitik der EU: Industrie, Sicherheit und Verteidigung

02-06-2016

Autonome Raumfahrtfähigkeiten spielen eine zentrale Rolle, wenn es darum geht, die Lageerfassung, den Umgang mit komplexen Krisen (Naturkatastrophen), die Verwaltung natürlicher Ressourcen (Gewässer, Wälder), die Erbringung von Dienstleistungen (in den Bereichen Gesundheit, Energie, Verkehr, Kommunikation und Wettervorhersage) und die nationale Sicherheit zu verbessern. Da immer mehr Länder Zugang zum Weltraum haben, hat die EU ihre Anstrengungen für die Annahme einer Raumfahrtstrategie für Europa ...

Autonome Raumfahrtfähigkeiten spielen eine zentrale Rolle, wenn es darum geht, die Lageerfassung, den Umgang mit komplexen Krisen (Naturkatastrophen), die Verwaltung natürlicher Ressourcen (Gewässer, Wälder), die Erbringung von Dienstleistungen (in den Bereichen Gesundheit, Energie, Verkehr, Kommunikation und Wettervorhersage) und die nationale Sicherheit zu verbessern. Da immer mehr Länder Zugang zum Weltraum haben, hat die EU ihre Anstrengungen für die Annahme einer Raumfahrtstrategie für Europa verstärkt.

Civil drones in the European Union

28-10-2015

Drones are aircraft which are operated with no pilot on board. Initially developed for military and defence purposes, they are increasingly used for various civil purposes, including photography, rescue operations, infrastructure monitoring, farming and aerial mapping. Being aircraft, drones have to comply with aviation safety rules. International civil aviation rules adopted since 1944 at United Nations level prohibit unmanned aircraft from flying over another state’s territory without its permission ...

Drones are aircraft which are operated with no pilot on board. Initially developed for military and defence purposes, they are increasingly used for various civil purposes, including photography, rescue operations, infrastructure monitoring, farming and aerial mapping. Being aircraft, drones have to comply with aviation safety rules. International civil aviation rules adopted since 1944 at United Nations level prohibit unmanned aircraft from flying over another state’s territory without its permission. In the EU, the current regulatory system for drones is based on fragmented rules, with many Member States having already regulated or planning to regulate some aspects of civil drones with an operating mass of 150 kg or less. The responsibility for civil drones over 150 kg is left to the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). However, the extent, content and level of detail of national regulations differs, and conditions for mutual recognition of operational authorisations between EU Member States have not been reached. In 2014, the Commission adopted a Communication outlining a strategy for opening the aviation market gradually to civil drones. In the strategy it calls for adoption of EU-wide rules on civil drones, which should ensure that drones are safe, secure and respect fundamental rights. The Council is in favour of a harmonised European approach, and considers EASA best placed to develop technical and safety standards, licences and certificates. The EP's Committee on Transport and Tourism presents its views in a report on civil drones to be voted by the EP plenary in October 2015. In its report, the Committee calls for proportionate and risk-based rules, while also putting emphasis on safety, privacy, security and data protection. The next step is the revision of EASA's Basic Regulation to include in it a specific article on drones, and define their essential requirements.

Privacy and Data Protection Implications of the Civil Use of Drones

10-06-2015

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental ...

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and data protection, to security and to safety.

What if your shopping were delivered by drones?

26-05-2015

Known as Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), drones have become increasingly present due to a sharp drop in production costs, as a consequence of recent innovations in light-weight materials, on-board computers, batteries and fuel tanks. Since their inception, drones have been developed for military purposes, with the inclusion of weapons in them, as well as for surveillance and policing efforts. Recently, however, other uses have proliferated, in the fields of ...

Known as Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), drones have become increasingly present due to a sharp drop in production costs, as a consequence of recent innovations in light-weight materials, on-board computers, batteries and fuel tanks. Since their inception, drones have been developed for military purposes, with the inclusion of weapons in them, as well as for surveillance and policing efforts. Recently, however, other uses have proliferated, in the fields of climate data collection, scientific exploration, 3-D mapping, infrastructure maintenance, logistics and delivery services, professional photography and filmmaking, entertainment, wildlife protection and agriculture. The increasing diversity and affordability of drones will surely lead to their widespread use amongst corporations, governmental institutions and common citizens. Thus, the legal and ethical issues already associated with drones will most likely become more prominent and require the attention of European policy makers.

Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: supplementary briefing

23-03-2015

This document is a supplementary briefing to the Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment based on the additional information contained in the Commission’s non-paper.      

This document is a supplementary briefing to the Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment based on the additional information contained in the Commission’s non-paper.      

Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

12-02-2015

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a Directive on the dissemination of Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes. Overall, the impression is that the IA has made a genuine attempt to present what it perceives to be the problems which need addressing and to define the objectives of the initiative and the progress indicators accordingly. The outcome ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the Commission proposal for a Directive on the dissemination of Earth observation satellite data for commercial purposes. Overall, the impression is that the IA has made a genuine attempt to present what it perceives to be the problems which need addressing and to define the objectives of the initiative and the progress indicators accordingly. The outcome of the first stakeholder consultation, even if rather limited, is clearly presented and appears to have been integrated into the analysis, with a transparent presentation of the stakeholders' views throughout. Nevertheless, the IA has a number of shortcomings and is, at best, incomplete. It remains to be seen to what extent the supplementary impact assessment work requested by Council responds to the concerns that have been expressed and help to complete some of the weaker areas identified. This note is prepared for the Committees on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) and Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) of the European Parliament.

Der europäische elektronische Mautdienst

15-04-2014

Die vorliegende Studie wurde erstellt, um die aktuellen und zukünftigen technologischen Möglichkeiten für den europäischen elektronischen Mautdienst zu überprüfen. Sie umfasst eine Behandlung der Stärken und Schwächen der sechs derzeit bestehenden technischen Lösungen. Es werden außerdem laufende technologische Entwicklungen und das weitere Vorgehen der Europäischen Union bewertet.

Die vorliegende Studie wurde erstellt, um die aktuellen und zukünftigen technologischen Möglichkeiten für den europäischen elektronischen Mautdienst zu überprüfen. Sie umfasst eine Behandlung der Stärken und Schwächen der sechs derzeit bestehenden technischen Lösungen. Es werden außerdem laufende technologische Entwicklungen und das weitere Vorgehen der Europäischen Union bewertet.

Externe Autor

Francesco Dionori, Lucia Manzi and Roberta Frisoni (Steer Davies Gleave) ; José Manuel Vassallo, Juan Gómez Sánchez and Leticia Orozco Rendueles (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain) ; José Luis Pérez Iturriaga ; Nick Patchett (Pillar Strategy)

Precision Agriculture: An Opportunity for EU-Farmers – Potential Support with the CAP 2014-2020

14-03-2014

Precision Agriculture (PA) is a whole-farm management approach using information technology, satellite positioning (GNSS) data, remote sensing and proximal data gathering. These technologies have the goal of optimising returns on inputs whilst potentially reducing environmental impacts. The state-of-the-art of PA on arable land, permanent crops and within dairy farming are reviewed, mainly in the European context, together with some economic aspects of the adoption of PA. Options to address PA adoption ...

Precision Agriculture (PA) is a whole-farm management approach using information technology, satellite positioning (GNSS) data, remote sensing and proximal data gathering. These technologies have the goal of optimising returns on inputs whilst potentially reducing environmental impacts. The state-of-the-art of PA on arable land, permanent crops and within dairy farming are reviewed, mainly in the European context, together with some economic aspects of the adoption of PA. Options to address PA adoption are discussed, including measures within the CAP 2014-2020 legislation and the important contribution of advisory services across Europe.

Externe Autor

Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission , Pablo J. Zarco-Tejada, Neil Hubbard and Philippe Loudjani (Monitoring Agriculture ResourceS (MARS) Unit H04)

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