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Free movement of capital within the European Union

31-05-2018

Amongst the four fundamental freedoms that underpin the EU single market (free movement of persons, goods, services and capital), the free movement of capital is the most recent. Until the mid-1990s it did not exist in practice in a number of Member States. Financial operations in other Member States or in other currencies within the EU were subject to prior authorisation requirements by national authorities. These controls enabled national authorities to prevent or restrict financial operations. ...

Amongst the four fundamental freedoms that underpin the EU single market (free movement of persons, goods, services and capital), the free movement of capital is the most recent. Until the mid-1990s it did not exist in practice in a number of Member States. Financial operations in other Member States or in other currencies within the EU were subject to prior authorisation requirements by national authorities. These controls enabled national authorities to prevent or restrict financial operations. Free movement of capital became applicable with the 1993 Maastricht treaty, which removed all restrictions on capital movements and payments, both between Member States and with third countries. The principle has direct effect, meaning that it requires no further legislation at either EU or Member State level.

Research for AGRI Committee - Young farmers - Policy implementation after the 2013 CAP reform

16-10-2017

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

This report provides information regarding the state of implementation of the current CAP young farmers’ mechanism. The different implementation styles of the Members States are described and the currently implemented policy tools are evaluated. Based on the secondary analysis and case studies, several policy recommendations are formulated, aimed at improving the existing support scheme and assisting young farmers to deal with the major barriers to entering agriculture.

Externe Autor

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic: Lukáš Zagata, Jiří Hrabák, Michal Lošťák, Miroslava Bavorová Technology Centre of the Czech Academy of Science: Tomáš Ratinger The James Hutton Institute, Scotland UK: Lee-Ann Sutherland, Annie McKee

Research for AGRI Committee - Preserving agricultural soils in the EU

15-03-2017

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction ...

This study explains how threats to soils and soil services are linked to agricultural soil management, how threats can be mitigated, and which barriers complicate this. It highlights trade-offs and synergies that exist between different interests affected by soil management, such as climate change mitigation, water and air quality, biodiversity, food security and farm income. Conservation of peatland and extensive agro-forestry systems, and protecting soils against sealing, erosion and compaction are ranked as highest priorities. Potential policy elements are suggested.

Externe Autor

H.F.M. ten Berge, J.J. Schröder, J.E. Olesen, J.-V. Giraldez Cervera

Organic food

19-05-2015

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that aims at sustainable agriculture, high-quality products and the use of processes that do not harm the environment, human, plant or animal health and welfare. Globally, 43.1 million hectares of agricultural land was under organic production in 2013, six million more than the year before. With 10.2 million hectares, the European Union (EU) accounts for 24% of the world’s organic land. There are almost 2 million organic ...

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that aims at sustainable agriculture, high-quality products and the use of processes that do not harm the environment, human, plant or animal health and welfare. Globally, 43.1 million hectares of agricultural land was under organic production in 2013, six million more than the year before. With 10.2 million hectares, the European Union (EU) accounts for 24% of the world’s organic land. There are almost 2 million organic producers in the world, mostly in Asia (36%), Africa (29%) and Latin America (16%). The EU represents 13% of this total. The infographic first shows the production and consumption of organic food in the world. It then focuses on the EU figures for organic agricultural land, producers, sales and consumption. The last part describes the places where Europeans buy organic food and the reasons they choose to do so. Unless otherwise reported, data in this infographic are based on ‘The world of organic agriculture 2015’ - the largest global data collection on organics published by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) in collaboration with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM - Organics International) and other partners. Data are collected and published annually.

New Direct Payments Scheme : Targeting and Redistribution in the Future CAP

15-02-2012

The Commission has proposed that a revised version of the present regime of direct payments should be rolled forward into the post-2013 CAP. There would be a limited redistribution of funds between Member States. Thirty per cent of the budget would be allocated to a new greening component, which would be problematic in the WTO. Non-active farmers would not qualify for aid; and payments would be capped. Special schemes would be introduced for small farmers, for young new entrants, and for disadvantaged ...

The Commission has proposed that a revised version of the present regime of direct payments should be rolled forward into the post-2013 CAP. There would be a limited redistribution of funds between Member States. Thirty per cent of the budget would be allocated to a new greening component, which would be problematic in the WTO. Non-active farmers would not qualify for aid; and payments would be capped. Special schemes would be introduced for small farmers, for young new entrants, and for disadvantaged regions.

Externe Autor

Alan SWINBANK (School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, United Kingdom)

How to Improve the Role of Young Farmers in the European Agricultural Economy?

15-11-2010

This study analysed the situation of the EU young farmers in relation to their share of total agricultural holders and land use as well as their participation in national and European support programmes. In many regions, the overall synergy between preferred priority policy objectives and age structures in agriculture is weak. The study also reviewed the obstacles facing both potential entrants into agriculture sector and young farmers, especially those starting-up in business, and proposed possible ...

This study analysed the situation of the EU young farmers in relation to their share of total agricultural holders and land use as well as their participation in national and European support programmes. In many regions, the overall synergy between preferred priority policy objectives and age structures in agriculture is weak. The study also reviewed the obstacles facing both potential entrants into agriculture sector and young farmers, especially those starting-up in business, and proposed possible solutions for overcoming those barriers.

Externe Autor

Aldona ZAWOJSKA (Department of Economics and Economic Policy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences)

The Challenge of Deterioration of Agricultural Land in the EU and in Particular in Southern Europe

15-09-2009

Soil degradation is a natural process accelerated by human activities and involves both the physical loss (erosion) and the reduction in quality of topsoil associated with nutrient decline and contamination. It has been caused by a number of factors many of which are tied to human development as deforestation, overexploitation, overgrazing, and industrialization. They have both localised and widespread impacts and affect soil quality for agriculture. This study aims to present the current situation ...

Soil degradation is a natural process accelerated by human activities and involves both the physical loss (erosion) and the reduction in quality of topsoil associated with nutrient decline and contamination. It has been caused by a number of factors many of which are tied to human development as deforestation, overexploitation, overgrazing, and industrialization. They have both localised and widespread impacts and affect soil quality for agriculture. This study aims to present the current situation of the European agricultural land and examine the possible options to stop or recover soil degradation.

Externe Autor

José Arnáez (University of La Rioja, Spain), C. Kosmas and O. Kairis (Agricultural University of Athens, Greece) and Maria da Conceição Gonçalves (Instituto Nacional de Recursos Biológicos, Portugal)

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

01-10-2019
Health threats from climate change: Scientific evidence for policy-making
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