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Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern

28-06-2019

Die Europäische Union (EU) hat sich dazu verpflichtet, „bei allen ihren Tätigkeiten“ Ungleichheiten zu beseitigen und die Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern zu fördern. Im Laufe der Jahre wurden dabei bedeutende Fortschritte erzielt. Allerdings gestaltet sich die Situation innerhalb der EU noch recht unterschiedlich, und in letzter Zeit werden nur langsam oder überhaupt keine Fortschritte erzielt. In manchen Bereichen lassen sich sogar negative Tendenzen beobachten. Dabei hat es sich erwiesen, ...

Die Europäische Union (EU) hat sich dazu verpflichtet, „bei allen ihren Tätigkeiten“ Ungleichheiten zu beseitigen und die Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern zu fördern. Im Laufe der Jahre wurden dabei bedeutende Fortschritte erzielt. Allerdings gestaltet sich die Situation innerhalb der EU noch recht unterschiedlich, und in letzter Zeit werden nur langsam oder überhaupt keine Fortschritte erzielt. In manchen Bereichen lassen sich sogar negative Tendenzen beobachten. Dabei hat es sich erwiesen, dass die Geschlechtergleichstellung für Einzelne, für die Wirtschaft und die Gesellschaft insgesamt deutliche Vorteile bietet. Umfragen zufolge ist eine große Mehrheit der Europäer der Ansicht, dass die Förderung der Gleichstellung für eine faire und demokratische Gesellschaft, die Wirtschaft und sie persönlich wichtig ist, und ein wachsender Anteil von Bürgern wünscht sich, dass die EU in diesem Bereich aktiver wird. Außerdem erwarten die Europäer mehr Maßnahmen der EU in davon berührten Politikbereichen. In der vergangenen Wahlperiode haben die Organe der Union im Rahmen eines umfassenderen Gleichstellungsprogramms Vorschläge für neue EU-Gesetze zur Verbesserung der Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Privatleben und zur Bekämpfung von Gewalt gegen Frauen erarbeitet. Die Förderung der Gleichstellung wird auch in den kommenden Jahren eine der großen Herausforderungen bleiben. Demografische Trends, technologische Entwicklungen und Änderungen an unserer Arbeitsweise sind nur einige der Themen, bei denen die Auswirkungen auf Frauen und Männer berücksichtigt werden müssen. Die EU könnte bei einer Reihe von Aufgaben stärker mitwirken, z. B. bei der Umsetzung und Durchsetzung vorhandener Rechtsvorschriften, bei deren Modernisierung, beim Schließen von Schutzlücken und Beheben neu entstehender Probleme, aber auch bei nicht legislativen Maßnahmen wie Datenerhebung und -überwachung, Sensibilisierung sowie Unterstützung einzelstaatlicher und Basisinitiativen. Auf allen Ebenen ist politischer Wille gefordert, damit die Probleme in den verschiedenen betroffenen Politikbereichen angegangen werden. Und damit dieser Wille in konkrete Maßnahmen überführt werden kann, müssen zudem die notwendigen Organe, Instrumente und Mittel bereitgestellt werden. Dies ist eine aktualisierte Fassung eines früheren Briefings, das vor der Wahl zum Europäischen Parlament 2019 herausgegeben wurde.

Violence against women in the EU: State of play

23-11-2018

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe, including the latter’s 'Istanbul Convention', to which the EU plans to accede, are benchmarks in efforts to combat ...

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe, including the latter’s 'Istanbul Convention', to which the EU plans to accede, are benchmarks in efforts to combat violence against women. The EU is tackling the problem in various ways, but has no binding instrument designed specifically to protect women from violence. Although there are similarities between national policies to combat violence against women, the Member States have adopted different approaches to the problem. Parliament's efforts have focused on strengthening EU policy in the area. Parliament has repeatedly called for a European Union strategy to counter violence against women, including a legally binding instrument. Stakeholders have expressed a range of concerns, such as the impact of the current economic climate on the prevalence of violence and funding for prevention and support for victims, and have highlighted the need for a comprehensive EU political framework on eliminating violence against women. They have also launched new initiatives of their own. This is a further update of an earlier briefing by Anna Dimitrova-Stull, of February 2014. The most recent previous edition was from November 2017.

Domestic Sexual Abuse of Girls

19-11-2018

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The study provides a definition and conceptual model of domestic sexual abuse of girls, as well as analyses of prevalence and risk factors across the EU. It goes on to review policies and actions to address domestic sexual abuse of girls at the EU and Member State levels, and sets out case studies of four countries. It ends by providing recommendations ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The study provides a definition and conceptual model of domestic sexual abuse of girls, as well as analyses of prevalence and risk factors across the EU. It goes on to review policies and actions to address domestic sexual abuse of girls at the EU and Member State levels, and sets out case studies of four countries. It ends by providing recommendations for Member States and EU institutions.

Externe Autor

Katie MCCRACKEN, Dr Ana FITZSIMONS, Sergio MARQUEZ, Małgorzata DRUCIAREK (Opcit Research), Prof Michelle LEFEVRE (University of Sussex)

Women in the Western Balkans: Gender equality in the EU accession process

18-07-2018

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality ...

Equality between women and men, or gender equality, is a fundamental right and a common value, recognised by the EU. It has been a component of the European integration project from its outset. Enshrined in the EU Treaties, gender equality forms part of the accession conditions with which candidate and potential candidates from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. Investing in gender equality, however, is essential not only as an EU requirement, but for an equal society. Although progress has been noted in these countries as regards gender equality, more work is still required. Equal opportunities would allow EU candidate countries to better tap into the potential and skills of women, and underpin achievements in areas such as economic growth, employment and social cohesion, as well as in peace-building. As part of their preparation for an EU future, the Western Balkan countries have taken steps to advance women's rights in recent years. These include adopting or amending relevant legislation (e.g. criminal and labour laws), elaborating national strategies and action plans, and establishing institutional mechanisms to carry out and monitor relevant policies. Nevertheless, promoting gender equality is often sidelined, and the action taken in this respect is insufficient. Ensuring equality between women and men remains 'unfinished business' in a region where traditional gender roles are deep-rooted and social attitudes and lack of awareness of women's rights are at the core of the problem. This Briefing aims to highlight the EU's efforts to promote gender equality as part of EU enlargement policy, and the way the EU strives to mainstream equality across the board. It also aims to cast light on some major challenges that women face in the Western Balkans, such as their weaker roles in economy and politics, and widespread gender-based violence. This follows up the June 2017 briefing on 'Rights and empowerment of women in the Western Balkans'.

Backlash in Gender Equality and Women’s and Girls’ Rights

15-06-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, is designed to identify in which fields and by which means the backlash in gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights in six countries (Austria, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia) is occurring. The backlash, which has been happening over the last several years, has decreased the level of protection of women and girls and reduced ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, is designed to identify in which fields and by which means the backlash in gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights in six countries (Austria, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia) is occurring. The backlash, which has been happening over the last several years, has decreased the level of protection of women and girls and reduced access to their rights.

Externe Autor

Borbála JUHÁSZ, indipendent expert to EIGE dr. Enikő PAP, legal expert on gender issues, NANE Women's Rights Association National experts: Christiane Ugbor, Sophie Hansal (Austria), Dr. Gabriella Ilonszki (Hungary), Siusi Casaccia (Italy), Zuzana Maďarová (Slovakia), Laura Albu (Romania), Małgorzata Tarasiewicz (Poland)

Gleichstellung der Geschlechter in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft

11-04-2018

Nachdem das Parlament am 8. März 2018, dem Internationalen Frauentag, die Teilnahme und Vertretung von Frauen in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft betonte, untersucht es nun in einem Initiativbericht, der im Rahmen der Plenartagung im April erörtert werden soll, die aktuelle Situation und schlägt Möglichkeiten zur Stärkung der Rolle von Frauen und Mädchen vor.

Nachdem das Parlament am 8. März 2018, dem Internationalen Frauentag, die Teilnahme und Vertretung von Frauen in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft betonte, untersucht es nun in einem Initiativbericht, der im Rahmen der Plenartagung im April erörtert werden soll, die aktuelle Situation und schlägt Möglichkeiten zur Stärkung der Rolle von Frauen und Mädchen vor.

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, March 2018

16-03-2018

Highlights of the session included a debate on the future of Europe with Portuguese Prime Minister, Antonio Costa; and debates on preparation of the 22-23 March European Council meeting; on the appointment of the European Commission Secretary-General; on the US decision to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium; on corporate social responsibility; on conflict minerals; and on protection of investigative journalists, following the deaths of Jan Kuciak and Martina Kusnirova in Slovakia. High Representative ...

Highlights of the session included a debate on the future of Europe with Portuguese Prime Minister, Antonio Costa; and debates on preparation of the 22-23 March European Council meeting; on the appointment of the European Commission Secretary-General; on the US decision to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium; on corporate social responsibility; on conflict minerals; and on protection of investigative journalists, following the deaths of Jan Kuciak and Martina Kusnirova in Slovakia. High Representative, Federica Mogherini, made statements on Syria, the EU-Cuba Joint Council, and EU-Central Asia relations, followed by debates. Parliament adopted, inter alia, resolutions on the post-2020 future multiannual financial framework and own-resources reform; and legislative positions on the common (consolidated) corporate tax; regulation of cross-border parcel delivery; training of professional drivers; and Europass.

Gleichstellung der Geschlechter in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft

06-03-2018

Der Internationale Frauentag bietet die Gelegenheit, die Erfolge der Frauen zu feiern und gleichzeitig eine Bilanz der Fortschritte hin zur Gleichstellung der Geschlechter zu ziehen. In diesem Jahr legt das Europäische Parlament den Schwerpunkt auf die Situation in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft. Zu diesem Anlass soll – im Anschluss an eine hochrangig besetzte Veranstaltung am 8. März selbst – im Rahmen der Plenartagung im März ein Bericht erörtert werden.

Der Internationale Frauentag bietet die Gelegenheit, die Erfolge der Frauen zu feiern und gleichzeitig eine Bilanz der Fortschritte hin zur Gleichstellung der Geschlechter zu ziehen. In diesem Jahr legt das Europäische Parlament den Schwerpunkt auf die Situation in der Medienbranche und der digitalen Wirtschaft. Zu diesem Anlass soll – im Anschluss an eine hochrangig besetzte Veranstaltung am 8. März selbst – im Rahmen der Plenartagung im März ein Bericht erörtert werden.

One step forward and two steps back for human rights in the world

01-03-2018

On 13 December 2017, just a few days after the United Nations' Human Rights Day, the European Parliament (EP) adopted in plenary its annual resolution on human rights and democracy. Addressing the numerous pressures exerted on human rights in 2016, the resolution calls upon the European Union to place human rights at the centre of EU relations with all third countries and to lead by example. The resolution hails the step forward made for the empowerment of women, but also warns of two new challenges ...

On 13 December 2017, just a few days after the United Nations' Human Rights Day, the European Parliament (EP) adopted in plenary its annual resolution on human rights and democracy. Addressing the numerous pressures exerted on human rights in 2016, the resolution calls upon the European Union to place human rights at the centre of EU relations with all third countries and to lead by example. The resolution hails the step forward made for the empowerment of women, but also warns of two new challenges – backward steps – to human rights in the world. One is brought about by new technological developments, and the other by new trends in terrorism involving psychological intimidation through the destruction of heritage sites.

Violence against women in the EU: State of play

20-11-2017

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe, including the latter’s 'Istanbul Convention', to which the EU plans to accede, are benchmarks in efforts to combat ...

Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of gender-based discrimination. Rooted in inequalities between men and women, it takes many forms. Estimates about the scale of the problem are alarming. Such violence has a major impact on victims and imposes a significant cost burden on society. The instruments put in place by the United Nations and Council of Europe, including the latter’s 'Istanbul Convention', to which the EU plans to accede, are benchmarks in efforts to combat violence against women. The EU is tackling the problem in various ways, but has no binding instrument designed specifically to protect women from violence. Although there are similarities between national policies to combat violence against women, the Member States have adopted different approaches to the problem. Parliament’s efforts have focused on strengthening EU policy in the area. Parliament has repeatedly called for a European Union strategy to counter violence against women, including a legally binding instrument. Stakeholders have expressed a range of concerns, such as the impact of the current economic climate on the prevalence of violence and funding for prevention and support for victims, and have highlighted the need for a comprehensive EU political framework on eliminating violence against women. They have also launched new initiatives of their own. This is a further update of an earlier briefing by Anna Dimitrova-Stull, of February 2014. The most recent previous edition was from November 2016.

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