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Gender Perspective on Access to Energy in the EU

18-12-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address energy poverty are more gender aware are identified and discussed.

Externe Autor

Joy CLANCY, Viktoria DASKALOVA, Mariëlle FEENSTRA (University of Twente, NL), Nicolò FRANCESCHELLI, Margarita SANZ (Blomeyer & Sanz)

New rules on security of gas supply

10-11-2017

In February 2016, the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. Major innovations in the Commission proposal include a solidarity principle that prioritises households and essential social services during an emergency situation; mandatory regional preventive action and emergency plans based on new templates; fewer exemptions on bidirectional capacity, in order to facilitate reverse gas flows; ...

In February 2016, the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. Major innovations in the Commission proposal include a solidarity principle that prioritises households and essential social services during an emergency situation; mandatory regional preventive action and emergency plans based on new templates; fewer exemptions on bidirectional capacity, in order to facilitate reverse gas flows; an increase in the scope of contractual information relating to security of supply that is provided to the Commission and national authorities; and further involvement of the contracting parties of the Energy Community in security of gas supply measures. The ITRE Committee approved its report in October 2016, the Council adopted a general approach in December 2016. Trilogue negotiations began in February 2017 and agreement was reached in April 2017. The agreed text was formally endorsed by the Parliament in September and by the Council in October 2017), and entered into force on 1 November 2017. This updates an earlier edition, of June 2017: PE 607.271.

Gazprom's controversial Nord Stream 2 pipeline

06-07-2017

In April 2017, European Energy Commissioner, Maroš Šefčovič, commented that no commercial project has ever been so intensely debated as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Opponents of the pipeline are above all worried about its geopolitical and energy security implications.

In April 2017, European Energy Commissioner, Maroš Šefčovič, commented that no commercial project has ever been so intensely debated as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Opponents of the pipeline are above all worried about its geopolitical and energy security implications.

New rules on security of gas supply

23-06-2017

In February 2016, the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply as part of its sustainable energy security package, in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. Major innovations in the Commission proposal include a solidarity principle that prioritises households and essential social services during an emergency situation; mandatory regional preventive action and emergency plans based on new templates; fewer exemptions on bidirectional ...

In February 2016, the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply as part of its sustainable energy security package, in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. Major innovations in the Commission proposal include a solidarity principle that prioritises households and essential social services during an emergency situation; mandatory regional preventive action and emergency plans based on new templates; fewer exemptions on bidirectional capacity, in order to facilitate reverse gas flows; an increase in the scope of contractual information relating to security of supply that is provided to the Commission and national authorities; and further involvement of the contracting parties of the Energy Community in security of gas supply measures. The ITRE Committee approved its report in October 2016, while the Council adopted a general approach in December 2016. Trilogue negotiations started in February 2017 and agreement was reached in April. The agreed text was approved by the ITRE committee on 30 May and is scheduled for a vote in the September 2017 plenary. "A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html"

Intergovernmental agreements in the field of energy

19-05-2017

The Commission has proposed a decision which would require Member States to submit draft intergovernmental agreements with non-EU countries in the field of energy to it before they are signed. The Commission would then check whether they are compliant with EU law, and Member States would have to take full account of the Commission's opinion. At present, Member States are required to submit such agreements to the Commission after signature. The Commission considers the present system as ineffective ...

The Commission has proposed a decision which would require Member States to submit draft intergovernmental agreements with non-EU countries in the field of energy to it before they are signed. The Commission would then check whether they are compliant with EU law, and Member States would have to take full account of the Commission's opinion. At present, Member States are required to submit such agreements to the Commission after signature. The Commission considers the present system as ineffective. A trilogue agreement reached in December 2016 restricts the scope of the ex-ante assessment to gas and oil contracts, while agreements related to electricity would be subject to an ex-post assessment. If a Member State departs from the opinion in the Commission's ex-ante assessment, it would have to justify its decision in writing. The agreed text needs now to be approved by Parliament and Council.

EU Energy Independence, Security of Supply and Diversification of Sources

31-03-2017

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘EU Energy Independence, Security of Supply and Diversification of Sources’ organised on 6 February 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to evaluate the current and future EU gas import dependence and to identify and assess possible policy initiatives to enhance the security of gas supply in the EU by further diversification of sources and routes ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘EU Energy Independence, Security of Supply and Diversification of Sources’ organised on 6 February 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to evaluate the current and future EU gas import dependence and to identify and assess possible policy initiatives to enhance the security of gas supply in the EU by further diversification of sources and routes. The workshop and this report will also support the ITRE Committee in its evaluation of proposals for review of EU legislation related to this topic.

Externe Autor

Luc VAN NUFFEL, Koen RADEMAEKERS, Jessica YEARWOOD

China, the 16+1 cooperation format and the EU

01-03-2017

The 16+1 sub-regional cooperation format brings together China and 16 central and eastern European countries (CEECs), consisting of 11 EU Member States and five EU candidate countries. The format is controversial, given the concerns expressed about arrangements made under its umbrella being in conflict with EU law and about a perceived erosion of EU norms, values and unity. Nearly five years on from its creation, mutually satisfactory results still lag behind expectations.

The 16+1 sub-regional cooperation format brings together China and 16 central and eastern European countries (CEECs), consisting of 11 EU Member States and five EU candidate countries. The format is controversial, given the concerns expressed about arrangements made under its umbrella being in conflict with EU law and about a perceived erosion of EU norms, values and unity. Nearly five years on from its creation, mutually satisfactory results still lag behind expectations.

Zwischenstaatliche Abkommen im Energiebereich

24-02-2017

Um sicherzustellen, dass zwischenstaatliche Abkommen mit Drittländern im Energiebereich vollständig mit den Rechtsvorschriften der EU im Einklang stehen, schlug die Kommission im Rahmen ihres Pakets für die Sicherung der Energieversorgung vom Februar 2016 neue Bestimmungen vor, die eine Ex-ante-Bewertung derartiger Abkommen erforderlich machen würden. Im Dezember 2016 wurde im Trilog eine Einigung über den Vorschlag für einen Beschluss erzielt, und die Abstimmung soll in der März-I-Plenartagung 2017 ...

Um sicherzustellen, dass zwischenstaatliche Abkommen mit Drittländern im Energiebereich vollständig mit den Rechtsvorschriften der EU im Einklang stehen, schlug die Kommission im Rahmen ihres Pakets für die Sicherung der Energieversorgung vom Februar 2016 neue Bestimmungen vor, die eine Ex-ante-Bewertung derartiger Abkommen erforderlich machen würden. Im Dezember 2016 wurde im Trilog eine Einigung über den Vorschlag für einen Beschluss erzielt, und die Abstimmung soll in der März-I-Plenartagung 2017 stattfinden.

New rules on security of gas supply

22-02-2017

On 16 February 2016 the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply as part of its sustainable energy security package, in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. The Commission proposal would replace and repeal an existing regulation on the subject, in force since December 2010. The Commission proposal seeks to improve rather than overhaul the existing regulation, and keeps many of its key features intact. Major innovations include a solidarity ...

On 16 February 2016 the European Commission proposed a new regulation on security of gas supply as part of its sustainable energy security package, in order to develop a stronger collective response to future supply risks. The Commission proposal would replace and repeal an existing regulation on the subject, in force since December 2010. The Commission proposal seeks to improve rather than overhaul the existing regulation, and keeps many of its key features intact. Major innovations include a solidarity principle that prioritises households and essential social services during an emergency situation; mandatory regional preventive action and emergency plans based on new templates; fewer exemptions on bidirectional capacity in order to facilitate reverse gas flows; an increase in the scope of contractual information relating to security of supply that is provided to the Commission; and involving the contracting parties of the Energy Community further in security of gas supply measures. On 13 October 2016 the ITRE Committee approved a report on the regulation. On 5 December 2016 the Council held a policy debate on the regulation and reached agreement on a general approach. Trilogue negotiations started on 6 February 2017.

Auf der Suche nach Gasfernleitungen - Energiepolitik der EU und der östlichen Partnerländer: Die Sicherheit im Vergleich zu den Vorteilen der Transitleistungen

14-07-2016

Die Europäische Union hat ihre Anstrengungen zur Gewährleistung einer sicheren Gasversorgung erhöht, insbesondere in Bezug auf den Hauptlieferanten Russland. In diesem Zusammenhang kommt den Ländern der Östlichen Partnerschaft, die als Gaslieferanten (Aserbaidschan) oder Transitländer (alle anderen, ausge-nommen Armenien) dienen, eine für die EU unbestreitbar wichtige Rolle zu. Die sichere Gasversorgung hängt für die EU von einer engen Zusammenarbeit mit den Ländern der Östlichen Partnerschaft und ...

Die Europäische Union hat ihre Anstrengungen zur Gewährleistung einer sicheren Gasversorgung erhöht, insbesondere in Bezug auf den Hauptlieferanten Russland. In diesem Zusammenhang kommt den Ländern der Östlichen Partnerschaft, die als Gaslieferanten (Aserbaidschan) oder Transitländer (alle anderen, ausge-nommen Armenien) dienen, eine für die EU unbestreitbar wichtige Rolle zu. Die sichere Gasversorgung hängt für die EU von einer engen Zusammenarbeit mit den Ländern der Östlichen Partnerschaft und deren Energieverbünden ab. Es sind einige begrüßenswerte Entwicklungen zu beobachten, wie der südliche Gaskorridor, über den kaspisches Gas in die EU befördert wird. Diese tragen dem Stellenwert der Länder der Östlichen Partnerschaft Rechnung und leisten zudem einen Beitrag zur sicheren Energieversorgung der EU und zum ehrgeizigen Projekt der Energieunion. Zu einiger Kritik hat andererseits ein Projekt geführt, mit dem die Kapazi-täten der Nordstream-Gasfernleitung, die Deutschland und Russland direkt über die Ostsee verbindet, verdoppelt werden sollen.

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