15

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Gender Perspective on Access to Energy in the EU

18-12-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, presents an overview of the situation within the EU with regard to the way energy poverty is experienced by women and men and explores through a gender lens existing EU legislation and policy to address energy poverty. Interpretation and implementation of EU legislation at national level are also investigated. Possible opportunities to ensure that policies and interventions to address energy poverty are more gender aware are identified and discussed.

Externe Autor

Joy CLANCY, Viktoria DASKALOVA, Mariëlle FEENSTRA (University of Twente, NL), Nicolò FRANCESCHELLI, Margarita SANZ (Blomeyer & Sanz)

Possible impacts of Brexit on EU development and humanitarian policies

05-04-2017

Brexit could have a major impact on EU development and humanitarian policies. However, although Brexit is highly likely to happen, there are still uncertainties about the UK’s new foreign policy approach and its repercussions on aid. The UK may act under three different scenarios (nationalist, realist, cosmopolitan) with different consequences for EU aid. The UK’s leaving would challenge the EU’s role as the world’s leading donor: EU aid may decrease by up to 3 % and it could lose between 10 % and ...

Brexit could have a major impact on EU development and humanitarian policies. However, although Brexit is highly likely to happen, there are still uncertainties about the UK’s new foreign policy approach and its repercussions on aid. The UK may act under three different scenarios (nationalist, realist, cosmopolitan) with different consequences for EU aid. The UK’s leaving would challenge the EU’s role as the world’s leading donor: EU aid may decrease by up to 3 % and it could lose between 10 % and 13 % of its world aid share. Its presence, through ODA, in neighbouring countries throughout Eastern Europe and North Africa could be particularly affected, with a cut of between 1 % and 4 %, depending on different scenarios. The EU could react to Brexit by adopting two distinct approaches to foreign policy and development cooperation: either limiting its role to that of a regional power or growing to become a global leader. In the first approach, Brexit would have a very mild effect and would lead to very few policy challenges. However, in the second, the EU would need to compensate for the loss of Britain’s contribution to EU aid, both in quantitative and qualitative terms.

Externe Autor

Iliana OLIVIÉ, senior analyst, and Aitor PÉREZ, senior research fellow, Elcano Royal Institute, Spain

Fiscal Compact Treaty: Scorecard for 2015

29-06-2016

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) has undertaken a detailed analysis that seeks to assess how far participating EU Member States have met their commitments within the framework of the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (TSCG). This intergovernmental treaty was agreed and signed by 25 Heads of State or Government in early 2012 and entered into force on 1 January 2013.  As part of a reformed ...

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) has undertaken a detailed analysis that seeks to assess how far participating EU Member States have met their commitments within the framework of the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (TSCG). This intergovernmental treaty was agreed and signed by 25 Heads of State or Government in early 2012 and entered into force on 1 January 2013.  As part of a reformed economic governance framework, the TSCG has sought to introduce more effective and stricter fiscal rules, including further automaticity of sanctions and the transposition of a balanced budget rule into national legislation (under the 'Fiscal Compact'). It has also aimed to enhance economic policy coordination and convergence and improve the governance of the euro area. This study reviews the main elements of the Treaty and seeks to evaluate how far the Contracting Parties have met their commitments. It shows that, three years after its entry into force, against the backdrop of a modest economic recovery across the euro area and the EU, the implementation of the TSCG has delivered mixed results. Most notably, efforts to comply with the terms of the Fiscal Compact – including the set of rules aiming to strengthen budgetary discipline – varied from one country to another. Admittedly, the increasing complexity of the EU fiscal framework, following a series of reforms that took place after the onset of the sovereign debt crisis, did not help foster compliance and monitoring. In addition, the Contracting Parties made some progress on enhancing economic policy coordination and convergence; however, there is still room for improvement. Lastly, the analysis reveals that compliance with the TSCG provisions on the governance of the euro area has not been complete.

Europäischer Forschungsraum

18-05-2016

In dieser Studie über die Kosten des Verzichts auf EU-politisches Handeln wird der Stand der Umsetzung des EU-politischen Rahmens für einen Europäischen Forschungsraum (EFR) untersucht. Diese Studie umfasst eine rückblickende (ex-post) und eine vorausschauende (ex-ante) Analyse. Während sich die Ex-post-Analyse auf die Umsetzung des EU-politischen Rahmens für den EFR bezieht, konzentriert sich die Ex-ante-Bewertung auf mögliche Kosten und Nutzen etwaiger zukünftiger politischer Maßnahmen. Dabei werden ...

In dieser Studie über die Kosten des Verzichts auf EU-politisches Handeln wird der Stand der Umsetzung des EU-politischen Rahmens für einen Europäischen Forschungsraum (EFR) untersucht. Diese Studie umfasst eine rückblickende (ex-post) und eine vorausschauende (ex-ante) Analyse. Während sich die Ex-post-Analyse auf die Umsetzung des EU-politischen Rahmens für den EFR bezieht, konzentriert sich die Ex-ante-Bewertung auf mögliche Kosten und Nutzen etwaiger zukünftiger politischer Maßnahmen. Dabei werden Defizite des EU-politischen Rahmens für den EFR aufgezeigt und aus dem Mangel an weiterführenden Maßnahmen resultierende Kosten herausgestellt. Eine vorsichtige Schätzung über die Kosten in Verbindung mit den Defiziten bei der Umsetzung des EU-politischen Rahmens für den EFR beläuft sich laut dieser Studie auf 3 Mrd. EUR pro Jahr.

Energy Union: Key Decisions for the Realisation of a Fully Integrated Energy Market

15-03-2016

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE Committee gives an overview and analysis of the main EU policies, measures and instruments that contribute to the realisation of fully integrated and well-functioning electricity and gas markets in Europe. Detailed case studies explore capacity remuneration mechanisms, electricity market coupling, and cross-border gas trade between Hungary and its neighbours. Policy recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the integration ...

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE Committee gives an overview and analysis of the main EU policies, measures and instruments that contribute to the realisation of fully integrated and well-functioning electricity and gas markets in Europe. Detailed case studies explore capacity remuneration mechanisms, electricity market coupling, and cross-border gas trade between Hungary and its neighbours. Policy recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the integration process are formulated based on the key findings.

Externe Autor

Luc VAN NUFFEL (Trinomics), Koen RADEMAEKERS (Trinomics), Jessica YEARWOOD TRAVEZAN (Trinomics), Maaike POST (Trinomics), Onne HOOGLAND (Trinomics) and Pepa LOPEZ (Aether)

Implementation of the 2014 Country Specific Recommendations

12-08-2015

This paper prepared by Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the 2014 Country Specific Recommendations.

This paper prepared by Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the 2014 Country Specific Recommendations.

Institutional and Constitutional Aspects of Special Interest Representation

15-06-2015

The European Parliament is lobbied by growing numbers of special interests; their activity is greater in Committees dealing with issues on integration & regulation, and procedures under OLP, CNS and INI. Significantly, the density and diversity of accredited interests across committees mirrors patterns observed in registered groups across Commission DGs. Based on a survey of MEPs the report notes variation in the activity of interest groups across the policy cycle while influential groups are considered ...

The European Parliament is lobbied by growing numbers of special interests; their activity is greater in Committees dealing with issues on integration & regulation, and procedures under OLP, CNS and INI. Significantly, the density and diversity of accredited interests across committees mirrors patterns observed in registered groups across Commission DGs. Based on a survey of MEPs the report notes variation in the activity of interest groups across the policy cycle while influential groups are considered those that provide a mix of European level technical and political expertise; overall the Transparency Register is considered to improve the behaviour of interest representatives.

Externe Autor

David Coen and Alexander Katsaitis (School of Public Policy, University College London, the UK)

The Cohesion Policy Dimension of the Implementation of the Europe 2020 Strategy

15-06-2015

This analysis provides input to the own-initiative report on "Cohesion policy and the review of the Europe 2020 strategy". The analysis focuses on three key themes: the (reciprocal) relationship between cohesion policy and the Europe 2020 strategy in the present and the previous programming period, the governance aspects (ownership and responsibility) and the territorial dimension of the strategy.

This analysis provides input to the own-initiative report on "Cohesion policy and the review of the Europe 2020 strategy". The analysis focuses on three key themes: the (reciprocal) relationship between cohesion policy and the Europe 2020 strategy in the present and the previous programming period, the governance aspects (ownership and responsibility) and the territorial dimension of the strategy.

Arzneimittel in der Europäischen Union: Der Rechtsrahmen für Humanarzneimittel

01-04-2015

Die EU-Gesetzgebung zu Humanarzneimitteln besteht bereits seit 50 Jahren. Ihr Ziel ist der Schutz der öffentlichen Gesundheit, ohne jedoch die Entwicklung der europäischen pharmazeutischen Industrie oder den Arzneimittelhandel zu behindern. Der Regulierungsrahmen ist sehr komplex und deckt den gesamten Lebenszyklus eines Arzneimittels ab, von der Herstellung bis hin zu den klinischen Prüfungen, der Genehmigung für das Inverkehrbringen, der Pharmakovigilanz und der Patienteninformation. Darüber hinaus ...

Die EU-Gesetzgebung zu Humanarzneimitteln besteht bereits seit 50 Jahren. Ihr Ziel ist der Schutz der öffentlichen Gesundheit, ohne jedoch die Entwicklung der europäischen pharmazeutischen Industrie oder den Arzneimittelhandel zu behindern. Der Regulierungsrahmen ist sehr komplex und deckt den gesamten Lebenszyklus eines Arzneimittels ab, von der Herstellung bis hin zu den klinischen Prüfungen, der Genehmigung für das Inverkehrbringen, der Pharmakovigilanz und der Patienteninformation. Darüber hinaus tragen die Grundsätze der guten Herstellungs-, Vertriebs- und Pharmakovigilanz-Praxis zur steigenden Sicherheit von Arzneimitteln bei. Von einem neuen Ansatz für die Gewährung eines frühzeitigen Zugangs zu Arzneimitteln – „Adaptive Pathways“ – könnten in der Zukunft Patienten profitieren, die an einer Krankheit leiden, die durch vorhandene Therapien nicht angemessen behandelt werden kann.

Mainstreaming Support for the ICC in the EU's Policies

24-03-2014

The European Union and its Member States have been the staunchest supporters of the ICC system of international criminal justice in the last two decades. That system is now at a critical juncture. With a view to the future, it is necessary to examine how the ICC can overcome the current challenges and build upon its successes to date. And more specifically, how the EU and its Member States can, and should, help the ICC in this respect. By critically assessing the EU’s performance to date in mainstreaming ...

The European Union and its Member States have been the staunchest supporters of the ICC system of international criminal justice in the last two decades. That system is now at a critical juncture. With a view to the future, it is necessary to examine how the ICC can overcome the current challenges and build upon its successes to date. And more specifically, how the EU and its Member States can, and should, help the ICC in this respect. By critically assessing the EU’s performance to date in mainstreaming support for the ICC throughout its policies and activities, this study addresses these questions.

Externe Autor

Olympia BEKOU (University of Nottingham, the UK) with the assistance of: Hemi MISTRY (University of Nottingham, the UK)

Anstehende Veranstaltungen

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
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EPRS

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