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Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - April 2019

15-04-2019

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Creative Europe programme 2021-2027

22-03-2019

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses ...

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme and increase its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses on the economic dimension of the cultural sector and its contribution to job creation and economic growth. Some stakeholders have voiced concern at taking such a strongly economic approach to culture. Under proposed programme, the economic dimension is one axis alongside the social dimension, and culture's contribution to international relations. The proposed framework for cultural policy therefore highlights not only the economic dimension of the cultural and creative sectors, but also the role of culture in social cohesion and its relation to creative and artistic freedom and diversity, and freedom and plurality of media. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for CULT Committee – Science and Scientific Literacy as an Educational Challenge

15-03-2019

European societies are faced with emerging threats relating to the spread of disinformation and pseudo-science. In this context, fostering scientific literacy can provide people with tools to navigate and critically address the vast amounts of information exchanged in public debate, and support democratic processes. Building on a review of academic and policy literature, this study aims to enable Members of the European Parliament to form their opinions on the state of scientific literacy in the ...

European societies are faced with emerging threats relating to the spread of disinformation and pseudo-science. In this context, fostering scientific literacy can provide people with tools to navigate and critically address the vast amounts of information exchanged in public debate, and support democratic processes. Building on a review of academic and policy literature, this study aims to enable Members of the European Parliament to form their opinions on the state of scientific literacy in the EU and on potential education policy responses to better prepare scientifically literate citizens.

Externe Autor

Hanna SIAROVA, Dalibor STERNADEL, Eszter SZŐNYI

Research for CULT Committee – How to tackle early school leaving in the EU

15-03-2019

This study is a concise update on early school leaving in the EU. It reviews the main developments and causes of the problem since the Council Recommendation of 2011 on policies to reduce early school leaving, and identifies policy initiatives taken by the Member States to address it. The study explores the interplay between early school leaving and public investment and lastly outlines recommendations to address future challenges. The study takes into consideration European and national literature ...

This study is a concise update on early school leaving in the EU. It reviews the main developments and causes of the problem since the Council Recommendation of 2011 on policies to reduce early school leaving, and identifies policy initiatives taken by the Member States to address it. The study explores the interplay between early school leaving and public investment and lastly outlines recommendations to address future challenges. The study takes into consideration European and national literature focusing on six Member States.

Externe Autor

Panteia: Amber VAN DER GRAAF, Paul VROONHOF, Georgios ROULLIS, Federica VELLI

How artificial intelligence works

14-03-2019

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the key techniques that come under the AI banner, grouped into three sections to give a sense the chronology of its development. The first describes early techniques, described as ‘symbolic AI’ while the second focusses on the ‘data driven’ approaches that currently dominate and the third looks towards possible future developments. By explaining what is ‘deep’ about deep learning and showing that AI is more maths than magic, the briefing ...

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the key techniques that come under the AI banner, grouped into three sections to give a sense the chronology of its development. The first describes early techniques, described as ‘symbolic AI’ while the second focusses on the ‘data driven’ approaches that currently dominate and the third looks towards possible future developments. By explaining what is ‘deep’ about deep learning and showing that AI is more maths than magic, the briefing aims to equip the reader with the understanding they need to engage in clear-headed reflection about AI’s opportunities and challenges, and meaningful debates about its development.

Why artificial intelligence matters

14-03-2019

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

Gender equality in sport: Getting closer every day

07-03-2019

Traditionally, sport has been dominated by men, both in terms of participation and governance. Women were excluded from the first modern Olympic Games, held in Athens in 1896, and were only allowed to gradually start joining in four years later. Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, women's participation ...

Traditionally, sport has been dominated by men, both in terms of participation and governance. Women were excluded from the first modern Olympic Games, held in Athens in 1896, and were only allowed to gradually start joining in four years later. Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, women's participation in sports governance structures has slightly improved. The International Olympic Committee currently counts 33 female members and honorary members out of a total of 144. Moreover, fewer than 20 % of the members of the governing structures of affiliated bodies are women. Similarly, in 2015 only 14 % of all top decision-making positions in individual EU sports federations were occupied by women. In spite of the fact that the number of women actively involved in sport has increased dramatically over the past 50 years, female coaches across the globe are a statistical minority in nearly all sports, at all performance levels. In Europe, between 20 % and 30 % of all sports coaches are women. Even though the gender pay gap in sport has been narrowing over the years, it still very much exists. A total of 83 % of sports now award men and women equal prize money, with cricket, golf and football displaying the greatest pay gaps. There are also still significant differences in the media coverage of women's and men's sports. Research shows that sports journalism in the print media is a man's world, with over 90 % of the articles being written by male journalists and more than 85 % of the coverage being dedicated to male athletes. In 2010, in a bid to establish greater equality in the most popular sport for girls and women – football – the European football governing body UEFA launched its women's football development programme and funded an extensive series of projects across Europe to drive growth and sustainability in women's football. The European Parliament has also been consistently advocating for gender equality in sport. As part of the institution's campaign for the 2019 European elections, high-profile players such as Nilla Fischer will be encouraging women to vote on issues that matter to them.

And the prize goes to... European female filmmakers

28-02-2019

Supporting female film directors is not just an aim in itself. It has a very tangible impact. With more women in key positions, conditions for women in the industry will improve as a whole, and perceptions of women's roles will likely evolve as well. Turning political discourse into action, the Parliament has been steadily supporting the dissemination of film productions directed by women or portraying strong and inspiring female characters through its LUX Film Prize. Read our infographic to find ...

Supporting female film directors is not just an aim in itself. It has a very tangible impact. With more women in key positions, conditions for women in the industry will improve as a whole, and perceptions of women's roles will likely evolve as well. Turning political discourse into action, the Parliament has been steadily supporting the dissemination of film productions directed by women or portraying strong and inspiring female characters through its LUX Film Prize. Read our infographic to find out more interesting facts about female filmmakers.

Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Befähigung der Jugend

28-02-2019

Der Anteil junger Menschen (im Alter von 15 bis 29 Jahren) an der Gesamtbevölkerung der EU geht zurück. Junge Menschen haben im Allgemeinen einen höheren Bildungsstand als ältere Erwachsene, und die Jugendarbeitslosigkeitsquoten beginnen zu sinken. Dennoch sind junge Menschen stärker von Armut und sozialer Ausgrenzung betroffen als andere Bevölkerungsgruppen. Im Vergleich zu früheren Generationen neigen sie weniger dazu, ihre Gesundheit zu gefährden. So gibt es beispielsweise im Vergleich zu früher ...

Der Anteil junger Menschen (im Alter von 15 bis 29 Jahren) an der Gesamtbevölkerung der EU geht zurück. Junge Menschen haben im Allgemeinen einen höheren Bildungsstand als ältere Erwachsene, und die Jugendarbeitslosigkeitsquoten beginnen zu sinken. Dennoch sind junge Menschen stärker von Armut und sozialer Ausgrenzung betroffen als andere Bevölkerungsgruppen. Im Vergleich zu früheren Generationen neigen sie weniger dazu, ihre Gesundheit zu gefährden. So gibt es beispielsweise im Vergleich zu früher weniger junge Menschen, die rauchen, sich betrinken oder an Verkehrsunfällen beteiligt sind. Junge Menschen werden jedoch nach wie vor überdurchschnittlich häufig bei Verkehrsunfällen verletzt. Fettleibigkeit aufgrund von schlechten Essgewohnheiten und Bewegungsmangel ist nach wie vor ein Problem. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass junge Menschen wählen gehen oder bei Wahlen kandidieren, ist geringer als bei älteren Erwachsenen. In den vergangenen Jahren war jedoch ein leichter Anstieg des Interesses an Politik, politischem Engagement und Freiwilligentätigkeiten zu verzeichnen. Fast 80 % der jungen Europäer bezeichnen sich als Bürger Europas. In einer 2018 veröffentlichten Eurobarometer-Umfrage nannten sie Bildung, Kompetenzen und die Umwelt als die wichtigsten Prioritäten der EU. Die Europäische Union unterstützt die Mitgliedstaaten durch eine Jugendstrategie dabei, auf die Bedürfnisse und Erwartungen junger Menschen einzugehen. Diese Strategie umfasst beispielsweise die Bereiche Beschäftigung, Unternehmertum, soziale Integration, Teilhabe, allgemeine und berufliche Bildung, Gesundheit, Wohlbefinden, Freiwilligentätigkeit, die globale Dimension, Kreativität und Kultur. Die Strategie beruht auf zahlreichen Förderprogrammen, die konkret auf junge Menschen ausgerichtet sind, wie insbesondere die Beschäftigungsinitiative für junge Menschen, Erasmus+ und das Europäische Solidaritätskorps. Außerdem greift die Strategie auf Mittel zurück, die für andere konkrete Politikbereiche vorgesehen sind. Die populärsten Maßnahmen der EU im Bereich der Befähigung der Jugend sind die dadurch geschaffenen Mobilitätsmöglichkeiten – insbesondere das Programm Erasmus. Zu den künftigen Herausforderungen zählen die Ausweitung auf ein breiteres Spektrum junger Menschen, insbesondere aus benachteiligten und schwer erreichbaren Gruppen, die bessere Sichtbarmachung der Ergebnisse des als „strukturierter Dialog“ bezeichneten Konsultationsverfahrens und die Verbesserung der Synergien zwischen den Politikbereichen, um eine bessere Wirksamkeit zu erzielen.

Woran erkennt man Falschmeldungen?

19-02-2019

„Fake News“ und Desinformation – also Informationen, die absichtlich manipuliert werden, um Menschen in die Irre zu führen – sind ein immer häufiger auftretendes weltweites Phänomen. Durch die sozialen Medien und ihre Personalisierungsinstrumente können fingierte Geschichten einfacher verbreitet werden. Diese machen sich häufig Emotionen zunutze, um die Aufmerksamkeit auf sich zu lenken und Klicks zu generieren. Selbst jungen Menschen, die sich im digitalen Umfeld auskennen, fällt es schwer, Falschmeldungen ...

„Fake News“ und Desinformation – also Informationen, die absichtlich manipuliert werden, um Menschen in die Irre zu führen – sind ein immer häufiger auftretendes weltweites Phänomen. Durch die sozialen Medien und ihre Personalisierungsinstrumente können fingierte Geschichten einfacher verbreitet werden. Diese machen sich häufig Emotionen zunutze, um die Aufmerksamkeit auf sich zu lenken und Klicks zu generieren. Selbst jungen Menschen, die sich im digitalen Umfeld auskennen, fällt es schwer, Falschmeldungen zu erkennen. Bezeichnenderweise werden sechs von zehn Nachrichten von den Nutzern nicht einmal gelesen, bevor diese sie teilen. Etwa 85 % der Europäer sind der Ansicht, dass „Fake News“ ein Problem in ihrem eigenen Land sind, und 83 % sehen darin ein Problem für die Demokratie insgesamt. Dieser Kompass hilft Ihnen, sich im Meer der Informationen zurechtzufinden und Lügen und Desinformation gekonnt zu umschiffen.

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