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Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Energieversorgung und Energiesicherheit

28-06-2019

Die Energiepolitik ist ein Zuständigkeitsbereich, der von der EU und ihren Mitgliedstaaten gemeinsam verwaltet wird. Während die EU gemäß den Verträgen für die Versorgungssicherheit zuständig ist, tragen die Mitgliedstaaten die Verantwortung für die Festlegung der Struktur ihrer Energieversorgung und die Auswahl ihrer Energiequellen. Der Schwerpunkt der EU-Rechtsvorschriften zur Versorgungssicherheit liegt auf Erdgas- und den Strommärkten, und sie stehen in engem Zusammenhang mit anderen Zielen der ...

Die Energiepolitik ist ein Zuständigkeitsbereich, der von der EU und ihren Mitgliedstaaten gemeinsam verwaltet wird. Während die EU gemäß den Verträgen für die Versorgungssicherheit zuständig ist, tragen die Mitgliedstaaten die Verantwortung für die Festlegung der Struktur ihrer Energieversorgung und die Auswahl ihrer Energiequellen. Der Schwerpunkt der EU-Rechtsvorschriften zur Versorgungssicherheit liegt auf Erdgas- und den Strommärkten, und sie stehen in engem Zusammenhang mit anderen Zielen der EU: Konsolidierung eines Energiebinnenmarkts, Verbesserung der Energieeffizienz und Förderung von erneuerbaren Energiequellen, um die CO2-Emissionen der Wirtschaft zu verringern und die Ziele des Übereinkommens von Paris zu erfüllen. In der Wahlperiode 2014–2019 gab es zahlreiche Initiativen im Zusammenhang mit der Versorgungssicherheit. Die Organe der EU konnten in Bezug auf eine überarbeitete Verordnung über die Sicherheit der Gasversorgung, eine überarbeitete Verordnung über die Sicherheit der Stromversorgung, einen überarbeiteten Beschluss über zwischenstaatliche Energieabkommen, eine gezielte Überarbeitung der Erdgasrichtlinie, durch die ihre wichtigsten Bestimmungen auf Fernleitungen mit Drittstaaten anwendbar wurden, sowie auch in Bezug auf neue Ziele für Energieeffizienz und erneuerbare Energiequellen bis 2030 eine Einigung erzielen. Das Parlament hat außerdem einige Initiativentschließungen im Bereich Energie angenommen, darunter eine zu der neuen EU-Strategie für Flüssigerdgas und zur Gasspeicherung, die für die Sicherheit der Erdgasversorgung entscheidend ist. Mittlerweile wird mit EU-Projekten von gemeinsamem Interesse eine Energieinfrastruktur finanziert, mit der der Energieverbund verbessert und die Versorgungssicherheit unterstützt wird. Seitens der Unionsbürger EU besteht eine zunehmende Erwartung an die EU, ihr Engagement in Bezug auf Energieversorgung und Energiesicherheit zu verstärken. Während im Jahr 2016 nur knapp über die Hälfte aller Unionsbürger (52 %) diese Auffassung teilten, wird sie heute von ca. zwei Dritteln (65 %) vertreten. Die EU wird weiterhin eine führende Rolle bei der Überwachung der Versorgungssicherheit einnehmen, während der Übergang der Energiewirtschaft vom alten System der zentralisierten, von fossilen Brennstoffen dominierten Energieerzeugung in einzelstaatlichen Märkten zu einem neuen, durch einen hohen Anteil von erneuerbaren Energiequellen, eine verstärkt lokale Produktion und grenzübergreifende Märkte charakterisierten System erfolgt. Die EU müsste jedoch ein besonderes Gesetzgebungsverfahren anwenden, um unmittelbar in die Bestimmung der Energieversorgung ihrer Mitgliedstaaten einzugreifen. Bei diesem Verfahren muss Beschlussfassung im Rat einstimmig erfolgen, und das Parlament hat dabei lediglich beratende Funktion. Dies ist die aktualisierte Fassung eines Briefings, das vor der Wahl zum Europäischen Parlament 2019 veröffentlicht wurde.

What if policy anticipated advances in science and technology?

26-06-2019

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the ...

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), which brings together 25 Members from nine different parliamentary committees who share a strong interest in science and technology in the context of policy-making.

Energy storage and sector coupling: Towards an integrated, decarbonised energy system

24-06-2019

In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, the European energy system will need to become carbon-neutral by the second half of this century. However, while renewable sources of energy are key to achieving this, some of the most important renewables are variable: the output of solar and wind power depends on the time of day, the seasons and the weather. As the share of variable renewables increases, energy storage is playing an increasingly important role in bridging the ...

In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, the European energy system will need to become carbon-neutral by the second half of this century. However, while renewable sources of energy are key to achieving this, some of the most important renewables are variable: the output of solar and wind power depends on the time of day, the seasons and the weather. As the share of variable renewables increases, energy storage is playing an increasingly important role in bridging the gap in time between energy production and energy consumption. While the share of renewable energy in the electricity sector is growing continually, other sectors, such as transport, buildings and industry, still depend largely on fossil fuels. To decarbonise these sectors, they can either be electrified or the fossil fuels can be substituted by renewable gases such as hydrogen or renewable liquid fuels. Transformation from electricity to gases and vice versa can add further storage capacity and flexibility to the energy system. Research indicates that coupling different sectors in this way would lower the overall cost of decarbonising the energy system. The EU has reformed its electricity markets to facilitate the participation of storage in managing supply and demand, and revised the renewable energy directive to include renewable gases. When it comes to industrial policy, the EU supports initiatives for batteries and hydrogen. The debate about the pathways towards a carbon-neutral economy is ongoing, and is based on the Commission's clean planet strategy. The outcome of this debate will influence EU policies in various fields and inform the EU's low greenhouse gas emission development strategy under the Paris Agreement, which must be submitted in 2020.

Key issues in the European Council

20-06-2019

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues ...

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

Dienstleistungen der Fachabteilungen (Der ITRE-Ausschuss im Fokus)

14-06-2019

Die Fachabteilung A stellt den ihr zugeordneten Ausschüssen wertvolles Fachwissen, aktuelle Analysen und unabhängige Forschungsarbeiten zur Verfügung. Sie unterstützt die folgenden Ausschüsse: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE und IMCO. Der Schwerpunkt dieser Broschüre liegt auf den Leistungen der Fachabteilung für den ITRE-Ausschuss.

Die Fachabteilung A stellt den ihr zugeordneten Ausschüssen wertvolles Fachwissen, aktuelle Analysen und unabhängige Forschungsarbeiten zur Verfügung. Sie unterstützt die folgenden Ausschüsse: ECON, EMPL, ENVI, ITRE und IMCO. Der Schwerpunkt dieser Broschüre liegt auf den Leistungen der Fachabteilung für den ITRE-Ausschuss.

European Council conclusions - A rolling check-list of commitments to date

14-06-2019

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is a new, updated and more comprehensive edition of the Rolling Check-List, which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It distinguishes between four types of European Council conclusions (commitments, reviews, endorsements and statements) and indicates the follow-up given to calls for action made by EU leaders. It also offers an introductory analysis of each policy area, highlighting the background to the main orientations given by the European Council, as well as the follow-up to them and the future challenges.

Common rules for gas pipelines entering the EU internal market

27-05-2019

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to fully apply key provisions of the 2009 Gas Directive to gas pipelines between the European Union (EU) and third countries. Member States would need to cooperate with third countries to ensure full compliance with EU rules. The revised directive was seen by many observers as a part of the broader EU response to the Gazprom-led Nord Stream 2 project, which the European Commission publicly opposes. The Parliament adopted its ...

In November 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to fully apply key provisions of the 2009 Gas Directive to gas pipelines between the European Union (EU) and third countries. Member States would need to cooperate with third countries to ensure full compliance with EU rules. The revised directive was seen by many observers as a part of the broader EU response to the Gazprom-led Nord Stream 2 project, which the European Commission publicly opposes. The Parliament adopted its position on the gas directive in plenary on April 2018, whereas the Council adopted its general approach on 8 February 2019. This was swiftly followed by a single trilogue meeting on 12 February 2019 at which the EU institutions reached a provisional agreement. The agreed text was later formally adopted by Parliament and Council, and entered into force on 23 May 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Women, Gender Equality and the Energy Transition in the EU

03-05-2019

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, examines the evidence on the role of women in the energy transition in the European Union and the extent of gender equality in the process particularly in respect of the renewable energy sector. The study identifies gender inequalities preventing women from the involvement in the energy transition and career advancement in this area and assesses ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, examines the evidence on the role of women in the energy transition in the European Union and the extent of gender equality in the process particularly in respect of the renewable energy sector. The study identifies gender inequalities preventing women from the involvement in the energy transition and career advancement in this area and assesses how the transfer to the sustainable energy model will affect gender equality and the role of women as actors of change. It provides best practices in overcoming the barriers to gender equality in the energy transition and concludes with recommendations to the EU and national decision makers.

Externe Autor

Joy CLANCY; Marielle FEENSTRA

Living in the EU: Climate Change and Energy

30-04-2019

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, ...

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, considering that alongside the energy model, human behaviour of EU citizens represents the key element to prevent climate change.

Review of the Clean Vehicles Directive

10-04-2019

In November 2017, the European Commission proposed a revision of Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (the Clean Vehicles Directive), after an evaluation showed that the directive had yielded limited results. The proposed directive aims to promote clean mobility solutions in public procurement tenders and thereby raise the demand for, and the further deployment of, clean vehicles. The proposal provides a definition for clean light-duty vehicles ...

In November 2017, the European Commission proposed a revision of Directive 2009/33/EC on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (the Clean Vehicles Directive), after an evaluation showed that the directive had yielded limited results. The proposed directive aims to promote clean mobility solutions in public procurement tenders and thereby raise the demand for, and the further deployment of, clean vehicles. The proposal provides a definition for clean light-duty vehicles based on a combined CO2 and air-pollutant emissions threshold; for heavy-duty vehicles, it gives a definition based on alternative fuels. The proposal is in line with the European Commission’s energy union package, which plans action on the further decarbonisation of road transport in line with the 2030 climate and energy targets. The proposal was referred to the European Parliament’s Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The committee adopted its report on 10 October 2018. The Parliament then voted on the report during the October II 2018 plenary session. A trilogue agreement was reached on 11 February 2019. The Parliament is expected to vote on the agreed text during the April II session. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

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