635

Ergebnis(se)

Wort/Wörter
Art der Veröffentlichung
Verfasser
Schlagwortliste
Datum

Access to maternal healthcare and midwifery for vulnerable groups in the EU

15-04-2019

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee examines issues related to access of vulnerable social groups to maternal health care services and midwifery in the EU. As the study points out, this access is affected by the interplay of health systems, law, policies, socio-economic factors and attitudes of health professionals and users which leads to barriers to access and consequently to ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee examines issues related to access of vulnerable social groups to maternal health care services and midwifery in the EU. As the study points out, this access is affected by the interplay of health systems, law, policies, socio-economic factors and attitudes of health professionals and users which leads to barriers to access and consequently to worse health outcomes for those women, as evidence demonstrates. This study critically discusses the issues, analyses the causes, surveys the literature for best practices and makes policy recommendations, aiming at improving the situation for vulnerable women and contributing to reduction of health inequalities.

Externe Autor

Ms Konstantina Davaki, London School of Economics, London, UK

EU Statutory Audit Reform: Impact on costs, concentration and competition

09-04-2019

In this study we execute an in-depth analysis of the evolution of market concentration, competition and costs in the EU market for statutory auditing before and after the Audit Reform. Based on data from archival databases and a survey, we present evidence suggesting that rivalry between the largest audit suppliers increased, as did audit costs, non-Big 4 audit market share, and joint audit rates. Non-audit services (NAS) fees earned by the incumbent auditor decreased. This document was provided ...

In this study we execute an in-depth analysis of the evolution of market concentration, competition and costs in the EU market for statutory auditing before and after the Audit Reform. Based on data from archival databases and a survey, we present evidence suggesting that rivalry between the largest audit suppliers increased, as did audit costs, non-Big 4 audit market share, and joint audit rates. Non-audit services (NAS) fees earned by the incumbent auditor decreased. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) Committee.

Externe Autor

Marleen WILLEKENS, Simon DEKEYSER, Ines SIMAC

Contribution to Growth: Free Movements of Goods - Delivering Economic Benefits for Citizens and Businesses

15-03-2019

This study summarizes the current literature on the economic benefits of the free movement of goods in the EU Single Market. A theory-grounded sectoral gravity model has found that EU Single Market increased real income in the European Union by approximately 6,43%. Furthermore, we discuss ex-ante analyses of the benefits of legislation that enhances European Market integration. This document was commissioned by the Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal ...

This study summarizes the current literature on the economic benefits of the free movement of goods in the EU Single Market. A theory-grounded sectoral gravity model has found that EU Single Market increased real income in the European Union by approximately 6,43%. Furthermore, we discuss ex-ante analyses of the benefits of legislation that enhances European Market integration. This document was commissioned by the Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO)..

Externe Autor

Prof. Dr. Panu Poutvaara

Contribution to Growth: Customs union Delivering improved rights for European citizens and businesses

15-03-2019

This in-depth analysis was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the IMCO Committee to provide background information on rights and benefits delivered to European citizens by developments of the EU Customs Union and on the potential for further achievements.

This in-depth analysis was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the IMCO Committee to provide background information on rights and benefits delivered to European citizens by developments of the EU Customs Union and on the potential for further achievements.

Externe Autor

Prof. Dr. Tobias STOLL

Automated tackling of disinformation-Major challenges ahead

15-03-2019

This study maps and analyses current and future threats from online misinformation, alongside currently adopted socio-technical and legal approaches. The challenges of evaluating their effectiveness and practical adoption are also discussed. Drawing on and complementing existing literature, the study summarises and analyses the findings of relevant journalist and scientific studies and policy reports in relation to detecting, containing and countering online disinformation and propaganda campaigns ...

This study maps and analyses current and future threats from online misinformation, alongside currently adopted socio-technical and legal approaches. The challenges of evaluating their effectiveness and practical adoption are also discussed. Drawing on and complementing existing literature, the study summarises and analyses the findings of relevant journalist and scientific studies and policy reports in relation to detecting, containing and countering online disinformation and propaganda campaigns. It traces recent development and trends and identifies significant new or emerging challenges. It also addresses potential policy implications of current socio-technical solutions for the EU.

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS

Food Labelling for Consumers – EU Law, Regulation and Policy Options

15-03-2019

This study, commissioned by the PETI Committee of the European Parliament, provides a brief overview of the relevant EU labelling legislation Member States have to comply with, with regard to labelling of food, including organic products, for consumers, with emphasis on the requirements of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011. It critically assesses these laws and discusses progress - or lack thereof -, in particular with regard to aspects such as safety, health effects, effects for disabled people, etc. ...

This study, commissioned by the PETI Committee of the European Parliament, provides a brief overview of the relevant EU labelling legislation Member States have to comply with, with regard to labelling of food, including organic products, for consumers, with emphasis on the requirements of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011. It critically assesses these laws and discusses progress - or lack thereof -, in particular with regard to aspects such as safety, health effects, effects for disabled people, etc. It explores and elaborates on the question of whether the current labelling requirements actually result in clearer information to help citizens to better understand the composition and health effects of food. The study also provides brief analyses/assessments of several petitions provided by the PETI Committee. Where possible, this study makes (policy) recommendations for EU institutions and/or Member States, taking into account their respective remits.

Externe Autor

Dr. Kai P. Purnhagen, Wageningen University and Erasmus University of Rotterdam; Dr. Hanna Schebesta, Wageningen University

Appointment of the Commission’s Secretary General in 2018

15-03-2019

The appointment of the new Secretary-General of the Commission in 2018 has been taken up by the European Parliament and has been put on its agenda on several occasions. In order to give interested readers an overview on the controversial decision, its circumstances and its assessment by different actors, this documentation contains a chronology of the related activities of the European Parliament and the European Ombudsman. It collects the most relevant texts from these institutions and also the ...

The appointment of the new Secretary-General of the Commission in 2018 has been taken up by the European Parliament and has been put on its agenda on several occasions. In order to give interested readers an overview on the controversial decision, its circumstances and its assessment by different actors, this documentation contains a chronology of the related activities of the European Parliament and the European Ombudsman. It collects the most relevant texts from these institutions and also the answers given to them by the European Commission.

Why artificial intelligence matters

14-03-2019

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

This briefing explains why AI matters by reviewing some of the key opportunities and challenges it presents, but it does so with reference to the functionality and readiness of the technology. The first section focuses on the opportunities and challenges presented by today’s AI while the second explores longer-term speculative opportunities and challenges that are contingent upon future developments that may never happen.

Artificial Intelligence ante portas: Legal & ethical reflections

14-03-2019

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the major legal, regulatory and ethical debates surrounding the deployment and use of AI systems. It focuses on the challenges that the sui generis features of AI may pose on the current legal framework and argues that as AI systems become more autonomous, a doctrinal paradigm swift may be needed. Given the foreseeable pervasiveness of AI, the briefing poses the question about how this new technology should be defined and classified in legal ...

This briefing provides accessible introductions to some of the major legal, regulatory and ethical debates surrounding the deployment and use of AI systems. It focuses on the challenges that the sui generis features of AI may pose on the current legal framework and argues that as AI systems become more autonomous, a doctrinal paradigm swift may be needed. Given the foreseeable pervasiveness of AI, the briefing poses the question about how this new technology should be defined and classified in legal and ethical terms. By providing an analysis of the key legal initiatives in this field in Europe, the briefing aims to equip the reader with the understanding they need to engage in clear-headed reflection about AI’s legal and socio-ethical challenges, and meaningful debates about how the current EU acquis may need to be adjusted to the new technological realities.

Regulating disinformation with artificial intelligence

13-03-2019

In this study, we examine the consequences of the increasingly prevalent use of artificial intelligence (AI) disinformation initiatives upon freedom of expression, pluralism and the functioning of a democratic polity. The study examines the trade-offs in using automated technology to limit the spread of disinformation online. It presents (self-regulatory to legislative) options to regulate automated content recognition (ACR) technologies in this context. Special attention is paid to the opportunities ...

In this study, we examine the consequences of the increasingly prevalent use of artificial intelligence (AI) disinformation initiatives upon freedom of expression, pluralism and the functioning of a democratic polity. The study examines the trade-offs in using automated technology to limit the spread of disinformation online. It presents (self-regulatory to legislative) options to regulate automated content recognition (ACR) technologies in this context. Special attention is paid to the opportunities for the European Union as a whole to take the lead in setting the framework for designing these technologies in a way that enhances accountability and transparency and respects free speech. The present project reviews some of the key academic and policy ideas on technology and disinformation and highlights their relevance to European policy.

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS

Partner

Bleiben Sie in Verbindung

email update imageAktuelle Informationen per E-Mail

Sie können sich per E-Mail aktuelle Mitteilungen über Personen und Ereignisse im Zusammenhang mit dem Europäischen Parlament zusenden lassen. Dazu zählen aktuelle Informationen der Mitglieder, der Informationsdienststellen oder des Think Tank.

Dieser Dienst kann auf der gesamten Website des Europäischen Parlaments genutzt werden. Sie können den Dienst abonnieren und Mitteilungen des Think Tank erhalten, indem Sie einfach Ihre E-Mail-Adresse angeben, ein Thema auswählen, zu dem Sie Informationen erhalten möchten, die Häufigkeit der Mitteilungen (täglich, wöchentlich oder monatlich) festlegen und abschließend zur Bestätigung auf den Link klicken, der Ihnen zu diesem Zweck per E-Mail geschickt wird.

RSS imageRSS-Feeds

Über den RSS-Feed bleiben Sie immer auf dem Laufenden und werden über alle Aktualisierungen auf der Website des Europäischen Parlaments informiert.

Klicken Sie auf den folgenden Link, um den RSS-Feed zu konfigurieren.