464

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Politische Maßnahmen der EU im Interesse der Bürger: Industriepolitik

28-06-2019

Die Europäische Union (EU) ist seit 1992 bestrebt, durch ihre Industriepolitik günstige Bedingungen für die Wachstumssteigerung und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Industrie zu schaffen. Nach wie vor bildet die Industrie einen Eckpfeiler der europäischen Wirtschaft, stellt jeden fünften Arbeitsplatz und zeichnet für den Großteil der EU-Ausfuhren und Investitionen in Forschung und Innovation verantwortlich. Inzwischen lautet das Ziel der EU-Politik, einen erfolgreichen Übergang zu einer digitalen, wissensbasierten ...

Die Europäische Union (EU) ist seit 1992 bestrebt, durch ihre Industriepolitik günstige Bedingungen für die Wachstumssteigerung und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Industrie zu schaffen. Nach wie vor bildet die Industrie einen Eckpfeiler der europäischen Wirtschaft, stellt jeden fünften Arbeitsplatz und zeichnet für den Großteil der EU-Ausfuhren und Investitionen in Forschung und Innovation verantwortlich. Inzwischen lautet das Ziel der EU-Politik, einen erfolgreichen Übergang zu einer digitalen, wissensbasierten, CO2-armen und stärker kreislauforientierten Industrie in Europa zu ermöglichen. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, unterstützt, koordiniert und ergänzt die EU die auf einzelstaatlicher Ebene ergriffene Politik und Maßnahmen, insbesondere in den Bereichen Forschung und Innovation, KMU und digitale Technologien. In einer im Auftrag des Europäischen Parlaments durchgeführten Eurobarometer-Umfrage hat sich über die Hälfte der Unionsbürger für eine Ausweitung des industriepolitischen Engagements der EU ausgesprochen. Dennoch stellt die Industriepolitik nach wie vor den am wenigsten verstandenen Politikbereich der Umfrage dar. Seit 2014 wurden in zahlreichen Bereichen Anstrengungen unternommen. Zu den unterstützten Bereichen zählen Investitionen (hauptsächlich über den Europäischen Fonds für strategische Investitionen, mit dem die Modernisierung der Industrie gefördert wird), Digitalisierung (u. a. Aufbau einer Reihe von Forschungspartnerschaften oder eines wachsenden Netzwerks digitaler Innovationszentren), Finanzierung (Erleichterung des Zugangs zu öffentlichen Märkten und Risikokapital für Industrie und KMU), umweltfreundlichere Industrie (z. B. durch die überarbeiteten Emissionsziele 2030 oder Maßnahmen zur Förderung sauberer Mobilitätslösungen), Standardisierung (Zusammenführung relevanter Interessenträger zur gemeinsamen Ausarbeitung und Aktualisierung europäischer Normen) und Qualifikationen (Mobilisierung der wichtigsten Interessenträger, um die Qualifikationslücke zu schließen und geeignete Arbeitskräfte für die moderne Industrie auszubilden). Das Europäische Parlament hat sich für eine ambitionierte Politik in vielen dieser Bereiche ausgesprochen. Für die Zukunft wird mit einem moderaten Anstieg der EU-Ausgaben für wichtige, industriepolitisch relevante Bereiche gerechnet. Die Europäische Kommission schlägt vor, den Anteil an Unionsausgaben für Forschung, KMU und wichtige Infrastrukturen zu erhöhen, wenn auch nicht so stark, wie vom Parlament gefordert. In den nächsten Jahren wird der politische Schwerpunkt voraussichtlich auf einen gerechteren globalen Wettbewerb, die Förderung von Innovationen, den Aufbau digitaler Kapazitäten und die Steigerung der Nachhaltigkeit der europäischen Industrie gelegt. Dies ist die aktualisierte Fassung eines Briefings, das vor der Europawahl 2019 veröffentlicht wurde.

What if policy anticipated advances in science and technology?

26-06-2019

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the ...

What if blockchain revolutionised voting? What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you? And what if we genetically engineered an entire species? Science and policy are intricately connected. Via monthly 'What if' publications, the Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA; part of the European Parliamentary Research Service) draws Members of the European Parliament's attention to new scientific and technological developments relevant for policy-making. The unit also provides administrative support to the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), which brings together 25 Members from nine different parliamentary committees who share a strong interest in science and technology in the context of policy-making.

Key issues in the European Council

20-06-2019

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues ...

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany

14-06-2019

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany”, which was organised for the ITRE Committee and held on 19th February 2019. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee.

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “A just energy transition, opportunity for EU industries, the role of hydrogen in the future and the example of energy transition in Germany”, which was organised for the ITRE Committee and held on 19th February 2019. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee.

Externe Autor

Trinomics, B.V.

European Council conclusions - A rolling check-list of commitments to date

14-06-2019

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is a new, updated and more comprehensive edition of the Rolling Check-List, which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It distinguishes between four types of European Council conclusions (commitments, reviews, endorsements and statements) and indicates the follow-up given to calls for action made by EU leaders. It also offers an introductory analysis of each policy area, highlighting the background to the main orientations given by the European Council, as well as the follow-up to them and the future challenges.

How to tackle challenges in a future-oriented EU industrial strategy? - Volume 1

14-06-2019

This study provides a critical assessment of the 2017 EU industrial strategy and of the policy measures it comprises. Even though the EU industrial strategy is still a “meta-policy”, it successfully promotes a more integrated and innovative approach. However, it should more clearly identify mission-oriented strategic goals and mobilise the necessary effort and means to reach them. This document was provided/prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee ...

This study provides a critical assessment of the 2017 EU industrial strategy and of the policy measures it comprises. Even though the EU industrial strategy is still a “meta-policy”, it successfully promotes a more integrated and innovative approach. However, it should more clearly identify mission-oriented strategic goals and mobilise the necessary effort and means to reach them. This document was provided/prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee.

Externe Autor

CSLI, University of Bari and CERPEM, University of Warsaw and EUROREG

Horizon Europe: Framework programme for research and innovation 2021–2027

15-05-2019

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the ...

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the European Innovation Council, missions to promote research results, and new forms of partnerships. Horizon Europe also aims at reducing administrative burdens and promoting the concept of open science. More operational synergies are expected through better linkage with other EU programmes, such as cohesion policy (e.g. the European Social Fund), the new Digital Europe programme, and the new European Defence Fund. In March 2019, after several trilogue meetings, Parliament and Council reached a partial agreement. This agreement covers the content, but not, among other things, the budgetary issues, which will be discussed following the negotiations on the EU’s 2021-2027 long-term budget. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Horizon Europe – Specific programme: Implementing the framework programme

15-05-2019

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the ...

In June 2018, the European Commission proposed a total budget allocation of €100 billion to finance science, research and innovation projects during the 2021-2027 period, of which the vast majority, €94.1 billion in current prices, would be allocated to the Horizon Europe framework programme. The main aims are to strengthen science and technology, to foster industrial competiveness, and to implement the sustainable development goals in the EU. Horizon Europe would introduce new features such as the European Innovation Council, missions to promote research results, and new forms of partnerships. While the proposal for the framework programme sets out the general and specific objective of Horizon Europe as well as the structure and the broad lines of the activities to be carried out, the specific programme aims to define the operational objectives and activities, especially for missions, the European Research Council, the European Innovation Council, work programmes, and the committee procedure. In April 2019, after several trilogue meetings, Parliament and Council reached a partial agreement, covering the specific programme’s content. It does not however address budgetary issues, pending negotiations on the EU’s overall 2021-2027 long-term budget. Parliament thus adopted its first-reading position on 17 April 2019, and it is expected that further trilogue negotiations will take place in the new term.

Technology and the arts: Past, present and future synergies

03-05-2019

From the first canvas paintings to the production of musical instruments and contemporary cinema, art as we know it would be simply impossible without resource to humanity’s historical cache of technology development. The reverse of this relationship is also important, with the arts creating driving innovation and generating substantial demand for technology products. In the course of their work, artists often develop new techniques and push the boundaries of the imagination in ways that can provoke ...

From the first canvas paintings to the production of musical instruments and contemporary cinema, art as we know it would be simply impossible without resource to humanity’s historical cache of technology development. The reverse of this relationship is also important, with the arts creating driving innovation and generating substantial demand for technology products. In the course of their work, artists often develop new techniques and push the boundaries of the imagination in ways that can provoke new directions in technology development.

The historical relationship between artistic activities and technology development

03-05-2019

Understanding the past of art and technology can help us to navigate the present and future. Technology and art have always been linked, and are now more intertwined than ever before. Technology and humanity create and shape each other in profound ways. People are not distinct from the technologies they are surrounded by and use – they are also defined and shaped by them. The present study contributes to our understanding of the cyclic nature of the intertwining of technology and art, focussing on ...

Understanding the past of art and technology can help us to navigate the present and future. Technology and art have always been linked, and are now more intertwined than ever before. Technology and humanity create and shape each other in profound ways. People are not distinct from the technologies they are surrounded by and use – they are also defined and shaped by them. The present study contributes to our understanding of the cyclic nature of the intertwining of technology and art, focussing on pre-digital eras

Externe Autor

DG, EPRS

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