ThinkTank logo Τα έγγραφα που συμβάλλουν στη διαμόρφωση νέας νομοθεσίας της ΕΕ
Αναρτήθηκε στις 05-12-2016

Training of professional drivers

05-12-2016

The adoption of Directive 2003/59 should, by promoting the education and training of professional drivers, have enhanced the safety of road transport and increased the interest of individuals in this profession. These goals were reached only partially. For example, the directive did not attract many new drivers and it is only partially relevant and sufficient to ensure road safety. For that reason, the European Commission decided to review the directive in the fourth quarter of 2016. The evaluations ...

The adoption of Directive 2003/59 should, by promoting the education and training of professional drivers, have enhanced the safety of road transport and increased the interest of individuals in this profession. These goals were reached only partially. For example, the directive did not attract many new drivers and it is only partially relevant and sufficient to ensure road safety. For that reason, the European Commission decided to review the directive in the fourth quarter of 2016. The evaluations linked with the directive and other reports have shown that the directive, in its current state, has several shortcomings that limit its capacity in reaching the set goals. The shortcomings, such as inconsistent and uneven application of the directive and its exemptions by the Member States, inconsistency between the directive and Regulation 561/2006, ambiguity of the directive's provisions or an inconsistent recognition of training received are only some of the challenges. These open issues lead to limited practical harmonisation in this particular field. On several occasions, the European Parliament has called on the European Commission to update the existing legislation and to strengthen the existing rules. Similarly, the European Economic and Social Committee has noted that the existing legislation needs to be adapted. The intention of the European Commission to review the directive is thus a welcome step.

EU energy policy [What Think Tanks are thinking]

05-12-2016

On 30 November, the European Commission unveiled its 'Clean Energy for All Europeans' legislative package, which it hopes will mark a major step towards creating an Energy Union that ensures a functioning internal market in gas and electricity, addresses security of supply issues, promotes renewable energy sources, encourages energy efficiency and sharply reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The Commission expects these various measures to mobilise up to 177 billion euro of public and private investment ...

On 30 November, the European Commission unveiled its 'Clean Energy for All Europeans' legislative package, which it hopes will mark a major step towards creating an Energy Union that ensures a functioning internal market in gas and electricity, addresses security of supply issues, promotes renewable energy sources, encourages energy efficiency and sharply reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The Commission expects these various measures to mobilise up to 177 billion euro of public and private investment per year from 2021, generate up to one percent increase in economic output over the next decade and create 900,000 new jobs. This note offers links to a selection of recent commentaries, studies and reports, from some of the major international think tanks and research institutes, which discuss EU energy policies. More papers on the topic can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think tanks are Thinking.'

Public International Law Perspectives on the Prosecution of Daesh Crimes Against Women And Girls

02-12-2016

The perpetration of gender-based crimes by Daesh against women and girls has been widely reported by competent international bodies as well as in the media, raising concern and indignation amongst the public worldwide . From a legal perspective, the question is how to address such crimes, and in particular how to prosecute their perpetrators. On 13 October 2016, the European Parliament’s Committees on Legal Affairs (JURI) and on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM) held a joint hearing on ...

The perpetration of gender-based crimes by Daesh against women and girls has been widely reported by competent international bodies as well as in the media, raising concern and indignation amongst the public worldwide . From a legal perspective, the question is how to address such crimes, and in particular how to prosecute their perpetrators. On 13 October 2016, the European Parliament’s Committees on Legal Affairs (JURI) and on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM) held a joint hearing on ‘Public international law perspectives on the prosecution of Daesh’s crimes against women and girls before international jurisdictions’ . During the hearing, three experts were heard. The present briefing builds on discussions held during the hearing, as well as on academic and judicial developments in the field of international criminal law, with the aim of highlighting possible avenues to ensure that sexual and gender-based crimes committed by Daesh do not remain unpunished.

Cyber Security Strategy for the Energy Sector

05-12-2016

This study is provided by the Policy Directorate at the request of the ITRE Committee. The EU energy infrastructure is transitioning into a decentralised, digitalised smart energy system. Already, energy operations are increasingly becoming the target of cyber-attacks with potentially catastrophic consequences. Development of energy specific cyber security solutions and defensive practices are therefore essential. Urgent action is required, including empowering a coordination body, to promote ...

This study is provided by the Policy Directorate at the request of the ITRE Committee. The EU energy infrastructure is transitioning into a decentralised, digitalised smart energy system. Already, energy operations are increasingly becoming the target of cyber-attacks with potentially catastrophic consequences. Development of energy specific cyber security solutions and defensive practices are therefore essential. Urgent action is required, including empowering a coordination body, to promote sharing of incident information, development of best practice and relevant standards.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

David Healey (Analysys Mason Limited), Sacha Meckler (nalysys Mason Ltd.), Usen Antia (nalysys Mason Ltd.) and Edward Cottle (nalysys Mason Ltd.)

Αναρτήθηκε στις 02-12-2016

Perspectives on transatlantic cooperation: Energy and EU-US relations

02-12-2016

Energy as a subject of relations between the EU and the USA has been characterised by considerable synergy on security of supply issues, and efforts to enhance free trade in energy products and services, cooperate on geopolitical challenges and nuclear safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy sources. The recent lifting of US export restrictions on crude oil and natural gas is likely to increase energy trade with the EU, and allow Member States to benefit from lower energy ...

Energy as a subject of relations between the EU and the USA has been characterised by considerable synergy on security of supply issues, and efforts to enhance free trade in energy products and services, cooperate on geopolitical challenges and nuclear safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy sources. The recent lifting of US export restrictions on crude oil and natural gas is likely to increase energy trade with the EU, and allow Member States to benefit from lower energy prices and more diversified supply. Bilateral EU US cooperation on energy issues could be further enhanced, perhaps by building on the framework of the EU-US Energy Council. There is also potential for more systematic EU-US cooperation on energy research and new technologies. Greater coordination of EU and US positions in multilateral fora negotiating energy issues could help these organisations to achieve more ambitious goals, complementing a stronger EU-US bilateral relationship. This briefing continues a series which formed part of a broader research project on perspectives on transatlantic cooperation in the US election year, requested by the Chair of the European Parliament’s delegation for relations with the United States.

How European development aid makes a difference

02-12-2016

• In 2015, Europe provided €68 billion in development aid, which is over 50 % of all global aid efforts, with the main aim of eradicating poverty.   • EU imports from developing countries are worth €860 billion a year. • Better EU aid coordination could free €800 million in additional development funding.

• In 2015, Europe provided €68 billion in development aid, which is over 50 % of all global aid efforts, with the main aim of eradicating poverty.   • EU imports from developing countries are worth €860 billion a year. • Better EU aid coordination could free €800 million in additional development funding.

Αναρτήθηκε στις 01-12-2016

Why China's public procurement is an EU issue

01-12-2016

China's public procurement market is huge, but largely untapped by EU companies, since access to it is restricted by laws, regulations and policies favouring domestic over foreign goods and services. Although China's public procurement policy is inconsistent with the WTO's General Procurement Agreement (GPA), the EU cannot legally challenge it, as long as China is not party to the GPA.

China's public procurement market is huge, but largely untapped by EU companies, since access to it is restricted by laws, regulations and policies favouring domestic over foreign goods and services. Although China's public procurement policy is inconsistent with the WTO's General Procurement Agreement (GPA), the EU cannot legally challenge it, as long as China is not party to the GPA.

Synthetic biology and biodiversity

01-12-2016

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural ...

Synthetic biology is a new dimension of modern biotechnology with the potential to design and manufacture living organisms, components and products. It will be on the agenda of the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held from 4 to 17 December 2016, in Cancún, Mexico. Synthetic biology could provide novel solutions for environmental and biodiversity-related issues, but could also have an adverse impact on the natural environment. The European Union is party to the CBD and the protocols relevant in the context of synthetic biology.

China's WTO accession: 15 years on - Taking, shaking or shaping WTO rules?

01-12-2016

11 December 2016 marks the 15th anniversary of China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 2001, after arduous negotiations with key WTO members, China agreed not only to extensive market access commitments but also to substantial non-reciprocal rules obligations. This was unprecedented in WTO history. Most WTO disputes involving China, notably in the field of trade remedies, have been linked to these tailor-made rules for China. China has exhibited timely and qualitatively sound ...

11 December 2016 marks the 15th anniversary of China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 2001, after arduous negotiations with key WTO members, China agreed not only to extensive market access commitments but also to substantial non-reciprocal rules obligations. This was unprecedented in WTO history. Most WTO disputes involving China, notably in the field of trade remedies, have been linked to these tailor-made rules for China. China has exhibited timely and qualitatively sound compliance with WTO rulings. But its narrow letter of the law compliance has at times been found not to reflect the spirit of the legal provisions at issue, with WTO-inconsistent regulations having remained in place or re-emerged. In the Doha Development Round of WTO multilateral negotiations China has so far taken a backseat rather than a leadership role. Domestic resistance to reform in sensitive areas on economic and ideological grounds has been a crucial factor in China's absence from the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement. Past US opposition has been key for its non-participation in the Trade in Services Agreement. Uncertainties about ratification by the US Congress of the US-led Trans-Pacific Partnership and future US trade policy under President Donald Trump may reverse the past trend of China's marginalisation from shaping global rules outside the WTO. At the same time this may lower China's ambition to shift gradually from rather shallow to EU-style 'deep and comprehensive' free trade agreements (FTAs) and may induce it to promote its own rules more assertively by leveraging its economic weight in predominantly bilateral relations under its One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative.

Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the Single Resolution Board

01-12-2016

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents the state of play regarding the work of the SRB as well as a short insight into the financial performances of the most vulnerable banks under the direct remit of the SRB. It is published in advance of the Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in the ECON Committee on 5 December in accordance with Article 45.4 of Regulation (EU) 806/2014.

This briefing prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents the state of play regarding the work of the SRB as well as a short insight into the financial performances of the most vulnerable banks under the direct remit of the SRB. It is published in advance of the Hearing with Mrs Elke König, Chair of the SRB, in the ECON Committee on 5 December in accordance with Article 45.4 of Regulation (EU) 806/2014.

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

06-12-2016
13:30-15:00 Base erosion and profit shifting: Challenges for international taxation
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS
07-12-2016
The 1976 Electoral Act 40 years on: History and significance for Democracy today
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS
07-12-2016
17:30-19:00 Earliest forms of European cooperation: Religious orders and universities
Άλλη δραστηριότητα -
EPRS

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