ThinkTank logo Τα έγγραφα που συμβάλλουν στη διαμόρφωση νέας νομοθεσίας της ΕΕ
Αναρτήθηκε στις 23-06-2016

India: Economic indicators and trade with EU

23-06-2016

At the beginning of the century, the EU and India were growing exactly at the same path: how about today? Who is the main trade partner of India: China or the EU? And would you ever think that the EU exports to India pearls and precious stones more than electronic equipment? And how much is it easy to do business in New Delhi? Find the answers to these and many more questions in our EPRS publication on ‘India: Economic indicators and trade with EU’, part of a series of infographics produced in collaboration ...

At the beginning of the century, the EU and India were growing exactly at the same path: how about today? Who is the main trade partner of India: China or the EU? And would you ever think that the EU exports to India pearls and precious stones more than electronic equipment? And how much is it easy to do business in New Delhi? Find the answers to these and many more questions in our EPRS publication on ‘India: Economic indicators and trade with EU’, part of a series of infographics produced in collaboration with the European University Institute's GlobalStat on the world's main economies.

China: Economic indicators and trade with EU

23-06-2016

China's economy is slowing from past two-digit growth rates to a 'new normal' growth rate of 'only' 6.5% on average under the current five-year plan (2016-2020). To what extent does this slowdown affect China's public finances and other macroeconomic indicators? How has EU trade with China developed during the last decade? How important is the EU for China in terms of trade? And what about China's trade relevance for the EU? Has the huge trade imbalance in goods trade between China and the EU narrowed ...

China's economy is slowing from past two-digit growth rates to a 'new normal' growth rate of 'only' 6.5% on average under the current five-year plan (2016-2020). To what extent does this slowdown affect China's public finances and other macroeconomic indicators? How has EU trade with China developed during the last decade? How important is the EU for China in terms of trade? And what about China's trade relevance for the EU? Has the huge trade imbalance in goods trade between China and the EU narrowed in recent years? How intensive is trade in services between the EU and China? What are the EU's main export items to China? How does China's export basket look like? You can find the answers to these and other questions in our EPRS publication on China produced in collaboration with the European University Institute's GlobalStat on the world's main economies.

Brazil: Economic indicators and trade with EU

23-06-2016

Brazil is the biggest economy in Latin America, representing one third of the EU´s total trade with the region. Our infographics, done in close cooperation with GlobalStats, provides a quick and useful overview of its main economic and trade data.

Brazil is the biggest economy in Latin America, representing one third of the EU´s total trade with the region. Our infographics, done in close cooperation with GlobalStats, provides a quick and useful overview of its main economic and trade data.

Limits on exposure to carcinogens and mutagens at work

23-06-2016

The European Commission proposes to amend Directive 2004/37/EC by expanding its scope and by including and/or revising occupational limit exposure values for a number of cancer-causing chemical agents in the light of new scientific data. According to the Commission, this would improve workers' health protection, increase the effectiveness of the EU framework and promote clarity for economic operators. The initiative would proceed in two steps, with the current proposal and another to follow later ...

The European Commission proposes to amend Directive 2004/37/EC by expanding its scope and by including and/or revising occupational limit exposure values for a number of cancer-causing chemical agents in the light of new scientific data. According to the Commission, this would improve workers' health protection, increase the effectiveness of the EU framework and promote clarity for economic operators. The initiative would proceed in two steps, with the current proposal and another to follow later in the year. Broad discussions with scientists and the social partners fed into the proposal, and it has received a broad welcome from stakeholders. Trade unions nonetheless regret that certain substances are not included, and some on the employers' side oppose the limit value for respirable crystalline silica. The legislative process is in its initial stages, with the EMPL Committee to consider the proposal in the coming months.

European Council Conclusions

23-06-2016

This eighth edition of the overview of European Council conclusions, presented in the form of a Rolling Check-List of Commitments to Date, is a product of the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank. As part of its work, the unit maintains a rolling database of all the European Council's commitments and responsibilities, which is updated and published regularly, with an indication ...

This eighth edition of the overview of European Council conclusions, presented in the form of a Rolling Check-List of Commitments to Date, is a product of the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank. As part of its work, the unit maintains a rolling database of all the European Council's commitments and responsibilities, which is updated and published regularly, with an indication of follow-up given to date.The European Council became a formal Union institution, with a full-time President, under the Treaty of Lisbon. Although it does not exercise legislative functions, the European Council's role – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has developed rapidly over the past seven years. As an example of setting overall priorities for the Union, on 26-27 June 2014, the European Council adopted a Strategic Agenda to 'guide the institutions in annual and multiannual programming, as well as in legislative planning' in the 2014-19 institutional cycle.The European Parliament is strongly committed to the principle of Better Law-Making, and particularly to the effective use of impact assessment and evaluation throughout the legislative cycle. It is in this spirit that enhanced powers for stronger executive bodies can and should be balanced by greater scrutiny and oversight, especially in respect of the implementation of EU law and policies. The Parliament's administrative capacity to support parliamentary committees and individual Members in exercising ex-post scrutiny and oversight of the executive has accordingly been enhanced in order to provide stronger and deeper analysis of the transposition, implementation and enforcement of EU secondary law, and more generally, of the impact, operation, effectiveness and delivery of EU law and policy in practice. In this context, since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit has been monitoring and analysing the delivery on commitments made by the European Council in the conclusions of its meetings, as well as its various responsibilities either in law or on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. This compendium is designed to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in the months and years ahead.

The EU’s Energy Diplomacy: Transatlantic and Foreign Policy Implications

16-06-2016

Energy security is increasingly occupying a top spot on the EU’s foreign policy agenda. The unconventional oil and gas revolution, OPEC’s supply response, increased global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) trade, persistent concerns about the reliability of Russian gas supplies and the need to expand low carbon energies such as renewables to address climate change pose opportunities and challenges to European energy security. The EU has upgraded the issue with its flagship Energy Union communication and ...

Energy security is increasingly occupying a top spot on the EU’s foreign policy agenda. The unconventional oil and gas revolution, OPEC’s supply response, increased global Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) trade, persistent concerns about the reliability of Russian gas supplies and the need to expand low carbon energies such as renewables to address climate change pose opportunities and challenges to European energy security. The EU has upgraded the issue with its flagship Energy Union communication and its EU Energy Diplomacy Action Plan. The United States has developed into a major exporter of Natural Gas Liquids and refined petroleum products as a result of its unconventional oil and gas revolution. It might develop export capacities for LNG and continues to be a major coal exporter. The mutual energy trade could expand if the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) were concluded successfully. The United States is also a crucial partner of the EU for transport security and the protection of critical energy infrastructure. Against this backdrop, this study analyses opportunities and challenges of transatlantic energy cooperation in a changing global energy landscape.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Eckart Woertz

On the Way towards a European Defence Union - A White Book as a First Step

18-04-2016

This study proposes a process, framed in the Lisbon Treaty, for the EU to produce a White Book (WB) on European defence. Based on document reviews and expert interviewing, this study details the core elements of a future EU Defence White Book: strategic objectives, necessary capabilities development, specific programs and measures aimed at achieving the improved capabilities, and the process and drafting team of a future European WB. The study synthesizes concrete proposals for each European institution ...

This study proposes a process, framed in the Lisbon Treaty, for the EU to produce a White Book (WB) on European defence. Based on document reviews and expert interviewing, this study details the core elements of a future EU Defence White Book: strategic objectives, necessary capabilities development, specific programs and measures aimed at achieving the improved capabilities, and the process and drafting team of a future European WB. The study synthesizes concrete proposals for each European institution, chief among which is calling on the European Council to entrust the High Representative with the drafting of the White Book.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Javier SOLANA (ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Spain), Angel SAZ-CARRANZA (ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Spain), María GARCÍA CASAS (ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Spain) and Jose Francisco ESTÉBANEZ GÓMEZ (ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Spain)

Assessment of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund from a Gender Equality Perspective

15-06-2016

This assessment aims at investigating gender differences across EGF interventions. By adopting gender budgeting principles, the analysis shows that there are at least four factors resulting in different treatment of men and women in the implementation of the fund: a more frequent implementation of the EGF in male-dominated sectors based on the fact that the impact of the crisis by sectors is not gender neutral, the size of the firms involved in the interventions, and the prevailing productive structure ...

This assessment aims at investigating gender differences across EGF interventions. By adopting gender budgeting principles, the analysis shows that there are at least four factors resulting in different treatment of men and women in the implementation of the fund: a more frequent implementation of the EGF in male-dominated sectors based on the fact that the impact of the crisis by sectors is not gender neutral, the size of the firms involved in the interventions, and the prevailing productive structure by sectors. Apart from a general analysis, the study includes also detailed analyses of EGF cases in seven Member States.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Silvia Sansonetti (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, Italy)

Αναρτήθηκε στις 22-06-2016

Integration of migrants: The education dimension

22-06-2016

Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation and performance. While access to education is legally guaranteed, it remains difficult. Access to quality education is even more problematic. An additional concern for migrant students ...

Equipping immigrants with the necessary skills to achieve successful integration is a central preoccupation of policy-makers in the EU and beyond. The integration challenges of migrant students in formal educational systems tend to be essentially related to the three main components of education – access, participation and performance. While access to education is legally guaranteed, it remains difficult. Access to quality education is even more problematic. An additional concern for migrant students is staying at school. Indeed, young people with a migrant background are generally more at risk of dropping out without an upper secondary qualification. Results from the OECD-led Programme for International Student Assessment indicate that, in most countries, first-generation immigrant students perform worse than national students, and second-generation immigrant students score somewhere between the two. Yet, the variation in performance across countries suggests that policy has an important role to play in reducing, if not eliminating entirely, the disadvantage that accompanies displacement. Some education systems have demonstrated that it is possible to secure strong learning outcomes through special early learning policies and additional language support. To offer a long-term perspective for migrants through education, the EU follows a twofold approach, providing tools and schemes for their integration in EU countries, and offering support for refugees outside EU borders through specific funds. The former include various policy frameworks, such as increased access to early childhood education and care facilities, the validation of prior learning, and speeding up mechanisms for assessment of capacities and recognition of formal, non-formal and informal learning of arriving migrants. An example of the latter is the Regional Trust Fund in response to the Syrian crisis, aiming to help some 1.5 million refugees in neighbouring countries through the allocation of €140 million to education alone.

Synthetic securitisation: A closer look

22-06-2016

In September 2015, the European Commission adopted two legislative proposals: one that aims to develop an EU-wide framework for simple, transparent and standardised (STS) securitisations, and another that aims to make the capital treatment of securitisations for banks and investment firms more risk-sensitive by amending the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). While the European Commission did not include synthetic securitisations in the STS scheme, it left open the possibility for some of them ...

In September 2015, the European Commission adopted two legislative proposals: one that aims to develop an EU-wide framework for simple, transparent and standardised (STS) securitisations, and another that aims to make the capital treatment of securitisations for banks and investment firms more risk-sensitive by amending the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). While the European Commission did not include synthetic securitisations in the STS scheme, it left open the possibility for some of them to be included at a later stage. Similarly, while synthetic securitisations in general do not benefit from a different prudential treatment under the CRR, the Commission proposed that a specific category of synthetic transactions should – under specific conditions – benefit from an equivalent regime. The European Banking Authority (EBA), the Council of the EU and the European Central Bank (ECB) have all given their views on the matter and the debate has yet to conclude, as the two proposals are under discussion in the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. The question of synthetic securitisations benefiting from a specific regime carries opportunities (by broadening the market for originators and freeing up capital to finance the real economy, notably SMEs) as well as risks, depending on the synthetic securitisation used and the final framing of the regime. Hence, this briefing gives a general introduction to the subject and outlines the positions of the Commission, the Council, the EBA and the ECB.

Προσεχείς εκδηλώσεις

30-06-2016
The use of drones and the fight against terrorism - the impact on human rights
Ακρόαση - DROI SEDE
11-07-2016
"Mid-Term Revision of the Financial Regulation
Εργαστήριο - BUDG CONT
12-07-2016
Limitation periods for road traffic accidents: The state of play and the way forward
Ακρόαση - JURI

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