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Τύπος δημοσίευσης
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Ημερομηνία

Cryptocurrencies and blockchain

05-07-2018

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial ...

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial crime, money laundering and tax evasion. It contains policy recommendations for future EU standards.

Swiss decision to discontinue its exchange rate ceiling

21-01-2015

On 15 January, the Swiss National Bank discontinued its currency ceiling, set at 1.20 Swiss francs to the euro, less than four years after its introduction. The Swiss franc (CHF) appreciated immediately, reaching as much as 0.97 CHF to the euro that day. This currency move has had, and will continue to have, an impact both on the Swiss and the euro area economies: the system that has been in place is described briefly below as well as the consequences of the Bank's decision.

On 15 January, the Swiss National Bank discontinued its currency ceiling, set at 1.20 Swiss francs to the euro, less than four years after its introduction. The Swiss franc (CHF) appreciated immediately, reaching as much as 0.97 CHF to the euro that day. This currency move has had, and will continue to have, an impact both on the Swiss and the euro area economies: the system that has been in place is described briefly below as well as the consequences of the Bank's decision.

The Euro as 'Parallel Currency' 1999-2002

15-04-1999

Although the third stage of EMU began on 1 January 1999, euro-denominated notes and coins will not start circulating until 2002; and national currency may continue circulating until July of that year. As a result, the euro may meanwhile be described as a parallel currency, which can be used on a no prohibition, no compulsion basis. This study examines the consequences for firms, public authorities and citizens; and tghe preparations for introducing the euro notes and coins. It also looks at the impact ...

Although the third stage of EMU began on 1 January 1999, euro-denominated notes and coins will not start circulating until 2002; and national currency may continue circulating until July of that year. As a result, the euro may meanwhile be described as a parallel currency, which can be used on a no prohibition, no compulsion basis. This study examines the consequences for firms, public authorities and citizens; and tghe preparations for introducing the euro notes and coins. It also looks at the impact of the euro on the 'out' countries of the EU, and in the wider world.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Trans European Policy Studies Association, Brussels, Belgium

The International Role of the Euro

01-01-1998

The creation of the Euro will constitute a major change to the international monetary system. This study examines the extent to which the Euro will become a major international currency to rival the dollar, whether it is likely to be 'strong' or 'weak'; and how exchange rate policy for the Euro is to be managed. It also contains Annexes on the Euro as an anchor currency for the CEECs; and on parameters for Euro/US$ exchange rates.

The creation of the Euro will constitute a major change to the international monetary system. This study examines the extent to which the Euro will become a major international currency to rival the dollar, whether it is likely to be 'strong' or 'weak'; and how exchange rate policy for the Euro is to be managed. It also contains Annexes on the Euro as an anchor currency for the CEECs; and on parameters for Euro/US$ exchange rates.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Agnès Benassy-Quere, Benoît Mojon et Armand-Denis Schor

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