6

αποτέλεσμα(ατα)

Λέξη (-εις)
Τύπος δημοσίευσης
Τομέας πολιτικής
Συντάκτης
Ημερομηνία

The Brexit process: Moving to the second phase of negotiations

20-12-2017

The first phase of Brexit talks between the EU and UK negotiating teams needed six rounds of discussion over seven months. Finally, on Friday 8 December, an agreement in principle on the three priority issues – citizens’ rights, a financial settlement and Northern Ireland – was reached. The European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, endorsed a joint report setting out a common understanding on the future withdrawal agreement. Whilst a number of specific ...

The first phase of Brexit talks between the EU and UK negotiating teams needed six rounds of discussion over seven months. Finally, on Friday 8 December, an agreement in principle on the three priority issues – citizens’ rights, a financial settlement and Northern Ireland – was reached. The European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, endorsed a joint report setting out a common understanding on the future withdrawal agreement. Whilst a number of specific aspects are still under discussion, the European Council decided on 15 December that 'sufficient progress' had been achieved on the first-phase priority issues, and that negotiations could move on to the second phase – on transitional arrangements and the future EU-UK relationship – provided the commitments from the joint report are fully translated into the draft withdrawal agreement. For the transitional period, the European Parliament and the European Council have made clear that all existing Union regulatory, budgetary, supervisory, judiciary and enforcement instruments and structures must apply, including the competence of the Court of Justice of the European Union, but with no UK participation in decision-making, since it would no longer be a member of the EU. Exploratory discussions on the framework for the future relationship will begin only after the adoption by the European Council of additional guidelines in March 2018. The UK has still to clarify its position on the type of trade deal it seeks with the EU.

Sufficient progress in first-phase Brexit talks

08-12-2017

After seven months of talks, the EU and the UK reached agreement in principle on the key withdrawal issues, on 8 December 2017. The European Council (EU-27) of 15 December will decide whether sufficient progress has been achieved in order to proceed to the second phase of negotiations.

After seven months of talks, the EU and the UK reached agreement in principle on the key withdrawal issues, on 8 December 2017. The European Council (EU-27) of 15 December will decide whether sufficient progress has been achieved in order to proceed to the second phase of negotiations.

Deepening EMU and fiscal union: Risk sharing versus risk reduction

14-07-2017

The debate on how to deepen economic and monetary union (EMU) is in full swing, despite gradual recovery since 2015 from the 2007-2008 crisis. There is controversy surrounding whether delegation of monetary sovereignty to EMU necessarily entails some euro-area fiscal stabilisation competences and, if so, what kind. Proposals for such a mechanism range from (re)insurance solutions, investment strategies and funding instruments, to actual budgetary competence for the euro area. Current research supports ...

The debate on how to deepen economic and monetary union (EMU) is in full swing, despite gradual recovery since 2015 from the 2007-2008 crisis. There is controversy surrounding whether delegation of monetary sovereignty to EMU necessarily entails some euro-area fiscal stabilisation competences and, if so, what kind. Proposals for such a mechanism range from (re)insurance solutions, investment strategies and funding instruments, to actual budgetary competence for the euro area. Current research supports a stronger EMU fiscal union and the introduction of stabilising policy instruments. However, the capacity to absorb future shocks will also depend on the ability to off-set diverging trends between Member States, caused by different economic systems and labour market institutions. Despite recent signs of economic recovery, divergence may prove difficult to reverse. In June 2015, the Five Presidents' Report contributed to the debate about a euro-area 'fiscal union' by suggesting the development of a fiscal stabilisation function by 2025. Initially announced as a white paper, the European Commission's reflection paper on the 'deepening of the economic and monetary union', presented on 31 May 2017, does not formulate concrete steps, as envisaged in the 2015 report. Instead it offers four guiding principles on how to build the future EMU architecture. 'At the latest' by 2025, a 'central stabilisation function' could take the form of a European investment protection scheme or a European unemployment reinsurance scheme. This briefing is one in a series on the European Commission's reflection papers following up the March 2017 White Paper on the future of Europe.

The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the EU Air Transport Sector

15-12-2009

This briefing note intends to provide background information concerning a number of crucial aspects explaining the impact of the economic crisis on the EU air transport sector. Firstly, the current impact of the economic crisis in terms of freight and passenger transport is analysed, by using a set of key indicators. Secondly, some possible scenarios for the mid-term development of the air transport sector in relation to possible developments of the general economic situation are described. Finally ...

This briefing note intends to provide background information concerning a number of crucial aspects explaining the impact of the economic crisis on the EU air transport sector. Firstly, the current impact of the economic crisis in terms of freight and passenger transport is analysed, by using a set of key indicators. Secondly, some possible scenarios for the mid-term development of the air transport sector in relation to possible developments of the general economic situation are described. Finally, some recommendations for EU policymakers are made.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Rosário Macário (Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal) and Eddy Van de Voorde (University of Antwerp, the Netherlands)

Misleading practices of ‘directory companies’ in the context of current and future internal market legislation aimed at the protection of consumers and SMEs

01-10-2008

This study provides an overview of the extent of problems of 'directory companies' reported to apply misleading practices. It describes judicial and non-judicial measures taken by affected enterprises and discusses initiatives by Member States aimed at tackling these practices. The study further presents an overview of the current EU legal framework and its national implementation. Finally, the study concludes with a discussion of options for EU-level action.

This study provides an overview of the extent of problems of 'directory companies' reported to apply misleading practices. It describes judicial and non-judicial measures taken by affected enterprises and discusses initiatives by Member States aimed at tackling these practices. The study further presents an overview of the current EU legal framework and its national implementation. Finally, the study concludes with a discussion of options for EU-level action.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Frank Alleweldt (project director), Jan Kabel, Susanne Augenhofer, Irmgard Griss, Aurea Suñol, José Massaguer, Leonie Kroon, Wendy van Poorten, Marzena Lipman, Senda Kara, Bilgin Ayata, Andrew McIlwraith (CIVIC CONSULTING, Berlin, Germany)

The Adequacy of EU Action on Flood Protection, Focusing on the European Commission's Recent Proposal

01-03-2006

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Eduard Interwies, Thomas Dworak, Katrina Marsden, Ecologics; Andrew Farmer, IEEP

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