15

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Ημερομηνία

What if all our meat were grown in a lab?

17-01-2018

Laboratory meat is grown from a small number of cells taken from a live animal and placed in a growth medium in a bioreactor where they proliferate independently. If meat cultured in this way became widely available, it could significantly alleviate the environmental problems currently caused by livestock production - such as greenhouse gas emissions and nitrogen pollution of waterways - without requiring humans to alter their consumption patterns. This publication provides an overview of the potential ...

Laboratory meat is grown from a small number of cells taken from a live animal and placed in a growth medium in a bioreactor where they proliferate independently. If meat cultured in this way became widely available, it could significantly alleviate the environmental problems currently caused by livestock production - such as greenhouse gas emissions and nitrogen pollution of waterways - without requiring humans to alter their consumption patterns. This publication provides an overview of the potential impacts of laboratory meat on environment, public health and farming, and makes suggestions for anticipatory policy-making in this area.

What if manmade biological organisms could help treat cancer?

08-09-2017

Synthetic biology is expected to begin to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally occurring biological systems. Applications of synthetic biology in the healthcare domain hold great promise, but also raise a number of questions. What are the benefits and challenges of this emerging field? What ethical and social issues arise from this engineering approach to biology?

Synthetic biology is expected to begin to design, construct and develop artificial (i.e. man-made) biological systems that mimic or even go beyond naturally occurring biological systems. Applications of synthetic biology in the healthcare domain hold great promise, but also raise a number of questions. What are the benefits and challenges of this emerging field? What ethical and social issues arise from this engineering approach to biology?

The Fight against Cancer Is a Team Sport: The Role of Education and Sport

09-12-2016

This document summarises the presentations and discussions taking place at the workshop organised by Policy Department A on the role of education and sport in the fight against cancer, held at the European Parliament in Brussels in July 2016. The aim of the workshop for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety was to provide background information and highlight ways in which sport and physical activity can be promoted to help reduce the overall impact of cancer. Firstly the scientific ...

This document summarises the presentations and discussions taking place at the workshop organised by Policy Department A on the role of education and sport in the fight against cancer, held at the European Parliament in Brussels in July 2016. The aim of the workshop for the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety was to provide background information and highlight ways in which sport and physical activity can be promoted to help reduce the overall impact of cancer. Firstly the scientific evidence for the link between physical (in)activity and cancer was presented. Risk reductions were discussed, as well as the risks of inactivity, followed by recommendations on improving activity levels. The evidence so far is strong for colon, breast and endometrial cancers. Secondly the focus was on policy initiatives to fight against cancer through education, sport, and physical activity, with discussions on strategies and actions of the European Commission and the WHO. Finally, presentations were given by organisations set up to promote activity during or after cancer treatments, along with recommendations to prevent cancer.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Alojz PETERLE (MEP, EP), Michael LEITZMANN (University of Regensburg, DE), Margo MOUNTJOY (International Olympic Committee), Yves Le LOSTECQUE (DG EAC, European Commission), Susanna KUGELBERG (World Health Organisation), Wendy YARED (European Cancer Leagues), Jaka JAKOPIČ (Ambassador of Movember Movement, SI), Olivier LAPLANCHE (CAMI, FR) and Petra THALLER (Outdoor against Cancer)

The Paediatric Regulation: Are Children Still Missing Out on Potentially Life-Saving Treatments?

15-09-2015

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the Workshop on "The Paediatric Regulation: Are children still missing out on potentially life-saving treatments?" held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 16 June 2015. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the treatment of children in Europe in view of a potential future revision of the Paediatric Regulation. The first part of the workshop discussed the state of play ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the Workshop on "The Paediatric Regulation: Are children still missing out on potentially life-saving treatments?" held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 16 June 2015. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the treatment of children in Europe in view of a potential future revision of the Paediatric Regulation. The first part of the workshop discussed the state of play of the implementation of the Paediatric Regulation. The European Commission presented an overview of the findings of the 2013 Commission progress report on the Paediatric Regulation highlighting the remaining challenges. Some key problems, such as the difficulty to recruit quickly and to find a sufficient number of children patients to conduct clinical trials, were also presented from the industry perspective. The second part of the workshop focused on practical experiences and policy options for improved medicines for children. Still too often, children die from diseases which could be cured with the right treatments. All participants agreed that the Regulation provides a good basis, but that it needs further improvements and fine-tuning to ensure that children are not missing out on life-saving treatments. This workshop and the respective document were prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Olga SOLOMON, Magda CHLEBUS, Karen and Mr Kevin CAPEL and Andrea BIONDI

Focus on: Learning in the 21st Century at the EuroScience Open Forum - ESOF 2014

13-05-2015

EuroScience (ES) is an association established in Europe in 1997 with headquarters in Strasbourg (France). It was created based on the model of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). A non-profit grassroots organisation Euroscience was from the outset an association of individuals open to research professionals, teachers, students, science administrators, policy-makers, etc. and generally to any citizen with vested interested in science, technology or humanities and their ...

EuroScience (ES) is an association established in Europe in 1997 with headquarters in Strasbourg (France). It was created based on the model of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). A non-profit grassroots organisation Euroscience was from the outset an association of individuals open to research professionals, teachers, students, science administrators, policy-makers, etc. and generally to any citizen with vested interested in science, technology or humanities and their links with society. EuroScience represents not only European scientists of all ages, disciplines and nationalities but also from the business sector and public institutions such as universities and research institutes.

Horizon 2020: research and innovation for growth

27-11-2012

Horizon 2020 will be one of the main European Union instruments aimed at achieving an "Innovation Union", one of the Europe 2020 growth goals. It will focus on research outputs and innovation, with the goal of accelerating the commercialisation and diffusion of innovation.

Horizon 2020 will be one of the main European Union instruments aimed at achieving an "Innovation Union", one of the Europe 2020 growth goals. It will focus on research outputs and innovation, with the goal of accelerating the commercialisation and diffusion of innovation.

Access to and Preservation of Scientific Information: Initial Appraisal of the European Commission's Impact Assessment

08-11-2012

Initial appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying the proposal for a Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information.

Initial appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying the proposal for a Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information.

Establishing the Knowledge Base of a Smart Power : a Blue Print for an EU Institute for Peace

12-02-2010

The purpose of this report is to present a view on whether there is an added value in establishing an “EU Institute for Peace”, and, if so, to make a suggestion on how it can be organized. The background is the fact that as the Lisbon Treaty has now come into force the Union should be capable to carry out the role of a global actor in the pursuit of peace as set up by the Treaty. The world as it looks today with the challenges and threats described in the European Security Strategy has given the ...

The purpose of this report is to present a view on whether there is an added value in establishing an “EU Institute for Peace”, and, if so, to make a suggestion on how it can be organized. The background is the fact that as the Lisbon Treaty has now come into force the Union should be capable to carry out the role of a global actor in the pursuit of peace as set up by the Treaty. The world as it looks today with the challenges and threats described in the European Security Strategy has given the Union a vast and complex task in its ambitions to create security and work for peace also on a global level. The challenge for the Union at this stage is to acquire the capabilities needed in analysis, knowledge and training based on a common strategic vision to pursue this. Suggestions for an EU Institute for Peace have been made by former Finnish President, Martti Ahtisaari, and Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Carl Bildt, referring to the need to fulfill EU’s goals in a better way. It seems clear already at this stage that the EU is in need of strengthened capabilities and the purpose of this standard briefing is to suggest a structure for this in the form of an EU institute for peace.

Workshop Report on Naturally Occurring and Health Compromising Substances in Plant-derived Foods : Do we Have a Problem ?

14-11-2008

There is a wide variety of readily available food products on the market in the developed world today, which can provide necessary nutrition. The issue that has so far not been much focused upon and on which this study has focused is naturally-occurring substances in food, which may compromise health through, for example, toxic effects, allergenic effects or inhibition of nutrient assimilation. In particular, new knowledge has been accumulated with regard to naturally-occurring and health-compromising ...

There is a wide variety of readily available food products on the market in the developed world today, which can provide necessary nutrition. The issue that has so far not been much focused upon and on which this study has focused is naturally-occurring substances in food, which may compromise health through, for example, toxic effects, allergenic effects or inhibition of nutrient assimilation. In particular, new knowledge has been accumulated with regard to naturally-occurring and health-compromising substances in plant-derived food. Also, substances that are not added or taken in from environmental pollution, but may be health compromising by their own nature, through, for example, toxic effects, allergenic effects or inhibition of nutrient assimilation. The study explores and debates new developments in basic research: industrial food processing, novel and functional food, and consumer knowledge and behaviour in order to determine whether there are problems which can be identified and which need to be dealt with by the European Union in the years to come.

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Danish Board of Technology (member of the ETAG Group) ; Bjoern Bedsted, Signe Skibstrup Blach (DBT) (authors of the case studies) ; Gary Williamson (University of Leeds, UK) (summary)

Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative Workshop

05-03-2008

Εξωτερικός συντάκτης

Dr. Konstandopoulos (Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute (CERTH/CPERI)) Prof. Vellone (National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment (ENEA)) Dr. Serrano (Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI)) Mr. Lucchese (New Energy Technology Programme (CEA) - Involved in the building up of the Research Grouping Mr. Vriesman (Shell Hydrogen - Chairman of the Industry Grouping)

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