Biodiversity, land use and forestry

01-02-2018

The 1992 UN Conference on the Environment and Development marked a major step forward for the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of nature thanks to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The EU has played an important international role in seeking solutions to biodiversity loss, climate change and the destruction of tropical rainforests. In 2011 the EU committed itself to halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020. Other objectives set out in the Habitats Directive or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) remain to be achieved. The global Paris Agreement on climate change reached in December 2015 to mitigate the effects of climate change and the subsequent EU legislation to implement the agreement are expected to have a positive impact on the preservation of biodiversity and forests in the decades to come. Since 1992, the LIFE programme has been the most important financial instrument for the protection of biodiversity and forests in the EU.

The 1992 UN Conference on the Environment and Development marked a major step forward for the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of nature thanks to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The EU has played an important international role in seeking solutions to biodiversity loss, climate change and the destruction of tropical rainforests. In 2011 the EU committed itself to halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020. Other objectives set out in the Habitats Directive or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) remain to be achieved. The global Paris Agreement on climate change reached in December 2015 to mitigate the effects of climate change and the subsequent EU legislation to implement the agreement are expected to have a positive impact on the preservation of biodiversity and forests in the decades to come. Since 1992, the LIFE programme has been the most important financial instrument for the protection of biodiversity and forests in the EU.