The Fiscal Governance Frameworks of the United States and the European Union: Comparing ‘Apples and Pears’

19-05-2017

This paper lays out the different institutional frameworks that govern fiscal policy in the United States and the European Union. It details the resulting differences in fiscal activity through a comparison of the revenues, expenditures, and fiscal balances that we observe at the central and state level in both jurisdictions. The paper tries to provide a factual ‘snap shot’ of these fiscal frameworks in order to distinguish the characteristics of these two institutionally very different economic governance systems.

This paper lays out the different institutional frameworks that govern fiscal policy in the United States and the European Union. It details the resulting differences in fiscal activity through a comparison of the revenues, expenditures, and fiscal balances that we observe at the central and state level in both jurisdictions. The paper tries to provide a factual ‘snap shot’ of these fiscal frameworks in order to distinguish the characteristics of these two institutionally very different economic governance systems.