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Posted on 27-07-2016

Bank Stress Testing: Stock Taking of Challenges

27-07-2016

The briefing takes stock on bank stress testing exercises, in view of the publication of the EBA 2016 EU-wide stress test results on 29 July 2016. The briefing describes the general purpose of bank stress test exercises, comments on some of the methodological challenges, and summarises some of the key issues in the debate on how to best design stress tests.

The briefing takes stock on bank stress testing exercises, in view of the publication of the EBA 2016 EU-wide stress test results on 29 July 2016. The briefing describes the general purpose of bank stress test exercises, comments on some of the methodological challenges, and summarises some of the key issues in the debate on how to best design stress tests.

Involvement of Independent Fiscal Bodies in the 2014-16 Stability and Convergence Programmes

27-07-2016

The purpose of the overleaf table is to provide an overview to what extent Member States inform in their current and previous Stability or Convergence Programmes (SCP), about the involvement of independent national fiscal bodies in the preparation of these programmes. The SCP include the national medium-term fiscal plans as specified in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP).

The purpose of the overleaf table is to provide an overview to what extent Member States inform in their current and previous Stability or Convergence Programmes (SCP), about the involvement of independent national fiscal bodies in the preparation of these programmes. The SCP include the national medium-term fiscal plans as specified in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP).

River Basins and Water Management in Spain

15-07-2016

This Study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee. It aims to analyze issues related to the petitions from Spanish citizens on the Spanish side of the Tagus and Ebro River Basin Districts. Two main solutions have been brought forward in order to solve the water shortage in Spain: water transfer or desalination. The most widely used approach so far has been the transfer, which ...

This Study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI committee. It aims to analyze issues related to the petitions from Spanish citizens on the Spanish side of the Tagus and Ebro River Basin Districts. Two main solutions have been brought forward in order to solve the water shortage in Spain: water transfer or desalination. The most widely used approach so far has been the transfer, which has been proposed for both the Tagus and Ebro rivers. As indicated in the Study, in Spain the water-related issues have frequently no political or social dimension but the territorial significance. This Study tries to illuminate problems and issues related to the river basins management in Spain while considering the applicable EU legislation.

External author

Ana de Marcos Fernández (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid - Spain)

Posted on 26-07-2016

TTIP and Labour Standards

15-07-2016

This Policy Department A note gives a summary of the study TTIP and Labour Standards. The study analyzes the possible effects of TTIP on labour conditions in the European Union (EU), the United States (US) and third countries. It is based on a literature review, an evaluation of labour provisions in recent EU trade agreements and an assessment of stakeholder positions.

This Policy Department A note gives a summary of the study TTIP and Labour Standards. The study analyzes the possible effects of TTIP on labour conditions in the European Union (EU), the United States (US) and third countries. It is based on a literature review, an evaluation of labour provisions in recent EU trade agreements and an assessment of stakeholder positions.

External author

Jan Orbie, Ferdi de Ville and Lore van den Putte (Ghent University, Belgium)

TTIP and Jobs

15-07-2016

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "TTIP and Jobs". The study analyzes and synthesizes existing literature on the employment and wage effects of European trade agreements in general and of the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) in particular.

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "TTIP and Jobs". The study analyzes and synthesizes existing literature on the employment and wage effects of European trade agreements in general and of the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) in particular.

External author

Gabriel Felbermayr

Cooperation on the enforcement of consumer protection laws

26-07-2016

The IA appears to make a sound exploration of the existing problems. The link between the problems and the objectives could possibly have been better established, but the objectives and the options appear to be relevant to the problems identified. The argumentation in the IA seems reasonable and realistic and in certain aspects (in particular with regard to delay and cost reduction and the analyses on non-compliance rates and related consumer detriment) the analysis appears to be thorough and backed ...

The IA appears to make a sound exploration of the existing problems. The link between the problems and the objectives could possibly have been better established, but the objectives and the options appear to be relevant to the problems identified. The argumentation in the IA seems reasonable and realistic and in certain aspects (in particular with regard to delay and cost reduction and the analyses on non-compliance rates and related consumer detriment) the analysis appears to be thorough and backed up by sound data. One might argue, however, that in other aspects (in particular in aspects related to the economy and competitiveness) a more profound analysis, with a better explanation of the assumptions made and more data to back up the arguments made, would have been better able to support the policy decisions taken in the proposal.  

The cost of banking - Recent trends in capital requirements

26-07-2016

Capital and liquidity requirements are provisions to make banking activities safer through measures to cover a firm’s unexpected losses as well as to fund its ongoing activities. The supervision of financial institutions is benchmarked against international standards (Basel III), set by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). These non-binding provisions are transposed into EU norms through the Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (CRD-IV/CRR – the ‘CRD-IV package’). Current data ...

Capital and liquidity requirements are provisions to make banking activities safer through measures to cover a firm’s unexpected losses as well as to fund its ongoing activities. The supervision of financial institutions is benchmarked against international standards (Basel III), set by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). These non-binding provisions are transposed into EU norms through the Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (CRD-IV/CRR – the ‘CRD-IV package’). Current data suggest a limited overall negative impact of increased capital requirements on bank lending. Considering the long-term benefits, an appropriate increase in capital requirements appears to be positive. Equally, at international level, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) has developed resolution standards for globally systemically important banks (G-SIBs), requiring even higher buffers. Known as Total Loss Absorption Capacity (TLAC), this will enter into force after 2019. In parallel, the EU Banking Union's single resolution mechanism (SRM) is currently finalising its own loss-absorption rules: minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities (MREL), which are required by the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD). The European Commission is currently making efforts to align these different provisions and to reduce the complexity for the banking sector. At the same time, with remaining high political risk within the euro area and unparalleled ultra-low interest rates, challenges remain. These include sovereign risk, the provision of state aid to banks and the upcoming revision of the CRD-IV package, including proposals to standardise models for risk-weighted assets.

Posted on 25-07-2016

The European Council in 2015

25-07-2016

Designed to be the first in a series of annual publications, this In-Depth Analysis by the European Council Oversight Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) examines in detail the activity of the European Council in 2015 in all of the six policy areas which have most attracted the attention of the Heads of State or Government: namely migration, economic governance, foreign and security policy, terrorism, and work towards a new settlement for the United Kingdom in the European ...

Designed to be the first in a series of annual publications, this In-Depth Analysis by the European Council Oversight Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) examines in detail the activity of the European Council in 2015 in all of the six policy areas which have most attracted the attention of the Heads of State or Government: namely migration, economic governance, foreign and security policy, terrorism, and work towards a new settlement for the United Kingdom in the European Union. Although European Council’s principal mission is meant to be strategic, in 2015 the institution mainly engaged in crisis management, due principally to the outbreak of the migration crisis. This led to an increase in the number of meetings: eight meetings of the Heads of State or Government were held, two of which were of an informal nature. Except for one informal meeting, the European Council President, Donald Tusk, reported to the European Parliament on the outcome of the meetings of the Heads of State or Government as required by the Treaties.

Posted on 22-07-2016

Brexit and the future of the European Union [What Think Tanks are thinking]

22-07-2016

The United Kingdom's vote on 23 June to leave the European Union has stirred lively debate on the implications of Brexit for the institutions, policies and global role of the European Union. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports by major international think tanks on the future of the EU without Britain. More studies on issues raised by the vote can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking' from July 7, 2016.

The United Kingdom's vote on 23 June to leave the European Union has stirred lively debate on the implications of Brexit for the institutions, policies and global role of the European Union. This note offers links to recent commentaries and reports by major international think tanks on the future of the EU without Britain. More studies on issues raised by the vote can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking' from July 7, 2016.

Posted on 19-07-2016

The Istanbul Convention: A tool to tackle violence against women and girls

19-07-2016

A powerful international tool, the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention) entered into force in August 2014, having been opened for signature in May 2011. It is the first instrument in Europe to set legally binding standards specifically to prevent gender-based violence, protect victims of violence and punish perpetrators. This is an updated edition of an EPRS note published in November 2015.

A powerful international tool, the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention) entered into force in August 2014, having been opened for signature in May 2011. It is the first instrument in Europe to set legally binding standards specifically to prevent gender-based violence, protect victims of violence and punish perpetrators. This is an updated edition of an EPRS note published in November 2015.

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