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Posted on 23-09-2016

Audiovisual Media Services

23-09-2016

The background information, studies, and evidence base used in drafting the IA are vast and comprehensive; however, a lot of valuable information is added in the annexes, whereas it could have been more usefully included in the development of options offered and in the assessment of their impacts accordingly. The IA presents the problem and its drivers in a clear and understandable way, with numerous examples and statistics to illustrate the current situation. The objectives are also very clear and ...

The background information, studies, and evidence base used in drafting the IA are vast and comprehensive; however, a lot of valuable information is added in the annexes, whereas it could have been more usefully included in the development of options offered and in the assessment of their impacts accordingly. The IA presents the problem and its drivers in a clear and understandable way, with numerous examples and statistics to illustrate the current situation. The objectives are also very clear and in line with the problems identified. However, the IA could have examined a broader range of options to choose from, notably as regards the minor protection issue, as this is a crucial problem that is likely to worsen considering the growing popularity of video-sharing platforms among minors, as stated in the IA. The overall coherence of the IA suffers from some inaccuracy and inconsistencies, which, at times, makes it difficult to gauge the impacts of the proposal.

Low and negative interest rates

23-09-2016

The current very low/negative interest rate environment is the subject of much debate. On one side, the central banks claim that it is not the cause of the problem but the solution, as it should boost investments and spur growth. On the other, a number of Member States claim that the low rates 'expropriate' savers, and financial intermediaries argue that they are putting their tried and tested business models at risk. This analysis introduces interest rates, looks at the causes behind their sustained ...

The current very low/negative interest rate environment is the subject of much debate. On one side, the central banks claim that it is not the cause of the problem but the solution, as it should boost investments and spur growth. On the other, a number of Member States claim that the low rates 'expropriate' savers, and financial intermediaries argue that they are putting their tried and tested business models at risk. This analysis introduces interest rates, looks at the causes behind their sustained decline and presents the current state of the debate.

EU Portability Regulation: In-Depth Analysis of the Proposal

15-08-2016

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this In-depth-Analysis identifies and analyses the recent proposal of the European Commission concerning a regulation on ensuring the cross-border portability of online content, COM(2015)627.

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this In-depth-Analysis identifies and analyses the recent proposal of the European Commission concerning a regulation on ensuring the cross-border portability of online content, COM(2015)627.

External author

Tatiana Eleni SYNODINIOU (University of Cyprus, Cyprus)

Overview on the Use of EU Funds for Migration Policies

23-09-2016

The aim of this document is to give an overview of the use of EU funds on migration policies during the first two years (2014-2015) of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and present a preliminary budgetary outlook for 2016–2017 and the remaining MFF period, taking into account the uncertainties relating to the evolution of the migration situation and pressures on EU funding.

The aim of this document is to give an overview of the use of EU funds on migration policies during the first two years (2014-2015) of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and present a preliminary budgetary outlook for 2016–2017 and the remaining MFF period, taking into account the uncertainties relating to the evolution of the migration situation and pressures on EU funding.

External author

Éva Kamarás (Deloitte), Mathieu Saunier (Deloitte) and Laura Todaro (VVA Europe)

Boosting E-Commerce in the Digital Single Market: A Foundation for European Growth and Competitiveness

15-09-2016

This paper reviews global trends in e-commerce and provides an analysis of the opportunities a Digital Single Market (DSM) would create for European entrepreneurs. The paper argues that the economic impact of the DSM could be enhanced by placing greater attention on the enabling conditions for entrepreneurial success, particularly by ensuring entrepreneurs have access to anchor customers, an ample supply of growth capital, sophisticated management talent and well-coordinated supports for scale-ups ...

This paper reviews global trends in e-commerce and provides an analysis of the opportunities a Digital Single Market (DSM) would create for European entrepreneurs. The paper argues that the economic impact of the DSM could be enhanced by placing greater attention on the enabling conditions for entrepreneurial success, particularly by ensuring entrepreneurs have access to anchor customers, an ample supply of growth capital, sophisticated management talent and well-coordinated supports for scale-ups and internationalization. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

External author

Anthony D. Williams

Combatting Consumer Discrimination in the Digital Single Market: Preventing Geo-Blocking and other Forms of Geo-Discrimination

15-08-2016

The paper conducts a stocktaking exercise of the state of play in the DSM and offers a critical assessment of the most relevant initiatives to combat consumer discrimination. It gives an overview of discriminatory practices in the online environment and assesses the magnitude of the problem. Differences between justified and unjustified geo-blocking are discussed. An in-depth analysis of the EC proposals on geo-blocking, portability and parcel delivery and the DG COMP investigation into the distribution ...

The paper conducts a stocktaking exercise of the state of play in the DSM and offers a critical assessment of the most relevant initiatives to combat consumer discrimination. It gives an overview of discriminatory practices in the online environment and assesses the magnitude of the problem. Differences between justified and unjustified geo-blocking are discussed. An in-depth analysis of the EC proposals on geo-blocking, portability and parcel delivery and the DG COMP investigation into the distribution of audiovisual content is then performed. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

External author

Felice SIMONELLI

Posted on 22-09-2016

Dialogue of the EU institutions with religious and non-confessional organisations

22-09-2016

Every year the European institutions hold dialogue sessions with churches, and with non-confessional and philosophical organisations. Based on Article 17 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) the dialogue focuses on issues on the European agenda.

Every year the European institutions hold dialogue sessions with churches, and with non-confessional and philosophical organisations. Based on Article 17 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) the dialogue focuses on issues on the European agenda.

Jewish communities in the European Union

22-09-2016

Europe’s Jewish population has been diminishing in recent decades, and a growing number of anti-Semitic acts and anti-Jewish violence have been occurring in recent years in the EU. In defence of its values, including respect for minorities, the EU undertakes and funds actions to counter anti-Semitism.

Europe’s Jewish population has been diminishing in recent decades, and a growing number of anti-Semitic acts and anti-Jewish violence have been occurring in recent years in the EU. In defence of its values, including respect for minorities, the EU undertakes and funds actions to counter anti-Semitism.

Latin America's informal economy

22-09-2016

Informal employment affects around 130 million workers in Latin America and the Caribbean, of whom at least 27 million are young people, and represents nearly half of non-agricultural employment. Its incidence varies across the region's countries (from 30.7% in Costa Rica to 73.6% in Guatemala), sectors and population groups. Fighting informality has become a clear objective in the region. Some Latin American countries have taken big steps to reduce informality, applying a different mix of specific ...

Informal employment affects around 130 million workers in Latin America and the Caribbean, of whom at least 27 million are young people, and represents nearly half of non-agricultural employment. Its incidence varies across the region's countries (from 30.7% in Costa Rica to 73.6% in Guatemala), sectors and population groups. Fighting informality has become a clear objective in the region. Some Latin American countries have taken big steps to reduce informality, applying a different mix of specific policies and strategies and obtaining generally positive results; however, more efforts are needed. Moreover, the current crisis can endanger this positive trend. International institutions, such as the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the EU, are also promoting measures to support the transition to the formal economy in the region, and the European Parliament has shown a special interest in this issue. Yet, formalisation in Latin America remains an important challenge, and economic growth alone is not enough to achieve it: the ILO insists on an integrated and comprehensive approach that would complement public policies with efforts by social actors as a way to achieve broad-based consensus. Experts agree that the focus should be on workers' social and labour inclusion. This briefing examines the strategies applied by five big Latin American economies – Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru – based on recent ILO studies, and looks at the results obtained thus far and the assistance provided by the EU and the ILO.

Perspectives on transatlantic cooperation: Security and defence - Achieving efficiency and resilience

22-09-2016

Enhancing EU-US cooperation in security and defence has been a longstanding goal. The EU and the US are natural partners in cooperation in security and defence, as evidenced by their cooperation within international organisations, including NATO, by their shared values and by the perception of shared threats. The two conduct their foreign policies based on common beliefs such as the promotion, protection and observance of human rights and the rule of law, democracy, inclusive political processes, ...

Enhancing EU-US cooperation in security and defence has been a longstanding goal. The EU and the US are natural partners in cooperation in security and defence, as evidenced by their cooperation within international organisations, including NATO, by their shared values and by the perception of shared threats. The two conduct their foreign policies based on common beliefs such as the promotion, protection and observance of human rights and the rule of law, democracy, inclusive political processes, economic development and social inclusion. They also share security concerns in regions ranging from the Balkans, to Africa, the Middle East and Asia, and on issues such as nuclear non-proliferation, terrorism and ethnic conflicts. While the aforementioned areas offer grounds for cooperation towards more effective and efficient transatlantic security and defence, according to several studies, challenges for further cooperation remain in a number of sectors. These include research and technology (R&T), interoperability, defence procurement, crisis management, counter-terrorism and the promotion of global and regional security. This briefing forms part of a broader research project on the perspectives on transatlantic cooperation in the US election year, requested by the Chair of the European Parliament's delegation for relations with the United States.

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