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Posted on 24-06-2019

Comparison of key figures in the 2019 Stability Programmes and European Commission spring 2019 forecast

24-06-2019

The purpose of this document is to show the differences between some key indicators of the 2019 Stability Programmes (SP) of the Euro Area Member States and the spring 2019 forecast of the European Commission (EC). In accordance with Art. 4 of Council Directive 2011/85/EU, the budgetary planning of the Member States “shall be based on the most likely macrofiscal scenario or on a more prudent scenario. (…). Significant dif¬fe¬ren¬ces between the chosen macrofiscal scenario and the (most recent) Commission ...

The purpose of this document is to show the differences between some key indicators of the 2019 Stability Programmes (SP) of the Euro Area Member States and the spring 2019 forecast of the European Commission (EC). In accordance with Art. 4 of Council Directive 2011/85/EU, the budgetary planning of the Member States “shall be based on the most likely macrofiscal scenario or on a more prudent scenario. (…). Significant dif¬fe¬ren¬ces between the chosen macrofiscal scenario and the (most recent) Commission’s forecast shall be described with reasoning (…).”

Energy storage and sector coupling: Towards an integrated, decarbonised energy system

24-06-2019

In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, the European energy system will need to become carbon-neutral by the second half of this century. However, while renewable sources of energy are key to achieving this, some of the most important renewables are variable: the output of solar and wind power depends on the time of day, the seasons and the weather. As the share of variable renewables increases, energy storage is playing an increasingly important role in bridging the ...

In order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, the European energy system will need to become carbon-neutral by the second half of this century. However, while renewable sources of energy are key to achieving this, some of the most important renewables are variable: the output of solar and wind power depends on the time of day, the seasons and the weather. As the share of variable renewables increases, energy storage is playing an increasingly important role in bridging the gap in time between energy production and energy consumption. While the share of renewable energy in the electricity sector is growing continually, other sectors, such as transport, buildings and industry, still depend largely on fossil fuels. To decarbonise these sectors, they can either be electrified or the fossil fuels can be substituted by renewable gases such as hydrogen or renewable liquid fuels. Transformation from electricity to gases and vice versa can add further storage capacity and flexibility to the energy system. Research indicates that coupling different sectors in this way would lower the overall cost of decarbonising the energy system. The EU has reformed its electricity markets to facilitate the participation of storage in managing supply and demand, and revised the renewable energy directive to include renewable gases. When it comes to industrial policy, the EU supports initiatives for batteries and hydrogen. The debate about the pathways towards a carbon-neutral economy is ongoing, and is based on the Commission's clean planet strategy. The outcome of this debate will influence EU policies in various fields and inform the EU's low greenhouse gas emission development strategy under the Paris Agreement, which must be submitted in 2020.

La ratification des traités internationaux, une perspective de droit comparé - France

24-06-2019

Cette étude fait partie d’un projet plus global qui a le but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États. L'objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit français, en particulier le régime juridique applicable, la procédure et une estimation des temps nécessaires pour la ratification. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, sont examinées les dispositions législatives et réglementaires ...

Cette étude fait partie d’un projet plus global qui a le but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé la ratification des traités internationaux dans différents États. L'objet de cette étude est d’examiner la ratification des traités internationaux en droit français, en particulier le régime juridique applicable, la procédure et une estimation des temps nécessaires pour la ratification. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, sont examinées les dispositions législatives et réglementaires régissant la procédure d’adoption des traités, la répartition des compétences entre les différents acteurs impliqués, ainsi que les étapes principales de la procédure de conclusion des traités. Le rôle du pouvoir législatif en France est encadré puisque sa fonction de contrôle se limite au vote d’un projet de loi d’autorisation de ratification ou d’approbation. La France ne reconnait pas aux régions et autres collectivités territoriales la compétence de conclure des engagements internationaux, mais elle admet quelques exceptions concernant les collectivités d’Outre-mer. Cette étude prétend être utile aux différents organes du Parlement européen, afin de dévoiler une vision complète du processus de ratification par l’État en analyse (en le cas d’espèce la France). Cela permettra par exemple aux organes du Parlement de fixer leurs calendriers de travaux, en tenant compte d’une estimation du temps dont la contrepartie aura besoin pour compléter la ratification d’un futur traité.

External author

Ce document a été rédigé par Prof. Dr. Marie-Claire Ponthoreau, Professeur de droit public à l’Université de Bordeaux, à la demande de l’Unité Bibliothèque de droit comparé, Direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire (DG EPRS), Secrétariat général du Parlement européen.

How to tackle challenges in a future-oriented EU industrial strategy?

14-06-2019

This study provides a critical assessment of the 2017 EU industrial strategy and of the policy measures it comprises. Even though the EU industrial strategy is still a “meta-policy”, it successfully promotes a more integrated and innovative approach. However, it should more clearly identify mission-oriented strategic goals and mobilise the necessary effort and means to reach them. This document was provided/prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee ...

This study provides a critical assessment of the 2017 EU industrial strategy and of the policy measures it comprises. Even though the EU industrial strategy is still a “meta-policy”, it successfully promotes a more integrated and innovative approach. However, it should more clearly identify mission-oriented strategic goals and mobilise the necessary effort and means to reach them. This document was provided/prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee.

External author

CSLI, University of Bari and CERPEM, University of Warsaw and EUROREG

Posted on 20-06-2019

Workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”

15-05-2019

This report summarises the discussion that took place at the workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”. The Union Customs Code is a key element of the ongoing actions to modernise EU customs. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recent proposal of the European Commission to postpone the deadline of 2020, the workshop was hosted by Ms Virginie Rozière, MEP. This document was prepared ...

This report summarises the discussion that took place at the workshop on “Strengthening Competitiveness of the Internal Market by Developing the EU Customs Union and its Governance”. The Union Customs Code is a key element of the ongoing actions to modernise EU customs. With the aim of discussing the main challenges related to this topic and the recent proposal of the European Commission to postpone the deadline of 2020, the workshop was hosted by Ms Virginie Rozière, MEP. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Key issues in the European Council

20-06-2019

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues ...

The European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) monitors and analyses the activities, commitments and impact of the European Council, so as to maximize parliamentary understanding of the political dynamics of this important institution. This new EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

Posted on 19-06-2019

Electing the European Parliament's President

19-06-2019

At the July I plenary sitting, the newly elected European Parliament (EP) is due to elect its 31st President, to hold office until mid-term at the beginning of 2022, when a new election for Parliament’s President will be held. The President has an important and increasingly visible function in the EU institutional and international setting, mirroring the influential role of the Parliament as shaper of EU policies and co-legislator.

At the July I plenary sitting, the newly elected European Parliament (EP) is due to elect its 31st President, to hold office until mid-term at the beginning of 2022, when a new election for Parliament’s President will be held. The President has an important and increasingly visible function in the EU institutional and international setting, mirroring the influential role of the Parliament as shaper of EU policies and co-legislator.

Outlook for the European Council and Euro Summit meetings, 20-21 June 2019

19-06-2019

The June 2019 European Council will discuss, and potentially agree on, high-level appointments to EU institutions and adopt the 2019-2024 strategic agenda. Other agenda topics are the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU’s common climate ambition, disinformation, enlargement and foreign policy issues, including relations with Russia. EU-27 leaders will meet for a Euro Summit in extended format to discuss the report submitted by the Eurogroup on EMU reforms.

The June 2019 European Council will discuss, and potentially agree on, high-level appointments to EU institutions and adopt the 2019-2024 strategic agenda. Other agenda topics are the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU’s common climate ambition, disinformation, enlargement and foreign policy issues, including relations with Russia. EU-27 leaders will meet for a Euro Summit in extended format to discuss the report submitted by the Eurogroup on EMU reforms.

The Union’s expenditure

01-05-2018

Budget expenditure is approved jointly by the Council and Parliament. The annual EU budget must respect the budgetary ceilings agreed under the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for different programmes and policies, such as those on cohesion, agriculture and external relations. Flexibility instruments ensure that the EU can react in the event of unexpected needs. Use of financial instruments creates a leverage effect as regards EU spending.

Budget expenditure is approved jointly by the Council and Parliament. The annual EU budget must respect the budgetary ceilings agreed under the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for different programmes and policies, such as those on cohesion, agriculture and external relations. Flexibility instruments ensure that the EU can react in the event of unexpected needs. Use of financial instruments creates a leverage effect as regards EU spending.

Multiannual Financial Framework

01-02-2018

There have been five multiannual financial frameworks (MFFs) to date. The Treaty of Lisbon transformed the MFF from an interinstitutional agreement into a legally binding act. Established for a period of at least five years, an MFF must ensure that the Union’s expenditure develops in an orderly manner and within the limits of its own resources, and sets out provisions with which the annual budget of the Union must comply, thus laying down the cornerstone of financial discipline.

There have been five multiannual financial frameworks (MFFs) to date. The Treaty of Lisbon transformed the MFF from an interinstitutional agreement into a legally binding act. Established for a period of at least five years, an MFF must ensure that the Union’s expenditure develops in an orderly manner and within the limits of its own resources, and sets out provisions with which the annual budget of the Union must comply, thus laying down the cornerstone of financial discipline.

Upcoming events

25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
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