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Posted on 17-10-2019

North Macedonia: A step closer to EU membership

17-10-2019

On 15 October 2019, the General Affairs Council discussed the issue of enlargement as regards Albania and North Macedonia without reaching unanimity (opposition of one EU Member State) on the decision to open EU accession negotiations with these countries. The Council will return to the issue after the European Council meeting on 17 18 October. In line with the 2018 western Balkans strategy, which aimed to inject new momentum into the enlargement process, Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission ...

On 15 October 2019, the General Affairs Council discussed the issue of enlargement as regards Albania and North Macedonia without reaching unanimity (opposition of one EU Member State) on the decision to open EU accession negotiations with these countries. The Council will return to the issue after the European Council meeting on 17 18 October. In line with the 2018 western Balkans strategy, which aimed to inject new momentum into the enlargement process, Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission President-elect, and Josep Borrell, incoming High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and Vice-President-designate of the Commission (HR/VP), have declared the western Balkans to be their priority.

External author

Staníček, Branislav;

Western Balkans: State of play in the European Council

17-10-2019

The Western Balkans have regularly featured on the agenda of the European Council since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009. Three dimensions – enlargement, counter-terrorism and migration – have been at the centre of the EU leaders' discussion of the subject. The European Commission recommended twice in the last two years the opening of accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. In the absence of an agreement at the 15 October 2019 General Affairs Council, the ...

The Western Balkans have regularly featured on the agenda of the European Council since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009. Three dimensions – enlargement, counter-terrorism and migration – have been at the centre of the EU leaders' discussion of the subject. The European Commission recommended twice in the last two years the opening of accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. In the absence of an agreement at the 15 October 2019 General Affairs Council, the decision on whether to open accession negotiations with the two countries now lies with the European Council.

Posted on 16-10-2019

Albania: On the threshold of EU membership

16-10-2019

The October 2019 European Council meeting will discuss Albania and North Macedonia. The 2018 western Balkans strategy aimed at injecting new momentum for EU enlargement, consequently European Commission President-designate Ursula von der Leyen, and High Representative and Vice-President-designate Josep Borrell, have declared that the EU would prioritise enlargement talks with the western Balkans. In the face of growing frustration and 'enlargement fatigue', a decision to open negotiations would be ...

The October 2019 European Council meeting will discuss Albania and North Macedonia. The 2018 western Balkans strategy aimed at injecting new momentum for EU enlargement, consequently European Commission President-designate Ursula von der Leyen, and High Representative and Vice-President-designate Josep Borrell, have declared that the EU would prioritise enlargement talks with the western Balkans. In the face of growing frustration and 'enlargement fatigue', a decision to open negotiations would be a strong signal to the region.

External author

Staníček, Branislav

Outlook for the European Council (Article 50) meeting on 17 October 2019

16-10-2019

The October European Council meeting will represent an important point on the timeline of negotiations on United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU as leaders will be taking stock of the situation before the end of the extension period on 31 October 2019. This briefing provides an overview of European Council guidelines and decisions taken to provide direction to the negotiations since the UK’s formal notification of withdrawal on 29 March 2017.

The October European Council meeting will represent an important point on the timeline of negotiations on United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU as leaders will be taking stock of the situation before the end of the extension period on 31 October 2019. This briefing provides an overview of European Council guidelines and decisions taken to provide direction to the negotiations since the UK’s formal notification of withdrawal on 29 March 2017.

European Council conclusions:A rolling check-list of commitments to date

16-10-2019

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is the latest edition of the Rolling Check-List which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It is designed to review the degree of progress in achieving the goals that the European Council has set itself and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

Key issues in the European Council - State of play in October 2019

16-10-2019

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

Posted on 15-10-2019

Outlook for the meetings of EU leaders, 17-18 October 2019

15-10-2019

The EU leaders will meet on 17-18 October for a summit expected to be dominated by Brexit. They will also discuss the recently adopted Strategic Agenda 2019-24, the priorities of the incoming Commission, the current state of play on the MFF negotiations, the external dimension of climate policy, and could consider the possibility of opening accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. As part of their foreign policy debate, EU leaders could consider the evolution of the situations in ...

The EU leaders will meet on 17-18 October for a summit expected to be dominated by Brexit. They will also discuss the recently adopted Strategic Agenda 2019-24, the priorities of the incoming Commission, the current state of play on the MFF negotiations, the external dimension of climate policy, and could consider the possibility of opening accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. As part of their foreign policy debate, EU leaders could consider the evolution of the situations in Ukraine and Syria, where a Turkish military operation has commenced in the northern part of the country.

EU trade policy: Frequently asked questions

15-10-2019

This paper seeks to serve as a key resource for policy-makers who need to understand complex issues related to international trade quickly. It also outlines the key academic debates and issues, and provides references to further resources that could offer useful support to the work of policy-makers in the European Parliament. It seeks to provide immediate answers to the most commonly asked questions related to EU trade policy: from the evolution and scope of EU common commercial policy to the role ...

This paper seeks to serve as a key resource for policy-makers who need to understand complex issues related to international trade quickly. It also outlines the key academic debates and issues, and provides references to further resources that could offer useful support to the work of policy-makers in the European Parliament. It seeks to provide immediate answers to the most commonly asked questions related to EU trade policy: from the evolution and scope of EU common commercial policy to the role of different EU institutions and the economics of trade. It includes explanations of key trade concepts. In addition, the paper covers the procedures for the conclusion of international trade agreements, types of trade relationship, and the specific characteristics of EU legal instruments in the area of trade. Lastly, it addresses the issues of trade and sustainable development, which have grown into a key area of concern for Parliament.

La libertad de expresión, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado - España

15-10-2019

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto destinado a sentar las bases de una comparación integrada y correlacionada de la regulación de la libertad de expresión por parte de los diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos positivos. Con especial atención, a los propios de los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea. El documento describe, en lo relativo a España, el análisis de la legislación vigente, de la jurisprudencia constitucional más significativa, así como el estudio del concepto y la naturaleza de la ...

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto destinado a sentar las bases de una comparación integrada y correlacionada de la regulación de la libertad de expresión por parte de los diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos positivos. Con especial atención, a los propios de los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea. El documento describe, en lo relativo a España, el análisis de la legislación vigente, de la jurisprudencia constitucional más significativa, así como el estudio del concepto y la naturaleza de la libertad de expresión, prestando particular atención a sus distintos límites. Para concluir, se apuntan algunas posibles soluciones de legge ferenda frente a los evidentes y múltiples desafíos de hoy en la materia. La libertad de expresión está regulada en la Constitución española de 1978 junto con el derecho a la información; dos derechos, por tanto, interrelacionados, pero autónomos e independientes. Ambos se recogen así en el artículo 20 CE, que goza en nuestro régimen constitucional de las máximas garantías, junto con los derechos de autor y la libertad de cátedra. Se constitucionaliza asimismo la prohibición de la censura previa, al tiempo que sólo se permite el secuestro de publicaciones por resolución judicial. El artículo 20 contempla también de forma explícita sus límites, con especial significación a los derechos al honor, a la intimidad personal y familiar y a la propia imagen del artículo 18.1 CE, así como a la protección de la juventud y la infancia. Por último, se mandata la ordenación por ley de los medios de comunicación social de naturaleza pública.

External author

EPRS, Comparative Law; El autor de este documento es el Prof. Dr. Pedro González-Trevijano Sánchez, Magistrado del Tribunal Constitucional de España y Catedrático de Derecho Constitucional de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, por encargo de la Unidad Biblioteca de Derecho Comparado, Dirección General de Servicios de Estudios Parlamentarios (DG EPRS) de la Secretaría General del Parlamento Europeo.

La libertà di espressione, una prospettiva di diritto comparato - Italia

15-10-2019

Lo studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio, il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, le delicate questioni che riguardano la libertà di espressione (libertà di manifestazione del pensiero, secondo la formula dell’art. 21 della Costituzione italiana). L’obiettivo dello studio è quello di esaminare la problematica nel contesto specificamente italiano, pur nella consapevolezza dell’importanza delle fonti internazionali e dell’Unione Europea in materia. A tal fine ...

Lo studio fa parte di un progetto più ampio, il cui scopo è quello di analizzare, nella prospettiva del diritto comparato, le delicate questioni che riguardano la libertà di espressione (libertà di manifestazione del pensiero, secondo la formula dell’art. 21 della Costituzione italiana). L’obiettivo dello studio è quello di esaminare la problematica nel contesto specificamente italiano, pur nella consapevolezza dell’importanza delle fonti internazionali e dell’Unione Europea in materia. A tal fine, dopo una breve introduzione di carattere storico generale, sono state prese in esame le vicende normative che hanno interessato la libertà di espressione nell’Italia repubblicana. Il punto di partenza è stato, ovviamente, la Costituzione, mentre le altre fonti sono state ordinate in ragione del mezzo di comunicazione che, di volta in volta, disciplinano. Ampia attenzione è stata dedicata alla giurisprudenza. Nell’impossibilità di dare conto di tutto l’immenso materiale disponibile, si sono selezionati alcuni casi particolarmente significativi, tratti dalla giurisprudenza della Corte costituzionale, della Corte di cassazione, del Consiglio di Stato e di alcune giurisdizioni di merito. Sono stati identificati, infine, i principali nodi problematici che occorre tuttora sciogliere, a fronte sia del progresso tecnologico che dell’evoluzione delle società pluraliste.

External author

EPRS, Comparative Law; Questo studio è stato scritto dal Prof. Dr. Massimo Luciani dell’Università di Roma – La Sapienza – (Italia), su richiesta della Unità Biblioteca di diritto comparato, Direzione generale dei Servizi di ricerca parlamentare (DG EPRS), Segretariato generale del Parlamento europeo.

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17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
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Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
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