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Posted on 18-05-2018

US withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal [What Think Tanks are thinking]

18-05-2018

President Donald Trump announced on 8 May that the United States was withdrawing from the Iran nuclear agreement, ignoring calls from other signatories to preserve the 2015 deal, which lifted sanctions on Teheran in return for measures scaling back its nuclear ambitions. The decision paves the way for reinstating US sanctions against Iran, which will also affect non-US companies doing business with that country. President Trump justified the move by saying that the deal did not go far enough in removing ...

President Donald Trump announced on 8 May that the United States was withdrawing from the Iran nuclear agreement, ignoring calls from other signatories to preserve the 2015 deal, which lifted sanctions on Teheran in return for measures scaling back its nuclear ambitions. The decision paves the way for reinstating US sanctions against Iran, which will also affect non-US companies doing business with that country. President Trump justified the move by saying that the deal did not go far enough in removing the threat posed by Iran to the United States and its allies in the Middle East. This note offers links to reports and commentaries from some major international think-tanks and research institutes on the Iran nuclear deal and the US decision.

The first climate change strategy for shipping

18-05-2018

Not covered by the 2015 Paris Agreement, international shipping is now joining efforts to tackle climate change. The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), a body of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), closed its 72nd session on 13 April 2018 with the adoption of an initial strategy to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international shipping, setting clear emission reduction targets for the first time.

Not covered by the 2015 Paris Agreement, international shipping is now joining efforts to tackle climate change. The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), a body of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), closed its 72nd session on 13 April 2018 with the adoption of an initial strategy to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international shipping, setting clear emission reduction targets for the first time.

A framework for EU covered bonds

18-05-2018

The Commission proposed a legislative framework for covered bonds. The supporting impact assessment (IA) provided a coherent problem analysis and the corresponding set of objectives. The impacts analysis focused mainly on the costs and benefits of enhancing the Capital Markets Union potential. However, the IA did not assess the options in terms of their proportionality and did not check the subsidiarity or proportionality of the regulatory options.

The Commission proposed a legislative framework for covered bonds. The supporting impact assessment (IA) provided a coherent problem analysis and the corresponding set of objectives. The impacts analysis focused mainly on the costs and benefits of enhancing the Capital Markets Union potential. However, the IA did not assess the options in terms of their proportionality and did not check the subsidiarity or proportionality of the regulatory options.

External author

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EU asylum, borders and external cooperation on migration: Recent developments

18-05-2018

This publication takes stock of recent EU developments in the area of asylum, borders and external cooperation on migration. It discusses key initiatives put forward by the EU in order to respond to migratory challenges, focusing on three major aspects: reforming the common European asylum system, strengthening the EU's external borders and reinforcing the EU's external cooperation on migration.

This publication takes stock of recent EU developments in the area of asylum, borders and external cooperation on migration. It discusses key initiatives put forward by the EU in order to respond to migratory challenges, focusing on three major aspects: reforming the common European asylum system, strengthening the EU's external borders and reinforcing the EU's external cooperation on migration.

Research for PECH Committee - Landing Obligation and Choke Species in Multispecies and Mixed Fisheries - The North Sea

16-04-2018

The demersal fisheries in the North Sea are highly mixed. Several CFP tools and additional policy adjustments have been implemented since 2015. They have helped deal with the landing obligation but have not incentivised discard reductions. Many potential choke issues are primarily political, linked to quota distribution rather than quota shortage. A few specific situations (including plaice, hake and elasmobranchs) are considered difficult to address with the current CFP tools. Results-based approaches ...

The demersal fisheries in the North Sea are highly mixed. Several CFP tools and additional policy adjustments have been implemented since 2015. They have helped deal with the landing obligation but have not incentivised discard reductions. Many potential choke issues are primarily political, linked to quota distribution rather than quota shortage. A few specific situations (including plaice, hake and elasmobranchs) are considered difficult to address with the current CFP tools. Results-based approaches with full documentation of catches should be promoted

External author

DTU Aqua, Denmark: Prof. Clara ULRICH

Research for PECH Committee - Landing Obligation and Choke Species in Multispecies and Mixed Fisheries -The South Western Waters

16-04-2018

This study presents an identification of the likely stocks that could act as choke stocks under the landing obligation to be fully implemented in 2019 for South Western Atlantic Waters. The study provides an estimation of the likely surplus/deficit quota by stock, Member State and EU level. It also analyses the likely solutions to it and if the likely management possibilities have been used or not. It finally provides a list of stocks of high risk of being choke after the application of the existing ...

This study presents an identification of the likely stocks that could act as choke stocks under the landing obligation to be fully implemented in 2019 for South Western Atlantic Waters. The study provides an estimation of the likely surplus/deficit quota by stock, Member State and EU level. It also analyses the likely solutions to it and if the likely management possibilities have been used or not. It finally provides a list of stocks of high risk of being choke after the application of the existing tool box for alleviating the choke problem in the near future.

External author

AZTI, SPAIN: Raúl PRELLEZO, Ane IRIONDO, Marina SANTURTÚN. IEO, SPAIN : Julio VALEIRAS

Posted on 17-05-2018

European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS)

17-05-2018

Strengthening the EU’s external borders is key to ensuring internal security and to preserving freedom of movement in the Schengen area. While the existing border management information systems do address some of the information gaps concerning non-EU citizens coming into the EU, there is a lack of information related to visa-exempt third-country nationals arriving at the Schengen external borders. The European Commission is therefore proposing to set up an automated system that would gather information ...

Strengthening the EU’s external borders is key to ensuring internal security and to preserving freedom of movement in the Schengen area. While the existing border management information systems do address some of the information gaps concerning non-EU citizens coming into the EU, there is a lack of information related to visa-exempt third-country nationals arriving at the Schengen external borders. The European Commission is therefore proposing to set up an automated system that would gather information on visa-exempt travellers prior to their arrival, in order to determine any irregular migration, security or public-health risks associated with them. The proposal follows similar models already existing in the USA, Canada and Australia, among others. With agreement reached in April 2018 in trilogue negotiations, this now needs to be formally adopted by Parliament and Council. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Environmental Reporting Initiative: Implementation Appraisal

17-05-2018

Member States' success in implementing environmental legislation can be measured through the information they send to the European Commission (reporting), which is based on the control activities they carry out (monitoring). In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced its intention to streamline requirements in this area, as a follow-up to a Fitness Check on Environmental Monitoring and Reporting (finalised in June 2017).

Member States' success in implementing environmental legislation can be measured through the information they send to the European Commission (reporting), which is based on the control activities they carry out (monitoring). In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced its intention to streamline requirements in this area, as a follow-up to a Fitness Check on Environmental Monitoring and Reporting (finalised in June 2017).

Review of the Solvency II implementing measures

15-05-2018

This briefing focuses on review of the implementing measures under Directive 2009/138/EC on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II). Items for discussion include amendments to the Solvency II Delegated Regulation in the context of the Capital Markets Union and the review of the Solvency Capital Requirement standard formula, as well as the overall review of Solvency II.

This briefing focuses on review of the implementing measures under Directive 2009/138/EC on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II). Items for discussion include amendments to the Solvency II Delegated Regulation in the context of the Capital Markets Union and the review of the Solvency Capital Requirement standard formula, as well as the overall review of Solvency II.

EU funds for migration, asylum and integration policies

15-05-2018

The European Union significantly increased its funding for migration, asylum and integration policies in the wake of the increased inflow of asylum seekers in 2015. This study provides an overview, an analysis and an evaluation of the use of these funds, based on publicly available information, insights from interviews with various stakeholders and a survey of non-governmental organisations. We also offer recommendations on how to improve the use of funds and allocation keys to Member States. We ...

The European Union significantly increased its funding for migration, asylum and integration policies in the wake of the increased inflow of asylum seekers in 2015. This study provides an overview, an analysis and an evaluation of the use of these funds, based on publicly available information, insights from interviews with various stakeholders and a survey of non-governmental organisations. We also offer recommendations on how to improve the use of funds and allocation keys to Member States. We argue for an increase in funding in support of member states as well as for EU agencies such as Frontex and EASO and for a more strategic coordination of various migration related initiatives.

External author

Dr Zsolt DARVAS, Bruegel Dr Guntram WOLFF, Bruegel Mr Francesco CHIACCHIO, Bruegel Mr Konstantinos EFSTATHIOU, Bruegel Ms Inês GONÇALVES RAPOSO, Bruegel

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