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Posted on 12-09-2018

General tax policy

01-02-2018

The power to tax is in the hands of the Member States, with the EU having only limited EU competences. As EU tax policy is geared towards the smooth running of the single market, the harmonisation of indirect taxation was addressed before direct taxation. The fight against harmful tax evasion and tax avoidance has become a recent policy priority. Tax measures must be adopted unanimously by the Member States. The European Parliament has the right to be consulted on tax matters, except on budgetary-related ...

The power to tax is in the hands of the Member States, with the EU having only limited EU competences. As EU tax policy is geared towards the smooth running of the single market, the harmonisation of indirect taxation was addressed before direct taxation. The fight against harmful tax evasion and tax avoidance has become a recent policy priority. Tax measures must be adopted unanimously by the Member States. The European Parliament has the right to be consulted on tax matters, except on budgetary-related issues, for which it is co-legislator.

Posted on 10-09-2018

The European Parliament: organisation and operation

01-02-2018

The organisation and operation of the European Parliament are governed by its Rules of Procedure. The political bodies, committees, delegations and political groups guide Parliament’s activities.

The organisation and operation of the European Parliament are governed by its Rules of Procedure. The political bodies, committees, delegations and political groups guide Parliament’s activities.

The European Parliament: electoral procedures

01-02-2018

The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national provisions which vary from one state to another. The common rules lay down the principle of proportional representation and certain incompatibilities with a mandate as a Member of the European Parliament. Many other important matters, such as the exact electoral system used and the number of constituencies, are governed by national laws. ...

The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national provisions which vary from one state to another. The common rules lay down the principle of proportional representation and certain incompatibilities with a mandate as a Member of the European Parliament. Many other important matters, such as the exact electoral system used and the number of constituencies, are governed by national laws.

Southeast Asia

01-01-2018

The EU is forging closer ties with Southeast Asian countries and promoting regional integration with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). A strong economic player in Southeast Asia, the EU is also an important development and aid donor, working to foster institution-building, democracy, good governance and human rights. Since August 2017, the EU has been providing extensive humanitarian assistance to around 655 000 Rohingya refugees.

The EU is forging closer ties with Southeast Asian countries and promoting regional integration with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). A strong economic player in Southeast Asia, the EU is also an important development and aid donor, working to foster institution-building, democracy, good governance and human rights. Since August 2017, the EU has been providing extensive humanitarian assistance to around 655 000 Rohingya refugees.

Biodiversity, land use and forestry

01-02-2018

The 1992 UN Conference on the Environment and Development marked a major step forward for the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of nature thanks to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The EU has played an important international role in seeking solutions to biodiversity loss, climate change and the destruction of tropical rainforests. In 2011 the EU committed itself to halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020. Other ...

The 1992 UN Conference on the Environment and Development marked a major step forward for the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of nature thanks to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The EU has played an important international role in seeking solutions to biodiversity loss, climate change and the destruction of tropical rainforests. In 2011 the EU committed itself to halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020. Other objectives set out in the Habitats Directive or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) remain to be achieved. The global Paris Agreement on climate change reached in December 2015 to mitigate the effects of climate change and the subsequent EU legislation to implement the agreement are expected to have a positive impact on the preservation of biodiversity and forests in the decades to come. Since 1992, the LIFE programme has been the most important financial instrument for the protection of biodiversity and forests in the EU.

Banking Union

01-01-2018

The Banking Union was created as a response to the financial crisis and currently has two elements, the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM). The SSM supervises the largest and most important banks in the euro area directly at European level, while the purpose of the SRM is to resolve failing banks in an orderly manner with minimal costs for taxpayers and for the real economy. A third element, a European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS), is currently under discussion ...

The Banking Union was created as a response to the financial crisis and currently has two elements, the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM). The SSM supervises the largest and most important banks in the euro area directly at European level, while the purpose of the SRM is to resolve failing banks in an orderly manner with minimal costs for taxpayers and for the real economy. A third element, a European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS), is currently under discussion.

Posting of workers

01-05-2018

As stipulated in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services guarantee the mobility of businesses and professionals within the EU. However, in order to ensure fair mobility and competition, there are also specific EU laws regulating the rights of posted workers.

As stipulated in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services guarantee the mobility of businesses and professionals within the EU. However, in order to ensure fair mobility and competition, there are also specific EU laws regulating the rights of posted workers.

Posted on 31-07-2018

European Parliament: relations with the national parliaments

01-01-2018

Moves towards closer European integration have altered the role of the national parliaments. A number of instruments for cooperation between the European Parliament and the national parliaments have been introduced with a view to guaranteeing effective democratic scrutiny of European legislation at all levels. This trend has been reinforced by provisions introduced by the Lisbon Treaty.

Moves towards closer European integration have altered the role of the national parliaments. A number of instruments for cooperation between the European Parliament and the national parliaments have been introduced with a view to guaranteeing effective democratic scrutiny of European legislation at all levels. This trend has been reinforced by provisions introduced by the Lisbon Treaty.

The fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination

01-04-2018

By supporting Member States in the fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination, the European Union aims to reinforce the inclusiveness and cohesion of European society and to allow all citizens to enjoy equal access to available opportunities and resources.

By supporting Member States in the fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination, the European Union aims to reinforce the inclusiveness and cohesion of European society and to allow all citizens to enjoy equal access to available opportunities and resources.

Posted on 26-07-2018

Employment policy

01-01-2018

Creating more and better jobs is one of the main goals of the Europe 2020 strategy. The European employment strategy (EES), with its monitoring process and connected funding instruments, contributes to ‘soft coordination’. European law is relevant in certain areas even if the responsibility for employment and social policy lies primarily with national governments.

Creating more and better jobs is one of the main goals of the Europe 2020 strategy. The European employment strategy (EES), with its monitoring process and connected funding instruments, contributes to ‘soft coordination’. European law is relevant in certain areas even if the responsibility for employment and social policy lies primarily with national governments.

Upcoming events

24-09-2018
Brexit and industry and space policy
Workshop -
ITRE
24-09-2018
Third meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
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LIBE
25-09-2018
The impact of automation: Identifying jobs at risk
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EPRS

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The content of all documents contained in the Think Tank website is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work.

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