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Posted on 19-04-2018

Exploring Best Practices in Combatting Violence Against Women: Sweden

19-04-2018

This paper was produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM). The paper examines the status of women in Sweden, a country known for its proven track record on gender equality: it delves into the issue of preventing violence against women and protecting victims of violence. Gender equality is a cornerstone of Swedish society, thus violence against women is a priority for the Swedish Government ...

This paper was produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM). The paper examines the status of women in Sweden, a country known for its proven track record on gender equality: it delves into the issue of preventing violence against women and protecting victims of violence. Gender equality is a cornerstone of Swedish society, thus violence against women is a priority for the Swedish Government. Various vulnerable groups might still require greater legislative protection and government response.

Posted on 11-04-2018

Preparing FP9: Designing the successor to the Horizon 2020 research and innovation framework programme

11-04-2018

The preparation process for an EU framework programme for research and innovation includes a variety of activities: evaluation of the previous programme; expert studies to define the scope and priorities of the new programme; and proposals for new instruments. The EU institutions, the advisory committees, the Member States and other stakeholders also put their expectations and opinions forward on the shape and content of the programme. This paper provides an overview of all the activities developed ...

The preparation process for an EU framework programme for research and innovation includes a variety of activities: evaluation of the previous programme; expert studies to define the scope and priorities of the new programme; and proposals for new instruments. The EU institutions, the advisory committees, the Member States and other stakeholders also put their expectations and opinions forward on the shape and content of the programme. This paper provides an overview of all the activities developed to contribute to the preparation of FP9. It also analyses the position of all the actors on 10 key discussion points including: the difficult battle over the FP9 budget; the tensions between support for excellence and the need for cohesion; streamlining of instruments and simplification of processes; requests for greater EU added value from the programme, linked to its collaborative nature; the role of the Member States in the programme's governance and implementation; and the expected innovations: the European Innovation Council and a mission-oriented approach.

Research for TRAN Committee - Road enforcement databases: economic feasibility and costs

10-04-2018

This in-depth analysis investigates the economic feasibility and cost of creating national road enforcement databases following the introduction of new smart tachographs (so-called “Generation 2” digital tachographs) into the EU road haulage market. Two scenarios are considered: the first includes building new databases capable of handling new smart tachograph data, and the second mainly relies on upgrading existing databases for this new usage (such as Tachonet, the European Register of Road Transport ...

This in-depth analysis investigates the economic feasibility and cost of creating national road enforcement databases following the introduction of new smart tachographs (so-called “Generation 2” digital tachographs) into the EU road haulage market. Two scenarios are considered: the first includes building new databases capable of handling new smart tachograph data, and the second mainly relies on upgrading existing databases for this new usage (such as Tachonet, the European Register of Road Transport Undertakings (ERRU), or the Vehicle Information Platform (VIP) based on EUCARIS). Two options are also analysed: the first includes retrofitting the whole fleet of Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) and buses from year 1, and the second is based on a more gradual introduction of new smart tachographs, only for new vehicles.

External author

Przemyslaw BORKOWSKI and Monika BAK

Posted on 05-04-2018

The role of national parliaments in the European Semester for economic policy coordination

05-04-2018

This briefing summarises the findings of a survey on the role of national parliaments in the European Semester for economic policy coordination. The survey was conducted by the Economic Governance Support Unit of the European Parliament between 30 January and 8 February 2018.

This briefing summarises the findings of a survey on the role of national parliaments in the European Semester for economic policy coordination. The survey was conducted by the Economic Governance Support Unit of the European Parliament between 30 January and 8 February 2018.

Posted on 28-03-2018

Senegal: bastion of democracy, migration priority for the EU

06-02-2018

Senegal is one of the most politically stable countries in Africa. Free and fair presidential elections in March 2012, for which the EU deployed an Election Expert Mission (EEM), brought Macky Sall to the presidency. The regular organisation of legislative elections, political pluralism, a free press, and a vibrant civil society are all proof of Senegal's democratic culture. Senegal has a long tradition of migration to the EU and other African countries, and today 5 % of its population live abroad ...

Senegal is one of the most politically stable countries in Africa. Free and fair presidential elections in March 2012, for which the EU deployed an Election Expert Mission (EEM), brought Macky Sall to the presidency. The regular organisation of legislative elections, political pluralism, a free press, and a vibrant civil society are all proof of Senegal's democratic culture. Senegal has a long tradition of migration to the EU and other African countries, and today 5 % of its population live abroad. Remittances account for more than 10 % of GDP. As a priority partner in the Migration Partnership Framework, Senegal has been constructive in the political dialogue on migration, while maintaining its position that more should be done on legal migration into the EU. Senegal is one of the main benificiaries of the EU Trust Fund. Development cooperation, still at the core of relations with Senegal, has been structured to ensure increased coordination between the EU, Member States, and the Senegalese authorities. The challenge going forward will be to ensure that Senegal honours its commitments on the readmission of irregular migrants, and encourage progress on human rights.

Posted on 26-03-2018

Should we fear artificial intelligence?

26-03-2018

For better or worse, artificial intelligence (AI) is predicted to have a huge impact on the future of humanity. As new promises and concerns reach increasingly mainstream audiences, the debate is starting to capture the public imagination. In this publication, we present four opinion pieces, each responding to the question should we fear AI? The four authors come from different disciplinary backgrounds and present diverging perspectives on whether we should fear the future of AI, and how we should ...

For better or worse, artificial intelligence (AI) is predicted to have a huge impact on the future of humanity. As new promises and concerns reach increasingly mainstream audiences, the debate is starting to capture the public imagination. In this publication, we present four opinion pieces, each responding to the question should we fear AI? The four authors come from different disciplinary backgrounds and present diverging perspectives on whether we should fear the future of AI, and how we should proceed with its development.

External author

Peter J. Bentley, University College London Miles Brundage, University of Oxford Olle Häggström, Chalmers University Thomas Metzinger, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz With a foreword by María Teresa Giménez Barbat, MEP and an introduction by Philip Boucher, Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA)

Posted on 21-03-2018

Pan-European pension product

21-03-2018

This European added value assessment, prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), analyses the added value of a pan-European pension product, in particular from the taxation viewpoint. It presents the issues that led to the PEPP proposal being made and provides a short overview of key stakeholders' opinions and existing studies. Moreover it considers the question of PEPP taxation and the impact of costs on final pensions. The analysis concludes by identifying ...

This European added value assessment, prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), analyses the added value of a pan-European pension product, in particular from the taxation viewpoint. It presents the issues that led to the PEPP proposal being made and provides a short overview of key stakeholders' opinions and existing studies. Moreover it considers the question of PEPP taxation and the impact of costs on final pensions. The analysis concludes by identifying the potential European added value that could be achieved by means of the PEPP proposal.

Review of the 2017 SREP results

21-03-2018

This paper reviews the 2017 SREP results with a view to assessing their capital market implications and seeing whether the information provision about the SREP results could be improved. Aggregated SREP information as published by the ECB can be useful in detecting trends in banks’ conditions, but it cannot be meaningfully applied to assess capital market reactions to the SREP results. Bank-level SREP disclosures are voluntary, and therefore are expected to be biased towards news that is favourable ...

This paper reviews the 2017 SREP results with a view to assessing their capital market implications and seeing whether the information provision about the SREP results could be improved. Aggregated SREP information as published by the ECB can be useful in detecting trends in banks’ conditions, but it cannot be meaningfully applied to assess capital market reactions to the SREP results. Bank-level SREP disclosures are voluntary, and therefore are expected to be biased towards news that is favourable to investors in securities. Consistent with this, we find that bank stock returns on average are positive on SREP disclosure days. Overall, the 2017 SREP information that is in the public domain is insufficient to evaluate the efficacy of the SREP as conducted by the ECB in terms of improving the regulatory and market discipline of banks. The publication of full bank-level SREP information (by either the ECB or the individual banks) would facilitate such an evaluation, but full disclosure is undesirable as it exposes the banks with the weakest supervisory reviews to potentially very severe market discipline. However, the ECB could improve the information provision about the SREP by requiring banks that choose to reveal any capital regulatory information to disclose a complete breakdown of their CET1 demand to improve data comparability across banks and hence potentially market discipline.

External author

Harry Huizinga

Posted on 19-03-2018

Cash outflows in crisis scenarios: do liquidity requirements and reporting obligations give the SRB sufficient time to react?

19-04-2018

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments ...

Bank failures have multiple causes though they are typically precipitated by a rapidly unfolding funding crisis. The European Union’s new prudential liquidity requirements offer some safeguards against risky funding models, but will not prevent such scenarios. The speed of events seen in the 2017 resolution of a Spanish bank offers a number of lessons for the further strengthening of the resolution framework within the euro area, in particular in terms of inter-agency coordination, the use of payments moratoria and funding of the resolution process.

External author

Alexander Lehmann (Bruegel)

Posted on 16-03-2018

Performance budgeting: A means to improve EU spending

16-03-2018

In 2015, the European Commission launched an initiative entitled 'The EU budget focused on results'. It is aimed at changing spending culture and making results a horizontal priority for the EU budget. The initiative is based on a popular contemporary budgeting method known as 'performance budgeting'. This paper presents the method and its application to the EU budget. It explains why, although not easy to implement, performance budgeting is seen as an attractive way to increase value for money and ...

In 2015, the European Commission launched an initiative entitled 'The EU budget focused on results'. It is aimed at changing spending culture and making results a horizontal priority for the EU budget. The initiative is based on a popular contemporary budgeting method known as 'performance budgeting'. This paper presents the method and its application to the EU budget. It explains why, although not easy to implement, performance budgeting is seen as an attractive way to increase value for money and enhance the transparency and democratic accountability of public finances. The paper also analyses how the performance budgeting approach has evolved within the EU budgetary system and what challenges and obstacles to its implementation remain. The commitment of the European Commission to the principles of performance budgeting, as well as the broad support for the idea expressed by the European Parliament and the Council, give grounds to believe that these efforts will continue in the post-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework.

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24-04-2018
Preventing and Countering Radicalisation
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24-04-2018
Outlook for the US mid-term elections: Where next for American politics?
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CAP post-2020 - the future of food and farming: interparliamentary committee meeting
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