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Posted on 16-01-2017

Relations between the EU Member States and Saudi Arabia in the Field of Security and Defence

14-12-2016

The workshop was organized on October 13, 2016 at the initiative of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) with the aim of assessing relations between Saudi Arabia and the Member States in the field of armaments cooperation, touching on the absence of a common European position in this area. Agnès Levallois, lecturer at Sciences Po Paris and ENA, is affiliated to the Académie Diplomatique and works as a consultant, specialising in political, strategic and economic issues in the Middle East ...

The workshop was organized on October 13, 2016 at the initiative of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) with the aim of assessing relations between Saudi Arabia and the Member States in the field of armaments cooperation, touching on the absence of a common European position in this area. Agnès Levallois, lecturer at Sciences Po Paris and ENA, is affiliated to the Académie Diplomatique and works as a consultant, specialising in political, strategic and economic issues in the Middle East. Jane Kinninmont is a senior research fellow and deputy head of the Middle East and North Africa programme at Chatham House.

External author

Agnès LEVALLOIS (Fondation pour la recherche stratégique, FRS) and Jane KINNINMONT (Chatham House) with contribution from Antoine VAGNEUR-JONES (Fondation pour la recherche stratégique, FRS)

The European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Civil Procedure Projects as a Soft Law Tool to Resolve Conflicts of Law

13-01-2017

Upon request by the JURI Committee this paper describes the European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Project for a text establishing Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure and subsequent efforts to establish a European set of procedures that would transcend national jurisdictional rules and facilitate the resolution of disputes arising from transnational commercial transactions. It is a rolling programme of rules, with comments designed to produce soft-law.

Upon request by the JURI Committee this paper describes the European Law Institute/UNIDROIT Project for a text establishing Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure and subsequent efforts to establish a European set of procedures that would transcend national jurisdictional rules and facilitate the resolution of disputes arising from transnational commercial transactions. It is a rolling programme of rules, with comments designed to produce soft-law.

Posted on 12-01-2017

The Juncker Commission's ten priorities: State of play at the start of 2017

12-01-2017

This publication provides an overview of the work done by the European Commission under the first two work programmes of Jean-Claude Juncker's presidency, and more specifically an update of the initiatives taken in the framework of the ten priority areas for action. The in-depth analysis draws on a wide range of publications by EPRS, and updates a previous edition 'The Juncker Commission's ten priorities: State of play in mid-2016', published in May last year. It has been compiled and edited by Isabelle ...

This publication provides an overview of the work done by the European Commission under the first two work programmes of Jean-Claude Juncker's presidency, and more specifically an update of the initiatives taken in the framework of the ten priority areas for action. The in-depth analysis draws on a wide range of publications by EPRS, and updates a previous edition 'The Juncker Commission's ten priorities: State of play in mid-2016', published in May last year. It has been compiled and edited by Isabelle Gaudeul-Ehrhart with contributions and support from across the Members' Research Service and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value of EPRS, in particular from the following policy analysts: Piotr Bakowski, Angelos Delivorias, Gregor Erbach, Elena Lazarou, Tambiana Madiega, Anita Orav, Laura Puccio, Christian Scheinert, Andrej Stuchlik, Marcin Szczepanski, Laura Tilindyte and Sofija Voronova. The graphics are by Giulio Sabbati, and are derived from the 'Legislative Trains' application, recently launched by Parliament to track progress on the Commission's legislative proposals. As the European Commission, under its President, Jean-Claude Juncker, begins the implementation of its 2017 work programme, this publication seeks to provide an updated overview of the work already done in each of its ten priority areas since the Commission took office. Moreover, as this Commission approaches the midway point of its mandate, it is of growing interest regularly to assess progress towards the targets that the Commission has set itself, and to identify areas in which difficulties have been, or are being, encountered.

Posted on 10-01-2017

European Leadership in 5G

15-11-2016

Prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), this report examines the concept for 5G, how it might fit in the future telecommunications landscape, the state of play in R&D in the EU and globally, the possible business models and the role of standards and spectrum policy, to assess the EU’s strategic position.

Prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), this report examines the concept for 5G, how it might fit in the future telecommunications landscape, the state of play in R&D in the EU and globally, the possible business models and the role of standards and spectrum policy, to assess the EU’s strategic position.

External author

Colin BLACKMAN (Camford Associates Ltd ; CEPS) and Simon FORGE (SCF Associates Ltd.)

Posted on 06-01-2017

Thematic Overview: Member States whose 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans Were Assessed To Be "At Risk of Non-Compliance" with the Stability and Growth Pact

05-01-2017

This briefing gives an overview of the recent European Commission (COM) assessments of eight Member States (Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, Cyprus, Lithuania, Slovenia and Finland) whose 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) are considered to be “at risk of non-compliance” with their current obligations under the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This briefing will be updated as further assessments by the COM become available regarding compliance with the SGP.

This briefing gives an overview of the recent European Commission (COM) assessments of eight Member States (Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, Cyprus, Lithuania, Slovenia and Finland) whose 2017 Draft Budgetary Plans (DBPs) are considered to be “at risk of non-compliance” with their current obligations under the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This briefing will be updated as further assessments by the COM become available regarding compliance with the SGP.

Posted on 21-12-2016

The 2016 “Winter Package” on European Security and Defence: Constitutional, Legal and Institutional Implications

16-12-2016

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament. It examines a series of constitutional, legal and institutional implications of the proposals endorsed by the December 2016 European Council for the further development of the Common Security and Defence Policy in the framework of the current Treaties.

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament. It examines a series of constitutional, legal and institutional implications of the proposals endorsed by the December 2016 European Council for the further development of the Common Security and Defence Policy in the framework of the current Treaties.

External author

Steven Blockmans (CEPS and University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands)

Posted on 20-12-2016

Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020: Direct payments - A reference note

20-12-2016

This document aims to explain the principles and rules of the direct payments system in the context of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2014-2020. Indeed, direct payments are the backbone of the CAP and they take the largest share of the CAP budget, more than 70 % of the €408.31 billion budget or about €42 billion each year. In Europe, more than 7.3 million farmers are beneficiaries of direct payments, and they manage more than 170 million hectares of agricultural land. In terms of farm income ...

This document aims to explain the principles and rules of the direct payments system in the context of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2014-2020. Indeed, direct payments are the backbone of the CAP and they take the largest share of the CAP budget, more than 70 % of the €408.31 billion budget or about €42 billion each year. In Europe, more than 7.3 million farmers are beneficiaries of direct payments, and they manage more than 170 million hectares of agricultural land. In terms of farm income, direct payments represent, at the EU level, more than 25 % of the gross value added of EU agriculture and in some Member States more than 50 %.

La Politique européenne de voisinage

20-12-2016

Depuis 2004, la Politique européenne de voisinage instaure un cadre général pour les relations de l'UE avec ses 16 États voisins les plus proches géographiquement. Ce cadre offre une coopération renforcée et un accès au marché européen par le biais de plans d'actions bilatéraux devant, à terme, aboutir à des accords d'association. Il est complété par trois volets régionaux, l'Union pour la Méditerranée, la Stratégie pour la mer Noire et le Partenariat oriental. L'Union pour la Méditerranée et le ...

Depuis 2004, la Politique européenne de voisinage instaure un cadre général pour les relations de l'UE avec ses 16 États voisins les plus proches géographiquement. Ce cadre offre une coopération renforcée et un accès au marché européen par le biais de plans d'actions bilatéraux devant, à terme, aboutir à des accords d'association. Il est complété par trois volets régionaux, l'Union pour la Méditerranée, la Stratégie pour la mer Noire et le Partenariat oriental. L'Union pour la Méditerranée et le Partenariat Oriental comportent un cadre multilatéral prenant la forme d'une série d'institutions partagées (Assemblée euro-méditerranéenne, Euronest, sommets réguliers). Les bouleversements géopolitiques majeurs engendrés par les printemps arabes au Sud de la Méditerranée depuis 2011 et par le conflit en Ukraine depuis 2014 poussent l'Union européenne à réviser en profondeur son action dans le voisinage. Le succès de cette réforme et de sa mise en œuvre est essentiel dans l'affirmation de l'UE comme acteur international. Pour cette raison, la Commission européenne et le Service européen pour l'action extérieure ont publié en novembre 2015 une communication sur la réforme de la Politique européenne de voisinage. Cette publication est une mise à jour de l'analyse approfondie publiée en octobre 2015, PE 569.048.

Posted on 19-12-2016

EU policy and legislation on chemicals: Overview, with a focus on REACH

19-12-2016

This publication presents an overview of European Union policy on chemicals. It describes EU chemicals legislation, in particular the REACH Regulation, as well as other relevant legislative acts and international agreements on chemicals. However, it does not address the regulatory framework applicable to pesticides (plant protection products and biocides) in depth. The publication presents information available about the costs and benefits of EU chemicals legislation and gives an overview of the ...

This publication presents an overview of European Union policy on chemicals. It describes EU chemicals legislation, in particular the REACH Regulation, as well as other relevant legislative acts and international agreements on chemicals. However, it does not address the regulatory framework applicable to pesticides (plant protection products and biocides) in depth. The publication presents information available about the costs and benefits of EU chemicals legislation and gives an overview of the opportunities and challenges associated with the current legal framework. It outlines relevant views of stakeholders and the European Parliament. Finally, the publication lays out actions that the European Commission is expected to take in the years to come. Chemicals are the building blocks of life. They are present in us, around us and in the products we buy. They are used in almost all industries and play an important role in virtually all economic sectors. The EU chemicals sector represents 1.1 % of EU gross domestic product and accounts for about 1.2 million jobs. Chemicals enable us to live more comfortable lives, yet they may also have adverse effects on the environment and human health. The cornerstone of EU chemicals legislation is the 2006 Regulation on the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (widely known as REACH). Other major legislative acts relate to the classification, labelling and packaging of chemicals, in order to ensure that hazards are clearly communicated to consumers and workers; the export and import of hazardous chemicals and the control of persistent organic pollutants, partly implementing international agreements; the prevention of major accidents involving dangerous chemicals; and the management of pesticides. The European Commission is currently carrying out fitness checks on the chemicals legislation. Actions in the coming years are expected to relate to a range of topics, such as the process of application for authorisation, nano¬materials, a strategy for a non-toxic environment, registration requirements for low volume substances, and polymers.

Posted on 16-12-2016

The Mediation Directive

16-12-2016

Taking into account the limited objectives set within the Mediation Directive, namely to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and promote mediation that would operate in a balanced relationship with judicial proceedings, its implementation throughout the European Union has been rather successful and unproblematic. In some Member States, it has triggered the establishment of previously non-existent mechanisms and institutions; in others, it has ensured some alignment of procedural law ...

Taking into account the limited objectives set within the Mediation Directive, namely to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution and promote mediation that would operate in a balanced relationship with judicial proceedings, its implementation throughout the European Union has been rather successful and unproblematic. In some Member States, it has triggered the establishment of previously non-existent mechanisms and institutions; in others, it has ensured some alignment of procedural law and various practices. The challenges lying ahead are linked to the limitations of comparing different national solutions without the benefit of coherent data on the use and impact of mediation, and to experience with the implementation of other European Union (EU) acts (such as the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Directive from 2013). The growing recognition of the usefulness of mediation as such will in any case be further strengthened by the continuous exchange of best practices in different national jurisdictions, supported by appropriate action at the European level.

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24-01-2017
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