ThinkTank logo The documents that help shape new EU legislation
Posted on 11-01-2017

Study on the Use of Funds for Gender Equality in Selected Member States

14-10-2016

The focus of the study is to assess how gender mainstreaming is applied in the EU funds allocations for 2014-2020. The focus is on ESIFs funding for childcare and gender mainstreaming in the use of Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality Objective and the follow-up of Daphne Programmes on VAW. The selected countries are: Croatia, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK, and the reference period is 2014-2016. The assessment shows that notwithstanding the commitment to gender mainstreaming ...

The focus of the study is to assess how gender mainstreaming is applied in the EU funds allocations for 2014-2020. The focus is on ESIFs funding for childcare and gender mainstreaming in the use of Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality Objective and the follow-up of Daphne Programmes on VAW. The selected countries are: Croatia, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK, and the reference period is 2014-2016. The assessment shows that notwithstanding the commitment to gender mainstreaming, gender budgeting is not systematically applied in the EU general budget and the selected programmes.

External author

Manuela SAMEK LODOVICI (IRS), Flavia PESCE (IRS) and Daniela Loi (IRS)

Gender Equality Policies in Spain - Update

15-12-2016

While gender equality policies have been institutionalized and consolidated in Spain until 2008, the 2009-2016 period shows backlash provoked by austerity policies adopted in response to the economic crisis. Institutional dismantlement, budget cuts, legislative standstill, policy reforms with negative gender impacts, and problems of implementation indicate an uncertain future for gender equality policies in Spain. This study maps developments in Spanish gender equality institutions, laws, and policies ...

While gender equality policies have been institutionalized and consolidated in Spain until 2008, the 2009-2016 period shows backlash provoked by austerity policies adopted in response to the economic crisis. Institutional dismantlement, budget cuts, legislative standstill, policy reforms with negative gender impacts, and problems of implementation indicate an uncertain future for gender equality policies in Spain. This study maps developments in Spanish gender equality institutions, laws, and policies, including employment, care, political and economic decision-making, gender-based violence, and sexual and reproductive rights.

External author

Emanuela LOMBARDO (Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)

Posted on 10-01-2017

Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC

10-01-2017

In the aftermath of two major accidents involving the spill of hazardous extractive waste, the Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC was adopted at EU level with the aim to prevent, or reduce as far as possible, the adverse effects from extractive waste management on health and the environment. The deadline for transposition of the directive by the Member States expired on 1 May 2008. Research indicates that all Member States (EU-27) have experienced transposition problems in terms of 'timing' or 'quality ...

In the aftermath of two major accidents involving the spill of hazardous extractive waste, the Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC was adopted at EU level with the aim to prevent, or reduce as far as possible, the adverse effects from extractive waste management on health and the environment. The deadline for transposition of the directive by the Member States expired on 1 May 2008. Research indicates that all Member States (EU-27) have experienced transposition problems in terms of 'timing' or 'quality' or both. It appears that the majority of Member States have adopted the measures needed to implement the provisions of the directive, but the practical implementation of some aspects remains problematic. The quality of available data does not allow for the complete picture of practical implementation of the directive to be fully outlined and assessed. While EU legislation on the management of extractive waste is still relevant to real needs, the levels of effectiveness and efficiency across the EU may vary from one Member State to another. This European Implementation Assessment, which is intended to support the Implementation Report being prepared by European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, makes recommendations for action aimed at improving the identified shortcomings. The study also sheds light on the prospects for extractive waste management in the context of the 'circular economy' concept.

Obstacles to the Right of Free Movement and Residence for EU Citizens and their Families: Country Report for Poland

15-06-2016

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE and PETI Committees, analyses the current status of transposition of selected provisions of Directive 2004/38/EC in Poland and identifies the main persisting barriers to free movement for EU citizens and their family members in French law and practice. The study also examines discriminatory restrictions to free movement, measures to counter abuse of rights ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE and PETI Committees, analyses the current status of transposition of selected provisions of Directive 2004/38/EC in Poland and identifies the main persisting barriers to free movement for EU citizens and their family members in French law and practice. The study also examines discriminatory restrictions to free movement, measures to counter abuse of rights and refusals of entry and residence rights, in addition to expulsions.

External author

Paulina ROICKA (Institute of Social Policy, University of Warsaw) under the guidance of Milieu Ltd. (Belgium) ; Project Managers: Nathalie Meurens and Gillian Kelly

Posted on 06-01-2017

Decision-Making Processes of ICAO and IMO in Respect of Environmental Regulations

15-09-2016

This study provides an overview of the decision-making processes of the International Civil Aviation Organisation and International Maritime Organisations in respect of environmental regulations.

This study provides an overview of the decision-making processes of the International Civil Aviation Organisation and International Maritime Organisations in respect of environmental regulations.

Posted on 03-01-2017

Sexual Violence against Minors in Latin America

12-10-2016

Sexual violence against minors is a major problem in Latin America. Children are mostly at risk in their own homes, while adolescents are at risk in their homes but also in the wider community (for instance, schools or boyfriends). However, data is very limited due to silence around the issue. Latin America is highly patriarchal, is riven by inequalities within and between social groups, and has weak judicial institutions; these are all factors that impact on gender based violence. However, governments ...

Sexual violence against minors is a major problem in Latin America. Children are mostly at risk in their own homes, while adolescents are at risk in their homes but also in the wider community (for instance, schools or boyfriends). However, data is very limited due to silence around the issue. Latin America is highly patriarchal, is riven by inequalities within and between social groups, and has weak judicial institutions; these are all factors that impact on gender based violence. However, governments in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Paraguay are starting to see children as individuals with rights, rather than minors under the sole authority of fathers, and are designing laws and agencies to protect those rights. Civil society in the meantime is increasingly mobilising against violence against women, including violence against girls, two forms of violence that go hand in hand, at a time when the problem is increasingly recognised and acted upon globally. This report outlines possibilities for the EU to support these recent developments and initiatives to end violence against minors via the establishment of national action plans, in collaboration with national, regional and global partners.

External author

Jelke BOESTEN (International Development Institute, King’s College, London, the UK)

Does the EU Have the Right Instruments to Finance Assistance in Protracted Crises and the Needs of Upper Middle Income Countries?

14-11-2016

This study pays critical attention to two specific issue areas, which the financing instruments ought to be concerned with: First, the EU has developed tools and instruments to react to and prevent ‘protracted crises’. The results of this study show that the current set of instruments forms a good basis to the challenges associated with protracted crisis. In fact, no new instrument is needed to specifically address protracted crises. However, the operationalisation of instruments should be optimised ...

This study pays critical attention to two specific issue areas, which the financing instruments ought to be concerned with: First, the EU has developed tools and instruments to react to and prevent ‘protracted crises’. The results of this study show that the current set of instruments forms a good basis to the challenges associated with protracted crisis. In fact, no new instrument is needed to specifically address protracted crises. However, the operationalisation of instruments should be optimised. There is a clear need to find more sophisticated approaches that can establish a more holistic response to the various dimensions of protracted crises throughout the conflict cycle. In light of this, substantial improvements should be made to the responsiveness, flexibility, coherence and complementarity of the EU response in support of resilience. A critical point is that better incentives should be provided for long-term instruments to flexibly engage in protracted crises, including through support to peacebuilding, conflict prevention, post-crisis reconstruction and resilience. Second, the study focuses on the specific case of Upper Middle Income Countries (UMICs). The study acknowledges the importance and relevance of the ‘differentiated approach’ while also identifying some of the many problems which concern UMICs: first, the study shows that the Partnership Instrument has so far mainly targeted EU Strategic Partners, while thematic and regional programmes of the DCI hardly fill in the gap left following the graduation of some countries from bilateral aid programmes. The analysis also notes that exceptions which have been granted to some UMICs are strongly problematic. The analysis, however, also points to the fact that the question remains whether these exceptions will be extended to the period 2017-2020. While there is a clear need for a better coherence and coordination, the study argues that there is currently no need for the creation of a new instrument which would exclusively target UMICs.

External author

Matthieu BURNAY (University of Leuven, Belgium), Matthias DENECKERE (European Centre for Development Policy Management, Maastricht, the Netherlands), Kolja RAUBE (University of Leuven, Belgium) and Volker HAUCK (European Centre for Development Policy Management, Maastricht, the Netherlands)

Living with a Neurological Brain Disorder: Taking Control of Your Life

14-10-2016

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on the neurological brain disorders, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Wednesday 12 October 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information about the main characteristics of neurological brain disorders, as well as to identify new strategies and innovative tools to better support the prevention and treatment of these diseases. The latest data, trends, and challenges in the field of neurological ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on the neurological brain disorders, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Wednesday 12 October 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information about the main characteristics of neurological brain disorders, as well as to identify new strategies and innovative tools to better support the prevention and treatment of these diseases. The latest data, trends, and challenges in the field of neurological brain disorders were highlighted during the first part of the workshop. Moreover, speakers illustrated how mHealth tools can better support treatment for patients affected by brain disorders. Successful examples of mHealth tools, such as the app “MyDystonia”, were also presented. The second part of the workshop focused on the potential offered by mHealth for patients with neurological brain disorders. Relevant initiatives carried out by the European Commission were presented, and the importance of involving patients in the designing of new mHealth tools for the treatment of brain disorders was also discussed. This workshop and the respective document were prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

External author

Alojz PETERLE, Linda McAVAN, Nessa CHILDERS, Frédéric DESTREBECQ, Monika BENSON, Nicholas MEYER, Jean-Pierre LIN, Terje PEETSO and Nicola BEDLINGTON

Posted on 22-12-2016

Precision Agriculture and the Future of Farming in Europe

22-12-2016

This study resulted in the identification of four main future opportunities and concerns regarding precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, in the EU, on which the European Parliament could take anticipatory action now: 1.  PA can actively contribute to food security and safety; 2.  PA supports sustainable farming; 3.  PA will trigger societal changes along with its uptake; 4.  PA requires new skills to be learned. The wide diversity of agriculture throughout the EU, regarding particularly ...

This study resulted in the identification of four main future opportunities and concerns regarding precision agriculture (PA), or precision farming, in the EU, on which the European Parliament could take anticipatory action now: 1.  PA can actively contribute to food security and safety; 2.  PA supports sustainable farming; 3.  PA will trigger societal changes along with its uptake; 4.  PA requires new skills to be learned. The wide diversity of agriculture throughout the EU, regarding particularly farm size, types of farming, farming practices, output and employment, presents a challenge for European policy-makers. European policy measures therefore should differentiate between Member States, taking into account that the opportunities and concerns vary highly from one country to another.

Posted on 21-12-2016

Ex-post analysis of the EU framework in the area of cross-border mergers and divisions: European Implementation Assessment

21-12-2016

This study presents an evaluation of the implementation and effects of the provisions of EU law on cross-border mergers and divisions. In this context, it focuses, in particular, on the EU Directives on the division of public limited liability companies (82/891/EEC) and on cross-border mergers of limited-liability companies (2005/56/EC), analysing their relevance, and in particular, the gaps and challenges in the application of these directives, in view of the potential for a further legislative ...

This study presents an evaluation of the implementation and effects of the provisions of EU law on cross-border mergers and divisions. In this context, it focuses, in particular, on the EU Directives on the division of public limited liability companies (82/891/EEC) and on cross-border mergers of limited-liability companies (2005/56/EC), analysing their relevance, and in particular, the gaps and challenges in the application of these directives, in view of the potential for a further legislative initiative in this field.

Upcoming events

24-01-2017
"The role of lawyers, accountants and bankers in Panama Papers"
Hearing -
PANA
24-01-2017
Workshop : Human Rights in Iran after the nuclear deal
Hearing -
DROI
24-01-2017
Academic Further and Distance Education as Part of the EU Lifelong Learning Strategy
Hearing -
CULT

Infographics

Stay connected

email update imageEmail updates system

You can follow anyone or anything linked to the Parliament using the email updates system, which sends updates directly to your mailbox. This includes the latest news about MEPs, committees, the news services or the Think Tank.

You can access the system from any page on the Parliament website. To sign up and receive notifications on Think Tank, simply submit your email address, select the subject you are interested in, indicate how often you want to be informed (daily, weekly or monthly) and confirm the registration by clicking on the link that will be emailed to you.

RSS imageRSS feeds

Follow all news and updates from the European Parliament website by making use of our RSS feed.

Please click on the link below to configure your RSS feed.

widget imageRSS widgets

Please click on the button below to add a widget covering publications available via the Think Tank to your website.

Create a RSS widget

Publications of the Think Tank

The content of all documents contained in the Think Tank website is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work.

The Think Tank is on...