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Posted on 06-12-2019

Linking cohesion policy and the European Semester: Partnership and multi-level governance to boost investment and structural reforms

06-12-2019

Multi-level governance requires the involvement of all levels of government, central, regional and local, in decision-making. Obstacles to appropriate and adequate involvement may lead to infringements of the principles of subsidiarity. However, under the cycle of EU economic and fiscal policy coordination known as the European Semester, local and regional administrations are considered to be 'stakeholders' – that is, they are not categorised as part of general government. Recent extension of the ...

Multi-level governance requires the involvement of all levels of government, central, regional and local, in decision-making. Obstacles to appropriate and adequate involvement may lead to infringements of the principles of subsidiarity. However, under the cycle of EU economic and fiscal policy coordination known as the European Semester, local and regional administrations are considered to be 'stakeholders' – that is, they are not categorised as part of general government. Recent extension of the European Semester to aspects of cohesion policy may consequently strengthen a top-down policy approach. A Code of Conduct, such as that proposed by the European Committee of the Regions, may help correct this imbalance.

Posted on 05-12-2019

Culture politique et dynamiques du Parlement européen, 1979-1989

05-12-2019

L'élection en 1979 du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct est un événement démocratique ; elle a en effet profondément modifié le caractère, la composition, les modes de fonctionnement et l'influence politique de l'Assemblée dans le jeu institutionnel de la Communauté européenne. Cette évolution se marque dans des domaines aussi variés que l’organisation du travail parlementaire, le fonctionnement des commissions parlementaires et des intergroupes, l’augmentation des pouvoirs budgétaires ...

L'élection en 1979 du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct est un événement démocratique ; elle a en effet profondément modifié le caractère, la composition, les modes de fonctionnement et l'influence politique de l'Assemblée dans le jeu institutionnel de la Communauté européenne. Cette évolution se marque dans des domaines aussi variés que l’organisation du travail parlementaire, le fonctionnement des commissions parlementaires et des intergroupes, l’augmentation des pouvoirs budgétaires, le profil socioprofessionnel des députés européens, le rôle des groupes politiques, les relations entre les députés et l’administration parlementaire, l’évolution des organigrammes internes du Secrétariat général, les relations avec les groupes de pression, la politique de communication, les activités de l’Assemblée relatives aux valeurs de la Communauté européenne ou encore les relations interinstitutionnelles.

External author

Schirmann, Sylvain; Wassenberg, Birte

Posted on 04-12-2019

The European Council under the Lisbon Treaty: How has the institution evolved since 2009?

04-12-2019

On 1 December 2009, with the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council became a formal EU institution. Ten years later, the European Council is seen by many as representing the centre of gravity of the EU's institutional framework. However, was this development purely the result of the changes to the Treaties made with Lisbon or did it happen naturally over time? This study analyses both the formal changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and the incremental evolution resulting ...

On 1 December 2009, with the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council became a formal EU institution. Ten years later, the European Council is seen by many as representing the centre of gravity of the EU's institutional framework. However, was this development purely the result of the changes to the Treaties made with Lisbon or did it happen naturally over time? This study analyses both the formal changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and the incremental evolution resulting from the institution's day-to-day practice, including the European Council's behaviour during the various crises of the last decade. It outlines the responsibilities envisaged for the European Council in the Treaty and the informal roles it has taken on over time. It explores the extent to which the Lisbon Treaty changed the functioning of the European Council, and how EU leaders themselves tried to optimise the working methods of their institution. Special attention is to the new position of full-time European Council President and the way in which the first two incumbents have interpreted their office. The analysis concludes that, while the EU’s various crises strongly contributed to the rise of the European Council, the Lisbon Treaty united two previously separate dimensions – the political and the legal, formally adding new competences to the role already performed by the EU Heads of State or Government. Many of these competences have yet to be fully exploited and represent a rich seam of unused Treaty potential for the future.

Posted on 29-11-2019

Task Ahead: Review of the ECB's Monetary Policy Strategy

15-11-2019

The new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde, indicated in her appointment hearing in ECON on 4 September, that she would be open to a review of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy. The last review was carried out in 2003. ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 5 papers on this topic ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

The new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde, indicated in her appointment hearing in ECON on 4 September, that she would be open to a review of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy. The last review was carried out in 2003. ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 5 papers on this topic ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

External author

Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL, Paul HUBERT, Daniel GROS, Angela CAPOLONGO, Jérémie COHEN-SETTON, Christopher G. COLLINS, Joseph E. GAGNON, Karl WHELAN, Christopher A. HARTWELL

The Future of Money

15-11-2019

Cryptocurrencies, Libra, central bank digital currencies (CBDCs)... What will be the future of money? What are the implications for monetary policy? ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 4 papers which try to help answer these questions ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December, the first one with the new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Cryptocurrencies, Libra, central bank digital currencies (CBDCs)... What will be the future of money? What are the implications for monetary policy? ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 4 papers which try to help answer these questions ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December, the first one with the new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

External author

Salomon FIEDLER, Klaus-Jürgen GERN, Ulrich STOLZENBURG, Eddie GERBA, Margarita RUBIO, Alexander KRIWOLUZKY, Chi Hyun KIM, Grégory CLAEYS, Maria DEMERTZIS

Posted on 28-11-2019

Common minimum standards of civil procedure: European Added Value Assessment

28-11-2019

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) estimates whether and to what extent adoption of EU minimum standards of civil procedure could generate European added value. The European added value is quantified as a percentage reduction of the total cost of civil procedure. The total cost of civil procedure is estimated based on data on the number of civil and commercial proceedings in the EU-28 and the cost of litigation in the Member States. Based on this analysis, the EAVA estimates that introducing ...

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) estimates whether and to what extent adoption of EU minimum standards of civil procedure could generate European added value. The European added value is quantified as a percentage reduction of the total cost of civil procedure. The total cost of civil procedure is estimated based on data on the number of civil and commercial proceedings in the EU-28 and the cost of litigation in the Member States. Based on this analysis, the EAVA estimates that introducing EU common minimum standards of civil procedure could reduce annual costs for citizens and businesses in the European Union by as much as €4.7 to 7.9 billion per annum. The European added value could be potentially generated through reduction of fragmentation, simplification and filling gaps in the current EU procedural rules. Furthermore, EU common minimum standards would contribute towards building mutual trust between judicial authorities of different Member States. Increasing trust has the potential to enhance legal certainty and stability for citizens and businesses, further reduce uncertainty and delay costs.

Posted on 27-11-2019

The European Council in 2018

27-11-2019

Two issues preoccupied the European Council in 2018: Brexit and migration. Whereas Brexit was an issue on which leaders of the EU27 could agree, migration was extremely divisive. Other issues of concern to the European Council included reform of Economic and Monetary Union, relations with the United States, and possible EU enlargement in the Western Balkans.

Two issues preoccupied the European Council in 2018: Brexit and migration. Whereas Brexit was an issue on which leaders of the EU27 could agree, migration was extremely divisive. Other issues of concern to the European Council included reform of Economic and Monetary Union, relations with the United States, and possible EU enlargement in the Western Balkans.

External author

Dinan, Desmond

Posted on 15-11-2019

Research for AGRI committee - The EU farming employment: current challenges and future prospects (Study + Annex)

15-10-2019

This study outlines the current trends and patterns of farming employment in the EU and discusses possible development paths for the European agricultural labour force. In particular, this study investigates the drivers of and structural changes within agricultural labour markets at regional, national and EU level, building on a range of quantitative and qualitative analysis methods.

This study outlines the current trends and patterns of farming employment in the EU and discusses possible development paths for the European agricultural labour force. In particular, this study investigates the drivers of and structural changes within agricultural labour markets at regional, national and EU level, building on a range of quantitative and qualitative analysis methods.

External author

A. Maucorps; A. Münch; S. Brkanovic; B. Schuh; J. Dwyer; M. Vigani; A. Khafagy; M. Coto Sauras; P. Deschellette; A. Lopez; S. Severini; F. Antonioli; R. Gaugitsch; J. Powell; K. Kubinakova; M. Derszniak-Noirjean; C. Salasan; M. Gaupp-Berghausen; C.-H. Hsiung; F. Fasching; F. Keringer

Posted on 14-11-2019

La libertad de expresión, una perspectiva de Derecho Comparado - Perú

14-11-2019

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos ...

Este estudio forma parte de un proyecto más global destinado a sentar las bases para una comparación de la regulación de la libertad de expresión en diferentes ordenamientos jurídicos. Las páginas describen, en lo relativo al Perú, y en relación con el objeto del estudio, la legislación vigente, la jurisprudencia más significativa y el concepto de libertad de expresión con sus límites actuales y futuros, y concluyen con las posibles soluciones frente a los desafíos futuros. Los avances tecnológicos y las nuevas necesidades demuestran que el estudio de la libertad de expresión tendrá aún ocupadas a muchas generaciones futuras.

External author

El autor de este documento es el Sr. Dr. D. Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, Magistrado del Tribunal Constitucional de Perú, por encargo de la Unidad Biblioteca de Derecho Comparado, Dirección General de Servicios de Estudios Parlamentarios (DG EPRS) de la Secretaría General del Parlamento Europeo.

Study "International Climate Negotiations - Issues at stake in view of the COP25 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid

13-11-2019

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and ...

At the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, delegates will negotiate the further implementation of the Paris Agreement. This study provides an overview of the international framework to address climate change, the stakeholders involved, the status of the negotiations and recent developments that may affect the negotiations. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

External author

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Cristina URRUTIA, Anne SIEMONS, Martin CAMES, Lambert SCHNEIDER (Öko-Institut e.V.)

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