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Posted on 16-10-2017

Research for REGI Committee - European Cohesion Policy and regional development policies in other parts of the world

15-09-2017

The study compares regional policies of China, Brazil, ASEAN and MERCOSUR with the EU’s Cohesion Policy to inspire the policy debate on its future after 2020. Despite the fact that these countries differ significantly from the EU, they attach great importance to territorial policies and provide useful suggestions. Strategic priorities are supported by flexible territorial concentration and competition rules in their regional policies, and cooperation among regions and administrative capacity building ...

The study compares regional policies of China, Brazil, ASEAN and MERCOSUR with the EU’s Cohesion Policy to inspire the policy debate on its future after 2020. Despite the fact that these countries differ significantly from the EU, they attach great importance to territorial policies and provide useful suggestions. Strategic priorities are supported by flexible territorial concentration and competition rules in their regional policies, and cooperation among regions and administrative capacity building are key components of policy implementation.

External author

ISMERI EUROPA: Enrico WOLLEB, Andrea NALDINI, Andrea CIFFOLILLI; UNIVERSITY OF PARMA: Guglielmo WOLLEB, Alessandro DARAIO

Research for the CULT Committee - Modernisation of higher education

16-10-2017

This study analyses the policy developments since the Commission’s 2011 agenda for the modernisation of Europe’s higher education systems and assess the developments against the aims of the agenda. Second, it summarises most important achievements, shortcomings and challenges, to assess the effectiveness of the policy measures taken to reach the objectives set out in the 2011 agenda. Third, it assesses the renewed EU agenda in the light of these achievements, shortcomings and challenges and its renewed ...

This study analyses the policy developments since the Commission’s 2011 agenda for the modernisation of Europe’s higher education systems and assess the developments against the aims of the agenda. Second, it summarises most important achievements, shortcomings and challenges, to assess the effectiveness of the policy measures taken to reach the objectives set out in the 2011 agenda. Third, it assesses the renewed EU agenda in the light of these achievements, shortcomings and challenges and its renewed objectives. Last, it makes recommendations for actions by the Committee including follow-up with other major stakeholders.

External author

ACA: Irina Ferencz, Bernd Wächter

Posted on 12-10-2017

Implementing the Paris Agreement – New Challenges in View of the COP 23 Climate Change Conference

15-09-2017

This study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Bonn in November 2017. The study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and ...

This study summarises the developments leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 and provides an overview of its contents. The further implementation process and the roles of the main Parties and other stakeholders are discussed, as well as related international developments and the challenges of the climate change conference in Bonn in November 2017. The study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI).

External author

Lorenz MOOSMANN, Henrik NEIER, Nicole MANDL, Klaus RADUNSKY

Posted on 11-10-2017

EU Gender Action Plan 2016-2020 at year one: European Implementation Assessment

11-10-2017

The EU’s Gender Action Plan 2016-2020 (referred to as GAP II) is the Union’s framework for promoting gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment in external relations in third and partner countries, as well as in international fora and agendas. GAP II is significant, as it constitutes the manifestation of the principles related to gender parity outlined in the new European Consensus on Development. Its goals are also key to the successful achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs ...

The EU’s Gender Action Plan 2016-2020 (referred to as GAP II) is the Union’s framework for promoting gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment in external relations in third and partner countries, as well as in international fora and agendas. GAP II is significant, as it constitutes the manifestation of the principles related to gender parity outlined in the new European Consensus on Development. Its goals are also key to the successful achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Against this background, this European Implementation Assessment seeks to provide an initial assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of GAP II at its first milestone: the end of its first year of operation in third countries. Given the short timeframe of the evaluation, this study presents some preliminary findings on the achievements and shortcomings in the application of GAP II, but also aims to assess the new framework itself. Moreover, it provides Members with a number of opportunities for action and recommendations for improving EU performance on promoting and protecting gender parity and women’s empowerment in partner countries.

THE ROLE OF CITIES IN THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

06-10-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the role of cities in the institutional framework of the European Union and shows their limits and opportunities to engage effectively in policy-making at the EU level.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the role of cities in the institutional framework of the European Union and shows their limits and opportunities to engage effectively in policy-making at the EU level.

External author

Prof. Dr. Hubert HEINELT, Institute of Political Science, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany

Posted on 10-10-2017

Strengthening the Position of Press Publishers and Authors and Performers in the Copyright Directive

15-09-2017

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI committee. It reviews Art 11 and Arts 14-16 of the proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. It outlines criticisms that have been made of the proposals, includes reports of research into the operation and effects of precursors of Article 11 in Germany and Spain, a summary of the cultural economics literature on legal regulation ...

This study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI committee. It reviews Art 11 and Arts 14-16 of the proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. It outlines criticisms that have been made of the proposals, includes reports of research into the operation and effects of precursors of Article 11 in Germany and Spain, a summary of the cultural economics literature on legal regulation of authors’ contracts and analysis of the laws of 7 Member States to see in what way Arts 14-16 would “add value”.

External author

Lionel Bently Martin Kretschmer Tobias Dudenbostel María del Carmen Calatrava Moreno Alfred Radauer

EU Justice and Home Affairs Agencies: Securing Good Governance

09-10-2017

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the governance structures of EU Justice and Home Affairs agencies. Specifically, it maps and analyses across-the-board agencies’ relationships to the main institutional actors in terms of core reporting and scrutiny mechanisms. Drawing on agency founding acts and interviews, it looks closely in particular at management boards’ composition ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the governance structures of EU Justice and Home Affairs agencies. Specifically, it maps and analyses across-the-board agencies’ relationships to the main institutional actors in terms of core reporting and scrutiny mechanisms. Drawing on agency founding acts and interviews, it looks closely in particular at management boards’ composition and operation, ranging from voting allocation to institutional and Member State representation to issues of board expertise. The study further considers some of the implications of the current governance set up with respect to ensuring co-operation from corresponding national structures, identifying existing structural shortcomings inherent to current mandates and proposing suggestions for improvement.

External author

Dr. Madalina Busuioc, Associate Professor, Institute of Public Administration, Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs, Leiden University

Posted on 09-10-2017

Judicial remedies for individuals before the highest jurisdictions, a comparative law perspective - The United Kingdom

09-10-2017

The study presented below forms part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available through the UK courts including the Supreme Court which, though not a constitutional court in the classic Kelsenian model, does sits at the apex of the appellate court ...

The study presented below forms part of a larger project whose aim is to provide a comparative analysis of the rights of individuals in law proceedings before the highest courts of different States and before certain international courts. The objective is to describe the various remedies developed under domestic law that are available through the UK courts including the Supreme Court which, though not a constitutional court in the classic Kelsenian model, does sits at the apex of the appellate court structure in the UK. The study commences with an historical introduction which stresses the absence in domestic law of a clearly delineated sense of what counts as ‘constitutional’ .In traditional accounts of the UK Constitution there is no hierarchy of higher order ‘constitutional’ and ‘ordinary’ Acts of Parliament. Neither has a separate court structure developed to handle exclusively constitutional claims, although specialised ad hoc tribunals do exist in public law contexts. The underpinning principles remain (i) the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty and (ii) the rule of law. After this introduction, a review is provided of the main remedies and procedures used for the redress of grievances against public bodies. In a subsequent section of materials, a table of the main sources of individual rights against the state is provided. The domestic status of constitutional conventions and international law are dealt with in this part. Then, an account of the substantive norms informing the standards of effective protection for the individual is given, including some critical commentary on the operation of key provisions. The concluding section compares the benefits and drawbacks of specialised tribunal adjudication, the ‘politicised’ nature of certain judicial review proceedings against a background of increasing privately-owned provision of services to the public and the continuing relevance of private law tort claims where compensation for mistreatment at the hands of the state is sought.

External author

null, EPRS-ComparativeLaw

Research for TRAN Committee - Road Transport Hauliers in the EU: Social and Working Conditions (Update of the 2013 study)

09-10-2017

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant ...

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant for the social dimension of road freight transport, the findings of a renewed stakeholder and driver consultation are reported.

External author

Enrico PASTORI, Marco BRAMBILLA

Posted on 06-10-2017

Recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions, une perspective de droit comparé - Belgique

06-10-2017

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit belge, et en particulier devant la juridiction constitutionnelle de ce pays. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, qui donne le cadre ...

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit belge, et en particulier devant la juridiction constitutionnelle de ce pays. Pour ce faire, après une introduction générale, qui donne le cadre historique, sont examinés les différents types de recours ouverts aux particuliers, tant au niveau administratif qu’au niveau judiciaire. Ensuite un examen est fait des dispositions qui sont utilisées comme normes de référence pour la protection des particuliers ainsi que de la jurisprudence de la juridiction constitutionnelle en matière de protection juridictionnelle effective. Quelques conclusions sur le bilan de la situation et contenant quelques propositions d’amélioration se trouvent à la fin.

External author

EPRS-ComparativeLaw

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19-10-2017
Rational optimism: Should we fear the future?
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07-11-2017
Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: The untapped potential
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Round table discussion: Being European
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