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Posted on 23-05-2018

Oversight and Management of the EU Trust Funds - Democratic Accountability Challenges and Promising Practices

16-04-2018

This study provides a comparative assessment of the governance and oversight frameworks of selected EU trust funds (EUTFs) and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRT). It explores how these EUTFs and the FRT add to and ‘mix’ the instruments set up under the EU Multiannual Financial Framework. It addresses the issue of their added value in light of the EU Better Regulation guidelines, their impact on the role of the European Parliament as a budgetary authority and the right to good administration ...

This study provides a comparative assessment of the governance and oversight frameworks of selected EU trust funds (EUTFs) and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRT). It explores how these EUTFs and the FRT add to and ‘mix’ the instruments set up under the EU Multiannual Financial Framework. It addresses the issue of their added value in light of the EU Better Regulation guidelines, their impact on the role of the European Parliament as a budgetary authority and the right to good administration. The study recommends reducing the complexity of the EUTF and FRT governance frameworks, and strengthening their consistency with the EU’s cooperation efforts in third countries and EU Treaty values. Finally, it recommends reinforcing the venues for democratic accountability, fundamental rights and rule-of-law impact assessments, which are trust-enhancing.

External author

Prof. Sergio CARRERA, Senior Research Fellow, CEPS & Professor in the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) at the European University Institute (EUI) Dr. Leonhard DEN HERTOG, former Research Fellow, CEPS Dr. Jorge NÚÑEZ FERRER, Senior Research Fellow, CEPS Mr Roberto MUSMECI, Researcher, CEPS Ms Lina VOSYLIŪTĖ, Researcher, CEPS Ms Marta PILATI, Research Trainee, CEPS

Research for PECH Committee - Landing Obligation and Choke Species in Multispecies and Mixed Fisheries - The North Western Waters

16-04-2018

The issue of choke species has been highlighted as the biggest single problem in implementing the landing obligation. This study looks at the choke issues within North Western Waters. It reports on the findings of choke analysis carried out and evalutes the effectiveness of available tools and measures within the CFP to reduce the risk of choke species. Finally three future scenarios – Fmsy 2020, Brexit and climate change – are considered and how these will impact on the implementation of the landing ...

The issue of choke species has been highlighted as the biggest single problem in implementing the landing obligation. This study looks at the choke issues within North Western Waters. It reports on the findings of choke analysis carried out and evalutes the effectiveness of available tools and measures within the CFP to reduce the risk of choke species. Finally three future scenarios – Fmsy 2020, Brexit and climate change – are considered and how these will impact on the implementation of the landing obligation.

External author

BIM, Ireland: Dominic RIHAN

Posted on 22-05-2018

Peace and Security in 2018: An evaluation of EU peacebuilding in the Western Balkans

22-05-2018

This first thematic study of the Peace and Security series focuses on European Union (EU) peacebuilding efforts in the Western Balkans. The series will make an annual evaluation of EU performance in the field of peace and security in a specific geographical region. Examining EU engagement in the Western Balkans, the study assesses the extent to which the Union has been able to transform and strengthen the region's governance, economy and resilience. The study is organised around three key inter-connected ...

This first thematic study of the Peace and Security series focuses on European Union (EU) peacebuilding efforts in the Western Balkans. The series will make an annual evaluation of EU performance in the field of peace and security in a specific geographical region. Examining EU engagement in the Western Balkans, the study assesses the extent to which the Union has been able to transform and strengthen the region's governance, economy and resilience. The study is organised around three key inter-connected (and at times overlapping) phases in EU post-conflict peacebuilding − stabilisation, state-building and EU enlargement − to explain the strengths, weaknesses and limits of EU engagement. It ends with an assessment of the new EU strategy for the Western Balkans and analyses the potential to remedy past deficiencies and help move the region towards genuine, inclusive and sustainable peace. A parallel study, published separately, provides an overview of current EU action on peace and security and of the outlook for the future. The studies have been drafted with a view to their presentation at the Normandy World Peace Forum, in June 2018.

CSDP after Brexit: the way forward

22-05-2018

The Common Security and defence Policy (CSDP) will be strongly impacted by the imminent divorce between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU), for better or for worse. What tomorrow will bring is nevertheless still unknown. The Brexit negotiations in the area of defence were supposed to be easier and more consensual than in other fields. It does not seem to have been the case so far. The first part of the study focuses on the terms of the equation. They analyse: the new interest of ...

The Common Security and defence Policy (CSDP) will be strongly impacted by the imminent divorce between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU), for better or for worse. What tomorrow will bring is nevertheless still unknown. The Brexit negotiations in the area of defence were supposed to be easier and more consensual than in other fields. It does not seem to have been the case so far. The first part of the study focuses on the terms of the equation. They analyse: the new interest of the United Kingdom for the CSDP, the proposal made by the UK to the EU in this area, how the EU has answered so far and what are the existing rules and practices allowing the involvement of third counties in the EU defence policies. The following part examines the potential impact of Brexit on the most promising defence policies that the EU is presently carrying out: the support to the defence industry, PESCO, the Galileo and Copernicus programs and, naturally, the CSDP missions. Finally, this study reviews the EU options on the table of one of the most difficult negotiations in contemporary history.

External author

Federico SANTOPINTO (Groupe de Recherche et d’Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité - GRIP)

Posted on 18-05-2018

Research for PECH Committee - Landing Obligation and Choke Species in Multispecies and Mixed Fisheries - The North Sea

16-04-2018

The demersal fisheries in the North Sea are highly mixed. Several CFP tools and additional policy adjustments have been implemented since 2015. They have helped deal with the landing obligation but have not incentivised discard reductions. Many potential choke issues are primarily political, linked to quota distribution rather than quota shortage. A few specific situations (including plaice, hake and elasmobranchs) are considered difficult to address with the current CFP tools. Results-based approaches ...

The demersal fisheries in the North Sea are highly mixed. Several CFP tools and additional policy adjustments have been implemented since 2015. They have helped deal with the landing obligation but have not incentivised discard reductions. Many potential choke issues are primarily political, linked to quota distribution rather than quota shortage. A few specific situations (including plaice, hake and elasmobranchs) are considered difficult to address with the current CFP tools. Results-based approaches with full documentation of catches should be promoted

External author

DTU Aqua, Denmark: Prof. Clara ULRICH

Research for PECH Committee - Landing Obligation and Choke Species in Multispecies and Mixed Fisheries -The South Western Waters

16-04-2018

This study presents an identification of the likely stocks that could act as choke stocks under the landing obligation to be fully implemented in 2019 for South Western Atlantic Waters. The study provides an estimation of the likely surplus/deficit quota by stock, Member State and EU level. It also analyses the likely solutions to it and if the likely management possibilities have been used or not. It finally provides a list of stocks of high risk of being choke after the application of the existing ...

This study presents an identification of the likely stocks that could act as choke stocks under the landing obligation to be fully implemented in 2019 for South Western Atlantic Waters. The study provides an estimation of the likely surplus/deficit quota by stock, Member State and EU level. It also analyses the likely solutions to it and if the likely management possibilities have been used or not. It finally provides a list of stocks of high risk of being choke after the application of the existing tool box for alleviating the choke problem in the near future.

External author

AZTI, SPAIN: Raúl PRELLEZO, Ane IRIONDO, Marina SANTURTÚN. IEO, SPAIN : Julio VALEIRAS

Posted on 17-05-2018

EU funds for migration, asylum and integration policies

15-05-2018

The European Union significantly increased its funding for migration, asylum and integration policies in the wake of the increased inflow of asylum seekers in 2015. This study provides an overview, an analysis and an evaluation of the use of these funds, based on publicly available information, insights from interviews with various stakeholders and a survey of non-governmental organisations. We also offer recommendations on how to improve the use of funds and allocation keys to Member States. We ...

The European Union significantly increased its funding for migration, asylum and integration policies in the wake of the increased inflow of asylum seekers in 2015. This study provides an overview, an analysis and an evaluation of the use of these funds, based on publicly available information, insights from interviews with various stakeholders and a survey of non-governmental organisations. We also offer recommendations on how to improve the use of funds and allocation keys to Member States. We argue for an increase in funding in support of member states as well as for EU agencies such as Frontex and EASO and for a more strategic coordination of various migration related initiatives.

External author

Dr Zsolt DARVAS, Bruegel Dr Guntram WOLFF, Bruegel Mr Francesco CHIACCHIO, Bruegel Mr Konstantinos EFSTATHIOU, Bruegel Ms Inês GONÇALVES RAPOSO, Bruegel

Posted on 15-05-2018

The return of foreign fighters to EU soil: Ex-post evaluation

15-05-2018

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to ...

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to the prevention of radicalisation; to information exchange at EU level; to criminal justice responses to returnees; to disengagement/deradicalisation inside and outside prisons. This study aims at outlining the EU response to the issue of returning foreign fighters and their families. It furthermore examines how six Member States have responded to this phenomenon so far (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK). These Member States are confronted with significant challenges in dealing with foreign fighters that combine legal, ethical and practical questions regarding their obligations and capabilities as regards the handling of the foreign fighters still abroad and the returnees already on EU soil. Meanwhile, Member States' existing programmes aiming at tackling radicalisation are difficult to evaluate, leading to uncertainties as regards the efficiency of current practices.

External author

The external study was written by Dr Francesco Ragazzi (Assistant Professor at Leiden University, the Netherlands) and Josh Walmsley (Independent Researcher) at the request of the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Implementation of the Directive 2011/77/EU: copyright term of protection

15-03-2018

The objective of this study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, is to examine the current status quo of implementation of the Directive, and to carry out an in-depth review of the practices in selected Member States. The study provides a brief overview of the international framework concerning the term of protection for performers and phonogram producers, and analyses the main objectives ...

The objective of this study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, is to examine the current status quo of implementation of the Directive, and to carry out an in-depth review of the practices in selected Member States. The study provides a brief overview of the international framework concerning the term of protection for performers and phonogram producers, and analyses the main objectives and provisions of the Term Extension Directive. It explores in-depth the implementation and practices in seven selected Member States, and identifies best practices that can serve as a model for other EU Member States. In addition, the long term effects of the Directive are considered, both within the EU (in relation to relevant EU policies) and outside the EU (in relation to its main trading partners).

External author

Dr. Ana RAMALHO, Assistant Professor of Intellectual Property Law at Maastricht University (Netherlands); Dr. Aurelio LOPEZ-TARRUELLA, is Senior Lecturer of Private International Law at University of Alicante (Spain); coordinated by ARCA Consortium, S.A.

THE INSTITUTIONAL CONSEQUENCES OF A BESPOKE AGREEMENT WITH THE UK BASED ON A “CLOSE COOPERATION” MODEL

15-05-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, considers the governance and institutional aspects of a potential agreement on the future economic relationship between the Union and the UK based on a “close cooperation” model. “Close cooperation” agreements involve a strong ambition for economic integration, based in practice upon a high degree of alignment by the third country to the relevant ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, considers the governance and institutional aspects of a potential agreement on the future economic relationship between the Union and the UK based on a “close cooperation” model. “Close cooperation” agreements involve a strong ambition for economic integration, based in practice upon a high degree of alignment by the third country to the relevant Union acquis. Although the UK’s circumstances may well be unique, there are few grounds to believe that the formal terms for a Union-UK “close cooperation” agreement should be radically different from the experience gained and lessons learned from comparable relationships between the Union and other third countries. The special situation of the UK would be more likely to manifest itself empirically, through the practical operation and tangible outputs of the governance and institutional structures and processes established under any “close cooperation” agreement.

External author

Michael DOUGAN, University of Liverpool

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Global Trends to 2030 - The Future of International Trade and Investment
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Performance-based budgeting: A means to improve EU spending?
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