1786

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Qui sont les NEET ? Être jeune sans emploi, éducation ni formation aujourd’hui

23-03-2017

Le terme de «NEET» (de l’anglais not in education, employment or training) désigne les jeunes qui n'ont pas d'emploi, ne suivent pas d'études ni de formation. Apparu au milieu des années 90 au Royaume-Uni, cet acronyme a rapidement attiré l’attention des médias, des acteurs politiques et des chercheurs, eu égard à sa capacité à décrire les effets disproportionnés de la crise économique sur l’éducation, la formation, l’employabilité et, à terme, l’inclusion sociale des jeunes Européens. En 2015, dans ...

Le terme de «NEET» (de l’anglais not in education, employment or training) désigne les jeunes qui n'ont pas d'emploi, ne suivent pas d'études ni de formation. Apparu au milieu des années 90 au Royaume-Uni, cet acronyme a rapidement attiré l’attention des médias, des acteurs politiques et des chercheurs, eu égard à sa capacité à décrire les effets disproportionnés de la crise économique sur l’éducation, la formation, l’employabilité et, à terme, l’inclusion sociale des jeunes Européens. En 2015, dans l’Union européenne, 12 % des jeunes de 15 à 24 ans (soit 6,6 millions de personnes) étaient sans emploi, formation, ni stage. Si on inclut les jeunes jusqu’à 29 ans, le nombre de NEET s’élevait à près de 14 millions, soit 14,8 % de cette classe d’âge. L’hétérogénéité de ce groupe social est grande: chômeurs de courte ou de longue durée, jeunes en transition, jeunes avec des responsabilités familiales ou personnes souffrant d’un handicap ou d’une maladie. Statistiquement, les jeunes femmes y sont surreprésentées; la probabilité d’être NEET augmente avec l’âge; elle est inversement proportionnelle au niveau d’éducation et sa part varie fortement d’un État membre à l’autre. Face à l’aggravation de la situation des NEET avec la crise, la Commission européenne a élaboré une stratégie de l’Union européenne en faveur de la jeunesse pour la période 2010-2018 tandis que le Parlement européen a défendu la cause des NEET. Dans ce contexte, la Garantie pour la jeunesse constitue la mesure phare créée par l’Union européenne pour venir en aide aux NEET.

Recovery and resolution of central counterparties

22-03-2017

This impact assessment builds a convincing case for action. It is mainly based on expert judgement by the Commission's departments and is backed up by relevant references, public consultation and coordination with international work-streams. The Commission states that the proposal, published in November 2016, is fully in line with the latest policy discussions and orientation by the Financial Stability Board and the G20, quoting a document from August 2016. Notwithstanding this, the Impact assessment ...

This impact assessment builds a convincing case for action. It is mainly based on expert judgement by the Commission's departments and is backed up by relevant references, public consultation and coordination with international work-streams. The Commission states that the proposal, published in November 2016, is fully in line with the latest policy discussions and orientation by the Financial Stability Board and the G20, quoting a document from August 2016. Notwithstanding this, the Impact assessment itself does not appear to have been fully updated since the summer of 2015. Therefore, some potentially important developments do not seem to be properly reflected in the IA. These include the recognition of non-EU central counterparties, the publication of new material, and the scenarios opened in the clearing world by the UK referendum of 23 June 2016.

Energy Efficiency

22-03-2017

The Commission IA presents a comprehensive overview of options and likely impacts of the proposed legislation. It would have been stronger if all its parts, which in their earlier life were separate impact assessments, were linked in a better, cross-referential manner. Also, given the prominent role of SMEs in boosting energy efficiency measures, the report would have benefited from devoting more space and attention to the situation of energy service companies in the EU. Lastly, the emphasis on econometric ...

The Commission IA presents a comprehensive overview of options and likely impacts of the proposed legislation. It would have been stronger if all its parts, which in their earlier life were separate impact assessments, were linked in a better, cross-referential manner. Also, given the prominent role of SMEs in boosting energy efficiency measures, the report would have benefited from devoting more space and attention to the situation of energy service companies in the EU. Lastly, the emphasis on econometric analytical models may have led to a certain lack of qualitative analysis of policy measures which were stated as being needed to correct the lack of progress in the EU energy efficiency field.

Environmental implementation review: Initial findings

22-03-2017

The environmental implementation review (EIR), launched by the European Commission in 2016, aims at providing an overview of how well Member States are implementing EU environmental law, and at supporting them if necessary. The review consists of three parts: 28 country reports, a Commission summary of the most common problems, and suggestions for improvement. The review’s first edition was published in February 2017. It reveals implementation gaps, in particular, regarding waste management, nature ...

The environmental implementation review (EIR), launched by the European Commission in 2016, aims at providing an overview of how well Member States are implementing EU environmental law, and at supporting them if necessary. The review consists of three parts: 28 country reports, a Commission summary of the most common problems, and suggestions for improvement. The review’s first edition was published in February 2017. It reveals implementation gaps, in particular, regarding waste management, nature and biodiversity protection, air and water quality, as well as tackling noise pollution. It also examines governance issues related to implementation gaps, including effectiveness of administration, compliance assurance as well as access to justice and information. The review identifies structural problems and governance weaknesses, as well as insufficient coordination and integration, as possible reasons for inadequate implementation of environmental law. Another important issue is a lack of available data. The briefing also contains a short description of the OECD environmental review and the European quality of government index.

EU certification of aviation security screening equipment

22-03-2017

On 7 September 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal seeks 'to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment'. This system would be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would ...

On 7 September 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal seeks 'to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment'. This system would be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would be valid in all Member States, according to the principle of mutual recognition. The proposal falls under different policy frameworks: the 2012 Commission communication entitled 'Security Industrial Policy Action Plan for an innovative and competitive Security Industry', the European agenda on security adopted by the Commission in April 2015, and the communication 'Delivering the European Agenda on Security to fight against terrorism and pave the way towards an effective and genuine Security Union', adopted in April 2016.

Economic Dialogue with the Other EU Institutions under the European Semester Cycle (State-of-Play, March 2017)

22-03-2017

This document provides an overview of forthcoming and undertaken Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union under the European Semester Cycle(s). It is updated on a regular basis.

This document provides an overview of forthcoming and undertaken Economic Dialogues with the other institutions of the European Union under the European Semester Cycle(s). It is updated on a regular basis.

EBA Draft Regulatory Technical Standards on Strong Customer Authentication and Secure Communication

22-03-2017

Art. 98 PSD2 mandated the European Banking Authority (EBA) to prepare draft Regulatory Technical Standards on strong customer authentication and secure communication (RTS on SCA&SC) in close cooperation with the ECB. After extensive consultation, the EBA finalised the draft on 23 February 2017 in the light of the feedback received. The final draft RTS balances the possibility for new providers and new payment services, with the introduction of a framework that ensures common IT approaches which ensure ...

Art. 98 PSD2 mandated the European Banking Authority (EBA) to prepare draft Regulatory Technical Standards on strong customer authentication and secure communication (RTS on SCA&SC) in close cooperation with the ECB. After extensive consultation, the EBA finalised the draft on 23 February 2017 in the light of the feedback received. The final draft RTS balances the possibility for new providers and new payment services, with the introduction of a framework that ensures common IT approaches which ensure a high level of security, e.g. by proper authentication of the payer.

Revised Energy Efficiency Directive

21-03-2017

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for a revised Energy Efficiency Directive, as part of a package of legislation entitled 'Clean Energy for All Europeans'. The package aims to better align EU energy legislation with the 2030 energy and climate goals and contribute to delivering the Energy union strategy. In the revised directive, the Commission proposes a 30 % binding energy efficiency target at the EU level for 2030, to be achieved through indicative national targets ...

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for a revised Energy Efficiency Directive, as part of a package of legislation entitled 'Clean Energy for All Europeans'. The package aims to better align EU energy legislation with the 2030 energy and climate goals and contribute to delivering the Energy union strategy. In the revised directive, the Commission proposes a 30 % binding energy efficiency target at the EU level for 2030, to be achieved through indicative national targets. This is more ambitious than the 27 % efficiency target approved by the European Council in 2014, but less ambitious than the 40 % target repeatedly called for by the European Parliament. The revised directive also proposes to extend beyond 2020 the application of the energy savings obligation schemes, which require utility companies to help their consumers use 1.5 % less energy each year. It also aims to make the rules on energy metering and billing clearer. The Commission's impact assessment showed that a revision of the directive was necessary, as the current policies would lead the EU to achieve only a 23.9 % reduction of energy consumption by 2030. The adequacy of the EU energy efficiency target was also a focus of a wide range of stakeholder reactions. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Multiannual plan for small pelagic fish stocks in the Adriatic Sea

21-03-2017

The European Commission tabled, on 24 February 2017, a proposal for a regulation establishing a multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. The European Parliament (EP) will now begin to examine this proposal. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources, offering notably ...

The European Commission tabled, on 24 February 2017, a proposal for a regulation establishing a multiannual plan to manage fisheries of small pelagic fish stocks (anchovy and sardine) in the Adriatic Sea. These stocks, which are in a poor state, are exploited mainly by Italian and Croatian fishing vessels. The European Parliament (EP) will now begin to examine this proposal. Multiannual fisheries management plans are essential tools for the sustainable exploitation of marine resources, offering notably better predictability over time on fishing mortality levels to be used by the Council when deciding on annual fishing possibilities. They also set a framework for improved cooperation between the Member States concerned at sea regional level. The first multiannual plan after the last reform of the common fisheries policy in 2013, supposed to serve as a prototype and which covers some stocks in the Baltic sea, was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in July 2016. Another plan proposal, concerning North Sea stocks, is currently under discussion in the EP. This new plan for small pelagic stocks would, in addition, represent a major shift in fisheries management in the Adriatic Sea, by framing a system of setting allowable catches in this part of the Mediterranean and making it endure over time.

Understanding social dumping in the European Union

21-03-2017

Although a recurring term in discussions related to working mobility, wages and the social security of workers, social dumping has neither a generally accepted definition, nor easily definable limits. It is rather a set of practices on an international, national or inter-corporate level, aimed at gaining an advantage over competitors, which could have important negative consequences on economic processes and workers’ social security. Examples include actions taken by actors from 'low wage' Member ...

Although a recurring term in discussions related to working mobility, wages and the social security of workers, social dumping has neither a generally accepted definition, nor easily definable limits. It is rather a set of practices on an international, national or inter-corporate level, aimed at gaining an advantage over competitors, which could have important negative consequences on economic processes and workers’ social security. Examples include actions taken by actors from 'low wage' Member States to gain market advantage over actors from Member States with higher pay and social standards; multinational companies from 'high wage' countries searching for ways to avoid legal constraints by employing subcontractors from low-wage countries; and companies engaging cheaper and more vulnerable temporary and agency workers, or relocating production to lower wage and less regulated locations. Social dumping takes different forms in different sectors. Suppressing social dumping is a component of different regulations on working mobility, undeclared work, and the status of transport workers. However, as the legislative competence of the European Union is limited in the labour law domain, soft law and social dialogue are also used to tackle the phenomenon. Several cases before the Court of Justice of the EU (such as the Viking and the Laval cases) show that the applicable EU rules can only be effective if adequate implementation and enforcement by the Member States is guaranteed. In September 2016, the European Parliament adopted an own-initiative resolution on social dumping, calling for a number of actions to reinforce controls, close regulatory gaps, revise working conditions and promote social convergence.

Upcoming events

23-03-2017
Hearing on the Unitary Patent: state of play
Hearing -
JURI
23-03-2017
US Politics today: Understanding recent dynamics
Other event -
EPRS
23-03-2017
Youth Guarantee and Youth Employment Initiative: Lessons from implementation
Workshop -
EMPL

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