13

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Policy area
Author
Keyword
Date

Ensuring more transparent and predictable working conditions

11-04-2019

An employer's obligation to inform their employees on the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise the directive. The European Commission has responded to the need for change with a proposal aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working ...

An employer's obligation to inform their employees on the conditions applicable to their contracts is regulated by Directive 91/533/EEC. Major shifts in the labour market due to demographic trends and digitalisation, spawning a growing number of non-standard employment relationships, have made it necessary to revise the directive. The European Commission has responded to the need for change with a proposal aimed at updating and extending the information on employment-related obligations and working conditions, and at creating new minimum standards for all employed workers, including those on atypical contracts. In the European Parliament, the Committee for Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) has adopted a report focused on the scope of the directive, on employees' working hours and the conditions for making information available to them, and on employers' responsibilities. The provisional agreement concluded in trilogue between European Parliament and the Council negotiators sets, among other things, new rules on the scope of the directive, the date of providing information, the length of probatory periods, and regulates working conditions in the case of variable working schedules. This agreement now needs to be approved by Parliament in plenary.

Mitigating labour market dualism: Single Open-Ended Contracts and other instruments

16-08-2018

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It concludes with a discussion of policy options to mitigate the negative side effects of increasing temporary employment.

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It concludes with a discussion of policy options to mitigate the negative side effects of increasing temporary employment.

Mitigating labour market dualism: Single Open-Ended Contracts and other instruments

15-06-2018

This Policy Department A study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee examines the incidence of temporary forms of working in Europe, transitions to permanent work and the types of reform options that could help to mitigate labour market dualism. It explores labour market reforms aimed at combatting dualism in eight Member States. On this basis, it concludes that overall, further evaluation and recalibration of employment policy, taking into account post-reform experiences ...

This Policy Department A study prepared at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee examines the incidence of temporary forms of working in Europe, transitions to permanent work and the types of reform options that could help to mitigate labour market dualism. It explores labour market reforms aimed at combatting dualism in eight Member States. On this basis, it concludes that overall, further evaluation and recalibration of employment policy, taking into account post-reform experiences, would be advisable; better communication from could governments help overcome employer hiring reluctance; and human-capital oriented ALMPs should complement any strategy to tackle segmentation.

External author

Werner Eichhorst, IZA and University of Bremen Paul Marx, University of Duisburg-Essen, SDU and IZA Andrea Broughton, Ecorys UK Paul de Beer, University Amsterdam / AIAS et. al.

Transparent and predictable working conditions

22-02-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 21 December 2017 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal updates and replaces Directive 91/533/EEC (the Written Statement Directive, hereafter WSD), which gives employees the right to be notified in writing of the essential aspects of their contract or employment ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, submitted on 21 December 2017 and referred to the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. The proposal updates and replaces Directive 91/533/EEC (the Written Statement Directive, hereafter WSD), which gives employees the right to be notified in writing of the essential aspects of their contract or employment relationship. Taking into account that the labour market has evolved and new forms of work have developed in recent years, the REFIT evaluation of the WSD found that there is a need to modernise and complement the existing obligations to inform workers of their working conditions, and to create minimum standards to ensure that each worker benefits from more clarity regarding his/her working terms, irrespective of the type of employment relationship they have. According to the IA, the initiative would set a framework within which new forms of work could develop, offering fairer protection for workers, a clearer legal framework and a more level playing field for companies in the internal market (IA, pp. 6-7). The proposal, which is part of the 2018 Commission work programme, is a follow-up to the European Pillar of Social Rights. In line with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the Commission conducted a two-stage consultation with the social partners on the revision of the WSD. There was no agreement among the social partners to enter into direct negotiations on concluding an EU-level agreement. The European Parliament has stressed the need to address the developments of the labour market and protect workers in all forms of employment. It has called for a framework directive on decent working conditions and for a revision of the WSD to take account of new forms of employment.

European Platform to tackle undeclared work: Setup and Activities

30-10-2017

This note gives a summary of the Decision by European Parliament and Council to establish a Platform to tackle undeclared work with a view to a number of changes having been introduced during negotiations. It analyses its composition, work programme and first results. Further, it discusses approaches to measure undeclared work and a number of challenges. Policy Department A has prepared this note to support an exchange of views at the Employment and Social Affairs Committee to be held on 9 November ...

This note gives a summary of the Decision by European Parliament and Council to establish a Platform to tackle undeclared work with a view to a number of changes having been introduced during negotiations. It analyses its composition, work programme and first results. Further, it discusses approaches to measure undeclared work and a number of challenges. Policy Department A has prepared this note to support an exchange of views at the Employment and Social Affairs Committee to be held on 9 November 2017.

Research for TRAN Committee - Road Transport Hauliers in the EU: Social and Working Conditions (Update of the 2013 study)

09-10-2017

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant ...

The study updates the 2013 analysis of the social legislation and working conditions of professional drivers engaged in the road freight transport sector. It concentrates on the fundamental social issues that arise in this transport segment, including driving times and rest periods as well as practical aspects that impact directly on the quality of life of drivers, e.g. employment schemes and income levels. After an overall analysis of the legal framework, which includes the EU legislation relevant for the social dimension of road freight transport, the findings of a renewed stakeholder and driver consultation are reported.

External author

Enrico PASTORI, Marco BRAMBILLA

The Written Statement Directive

04-04-2017

The Written Statement Directive obliges employers to provide employees with a written statement on the essential aspects of the work contract or employment relationship. Despite the fact that the directive was transposed into the legal systems of all Member States, the reports show several cases of its incorrect or inadequate implementation. Furthermore, new forms of employment have emerged since the directive's adoption in 1991, which it does not cover. Court of Justice jurisprudence clarifying ...

The Written Statement Directive obliges employers to provide employees with a written statement on the essential aspects of the work contract or employment relationship. Despite the fact that the directive was transposed into the legal systems of all Member States, the reports show several cases of its incorrect or inadequate implementation. Furthermore, new forms of employment have emerged since the directive's adoption in 1991, which it does not cover. Court of Justice jurisprudence clarifying several of the directive's provisions has to be taken into account as well. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to update the Written Statement Directive so that it would react to these challenges. Similarly, the EESC has recommended that the existing legislation be updated. Furthermore, the representatives of various stakeholder groups have voiced requests to update this piece of EU legislation. Last, but not least, the European Commission itself has expressed the willingness to revise the Written Statement Directive as part of the REFIT exercise. It is expected that the Commission will submit this proposal on 26 April 2017.

Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases

23-08-2016

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

External author

Andrea Broughton, Werner Eichhorst et al.

Employment and working conditions in EU civil aviation

15-04-2016

Aviation is a strategically important sector of the EU economy, contributing €110 billion directly and €300 billion indirectly to EU GDP, and employing around 1.9 million persons directly. If impacts on other industries such as tourism are taken into account, then it can be said that aviation supports up to 9 million jobs. These jobs are not evenly spread across the EU: three quarters of air transport employment is centred in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands. ...

Aviation is a strategically important sector of the EU economy, contributing €110 billion directly and €300 billion indirectly to EU GDP, and employing around 1.9 million persons directly. If impacts on other industries such as tourism are taken into account, then it can be said that aviation supports up to 9 million jobs. These jobs are not evenly spread across the EU: three quarters of air transport employment is centred in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and the Netherlands. Since the EU liberalised the aviation market in the early 1990s, the industry has gone through notable changes which have also had an impact on employment and working conditions. For instance, outsourcing has increased; some workers have had to operate from airline bases where they do not live; income has become more variable; many have been laid off and those remaining in work have had to increase their productivity. Furthermore, next to full-time permanent contracts, atypical forms of employment such as agency work, self-employment, zero-hour contracts and pay-to-fly schemes have increasingly been used, especially for younger staff and new entrants to the workforce. Persons employed under such schemes often have more precarious working conditions and are generally less likely to be unionised. EU institutions have repeatedly examined working conditions in civil aviation. Some Members of the European Parliament, as well as of the European Economic and Social Committee, have expressed concerns about the use of atypical forms of employment and multiplication of airlines' home bases. Although the aviation strategy that the European Commission published at the end of 2015 deals with working conditions, it did not present any new legislative initiative on this issue.

EU jurisdiction rules applicable to employment

03-10-2013

EU jurisdiction rules applicable to civil and commercial cases have recently been recast. However, the EP's Committee on Legal Affairs suggests that further changes could be made in order to enhance employee protection.

EU jurisdiction rules applicable to civil and commercial cases have recently been recast. However, the EP's Committee on Legal Affairs suggests that further changes could be made in order to enhance employee protection.

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