17

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Research for AGRI Committee - Implications of ‘Brexit’ for the EU agri-food sector and the CAP: budgetary, trade and institutional issues

15-11-2017

This is the reference document of the Workshop on ‘The Implications of ‘Brexit’ for the EU agricultural sector and the CAP’ of 9th November 2017, organised by COMAGRI and the Policy Department B. The purpose of this Workshop was to examine and debate the main budgetary, trade and institutional issues related to the Brexit process at the current state of negotiations. This document is structured in three parts: 1. Possible impact of Brexit on the EU budget and, in particular, CAP funding. 2. EU ...

This is the reference document of the Workshop on ‘The Implications of ‘Brexit’ for the EU agricultural sector and the CAP’ of 9th November 2017, organised by COMAGRI and the Policy Department B. The purpose of this Workshop was to examine and debate the main budgetary, trade and institutional issues related to the Brexit process at the current state of negotiations. This document is structured in three parts: 1. Possible impact of Brexit on the EU budget and, in particular, CAP funding. 2. EU - UK agricultural trade: state of play and possible impacts of Brexit. 3. Possible transitional arrangements related to agriculture in the light of the future EU - UK relationship: institutional issues.

External author

Jörg Haas, Eulalia Rubio, Alan MATTHEWS, Cecilia BELLORA, Charlotte EMLINGER, Jean FOURÉ, Houssein GUIMBARD

Research for AGRI Committee - Possible transitional arrangements related to agriculture in the light of the future EU - UK relationship: institutional issues

16-10-2017

There is the potential for severe disruption of agri-food trade between the UK and the EU27 as the UK prepares to leave the EU. This study reviews the additional trade costs that might arise and how they might be avoided under alternative future trade arrangements. The role of a transitional period in order to avoid a ‘cliff-edge’ for trade is examined. Options under the Common Agricultural Policy to address the negative consequences of Brexit for agricultural markets are discussed.

There is the potential for severe disruption of agri-food trade between the UK and the EU27 as the UK prepares to leave the EU. This study reviews the additional trade costs that might arise and how they might be avoided under alternative future trade arrangements. The role of a transitional period in order to avoid a ‘cliff-edge’ for trade is examined. Options under the Common Agricultural Policy to address the negative consequences of Brexit for agricultural markets are discussed.

External author

Alan Matthews

Foresight ? Contribution to the debate on the future of EU agricultural policy

28-08-2017

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food ...

Strategic foresight is increasingly being used as a technique to help organisations anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or opportunities. Its application to agricultural and rural development policies is examined in this briefing. A range of relevant foresight studies are identified and examined across a number of elements, covering: the identification of key drivers of change; the nature of the scenarios they present (including the role of technology and precision farming); and food security as well as the territorial dimensions relating to the future of Europe’s rural areas. These findings are analysed for their implications for future policy-making in respect of EU agriculture and rural development matters. In the field of public policy, there is a growing realisation that the policy process has to address many challenges such as: advancing greater policy integration; identifying and applying the lessons from previous experience of policy implementation; maximising the use of the available evidence base, and considering and adopting a long-term view of the future through forward thinking involving the development of different scenarios. Foresight studies recognise the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges facing agriculture and the importance of 'interconnected policy-making'. The potential also exists for strategic foresight to be applied at different territorial levels.

Current priorities and challenges in EU agricultural policy

20-06-2017

The European Commission's work programme for 2017 includes a commitment to progress and consult widely on the simplification and modernisation of the common agricultural policy (CAP). A public consultation exercise was launched at the beginning of February 2017 and closed on 2 May 2017. A number of stakeholder organisations and think tanks have issued their reflections on the future shape of EU agricultural policy post 2020. In the last reform of the CAP, the European Parliament had a key role to ...

The European Commission's work programme for 2017 includes a commitment to progress and consult widely on the simplification and modernisation of the common agricultural policy (CAP). A public consultation exercise was launched at the beginning of February 2017 and closed on 2 May 2017. A number of stakeholder organisations and think tanks have issued their reflections on the future shape of EU agricultural policy post 2020. In the last reform of the CAP, the European Parliament had a key role to play in this process. Both the Parliament and the Council will have responsibility to legislate on the Commission's proposals. A key role is performed by the Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Future discussions on these matters can therefore be anticipated. The Maltese Presidency has identified a number of priorities to guide the discussion on future policy and also held a debate earlier in the year on the future of the CAP in the Agriculture Council. A communication is expected from the Commission before the end of 2017. This briefing provides a short overview of these issues, along with a summary of the key elements of the current CAP, some key features of EU agriculture including the prospects for the main agricultural markets based on the Commission's most recent agricultural outlook report. Recent developments in Council are also covered, and a number of stakeholder perspectives are highlighted.

Ukraine: Temporary autonomous trade measures

24-05-2017

In view of the difficult economic situation and on-going reform process in Ukraine, the European Commission proposes to improve access for Ukraine to the EU market for some industrial and agricultural products. The European Parliament (EP) plenary vote is scheduled for May.

In view of the difficult economic situation and on-going reform process in Ukraine, the European Commission proposes to improve access for Ukraine to the EU market for some industrial and agricultural products. The European Parliament (EP) plenary vote is scheduled for May.

Common Agricultural Policy and revision of the 2014-2020 MFF

30-11-2016

The EU's 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework provides medium-term expenditure predictability in support of investment in Europe's priorities. The Commission presented its mid-term review/revision of the multiannual EU budget (2014-2020) on 14 September 2016 in Strasbourg. Without increasing spending limits, the package as presented is intended to free up an additional €6.3 billion in financing by 2020. These resources will be used mainly to foster job creation, investment and economic growth ...

The EU's 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework provides medium-term expenditure predictability in support of investment in Europe's priorities. The Commission presented its mid-term review/revision of the multiannual EU budget (2014-2020) on 14 September 2016 in Strasbourg. Without increasing spending limits, the package as presented is intended to free up an additional €6.3 billion in financing by 2020. These resources will be used mainly to foster job creation, investment and economic growth and to address the migration crisis. In this context, the Commission presented a legal proposal (omnibus regulation) that contains changes to the basic EU Financial Regulation and to the main EU funding regulations. The omnibus proposal touches, inter alia, on all four of the basic regulations governing the Common Agriculture Policy. These cover Direct Payments, Rural Development, Common Market Organisation and the ‘Horizontal’ Regulation, covering issues such as funding and controls. The changes that are proposed aim at fine-tuning some elements of the current CAP, as described in this briefing, and making life easier for both farmers and national authorities. Looking ahead, the proposed revision of the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Frame-work will prepare the ground for a subsequent MFF proposal in support of EU priorities for the post-2020 period. This could be presented by the end of 2017. With the omnibus regulation proposal, it appears unlikely that a major restructuring of the basic architecture of the CAP will take place in the current programming period. More substantial legal proposals for a post-2020 CAP could be presented in 2018, in line with the post-2020 MFF communication. Such a scenario would enable the European Parliament, as co-legislator, to negotiate the implications of the current CAP revision, and a more substantial post-2020 reform for the CAP in parallel.

Research for AGRI Committee - CAP Reform Post-2020 - Challenges in Agriculture

14-10-2016

This document was prepared for the Workshop on "‘Reflections on the agricultural challenges post-2020 in the EU: preparing the next CAP reform" of 8 November 2016, organised by the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (COMAGRI) and its Policy Department (AGRI Research). It contains three studies: 1. The future of direct payments (by Alan Matthews). 2. The future of market measures and risk management schemes (by Louis-Pascal Mahé and Jean-Christophe Bureau). 3. ...

This document was prepared for the Workshop on "‘Reflections on the agricultural challenges post-2020 in the EU: preparing the next CAP reform" of 8 November 2016, organised by the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (COMAGRI) and its Policy Department (AGRI Research). It contains three studies: 1. The future of direct payments (by Alan Matthews). 2. The future of market measures and risk management schemes (by Louis-Pascal Mahé and Jean-Christophe Bureau). 3. The future of rural development (by Thomas Dax and Andrew Copus).

External author

Alan Matthews, Louis Pascal Mahé, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Thomas Dax and Andrew Copus

EU agricultural promotion measures

17-06-2016

In light of the challenges currently facing the agriculture sector in the EU, an effective promotion policy becomes an important instrument in helping European agriculture to compete on world markets. Given the contribution the agri-food sector makes to total EU exports, it is essential for it to improve its competitiveness and market share. To support this objective, a new promotion policy for EU agricultural products has been developed, applicable since 1 December 2015. Based on a new Regulation ...

In light of the challenges currently facing the agriculture sector in the EU, an effective promotion policy becomes an important instrument in helping European agriculture to compete on world markets. Given the contribution the agri-food sector makes to total EU exports, it is essential for it to improve its competitiveness and market share. To support this objective, a new promotion policy for EU agricultural products has been developed, applicable since 1 December 2015. Based on a new Regulation, the policy introduces significant changes to the EU's information provision and promotion measures. These include an increased annual budget of up to €200 million by 2019, a greater focus on third countries; simplification, an expansion in the scope of measures to allow labelling to specify the origin of products and their brands under certain conditions, easier management of multi-country programmes and an expansion in the scope of eligible products and eligible beneficiaries. The key elements of the new policy are presented alongside details of the main administration and delivery mechanisms including its work programme for 2016. The latter sets out the priorities accorded to promotion activities for both the internal market and for those third countries where there is the highest potential for growth. The first calls for proposals under the new rules closed at the end of April 2016. Though it is too soon to examine the outcome of the 2016 call, it is possible to provide evidence on the potential impact that might be expected from agricultural information and promotion programmes.

The First CAP Reform under the Ordinary Legislative Procedure: A Political Economy Perspective

15-12-2014

This study evaluates how the most recent CAP reform was affected by the enhanced role of the EP; assesses the extent to which maximum influence was exercised by the EP negotiators and provides insights to assist the EP in its approach to future reform negotiations.

This study evaluates how the most recent CAP reform was affected by the enhanced role of the EP; assesses the extent to which maximum influence was exercised by the EP negotiators and provides insights to assist the EP in its approach to future reform negotiations.

External author

Louise Knops and Johan Swinnen (Centre for European Policy Studies - CEPS) With contributions from Alan Matthews, Alan Swinbank, Alessandro Olper, Attila Kovacs, Christilla Roederer-Rynning, Imre Ferto, Kaley Hart and Maria Garrone

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): The US Congress’s Positions

09-09-2014

The US Congress is mandated by the US Constitution to exercise a regulatory and oversight role in international trade. It also has a role to play in negotiating external trade agreements, exercising its oversight, legislative and advisory functions. To date, the Congress has played an active role in the negotiations on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), overseeing the negotiations, gathering the views of key stakeholders during hearings and events it has organised, and flagging ...

The US Congress is mandated by the US Constitution to exercise a regulatory and oversight role in international trade. It also has a role to play in negotiating external trade agreements, exercising its oversight, legislative and advisory functions. To date, the Congress has played an active role in the negotiations on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), overseeing the negotiations, gathering the views of key stakeholders during hearings and events it has organised, and flagging issues it considers politically important. While the US Congress has been broadly supportive of the negotiations, there appears to be no political consensus at the moment on the key issues under consideration, including the potential desirability and likely impact of the measures under discussion. Contentious issues include agriculture, intellectual property rights, regulatory cooperation and the EU’s access to the US public procurement and energy markets.

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