257

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Policy area
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Youth Employment Initiative: European Implementation Assessment

30-06-2017

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis ...

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis seeks to contribute to the preparation of a non-legislative implementation report by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs.

Creating opportunities: The EU and students

27-06-2017

Over one third of the European Union (EU) population – some 170 million citizens – are aged under 30, with half that number under the age of 15 years. Although education policies in the EU are essentially decided and implemented by the individual EU countries, the EU provides sound evidence and analysis to help national governments make informed policy decisions and drive reforms to improve educational outcomes and the employability of young people. For this purpose, in 2009, the EU set a series ...

Over one third of the European Union (EU) population – some 170 million citizens – are aged under 30, with half that number under the age of 15 years. Although education policies in the EU are essentially decided and implemented by the individual EU countries, the EU provides sound evidence and analysis to help national governments make informed policy decisions and drive reforms to improve educational outcomes and the employability of young people. For this purpose, in 2009, the EU set a series of common objectives to address the most pressing concerns in EU education systems by 2020. In several areas, the EU scores well. In 2015, 39 % of the EU workforce held a higher education degree. Between 2005 and 2015, the percentage of early school leavers decreased by some 30 %, even though during 2016, progress towards meeting the EU target slowed and currently stands at an average of 11 % – one percentage point away from achieving the target. However, the EU faces the major challenge of further upskilling its population and reducing under-achievement in basic skills. In specific terms, the results show that over 22 % of EU students have low achievement levels in mathematics, nearly 18 % in reading, and some 17 % in science. Moreover, by 2020, the EU aims for at least 15 % participation in learning among the population aged 25-64 years. Nevertheless, progress towards this target has been very limited. The EU average in adult learning stood at some 11 % in 2014 (the target was 15 %), and did not increase in 2015. Only urgent and substantive action will enable the EU to reach the benchmark. On a more optimistic note, the Erasmus student mobility programme that has allowed more than 9 million Europeans to study abroad, turns 30 in 2017. Widely recognised as one of the most successful EU programmes, Erasmus provides a concrete example of the positive impact of European integration.

Skills development and employment: Apprenticeships, internships and volunteering

15-06-2017

This note presents key findings of a comprehensive study analysing participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Its focus is on two questions of particular relevance for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee:What are the employment effects of each scheme and to which extent do they show a risk of abusing young people as cheap labour? Further, it discusses different quality frameworks and remaining gaps.

This note presents key findings of a comprehensive study analysing participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Its focus is on two questions of particular relevance for the Employment and Social Affairs Committee:What are the employment effects of each scheme and to which extent do they show a risk of abusing young people as cheap labour? Further, it discusses different quality frameworks and remaining gaps.

Employment in privatised utilities: A higher risk of precariousness?

15-06-2017

This paper explores the risk of precarious work in privatised utilities, based on data analysis and literature review. It examines the history of privatisation of utilities in the EU including programme countries and the impact that this has had on levels of employment. Moreover, it presents a range of measures to cushion adverse effects. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee.

This paper explores the risk of precarious work in privatised utilities, based on data analysis and literature review. It examines the history of privatisation of utilities in the EU including programme countries and the impact that this has had on levels of employment. Moreover, it presents a range of measures to cushion adverse effects. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee.

External author

Andrea Broughton, Chiara Manzon

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2017

12-06-2017

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The mutual recognition of diplomas

01-06-2017

The freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services are cornerstones of the single market, enabling the mobility of businesses and professionals throughout the EU. Implementing these freedoms supposes the overall recognition of nationally delivered diplomas and qualifications. Different measures for their harmonisation and mutual recognition have been adopted, and further legislation on the subject is under way.

The freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services are cornerstones of the single market, enabling the mobility of businesses and professionals throughout the EU. Implementing these freedoms supposes the overall recognition of nationally delivered diplomas and qualifications. Different measures for their harmonisation and mutual recognition have been adopted, and further legislation on the subject is under way.

Skills development and employment: Apprenticeships, internships and volunteering

14-04-2017

This study discusses participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Though important, all three forms face challenges that need attention in the related existing and planned EU-level initiatives (such as the planned Quality Framework for Apprenticeships). Issues concern, for example, providing clarity on the employment status (mainly for apprenticeships) and on fair remuneration, thus limiting the risk of being sources for cheap ...

This study discusses participation, outcomes, quality and challenges of apprenticeships, internships/traineeships and volunteering schemes. Though important, all three forms face challenges that need attention in the related existing and planned EU-level initiatives (such as the planned Quality Framework for Apprenticeships). Issues concern, for example, providing clarity on the employment status (mainly for apprenticeships) and on fair remuneration, thus limiting the risk of being sources for cheap labour. The note was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) to support the Committee’s work on the New Skills Agenda.

External author

Simon Broeki, Terence Hogarth, Liga Baltina, Amerigo Lombardi (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini)

EU support for education: Improving young people's chances on the job market

07-04-2017

• The EU's ERASMUS+ programme is investing €14.7 billion in education (2014-2019). • ERASMUS+ will enable 4 million young Europeans to study or learn abroad. • Experience abroad increases young people's chances on the job market and reduces their risk of unemployment.

• The EU's ERASMUS+ programme is investing €14.7 billion in education (2014-2019). • ERASMUS+ will enable 4 million young Europeans to study or learn abroad. • Experience abroad increases young people's chances on the job market and reduces their risk of unemployment.

NEETs: who are they? Being young and not in employment, education or training today

23-03-2017

'NEET' is an acronym used to refer to young people who are not in education, employment or training. The expression, which first emerged in the mid-90s in the United Kingdom, has been eagerly adopted by the media, policy makers and researchers due to its usefulness in describing the disproportionate effects of the economic crisis on the education, training and employability of young Europeans and, in the long term, on their social inclusion. In 2015 in the European Union, 12 % of 15- to 24-year-olds ...

'NEET' is an acronym used to refer to young people who are not in education, employment or training. The expression, which first emerged in the mid-90s in the United Kingdom, has been eagerly adopted by the media, policy makers and researchers due to its usefulness in describing the disproportionate effects of the economic crisis on the education, training and employability of young Europeans and, in the long term, on their social inclusion. In 2015 in the European Union, 12 % of 15- to 24-year-olds (6.6 million people) were not in a job, training or an internship. If we include young people up to the age of 29, the number of NEETs increases to almost 14 million, or 14.8 % of that age group. This social group is highly diverse, including short- and long-term unemployed people, young people in transition, young people with family responsibilities and people with disabilities or medical conditions. Statistically, young women are over-represented and the probability of being a NEET increases with age; that figure is also inversely proportional to the level of education reached and varies widely from one Member State to another. In response to the worsening of the NEET situation following the crisis, the European Commission drew up an EU Youth Strategy for the 2010-2018 period, whilst the European Parliament defended the NEET cause. The Youth Guarantee scheme created as a result is the European Union's key measure to provide support to NEETs.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - March 2017

13-03-2017

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

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