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Politique et législation de l'UE sur les pesticides: Produits phytopharmaceutiques et biocides

19-04-2017

Les substances qui contrôlent, détruisent ou préviennent les organismes considérés nuisibles sont regroupées sous le terme de pesticides. Celui-ci inclut à la fois les produits phytopharmaceutiques (utilisés sur les végétaux dans l'agriculture, l'horticulture, les parcs ou les jardins) et les produits biocides (utilisés dans d'autres applications, par exemple pour protéger les matériaux ou désinfecter). L'utilisation de pesticides présente une série d'avantages, comme la lutte contre les maladies ...

Les substances qui contrôlent, détruisent ou préviennent les organismes considérés nuisibles sont regroupées sous le terme de pesticides. Celui-ci inclut à la fois les produits phytopharmaceutiques (utilisés sur les végétaux dans l'agriculture, l'horticulture, les parcs ou les jardins) et les produits biocides (utilisés dans d'autres applications, par exemple pour protéger les matériaux ou désinfecter). L'utilisation de pesticides présente une série d'avantages, comme la lutte contre les maladies et des rendements agricoles plus élevés. Cependant, elle présente également une série d'inconvénients, notamment les impacts sur l'environnement, les risques pour la santé humaine et les impacts en termes de protection des cultures. La législation de l'Union européenne sur les pesticides vise à assurer un niveau élevé de protection de la santé humaine et de l'environnement, et à améliorer le fonctionnement du marché intérieur. Les produits phytopharmaceutiques et biocides font l'objet d'un double processus d'agrément: les substances actives sont approuvées au niveau de l'Union européenne, et les produits sont ensuite autorisés principalement au niveau des États membres. Par ailleurs, des limites maximales harmonisées sont établies en ce qui concerne les résidus de produits phytopharmaceutiques dans les aliments, et un cadre d'action vise une utilisation durable des pesticides. Plusieurs aspects de la politique de l'Union européenne en matière de pesticides peuvent être considérés comme des opportunités ou des défis, notamment en qui concerne les coûts pour le secteur, les procédures d'agrément et la durabilité. La Commission européenne mène une évaluation de la législation sur les produits phytopharmaceutiques et leurs résidus, dont les conclusions sont attendues fin 2018.

Emission performance standards for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles

12-04-2017

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there ...

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there are other external trends that influence CO2 emissions from cars and vans, including the total number of cars and vans and the distance covered, and the level and composition of fuels. The effectiveness of the legislation should be considered in conjunction with other policy instruments, including laboratory test cycles, embedded emissions or the use of CO2-linked vehicle taxation. In addition, any future evaluation of the regulations and the setting of new effective emission limits should take into account the introduction of the new worldwide harmonised light vehicles test procedure (WLTP) in September 2017, and the entry into force of the new type approval regulation. To significantly reduce transport emissions, the setting out of new CO2 emission targets could include the adoption of a number of measures that would allow for better monitoring of real driving emissions. In order to achieve lasting and sustainable emission reductions in the transport sector, and rebuild the trust of consumers in the regulatory system and the car industry, a much broader and holistic approach appears necessary. This could consist of a systemic and integrated approach combining various policy instruments, accommodating the use of alternative energies in transport, increased vehicle energy efficiency and intelligent management of transport demand and infrastructure.

Charging infrastructure for electric vehicles

05-04-2017

As most of the energy used for transport in the EU is dependent on oil, facilitating the transition to low-emission mobility is key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030. Although electric vehicles (EVs) are making inroads into the European automotive fleet, the market for EVs cannot grow unless users can charge them. Accelerating infrastructure development across the EU is therefore crucial to support the transition to a decarbonised transport sector.

As most of the energy used for transport in the EU is dependent on oil, facilitating the transition to low-emission mobility is key to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 40 % below 1990 levels by 2030. Although electric vehicles (EVs) are making inroads into the European automotive fleet, the market for EVs cannot grow unless users can charge them. Accelerating infrastructure development across the EU is therefore crucial to support the transition to a decarbonised transport sector.

Post-2020 reform of the EU Emissions Trading System

05-04-2017

In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-2030, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. The proposed directive introduces a new limit on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the ETS sector to achieve the EU climate targets for 2030, new rules for addressing carbon leakage, and provisions for funding innovation and modernisation in the energy sector. It encourages Member States to compensate for indirect ...

In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-2030, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. The proposed directive introduces a new limit on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the ETS sector to achieve the EU climate targets for 2030, new rules for addressing carbon leakage, and provisions for funding innovation and modernisation in the energy sector. It encourages Member States to compensate for indirect carbon costs. In combination with the Market Stability Reserve agreed in May 2015, the proposed reform sets out the EU ETS rules for the period up to 2030, giving greater certainty to industry and to investors. In the European Parliament, the ENVI Committee takes the lead on the proposal, while it shares competence with the ITRE Committee on some aspects. After the European Parliament and the Council finalised their respective positions in February 2017, interinstitutional trilogue negotiations have now started.

Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment

04-04-2017

The IA defines in a clear way the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and is based on extensive research conducted by external contractors. However, it omits to explain the sequential process and the underlying assumptions leading to the identification of the four problems analysed, mentioning only the supporting studies. Also, it contains some discrepancies with respect to the supporting studies in terms of terminology and recommendations which are not explained in the IA. A ...

The IA defines in a clear way the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and is based on extensive research conducted by external contractors. However, it omits to explain the sequential process and the underlying assumptions leading to the identification of the four problems analysed, mentioning only the supporting studies. Also, it contains some discrepancies with respect to the supporting studies in terms of terminology and recommendations which are not explained in the IA. A broad range of stakeholders provided valuable data and information that were used in the IA, even though only 40 (out of 300) provided comments and suggestions. The IA seems to make a reasonable case for the preferred options, which are reflected in the legislative proposal, intending to amend four articles of RoHS 2. However, one of these amendments has been proposed without a clear explanation being provided in the IA. The analysis of competitiveness of SMEs appears to be, in general, insufficiently developed or explained.

What if we were to build skyscrapers from wood?

03-04-2017

Can new technologies contribute to a revival of wood as a source for biomass and construction material, and play a leading role in the fight against climate change? Wood has been part of human civilisation for many thousands of years, playing a key role as fuel or construction material, as well as a material for the manufacture of furniture, machinery, means of transport and everyday objects.

Can new technologies contribute to a revival of wood as a source for biomass and construction material, and play a leading role in the fight against climate change? Wood has been part of human civilisation for many thousands of years, playing a key role as fuel or construction material, as well as a material for the manufacture of furniture, machinery, means of transport and everyday objects.

Motor vehicles: new approval and market surveillance rules

03-04-2017

The automotive industry is a major player in the European economy, accounting for 6.4% of gross domestic product and 2.3 million jobs in the European Union (EU). However, it has been facing difficulties as a result of the economic crisis. In September 2015, the Volkswagen (VW) case highlighted weaknesses in the implementation of type-approval rules for motor vehicles in the European Union, in particular as regards standards on emissions of air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In 2016, as part of preparations ...

The automotive industry is a major player in the European economy, accounting for 6.4% of gross domestic product and 2.3 million jobs in the European Union (EU). However, it has been facing difficulties as a result of the economic crisis. In September 2015, the Volkswagen (VW) case highlighted weaknesses in the implementation of type-approval rules for motor vehicles in the European Union, in particular as regards standards on emissions of air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In 2016, as part of preparations from previous years but also in response to the VW case, the European Commission proposed strengthening the type-approval system for motor vehicles. Its goal is to ensure effective enforcement of rules (including through market surveillance), to strengthen the quality and independence of technical tests and to introduce EU oversight on the type-approval process. Fourth edition. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Governance of the energy union

30-03-2017

On 30 November 2016, the Commission proposed a regulation on governance of the energy union, as part of its 'Clean energy for all Europeans' package. The proposal is designed to integrate and simplify planning, reporting and monitoring obligations of the Commission and EU Member States, to make it easier to monitor overall progress and address weaknesses in implementing the goals of energy union, in particular the EU targets on renewables, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions set out in ...

On 30 November 2016, the Commission proposed a regulation on governance of the energy union, as part of its 'Clean energy for all Europeans' package. The proposal is designed to integrate and simplify planning, reporting and monitoring obligations of the Commission and EU Member States, to make it easier to monitor overall progress and address weaknesses in implementing the goals of energy union, in particular the EU targets on renewables, energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions set out in the 2030 Climate and Energy Framework. National energy and climate plans are to be prepared for the 2021-2030 period, followed by progress reports. Both plans and reports will use binding templates, and gain early input from the Commission. The reform includes enhanced measures for public and regional consultation. It also proposes to set up national and EU registries and inventories on greenhouse gas emissions, as a means to assess progress in meeting the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement. The proposal also outlines some additional measures the Commission can take to ensure EU targets on renewables and efficiency are met. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Motor vehicles: Approval and market surveillance

29-03-2017

In 2016, following work in previous years but also in response to the VW case, the European Commission made a proposal to strengthen type-approval and market surveillance for motor vehicles. The European Parliament plenary is expected to vote at first reading on the proposal in April.

In 2016, following work in previous years but also in response to the VW case, the European Commission made a proposal to strengthen type-approval and market surveillance for motor vehicles. The European Parliament plenary is expected to vote at first reading on the proposal in April.

Energy Efficiency

22-03-2017

The Commission IA presents a comprehensive overview of options and likely impacts of the proposed legislation. It would have been stronger if all its parts, which in their earlier life were separate impact assessments, were linked in a better, cross-referential manner. Also, given the prominent role of SMEs in boosting energy efficiency measures, the report would have benefited from devoting more space and attention to the situation of energy service companies in the EU. Lastly, the emphasis on econometric ...

The Commission IA presents a comprehensive overview of options and likely impacts of the proposed legislation. It would have been stronger if all its parts, which in their earlier life were separate impact assessments, were linked in a better, cross-referential manner. Also, given the prominent role of SMEs in boosting energy efficiency measures, the report would have benefited from devoting more space and attention to the situation of energy service companies in the EU. Lastly, the emphasis on econometric analytical models may have led to a certain lack of qualitative analysis of policy measures which were stated as being needed to correct the lack of progress in the EU energy efficiency field.

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03-05-2017
EU action to combat marine litter
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03-05-2017
Workshop on Sectarianism in the Middle East and North Africa
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03-05-2017
Business and human rights in EU External Policies
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