705

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Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - January 2017

16-01-2017

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC

10-01-2017

In the aftermath of two major accidents involving the spill of hazardous extractive waste, the Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC was adopted at EU level with the aim to prevent, or reduce as far as possible, the adverse effects from extractive waste management on health and the environment. The deadline for transposition of the directive by the Member States expired on 1 May 2008. Research indicates that all Member States (EU-27) have experienced transposition problems in terms of 'timing' or 'quality ...

In the aftermath of two major accidents involving the spill of hazardous extractive waste, the Mining Waste Directive 2006/21/EC was adopted at EU level with the aim to prevent, or reduce as far as possible, the adverse effects from extractive waste management on health and the environment. The deadline for transposition of the directive by the Member States expired on 1 May 2008. Research indicates that all Member States (EU-27) have experienced transposition problems in terms of 'timing' or 'quality' or both. It appears that the majority of Member States have adopted the measures needed to implement the provisions of the directive, but the practical implementation of some aspects remains problematic. The quality of available data does not allow for the complete picture of practical implementation of the directive to be fully outlined and assessed. While EU legislation on the management of extractive waste is still relevant to real needs, the levels of effectiveness and efficiency across the EU may vary from one Member State to another. This European Implementation Assessment, which is intended to support the Implementation Report being prepared by European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, makes recommendations for action aimed at improving the identified shortcomings. The study also sheds light on the prospects for extractive waste management in the context of the 'circular economy' concept.

Inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) into the 2030 climate and energy framework: Initial appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

22-12-2016

Overall, the IA provides a well-outlined problem description, justification for new legislative action, and a solid analysis of options. Although the range of options seems somewhat limited in some cases, overall the options are well presented and weighted. The IA draws on ample research and makes use of various models, which were contracted externally. One of the shortcomings of the report appears to be a very general presentation of the stakeholders’ considerations in the main body of the report ...

Overall, the IA provides a well-outlined problem description, justification for new legislative action, and a solid analysis of options. Although the range of options seems somewhat limited in some cases, overall the options are well presented and weighted. The IA draws on ample research and makes use of various models, which were contracted externally. One of the shortcomings of the report appears to be a very general presentation of the stakeholders’ considerations in the main body of the report. The analysis of options would have been considerably stronger, had the views of stakeholders been presented in greater detail.

EU policy and legislation on chemicals: Overview, with a focus on REACH

19-12-2016

This publication presents an overview of European Union policy on chemicals. It describes EU chemicals legislation, in particular the REACH Regulation, as well as other relevant legislative acts and international agreements on chemicals. However, it does not address the regulatory framework applicable to pesticides (plant protection products and biocides) in depth. The publication presents information available about the costs and benefits of EU chemicals legislation and gives an overview of the ...

This publication presents an overview of European Union policy on chemicals. It describes EU chemicals legislation, in particular the REACH Regulation, as well as other relevant legislative acts and international agreements on chemicals. However, it does not address the regulatory framework applicable to pesticides (plant protection products and biocides) in depth. The publication presents information available about the costs and benefits of EU chemicals legislation and gives an overview of the opportunities and challenges associated with the current legal framework. It outlines relevant views of stakeholders and the European Parliament. Finally, the publication lays out actions that the European Commission is expected to take in the years to come. Chemicals are the building blocks of life. They are present in us, around us and in the products we buy. They are used in almost all industries and play an important role in virtually all economic sectors. The EU chemicals sector represents 1.1 % of EU gross domestic product and accounts for about 1.2 million jobs. Chemicals enable us to live more comfortable lives, yet they may also have adverse effects on the environment and human health. The cornerstone of EU chemicals legislation is the 2006 Regulation on the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (widely known as REACH). Other major legislative acts relate to the classification, labelling and packaging of chemicals, in order to ensure that hazards are clearly communicated to consumers and workers; the export and import of hazardous chemicals and the control of persistent organic pollutants, partly implementing international agreements; the prevention of major accidents involving dangerous chemicals; and the management of pesticides. The European Commission is currently carrying out fitness checks on the chemicals legislation. Actions in the coming years are expected to relate to a range of topics, such as the process of application for authorisation, nano¬materials, a strategy for a non-toxic environment, registration requirements for low volume substances, and polymers.

Evaluation in the European Commission (2nd edition)

16-12-2016

This research paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation ...

This research paper aims to provide an overview of planned and ongoing evaluations of EU legislation and spending programmes carried out by each European Commission directorate-general (DG). The general overview and state of play on the public availability of evaluations is completed by a rolling check-list comprising on-going and planned evaluations on the basis of information disclosed by the Commission in various sources (DGs' management plans and annual activity reports, the Single Evaluation Plans for 2015 and 2016, roadmaps published since July 2015) and the information available in individual DGs. The annexes to this research paper contain an overview of and links to the DGs' management plans for 2016 (Annex I) and the contact details for the evaluation function in each DG (Annex II). Annexes III to V provide a list of and direct links to the evaluations published in 2015 and until 20 October 2016 in various sources. Finally, Annex VI covers the Commission evaluation staff working documents published on EUR-Lex and in the Register of Commission Documents.

Effort sharing: greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States (2021-2030)

14-12-2016

Overall, the IA (91 pages in all) seems to provide a sound justification for the amendment of existing rules backed by comprehensive research. The Commission admits that its analysis is based on a number of key assumptions upon which the different analytical models and scenarios are based. However, the range of options appears at times rather limited. This is the case, for example, with regard to the integration of LULUCF credits: although the baseline option is listed, it is clear that this option ...

Overall, the IA (91 pages in all) seems to provide a sound justification for the amendment of existing rules backed by comprehensive research. The Commission admits that its analysis is based on a number of key assumptions upon which the different analytical models and scenarios are based. However, the range of options appears at times rather limited. This is the case, for example, with regard to the integration of LULUCF credits: although the baseline option is listed, it is clear that this option is not the desired one taking into account the guidance of the European Council. Likewise, the section entitled 'policy options for setting the starting point for target trajectories', in section 4 of the IA, appears odd, since it in fact only present one option, namely, using the 2016-2018 emission as the starting point. Finally, it would have been useful if the IA had provided a link to the supporting study.

European Council Conclusions (10th edition)

13-12-2016

The European Council's role - to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' - has developed rapidly over the past seven years. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery of the various commitments made in the conclusions ...

The European Council's role - to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' - has developed rapidly over the past seven years. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery of the various commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview, presented in the form of a regularly updated Rolling Check-List of Commitments to Date, is designed to review the degree of progress in realising the goals which the European Council has set itself since January 2010 and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - December 2016

12-12-2016

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

What if electric cars became an affordable and convenient way to travel?

07-12-2016

Are electric cars on the verge of becoming the norm, should we encourage this transition, and what would be the consequences for the environment, the automobile industry and our electricity grid? Over the past century, cars have become an integral part of our society. They generally offer greater flexibility than alternative modes of transport, and they are affordable to a large proportion of people. Ever since cars were first mass-produced, they have almost exclusively been powered by ICEs (internal ...

Are electric cars on the verge of becoming the norm, should we encourage this transition, and what would be the consequences for the environment, the automobile industry and our electricity grid? Over the past century, cars have become an integral part of our society. They generally offer greater flexibility than alternative modes of transport, and they are affordable to a large proportion of people. Ever since cars were first mass-produced, they have almost exclusively been powered by ICEs (internal combustion engines), which burn fossil fuels, such as petrol and diesel, to provide the energy required to turn the cars’ wheels and perform auxiliary tasks. However, in recent years concerns about climate change and dependence on oil have led to a great deal of effort and attention being invested in developing alternative ways of providing this energy.

Workshop on Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking

07-12-2016

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking’ held on 8th September 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee members on the EU Action Plan and open a debate about its implementation challenges between Committee members and established experts. The workshop and this report has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions during the workshop ‘Delivering and Enforcing the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking’ held on 8th September 2016. The aim of the workshop was to provide background information to the ENVI Committee members on the EU Action Plan and open a debate about its implementation challenges between Committee members and established experts. The workshop and this report has been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament.

External author

Smith Lucy Olivia, Sina Stephan and Pantzar Mia

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24-01-2017
"The role of lawyers, accountants and bankers in Panama Papers"
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24-01-2017
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Academic Further and Distance Education as Part of the Lifelong Learning Strategy
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CULT

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