333

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Mapping the Representation of Women and Men in Legal Professions Across the EU

02-08-2017

Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this study analysis is mapping across all 28 EU Member States the representation of women and men in legal professions. The aim of this study is to identify areas where women or men are currently underrepresented and to analyse the underlying reasons and constraints.

Upon request by the Committee on Legal Affairs, this study analysis is mapping across all 28 EU Member States the representation of women and men in legal professions. The aim of this study is to identify areas where women or men are currently underrepresented and to analyse the underlying reasons and constraints.

External author

Yvonne Galligan, Renate Haupfleisch, Lisa Irvine, Katja Korolkova, Monika Natter, Ulrike Schultz, Sally Wheeler

Delegation to Morocco - 17-20 July 2017 - Briefing note for FEMM Members

13-07-2017

This briefing note was prepared at the request of the FEMM Committee. The briefing provides information on the situation of women and gender equality in Morocco for FEMM Members joining an AFET delegation to Morocco from 17-20 July 2017. The briefing contains statistics and background information on the labour participation of women in Morocco, violence against women, women's political participation, and female illiteracy in Morocco. It also looks at the EU-Morocco partnership and the national and ...

This briefing note was prepared at the request of the FEMM Committee. The briefing provides information on the situation of women and gender equality in Morocco for FEMM Members joining an AFET delegation to Morocco from 17-20 July 2017. The briefing contains statistics and background information on the labour participation of women in Morocco, violence against women, women's political participation, and female illiteracy in Morocco. It also looks at the EU-Morocco partnership and the national and international legal context.

Rights and empowerment of women in the Western Balkans

23-06-2017

Gender equality – recognised by the United Nations as a human right, and enshrined in the EU Treaties – is among the requirements with which Western Balkan candidates and potential candidates for EU accession (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. In recent years, these six countries have taken steps to advance women's rights. They have adopted or amended their relevant legislation (for instance, criminal and labour ...

Gender equality – recognised by the United Nations as a human right, and enshrined in the EU Treaties – is among the requirements with which Western Balkan candidates and potential candidates for EU accession (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. In recent years, these six countries have taken steps to advance women's rights. They have adopted or amended their relevant legislation (for instance, criminal and labour laws), elaborated national strategies and action plans, and established institutional mechanisms to carry out and monitor the policies in the area. Despite these formal efforts, however, promoting gender equality is often seen as a low-priority task, the main focus being centred on political and economic issues. In practice, women in the region still share similar challenges of increased personal, economic, and social insecurity. Traditional stereotypes place them in a subordinate position, and public awareness of their rights is low. Moreover, even though laws on gender equality exist, the institutions responsible for implementing them are weak and enjoy little public trust. Widespread domestic violence, limited labour market opportunities and unequal access to participation in high-level politics (despite existing quotas) are palpable issues concerning women still waiting to be tackled. As the Western Balkan governments' response to the above challenges is largely seen as inadequate, there have been calls to dedicate greater attention to them, including in the framework of EU accession, and for an increase in civil society involvement. For its part, civil society has repeatedly called for stricter monitoring, more consistent implementation and public awareness-raising as part of the national agenda.

Politique européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées: De la définition du handicap à la mise en œuvre d’une stratégie

12-06-2017

Le handicap touche plus de 70 millions de personnes dans l’Union européenne, soit près d’une personne sur six. Parmi elles, beaucoup rencontrent des difficultés pour accomplir les simples tâches du quotidien, poursuivre des études ou obtenir un emploi. C’est pourquoi, à côté et en soutien des politiques des États membres, l’Union européenne s’est engagée à lutter contre toute forme de discrimination que peut notamment engendrer un handicap.

Le handicap touche plus de 70 millions de personnes dans l’Union européenne, soit près d’une personne sur six. Parmi elles, beaucoup rencontrent des difficultés pour accomplir les simples tâches du quotidien, poursuivre des études ou obtenir un emploi. C’est pourquoi, à côté et en soutien des politiques des États membres, l’Union européenne s’est engagée à lutter contre toute forme de discrimination que peut notamment engendrer un handicap.

World Day Against Child Labour

09-06-2017

The International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002, as part of their efforts to eradicate this unacceptable phenomenon. The day is observed each year on 12 June, and this year the focus will be on the impact of conflicts and disasters. It is also an opportunity to consider what measures have been taken at international and EU level to prevent child labour, and with what success.

The International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002, as part of their efforts to eradicate this unacceptable phenomenon. The day is observed each year on 12 June, and this year the focus will be on the impact of conflicts and disasters. It is also an opportunity to consider what measures have been taken at international and EU level to prevent child labour, and with what success.

European Accessibility Act

09-06-2017

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of and implementation framework for accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear ...

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of and implementation framework for accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear definition of the existing general accessibility obligation laid down in European law. Many stakeholders welcome the European Union's wish to honour its responsibilities under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, but they have been divided on the means to reach this objective. Discussion is on-going on the proposal: the Council adopted progress reports in June and December 2016, and work continues in the Working Party on Social Questions. In the European Parliament, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on 25 April 2017.

Equality between men and women

01-06-2017

Equality between women and men is one of the objectives of the European Union. Over time, legislation, case-law and changes to the Treaties have helped shore up this principle and its implementation in the EU. The European Parliament has always been a fervent defender of the principle of equality between men and women.

Equality between women and men is one of the objectives of the European Union. Over time, legislation, case-law and changes to the Treaties have helped shore up this principle and its implementation in the EU. The European Parliament has always been a fervent defender of the principle of equality between men and women.

The fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination

01-06-2017

By supporting Member States in the fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination, the European Union aims to reinforce the inclusiveness and cohesion of European society and to allow all citizens to enjoy equal access to available opportunities and resources.

By supporting Member States in the fight against poverty, social exclusion and discrimination, the European Union aims to reinforce the inclusiveness and cohesion of European society and to allow all citizens to enjoy equal access to available opportunities and resources.

The use of EU funds for gender equality in Poland

15-05-2017

This research article was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality. It was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. The focus of the study is to assess how gender equality funds for 2014-2020 are allocated in Poland. The focus is mainly on the ESIF's funding within the National and Regional Operational Programmes, as well as the Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality ...

This research article was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality. It was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. The focus of the study is to assess how gender equality funds for 2014-2020 are allocated in Poland. The focus is mainly on the ESIF's funding within the National and Regional Operational Programmes, as well as the Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality Objective, and the follow-up of Daphne Programmes on violence against women. The reference period is 2014-2016. The report presents to what extent the rules of projects' selection procedures determine the implementation of gender equality principles within operational programmes.

External author

Dr Manuela Samek Lodovici, IRS – Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Italy

Gender Gap in Pensions: Looking ahead

15-05-2017

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ...

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ageing population has stimulated revision to pension systems, including raising retirement age and the introduction of a closer correspondence between lifetime earnings and pension levels. These changes will influence the pattern in the future gender pension gap. This report recommends an approach to assessment of the future gender pension gap using the Forward-looking Gender Pension Gap Index. The index proposed spans two domains: the employment gap and pension system compensation. Both these domains impact tomorrow’s distribution of pensions between men and women.

External author

Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Warsaw School of Economics

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