331

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Author
Keyword
Date

Rights and empowerment of women in the Western Balkans

23-06-2017

Gender equality – recognised by the United Nations as a human right, and enshrined in the EU Treaties – is among the requirements with which Western Balkan candidates and potential candidates for EU accession (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. In recent years, these six countries have taken steps to advance women's rights. They have adopted or amended their relevant legislation (for instance, criminal and labour ...

Gender equality – recognised by the United Nations as a human right, and enshrined in the EU Treaties – is among the requirements with which Western Balkan candidates and potential candidates for EU accession (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia) have to comply. In recent years, these six countries have taken steps to advance women's rights. They have adopted or amended their relevant legislation (for instance, criminal and labour laws), elaborated national strategies and action plans, and established institutional mechanisms to carry out and monitor the policies in the area. Despite these formal efforts, however, promoting gender equality is often seen as a low-priority task, the main focus being centred on political and economic issues. In practice, women in the region still share similar challenges of increased personal, economic, and social insecurity. Traditional stereotypes place them in a subordinate position, and public awareness of their rights is low. Moreover, even though laws on gender equality exist, the institutions responsible for implementing them are weak and enjoy little public trust. Widespread domestic violence, limited labour market opportunities and unequal access to participation in high-level politics (despite existing quotas) are palpable issues concerning women still waiting to be tackled. As the Western Balkan governments' response to the above challenges is largely seen as inadequate, there have been calls to dedicate greater attention to them, including in the framework of EU accession, and for an increase in civil society involvement. For its part, civil society has repeatedly called for stricter monitoring, more consistent implementation and public awareness-raising as part of the national agenda.

Politique européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées: De la définition du handicap à la mise en œuvre d’une stratégie

12-06-2017

Le handicap touche plus de 70 millions de personnes dans l’Union européenne, soit près d’une personne sur six. Parmi elles, beaucoup rencontrent des difficultés pour accomplir les simples tâches du quotidien, poursuivre des études ou obtenir un emploi. C’est pourquoi, à côté et en soutien des politiques des États membres, l’Union européenne s’est engagée à lutter contre toute forme de discrimination que peut notamment engendrer un handicap.

Le handicap touche plus de 70 millions de personnes dans l’Union européenne, soit près d’une personne sur six. Parmi elles, beaucoup rencontrent des difficultés pour accomplir les simples tâches du quotidien, poursuivre des études ou obtenir un emploi. C’est pourquoi, à côté et en soutien des politiques des États membres, l’Union européenne s’est engagée à lutter contre toute forme de discrimination que peut notamment engendrer un handicap.

World Day Against Child Labour

09-06-2017

The International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002, as part of their efforts to eradicate this unacceptable phenomenon. The day is observed each year on 12 June, and this year the focus will be on the impact of conflicts and disasters. It is also an opportunity to consider what measures have been taken at international and EU level to prevent child labour, and with what success.

The International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002, as part of their efforts to eradicate this unacceptable phenomenon. The day is observed each year on 12 June, and this year the focus will be on the impact of conflicts and disasters. It is also an opportunity to consider what measures have been taken at international and EU level to prevent child labour, and with what success.

European Accessibility Act

09-06-2017

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of and implementation framework for accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear ...

To ensure the full participation of people with disabilities in society and to reduce the fragmentation of legislation governing access to products and services, the European Commission has adopted a proposal for a directive – often referred to as the European Accessibility Act. This proposal provides for a common EU definition of and implementation framework for accessibility requirements for certain products and services. It also aims to use the same accessibility requirements to provide a clear definition of the existing general accessibility obligation laid down in European law. Many stakeholders welcome the European Union's wish to honour its responsibilities under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, but they have been divided on the means to reach this objective. Discussion is on-going on the proposal: the Council adopted progress reports in June and December 2016, and work continues in the Working Party on Social Questions. In the European Parliament, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) adopted its report on 25 April 2017.

The use of EU funds for gender equality in Poland

15-05-2017

This research article was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality. It was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. The focus of the study is to assess how gender equality funds for 2014-2020 are allocated in Poland. The focus is mainly on the ESIF's funding within the National and Regional Operational Programmes, as well as the Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality ...

This research article was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality. It was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. The focus of the study is to assess how gender equality funds for 2014-2020 are allocated in Poland. The focus is mainly on the ESIF's funding within the National and Regional Operational Programmes, as well as the Horizon 2020 and the REC Programmes on the Gender Equality Objective, and the follow-up of Daphne Programmes on violence against women. The reference period is 2014-2016. The report presents to what extent the rules of projects' selection procedures determine the implementation of gender equality principles within operational programmes.

External author

Dr Manuela Samek Lodovici, IRS – Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Italy

Gender Gap in Pensions: Looking ahead

15-05-2017

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ...

The study was commissioned overseen and published by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee. The issue of gender gap in pensions has aroused increasing attention over recent years. While the current gap in pension levels between men and women reflects past labour market tendencies and design of pension systems, pronounced changes have occurred with regard to both employment of women and pension systems. The ageing population has stimulated revision to pension systems, including raising retirement age and the introduction of a closer correspondence between lifetime earnings and pension levels. These changes will influence the pattern in the future gender pension gap. This report recommends an approach to assessment of the future gender pension gap using the Forward-looking Gender Pension Gap Index. The index proposed spans two domains: the employment gap and pension system compensation. Both these domains impact tomorrow’s distribution of pensions between men and women.

External author

Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Warsaw School of Economics

The rights of LGBTI people in the European Union

12-05-2017

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons persists throughout the EU, taking various forms including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as a ground of discrimination. However, the scope of these provisions is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education and ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons persists throughout the EU, taking various forms including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as a ground of discrimination. However, the scope of these provisions is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education and access to goods and services, leaving LGBTI people particularly vulnerable in these areas. Moreover, EU competence does not extend to recognition of marital or family status. In this area, national regulations vary, with some Member States offering same-sex couples the right to marry, others allowing alternative forms of registration, and yet others not providing any legal status for same-sex couples. Same-sex couples may or may not have the right to adopt children and to access assisted reproduction. These divergent legal statuses have implications, for instance, for partners from two Member States with different standards who want to formalise/legalise their relationship or for same-sex couples and their families wishing to move to another Member State. Combating discrimination has become part of EU internal and external policies and the subject of numerous resolutions of the European Parliament. However, action in this area remains problematic when it touches on issues pertaining to areas traditionally reserved to Member States, such as marital status and family law. This is a further updated version of a briefing originally drafted by Piotr Bakowski. The previous edition was published in May 2016, PE 582.031.

EU measures against discrimination

21-04-2017

Equality and respect for human dignity and human rights are among the core values of the EU. This is reflected in several EU directives targeting various types of discrimination. However, not all grounds and areas of discrimination are covered by EU law, and work on better protection against discrimination is ongoing.

Equality and respect for human dignity and human rights are among the core values of the EU. This is reflected in several EU directives targeting various types of discrimination. However, not all grounds and areas of discrimination are covered by EU law, and work on better protection against discrimination is ongoing.

Gender equality policies in Slovakia

14-04-2017

The Slovak Republic addresses equality between women and men both in its national legislation and relevant strategic materials and documents. With the aim to strengthen institutional support for women and development of effective policies and programmes, the Slovak republic made necessary changes in legislation and adjusted policies to better facilitate creation of conditions for effective implementation of systematic measures at the institutional level. These have been essential in the effort to ...

The Slovak Republic addresses equality between women and men both in its national legislation and relevant strategic materials and documents. With the aim to strengthen institutional support for women and development of effective policies and programmes, the Slovak republic made necessary changes in legislation and adjusted policies to better facilitate creation of conditions for effective implementation of systematic measures at the institutional level. These have been essential in the effort to achieve gender equality and eliminate gender inequalities in the society.

External author

Silvia PORUBANOVA, Institute for Labour and Family Research

International Roma Day

28-03-2017

Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture.

Since 1990, 8 April has been marked every year as International Roma Day, providing an opportunity both to discuss the situation of Roma, and to celebrate Romani culture.

Upcoming events

29-06-2017
Joint public REGI-COTER hearing on implementation of the Urban Agenda
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REGI
29-06-2017
Statelessness
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LIBE PETI
11-07-2017
Reforming professional services
Workshop -
IMCO

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