812

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Author
Keyword
Date

Interim digital services tax on revenues from certain digital services

16-07-2018

There is a consensus that the digital economy is relatively undertaxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of intangible assets, and novel ways to create value make it particularly easy for enterprises to limit their tax liabilities. In order to provide a solution to this problem, in March 2018 the Commission adopted the 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package ...

There is a consensus that the digital economy is relatively undertaxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of intangible assets, and novel ways to create value make it particularly easy for enterprises to limit their tax liabilities. In order to provide a solution to this problem, in March 2018 the Commission adopted the 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package, comprised of two proposals. One concerns a permanent reform of corporate tax regime while the second is a proposal for a directive on the common system of a digital services tax on revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services, which would apply as an interim measure until the permanent reform has been implemented. The tax is to cover businesses above two thresholds: total annual worldwide revenues exceeding €750 million and annual revenues in the EU exceeding €50 million. The proposed single rate is at 3 %, levied on gross revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services where user value creation is essential. The stakeholders and the Member States seem to be divided on the issue.

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions

11-07-2018

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions (Late Payment Directive, (LPD)) strengthened European regulations first introduced in 2000 in favour of creditors. In addition to statutory interest, the application of which is still not automatic, maximum periods were established for payments in business-to-business transactions and those with public authorities, limiting contractual freedom, which is often abused by stronger companies. Following the largely correct transposition into ...

Directive 2011/7/EU on late payments in commercial transactions (Late Payment Directive, (LPD)) strengthened European regulations first introduced in 2000 in favour of creditors. In addition to statutory interest, the application of which is still not automatic, maximum periods were established for payments in business-to-business transactions and those with public authorities, limiting contractual freedom, which is often abused by stronger companies. Following the largely correct transposition into national law, the situation continues to vary between Member States with regard to average payment periods (especially from public authorities), and the level of implementation of additional voluntary measures (such as prompt payment codes). In the absence of harmonised measurement methods, business surveys and consultations indicate improving practices, but the attribution of this development to the LPD cannot be separated from broader economic contexts and cultural aspects easily. Further exchange of best practices and better monitoring of their effectiveness might facilitate future developments in the area of late payments, including legislative action.

Economic dialogue and exchange of views with the Presidents of the Council (ECOFIN)

09-07-2018

Hartwig Löger, Minister of Finance of Austria, is participating in the ECON Committee on 11 July 2018 in his capacity of the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Austrian Presidency (July - December 2018). Vladislav Goranov, Minister of Finance of Bulgaria, is participating in the ECON Committee on 12 July 2018 in his capacity of the outgoing President of the ECOFIN Council during the Bulgarian Presidency (January - June 2018). According to the Treaty of the Union “Member States shall ...

Hartwig Löger, Minister of Finance of Austria, is participating in the ECON Committee on 11 July 2018 in his capacity of the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Austrian Presidency (July - December 2018). Vladislav Goranov, Minister of Finance of Bulgaria, is participating in the ECON Committee on 12 July 2018 in his capacity of the outgoing President of the ECOFIN Council during the Bulgarian Presidency (January - June 2018). According to the Treaty of the Union “Member States shall regard their economic policies as a matter of common concern and shall coordinate them within the Council”. This briefing note covers the 2018 CSRs proposed by the Commission, the implementation of CSRs over the period 2012-2017 and recent decisions related to the implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact and the Macro-economic Imbalance Procedure. It also includes elements related to the on-going work to strengthen the governance and the resilience of the Economic and Monetary Union.

Competition issues in the area of Financial Technology (FinTech)

09-07-2018

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative ...

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative tools to anticipate and manage anticompetitive behaviours as they occur. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

External author

Alberto FRAILE CARMONA, Iclaves S.L.; Agustín GONZÁLEZ-QUEL LOMBARDO, Iclaves S.L.; Rafael RIVERA PASTOR, Iclaves S.L.; Carlota TARÍN QUIRÓS, Iclaves S.L.; Juan Pablo VILLAR GARCÍA, Iclaves S.L.; David RAMOS MUÑOZ, Universidad Carlos III; Luis CASTEJÓN MARTÍN, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Public hearing with Elke König, Chair of the SRM Supervisory Board, presenting the SRB Annual Report 2017

06-07-2018

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Mrs Elke König, who will inter alia present the SRB Annual Report 2017. The EP received a copy of that report on a confidential basis, under embargo until the presentation of that report. In view of that restriction, this briefing does not refer to the Annual Report in any way. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) resolution financing, including ...

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Single Resolution Board (SRB), Mrs Elke König, who will inter alia present the SRB Annual Report 2017. The EP received a copy of that report on a confidential basis, under embargo until the presentation of that report. In view of that restriction, this briefing does not refer to the Annual Report in any way. The following issues are addressed in this briefing: (i) resolution financing, including the recently agreed backstop to the Single Resolution Fund (SRF) and considerations by the Eurogroup on further “work on a possible framework for liquidity in resolution, including on the possible institutional framework”; (ii) whether further harmonisation of insolvency law is necessary to complete the Banking Union ; (iii) an update on resolution cases (Banco Popular, ABLV, and Cyprus Cooperative Bank); (iv) current achievements in terms of the SRB’s work programm; (v) recent events concerning the SRB, and (vi) external briefing papers on the topic of “valuation reports”.

Banking Union Essential Terms: Technical Abbreviations & Glossary (EN/DE/FR)

06-07-2018

This abbreviation list and tri-lingual glossary (English, German and French, see disclaimer) lists and explains relevant terms frequently used in the area of documents related to the Banking Union, more specifically in relation to the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM) and the application of the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The glossary and list of abbreviations may be updated and extended in order to ...

This abbreviation list and tri-lingual glossary (English, German and French, see disclaimer) lists and explains relevant terms frequently used in the area of documents related to the Banking Union, more specifically in relation to the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM) and the application of the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The glossary and list of abbreviations may be updated and extended in order to take account of new developments and needs. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

External author

Bernd HEIMBÜCHEL, Ute HEIMBÜCHEL, Urs LENDERMANN

Valuation reports in the context of banking resolution: What are the challenges?

05-07-2018

The paper discusses the problem of valuation in bank resolution. In an overview over the most relevant principles of valuation theory, the paper notes the difficulties inherent in valuing risks and illiquidity in holding non-traded assets. Subsequently, the paper briefly reviews the resolution of Banco Popular Español, and then discusses the need for clarification of the no-investor-worse-off principle, the relation between the price in a sale of business and the presumed outcome in an insolvency ...

The paper discusses the problem of valuation in bank resolution. In an overview over the most relevant principles of valuation theory, the paper notes the difficulties inherent in valuing risks and illiquidity in holding non-traded assets. Subsequently, the paper briefly reviews the resolution of Banco Popular Español, and then discusses the need for clarification of the no-investor-worse-off principle, the relation between the price in a sale of business and the presumed outcome in an insolvency procedure, and the difficulties attached to assessing the value of an illiquid asset that is held. The paper concludes with a discussion of the need for time, for valuation and in resolution, warns against a moratorium on withdrawals and payouts, and argues that time pressures would be much reduced if funding in resolution was provided for.

Valuation reports in the context of banking resolution: What are the challenges?

05-07-2018

This study discusses the challenges concerning bank valuation reports in resolution. The resolution mechanism has three types of valuation reports, respectively to determine whether a bank is failing or likely to fail (valuation 1), to inform the use of the resolution tools including bail-in (valuation 2), and to ensure that the no creditor worse off condition is respected (valuation 3). The first experience with the preparation of valuation reports shows that even with the more formal procedures ...

This study discusses the challenges concerning bank valuation reports in resolution. The resolution mechanism has three types of valuation reports, respectively to determine whether a bank is failing or likely to fail (valuation 1), to inform the use of the resolution tools including bail-in (valuation 2), and to ensure that the no creditor worse off condition is respected (valuation 3). The first experience with the preparation of valuation reports shows that even with the more formal procedures there are still substantial uncertainties regarding the outcome of these valuations due to organisational, legal and economic challenges. Additional mitigating measures should be considered to reduce the uncertainty.

External author

Willem Pieter de Groen, CEPS

Cryptocurrencies and blockchain

05-07-2018

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial ...

More and more regulators are worrying about criminals who are increasingly using cryptocurrencies for illegitimate activities like money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion. The problem is significant: even though the full scale of misuse of virtual currencies is unknown, its market value has been reported to exceed EUR 7 billion worldwide. This paper prepared by Policy Department A elaborates on this phenomenon from a legal perspective, focusing on the use of cryptocurrencies for financial crime, money laundering and tax evasion. It contains policy recommendations for future EU standards.

External author

Prof. Dr. Robby HOUBEN and Alexander SNYERS, University of Antwerp, Research Group Business & Law, Belgium

Banking Union: Towards new arrangements to finance banks under resolution?

04-07-2018

The recent case of Banco Popular has shown the importance of liquidity funding in the context of bank resolution. Ahead of the June Euro Summit, in a letter the President of the Euro group noted that in addition to the Single Resolution Fund (and its backstop) “work needs to continue on a possible framework for liquidity in resolution, including on the possible institutional framework”. This briefing (1) describes the existing arrangements in the Banking Union, (2) compares those arrangements with ...

The recent case of Banco Popular has shown the importance of liquidity funding in the context of bank resolution. Ahead of the June Euro Summit, in a letter the President of the Euro group noted that in addition to the Single Resolution Fund (and its backstop) “work needs to continue on a possible framework for liquidity in resolution, including on the possible institutional framework”. This briefing (1) describes the existing arrangements in the Banking Union, (2) compares those arrangements with the US and the UK regimes and (3) echoes ongoing reflections on possible new arrangements along the lines of the US and UK regimes, with a view to completing the Banking Union.

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04-09-2018
Fiscal stabilization capacity for the Euro area: Latest thinking from the IMF
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Automation: Putting faces to jobs at risk
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