195

result(s)

Word(s)
Publication type
Author
Keyword
Date

Professional Qualifications Directive

31-08-2017

On 11 May 2017, the Conference of Presidents of the European Parliament authorised its Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) to draw up a report on the implementation of Directive 2005/36/EC regarding regulation and the need for reform in professional services. The timetable envisaged for the preparation of this report was then adapted to the one for the report on the legislative proposal for a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, also being ...

On 11 May 2017, the Conference of Presidents of the European Parliament authorised its Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) to draw up a report on the implementation of Directive 2005/36/EC regarding regulation and the need for reform in professional services. The timetable envisaged for the preparation of this report was then adapted to the one for the report on the legislative proposal for a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, also being dealt with by IMCO (rapporteur: Andreas Schwab, EPP, Germany). Due to the limited time consequently available for conducting research on this dossier, this short briefing paper – rather than a full European Implementation Assessment, as is the usual procedure in the case of implementation reports – is hereby provided to the IMCO Members. The scope of this 'Implementation in Action' briefing, covering the history of EU regulation of professions, application of Article 59 of the Professional Qualifications Directive, and the restrictiveness indicator used by the European Commission, was agreed with the IMCO committee secretariat following consultation with the office of the rapporteur (Nicola Danti, S&D, Italy).

Member States' capacity to fight tax crimes

31-07-2017

National provisions against tax avoidance and tax evasion, and money laundering laws and their enforcement vary widely from one Member State to the next. This study examines the administrative capabilities of EU Member States when it comes to tackling these challenges and reviews the specific measures they have taken in response to the publication of the Panama Papers. The main objectives are to evaluate whether the legal framework and the institutional configurations in place are adequate, to pinpoint ...

National provisions against tax avoidance and tax evasion, and money laundering laws and their enforcement vary widely from one Member State to the next. This study examines the administrative capabilities of EU Member States when it comes to tackling these challenges and reviews the specific measures they have taken in response to the publication of the Panama Papers. The main objectives are to evaluate whether the legal framework and the institutional configurations in place are adequate, to pinpoint the deficiencies and to suggest ways in which they could be addressed.

Illicit trade in cultural goods

25-07-2017

Illicit trade (or trafficking) in cultural goods is defined by the European Commission as the 'illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, i.e. items being of importance for archaeology, prehistory, history, literature, art or science' and is characterised as ranging 'from theft from cultural heritage institutions or private collections, through looting of archaeological sites to the displacement of artefacts due to war'. The European Commission points out that trafficking ...

Illicit trade (or trafficking) in cultural goods is defined by the European Commission as the 'illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, i.e. items being of importance for archaeology, prehistory, history, literature, art or science' and is characterised as ranging 'from theft from cultural heritage institutions or private collections, through looting of archaeological sites to the displacement of artefacts due to war'. The European Commission points out that trafficking in cultural goods 'fosters terrorism, money laundering, tax evasion, and organised crime' and that 'Europe, where art and culture are highly prized and where many wealthy buyers can be found, is a favourite outlet for trafficking'. Cultural goods have a significant economic value in the market and the trafficking of cultural goods and antiquities is estimated to be worth between US$50 million and US$150 million a year. The European Union does not have common rules on the import of cultural goods. Two EU acts govern only selected areas: Regulation (EU) 116/2009 lays down rules on the export of cultural goods, and Directive 2014/60/EU governs the return of cultural objects taken unlawfully from another EU country. Furthermore, most Member States impose restrictions on imports of culture goods (e.g. requiring declarations or controls) in line with Articles 34 and 35 of Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). On 13 July 2017 the European Commission tabled a proposal for a regulation on the import of cultural goods, which will set out conditions and procedure for the entry of cultural goods into the customs territory of the EU. The Commission is also preparing a study on illicit trade in cultural goods in the EU and the new technologies available to combat it.

Drinking Water Directive

24-07-2017

The Drinking Water Directive (DWD) sets quality standards for drinking water and requires that Member States ensure monitoring and compliance with these standards. By and large, it has been successful, best exemplified by the high, and increasing, levels of compliance across the European Union (EU) with the microbiological, chemical and indicator parameters and values set in the DWD. Notwithstanding this overall success, evidence collected over the past years, most notably through evaluation as well ...

The Drinking Water Directive (DWD) sets quality standards for drinking water and requires that Member States ensure monitoring and compliance with these standards. By and large, it has been successful, best exemplified by the high, and increasing, levels of compliance across the European Union (EU) with the microbiological, chemical and indicator parameters and values set in the DWD. Notwithstanding this overall success, evidence collected over the past years, most notably through evaluation as well as public and stakeholder consultation, confirm the existence of challenges. These include an outdated list of parameters and parametric values; over-reliance on compliance testing at the end of the water supply chain (at the tap) and related lack of a risk-based approach to managing water quality; problems related to water quality in small water supplies; lack of connection to public water networks for many citizens; problems related to water contact materials; as well as a lack of information for citizens. Although European Commission Directive 2015/1787 recently introduced elements of a risk-based approach, the current text of the directive does not appear to integrate the World Health Organization guidelines on drinking water quality sufficiently, both in terms of parameters and parametric values (which have not been updated in the DWD since 1998), as well as the lack of a comprehensive risk-based approach in water quality management that would systematically address potential risks throughout the water supply chain. The European Commission is expected to make a proposal to amend the directive in late 2017.

Hybrid mismatches with third countries

17-07-2017

Hybrid mismatch is a situation where a cross-border activity is treated differently for tax purposes by the countries involved, resulting in favourable tax treatment. Hybrid mismatches are used as aggressive tax planning structures, which in turn trigger policy reactions to neutralise their tax effects. When adopting the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive in July 2016, the Council requested that the Commission put forward a proposal on hybrid mismatches involving third countries. The amendment proposed ...

Hybrid mismatch is a situation where a cross-border activity is treated differently for tax purposes by the countries involved, resulting in favourable tax treatment. Hybrid mismatches are used as aggressive tax planning structures, which in turn trigger policy reactions to neutralise their tax effects. When adopting the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive in July 2016, the Council requested that the Commission put forward a proposal on hybrid mismatches involving third countries. The amendment proposed by the Commission on 25 October broadens the provisions of the directive accordingly. It seeks to neutralise mismatches by obliging Member States to deny the deduction of payments by taxpayers or by requiring taxpayers to include a payment or a profit in their taxable income. The Parliament’s opinion was prepared by the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee. As this is a tax measure, Parliament is only consulted. The proposal was adopted by the Council on 29 May 2017.

Briefing for the ENVI delegation to the Porto Marghera refinery in Venice on 17-18 July 2017

14-07-2017

The EU has set a target to replace 10% of transport fuel of every EU country by fuels from renewable sources by 2020. In 2015, 6.7% of final energy used in the EU-28 came from renewable sources. However, efforts will have to increase in order to meet the 10% renewable energy target in 2020. delegation to the Porto Marghera refinery in Venice on 17-19 July 2017. An ENVI delegation is to visit the world’s first example of the conversion of a conventional refinery into a bio-refinery able to transform ...

The EU has set a target to replace 10% of transport fuel of every EU country by fuels from renewable sources by 2020. In 2015, 6.7% of final energy used in the EU-28 came from renewable sources. However, efforts will have to increase in order to meet the 10% renewable energy target in 2020. delegation to the Porto Marghera refinery in Venice on 17-19 July 2017. An ENVI delegation is to visit the world’s first example of the conversion of a conventional refinery into a bio-refinery able to transform organic raw materials into high quality biofuels. The ENI's "Green Refinery project" at Porto Marghera produces green diesel, green naphtha, LPG and potentially jet fuel. It is currently fed by palm oil, but the plan is also to use biomass.

External author

Anne Siemons, Klaus Hennenberg, Hannes Böttcher

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020

10-07-2017

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 (EDS) constitutes a comprehensive multiannual framework for implementing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at EU level. The EDS and CRPD are thus closely intertwined. Whilst many stakeholders had called for a revision of the EDS, the recent European Commission progress report suggests instead to maintain the Strategy's objectives for the remaining period. However, given that the current Strategy ends in 2020, ...

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 (EDS) constitutes a comprehensive multiannual framework for implementing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at EU level. The EDS and CRPD are thus closely intertwined. Whilst many stakeholders had called for a revision of the EDS, the recent European Commission progress report suggests instead to maintain the Strategy's objectives for the remaining period. However, given that the current Strategy ends in 2020, preparation of the future disability framework will need to start before much longer. This briefing, prepared by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims to outline the scope and objectives of the EDS and to analyse its implementation. It has been drafted in support of the implementation report on the EDS, which is currently being drawn up by the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) in close consultation with disability organisations, in response to the Commission’s progress report.

Multimodal and Combined Freight Transport: Implementation Appraisal

07-07-2017

Council Directive 92/106/EEC lays down rules applicable to combined transport of goods. Various resources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of the directive. These include, for instance, a broad and ambiguous definition of combined transport, outdated provisions of the directive, the need to align these provisions with the new economic reality and a need for a unified combined transport document. These challenges influence harmonisation of combined freight ...

Council Directive 92/106/EEC lays down rules applicable to combined transport of goods. Various resources show that there are currently several challenges linked with the implementation of the directive. These include, for instance, a broad and ambiguous definition of combined transport, outdated provisions of the directive, the need to align these provisions with the new economic reality and a need for a unified combined transport document. These challenges influence harmonisation of combined freight transport and limit the fulfilment of the directive's goals. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to update the directive to respond to these challenges. Similar recommendations have come from the European Economic and Social Committee and from representatives of various stakeholder groups. Finally, the European Commission itself has expressed its intention to revise the directive as part of the enhancement of the social legislation in the area of road transport. It is expected that the European Commission will submit this proposal in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Youth Employment Initiative: European Implementation Assessment

30-06-2017

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis ...

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis seeks to contribute to the preparation of a non-legislative implementation report by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs.

Level-2 measures on draft RTS under IFR (Interchange Fees Regulation)

20-06-2017

This briefing has been drawn up to support ECON’s work on the scrutiny of delegated acts, in particular as regards the discussion of 20 June 2017 on the draft European Banking Authority (EBA) RTS under Regulation (EU) 2015/751 on interchange fees for card-based payment transactions (IFR) . The empowerment for the adoption of the RTS – introduced following an amendment by the European Parliament – is the only empowerment for a level 2 measure under the IFR.

This briefing has been drawn up to support ECON’s work on the scrutiny of delegated acts, in particular as regards the discussion of 20 June 2017 on the draft European Banking Authority (EBA) RTS under Regulation (EU) 2015/751 on interchange fees for card-based payment transactions (IFR) . The empowerment for the adoption of the RTS – introduced following an amendment by the European Parliament – is the only empowerment for a level 2 measure under the IFR.

Upcoming events

20-09-2017
Fact-finding visit to Cyprus: 20-22 September 2017
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PETI
25-09-2017
Hearing on LGBTI Rights outside the EU and implementation of EU Guidelines
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DROI
25-09-2017
Hearing: Evaluating drug policies and state of play in the EU legislation
Hearing -
LIBE

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