251

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Policy area
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TTIP and Labour Standards

14-06-2016

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) will follow EU and US recent trade policy practice to include labour provisions. These could limit the risk that liberalisation results in social dumping and promote upward change. This Policy Department A study concludes that the EU could take a precautionary stance and employ various instruments that increase the chances that TTIP will have positive social consequences. TTIP may combine the strengths of the EU and US approaches to labour ...

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) will follow EU and US recent trade policy practice to include labour provisions. These could limit the risk that liberalisation results in social dumping and promote upward change. This Policy Department A study concludes that the EU could take a precautionary stance and employ various instruments that increase the chances that TTIP will have positive social consequences. TTIP may combine the strengths of the EU and US approaches to labour provisions, while improving their weaknesses. More analysis of the social consequences of liberalisation and labour provisions might be stimulated and strong flanking measures at the EU and national level be foreseen.

External author

Jan Orbie, Ferdi de Ville and Lore van den Putte

EU-US negotiations on TTIP: A survey of current issues

11-07-2016

The negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the EU and the USA aim at achieving a comprehensive trade agreement with renewed liberalisation efforts in trade, services and investments, while at the same time aiming at regulatory cooperation and rule-based trade. Since the completion of the 13th round of negotiations on TTIP in April 2016, the European Commission and the USA have been working to achieve substantial progress before the next round takes place in ...

The negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the EU and the USA aim at achieving a comprehensive trade agreement with renewed liberalisation efforts in trade, services and investments, while at the same time aiming at regulatory cooperation and rule-based trade. Since the completion of the 13th round of negotiations on TTIP in April 2016, the European Commission and the USA have been working to achieve substantial progress before the next round takes place in July 2016. As those negotiations get under way, this in-depth analysis examines progress to date and looks at the various issues that are still outstanding.

TTIP and Jobs

15-04-2016

TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) could lead to substantial reallocation of jobs between and within industries, however the overall employment effects are uncertain .This Policy Department A study provides the Employment and Social Affairs Committee with an analytical review of literature and calculations of the potential employment impact of TTIP with a view to sectors affected. It provides a snapshot of EU and US trade and labour markets, compares methodologies and results ...

TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) could lead to substantial reallocation of jobs between and within industries, however the overall employment effects are uncertain .This Policy Department A study provides the Employment and Social Affairs Committee with an analytical review of literature and calculations of the potential employment impact of TTIP with a view to sectors affected. It provides a snapshot of EU and US trade and labour markets, compares methodologies and results of ex-ante assessments and also uses information from relevant ex-post evaluations of other trade agreements.

External author

Gabriel Felbermayr (Ludwig Maximilian's University Munich) and ifo Institute Leibniz Institute for Economic Research

TTIP: Access to consolidated texts and confidential documents

12-07-2016

Like other negotiating documents, consolidated texts, which combine the ‘textual proposals’ of parties negotiating an agreement, are normally confidential. The text of an agreement is typically only published once negotiations are complete and the parties have reached agreement on a single text. In response to growing public concern and calls for greater transparency in negotiations, the EU has begun to engage more with civil society on the content of its negotiating objectives. The controversy surrounding ...

Like other negotiating documents, consolidated texts, which combine the ‘textual proposals’ of parties negotiating an agreement, are normally confidential. The text of an agreement is typically only published once negotiations are complete and the parties have reached agreement on a single text. In response to growing public concern and calls for greater transparency in negotiations, the EU has begun to engage more with civil society on the content of its negotiating objectives. The controversy surrounding talks on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) prompted the European Commission to publish the textual proposals tabled by the EU in its negotiations with the US. However, the US has not reciprocated, which means that consolidated texts and other documents referring to US positions remain classified. Initially, on the EU side, only officials with a ‘need to know’ and proper accreditation from the Commission or from a national government, as well as a limited number of Members of the European Parliament had access to these documents. However, in late 2015, the EU and the US reached an agreement under which all Members of the European Parliament and all members of the EU Member States’ national parliaments would have access to the consolidated TTIP negotiating documents. For further information on the ongoing TTIP negotiations, see the recent EPRS publication ‘EU-US negotiations on TTIP: A survey of current issues’, by Laura Puccio.

Comparison of the EU Service Offers for the TTIP and TiSA Negotiations

11-12-2015

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do ...

A comparison of the services offers which the European Union has made for the negotiations on the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) shows that, in general, both treaties follow similar approaches and points of difference are minor; both TiSA and TTIP apply a positive listing approach in regards to market access and negative listing in regards to national treatment, and the rules governing market access and national treatment do not differ between the two agreements. The most significant differences in sector-specific provisions are featured in the transport sector and educational services, while the highest harmonisation of provisions is in the energy sector and communications. Overall, the service provisions in TiSA and TTIP are very similar, although it seems that the level of trade liberalization is higher is TiSA.

External author

Christopher HARTWELL, Jan TERESIŃSKI, Bartosz RADZIKOWSKI and Karolina BEAUMONT

TTIP Impacts on European Energy Markets and Manufacturing Industries

12-01-2015

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE), aims to assess whether and to which extent European energy markets and manufacturing industries would be affected by the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Although the negotiations are currenly on-going, the analysis shows that the TTIP will improve the EU’s security of energy supply through adding liquidity and competition to the natural gas market. The TTIP ...

This study, provided by the Policy Department A at the request of the Industry, Research and Energy Committee (ITRE), aims to assess whether and to which extent European energy markets and manufacturing industries would be affected by the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Although the negotiations are currenly on-going, the analysis shows that the TTIP will improve the EU’s security of energy supply through adding liquidity and competition to the natural gas market. The TTIP will not directly lower either environmental or social legislation, but the study recommends the ITRE Committee to be aware of the potential for weakening of legislation implementation such as REACH and FQD.

External author

Koen RADEMAEKERS, Stephan SLINGERLAND, Albert BRESSAND, Gabriel FELBERMAYR and Karl TÖRNMARCK (Triple E Consulting)

TTIP and Labour Standards

15-07-2016

This Policy Department A note gives a summary of the study TTIP and Labour Standards. The study analyzes the possible effects of TTIP on labour conditions in the European Union (EU), the United States (US) and third countries. It is based on a literature review, an evaluation of labour provisions in recent EU trade agreements and an assessment of stakeholder positions.

This Policy Department A note gives a summary of the study TTIP and Labour Standards. The study analyzes the possible effects of TTIP on labour conditions in the European Union (EU), the United States (US) and third countries. It is based on a literature review, an evaluation of labour provisions in recent EU trade agreements and an assessment of stakeholder positions.

External author

Jan Orbie, Ferdi de Ville and Lore van den Putte (Ghent University, Belgium)

TTIP - Challenges and Opportunities

29-06-2016

This leaflet provides short compilation of papers prepared by the European Parliament’s Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy in relation to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).

This leaflet provides short compilation of papers prepared by the European Parliament’s Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy in relation to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

13-04-2016

TTIP aims to eliminate customs tariffs on goods, to open markets in services, to create investment opportunities and to increase access to transatlantic public procurement tenders. It is planned that TTIP should also include a chapter on investment protection – one of its controversial aspects. This leaflet provides extracts from relevant supporting analyses prepared by European Parliament’s policy departments for different EP's committees.

TTIP aims to eliminate customs tariffs on goods, to open markets in services, to create investment opportunities and to increase access to transatlantic public procurement tenders. It is planned that TTIP should also include a chapter on investment protection – one of its controversial aspects. This leaflet provides extracts from relevant supporting analyses prepared by European Parliament’s policy departments for different EP's committees.

TTIP: Opportunities and Challenges in the Area of Technical Barriers to Trade, Including Standards

15-06-2015

The study explores the possibilities for reducing the costs of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) between the US and the EU, found in standardisation, technical regulations and/or conformity assessment procedures and acceptance of their results. This is important for many industrial sectors but also horizontally as TBTs generally. The EU proposal is ambitious, but without a US text, feasibility is hard to assess, given that the two systems differ considerably. A preliminary attempt to construct the ...

The study explores the possibilities for reducing the costs of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) between the US and the EU, found in standardisation, technical regulations and/or conformity assessment procedures and acceptance of their results. This is important for many industrial sectors but also horizontally as TBTs generally. The EU proposal is ambitious, but without a US text, feasibility is hard to assess, given that the two systems differ considerably. A preliminary attempt to construct the US demands and some partial solutions for TTIP are discussed. The ‘living agreement’ is critical for an effective TBT chapter and needs to be given time, as long as it is driven by an agreed ambitious objective of reducing TBTs as much as possible.

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