Research for TRAN committee - Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollutant Emissions from EU Transport

05-11-2015

Transport is the only EU sector where greenhouse gas emissions have risen since 1990. Conversely, transportation has significantly reduced its emissions of atmospheric pollutants in the past two decades - but it is still a major cause of air pollution, especially in urban areas. Besides, it is unclear whether the decline in transport demand/emissions observed since the 2008 economic downturn is only cyclical or is (at least partly) attributable to structural reasons.

Transport is the only EU sector where greenhouse gas emissions have risen since 1990. Conversely, transportation has significantly reduced its emissions of atmospheric pollutants in the past two decades - but it is still a major cause of air pollution, especially in urban areas. Besides, it is unclear whether the decline in transport demand/emissions observed since the 2008 economic downturn is only cyclical or is (at least partly) attributable to structural reasons.