11

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Reform of the Dublin system

01-03-2019

The refugee and migrant crisis in Europe has exposed the need for reform of the Common European Asylum System, in general, and of the Dublin rules, in particular. The Commission’s proposal of 4 May 2016 to reform the Dublin system would not change the existing criteria for determining which Member State is responsible for examining an asylum application. Instead of a fundamental overhaul of the Dublin regime, as suggested by Parliament, the Commission proposed to streamline and supplement the current ...

The refugee and migrant crisis in Europe has exposed the need for reform of the Common European Asylum System, in general, and of the Dublin rules, in particular. The Commission’s proposal of 4 May 2016 to reform the Dublin system would not change the existing criteria for determining which Member State is responsible for examining an asylum application. Instead of a fundamental overhaul of the Dublin regime, as suggested by Parliament, the Commission proposed to streamline and supplement the current rules with a corrective allocation mechanism. This mechanism would be triggered automatically were a Member State to be faced with disproportionate numbers of asylum-seekers. If a Member State decided not to accept the allocation of asylum-seekers from another one under pressure, a ‘solidarity contribution’ per applicant would have to be made instead. An agreement on the balance between responsibility and solidarity regarding the distribution of asylum-seekers will be a cornerstone for the new EU asylum policy. Although Parliament’s LIBE committee adopted its positon in autumn 2017, the Council has been unable to reach a position on the proposal.

The added value of international trade and impact of trade barriers - Cost of Non-Europe Report

25-10-2017

This Cost of Non-Europe Report, prepared for the European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade, analyses the economic added value of international trade. Aimed at feeding into on-going debates about the roles of globalisation and the rules-based multilateral trade system, it presents an overview of key trade theories, global trade patterns and the arguments for opening and restricting international trade. It analyses distributional consequences of such trade, the role of global value chains ...

This Cost of Non-Europe Report, prepared for the European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade, analyses the economic added value of international trade. Aimed at feeding into on-going debates about the roles of globalisation and the rules-based multilateral trade system, it presents an overview of key trade theories, global trade patterns and the arguments for opening and restricting international trade. It analyses distributional consequences of such trade, the role of global value chains and the consequences of protectionism.

Orientaciones para las políticas de empleo para 2016

06-09-2016

Las orientaciones para el empleo son prioridades y objetivos comunes destinadas a los Estados miembros, estrechamente ligadas a unas orientaciones económicas más amplias. En lo que a 2016 se refiere, el Consejo decidió mantener las orientaciones para las políticas de empleo correspondientes a 2015. El Parlamento Europeo critica la falta de lazos con los objetivos de la Estrategia Europa 2020 y que no se tenga en cuenta su posición de 2015. Además, el PE desea que se tengan en cuenta en mayor medida ...

Las orientaciones para el empleo son prioridades y objetivos comunes destinadas a los Estados miembros, estrechamente ligadas a unas orientaciones económicas más amplias. En lo que a 2016 se refiere, el Consejo decidió mantener las orientaciones para las políticas de empleo correspondientes a 2015. El Parlamento Europeo critica la falta de lazos con los objetivos de la Estrategia Europa 2020 y que no se tenga en cuenta su posición de 2015. Además, el PE desea que se tengan en cuenta en mayor medida las repercusiones del incremento del desempleo así como de las personas en riesgo de pobreza y exclusión social.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Prevention and Healthy Life"

16-06-2014

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

This report summarises the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on ‘Prevention and Healthy Life’, held at the European Parliament in Brussels, on Tuesday 4 March 2014. The aim of the workshop was to discuss the main challenges and future perspectives related to the topic of health promotion and disease prevention. The workshop was hosted by MEP Mr Alojz PETERLE (EPP, SL), Co-chair of the Health Working Group within the ENVI Committee.

Autor externo

Michael Hübel (DG Health and Consumers, European Commission), Sabine Rohrmann (Institute of Social and Preventing Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland), Marjan Videnšek (Foundation Zavod Preporod, Slovenia) and Karl Kuhn (European Network for Workplace Health Promotion - ENWHP)

Measuring well-being and progress: Looking beyond GDP

04-03-2014

Gross domestic product (GDP), a measure of national economic production, has come to be used as a general measure of well-being and progress in society, and as a key indicator in deciding a wide range of public policies. However GDP does not take into account non-economic factors such as social issues and the environment. In the aftermath of the crisis, the EU needs reliable, transparent and convincing measures for evaluating progress.

Gross domestic product (GDP), a measure of national economic production, has come to be used as a general measure of well-being and progress in society, and as a key indicator in deciding a wide range of public policies. However GDP does not take into account non-economic factors such as social issues and the environment. In the aftermath of the crisis, the EU needs reliable, transparent and convincing measures for evaluating progress.

Turkmenistan: Selected Trade and Economic Issues

17-05-2013

Like a number of former Soviet Union republics in Central Asia, Turkmenistan has recently recorded quite high economic growth rates — often in the double digits — mainly thanks to the increasing global demand for energy and other raw materials, which are abundant in the country. Despite recent progress, the country's economic growth is still hampered by inefficient economic and public structures, still largely inspired by Soviet models and lacking modern infrastructure. The geographical location ...

Like a number of former Soviet Union republics in Central Asia, Turkmenistan has recently recorded quite high economic growth rates — often in the double digits — mainly thanks to the increasing global demand for energy and other raw materials, which are abundant in the country. Despite recent progress, the country's economic growth is still hampered by inefficient economic and public structures, still largely inspired by Soviet models and lacking modern infrastructure. The geographical location of Turkmenistan, a land-locked country with some 'difficult' neighbours (such as Iran and Afghanistan), also negatively influences its development. Among the former Soviet Union republics, Turkmenistan has what is probably the worst record in terms of economic and trade liberalisation. Despite growing public revenues, malnutrition still plagues remote rural areas, and poverty is widespread.

Women Living Alone - An Update

15-10-2012

The current economic downturn and financial and budgetary crisis impacts the situation of women on the labour market and their living conditions. It is interesting to see the particularities of the situation of single women older women living alone and without dependants, relative to the rest of the population and to single and elderly men and women not living alone. Besides the usual labour market indicators, indicators on the quality of employment, sources of income and living conditions should ...

The current economic downturn and financial and budgetary crisis impacts the situation of women on the labour market and their living conditions. It is interesting to see the particularities of the situation of single women older women living alone and without dependants, relative to the rest of the population and to single and elderly men and women not living alone. Besides the usual labour market indicators, indicators on the quality of employment, sources of income and living conditions should be considered. The following analysis covers all the 27 EU Member States (according to data availability). It is also important to analyse the policy changes implied by the crisis: changes in pension systems, labour market and active ageing policies and assistance policies. In this document, the qualitative analysis of the main policy reforms introduced in recent years focuses on six countries selected as representative of European welfare systems: Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, United Kingdom, Romania. The main aspects of the policy reforms identified, their functioning in the frame of the more general national welfare systems and their expected impact in the gender perspective are described with special attention given to expected impacts on women living alone without dependants and elderly women living alone. In the selected countries some good practices can be identified to alleviate (directly or indirectly) the potential negative effects of welfare and labour market reforms on the conditions of women living alone and, especially, on older women living alone. These good practices are used as evidence to draw upon for policy recommendations.

Autor externo

Project Direction : Manuela Samek Lodovici (Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale - IRS, Italy) and Renata Semenza (University of Milano, Italy) Research team : Eugenia De Rosa (IRS), Marco Fregoni (IRS), Sandra Naaf (IRS), Monica Patrizio (IRS), Flavia Pesce (IRS) and Sara Pinoli (IRS)

The EU commitment to sustainable cities

12-06-2012

Most current environmental challenges have their origins in urban areas, but it is also these same urban areas that bring together the commitment and innovation needed to resolve them. In recent years, the EU has sought to explore ways in which urban and environmental policies can be integrated in order to promote and develop sustainable cities.

Most current environmental challenges have their origins in urban areas, but it is also these same urban areas that bring together the commitment and innovation needed to resolve them. In recent years, the EU has sought to explore ways in which urban and environmental policies can be integrated in order to promote and develop sustainable cities.

Access to Energy in Developing Countries

07-11-2011

Despite the continuous efforts of developing countries and the international community to reduce energy poverty, some 2.7 billion people around the world still rely on traditional biomass for cooking and heating and 1.3 billion people do not have access to electricity. Over 80% of the energy poor live in rural areas and roughly two thirds in sub- Saharan Africa and India – the focus regions for this study. While fossil fuels will inevitably play a major role in expanding on-grid energy supply, this ...

Despite the continuous efforts of developing countries and the international community to reduce energy poverty, some 2.7 billion people around the world still rely on traditional biomass for cooking and heating and 1.3 billion people do not have access to electricity. Over 80% of the energy poor live in rural areas and roughly two thirds in sub- Saharan Africa and India – the focus regions for this study. While fossil fuels will inevitably play a major role in expanding on-grid energy supply, this study shows that renewable energy sources – and especially small decentralised solutions – have huge potential for providing reliable, sustainable and affordable energy services for the poor, particularly in rural areas of developing countries. Many challenges remain, including financing, capacity building, technology transfer and governance reforms. A careful assessment of the environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies, particularly those on water, is an important prerequisite for donor finance. With the right design, energy access projects can also bring a host of developmental co-benefits. It should be possible for international initiatives including the UN’s Year of Sustainable Energy for All and the EU’s partnership with Africa to build on the rich experience and lessons learned from pilot projects over the last two decades in order to optimise donor effectiveness in this area.

Autor externo

Arno BEHRENS, CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES (CEPS), Belgium; Jorge NUNEZ FERRER, CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES (CEPS), Belgium; Mathilde CARRARO, CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES (CEPS), Belgium; Glada LAHN, CHATHAM HOUSE, UK; Eike DREBLOW, ECOLOGIC INSTITUTE, Germany

Women Living Alone : Evaluation of their Specific Difficulties

15-09-2008

This study presents the specific difficulties of women over 25 years of age living alone (divided into three groups: single women, single mothers and elderly women) in the European countries, highlighting national differences in the incidence and main characteristics of women living alone, and analyses the policies adopted to support their economic and living conditions, focusing on pension and assistance schemes and providing examples of good practices and policy recommendations.

This study presents the specific difficulties of women over 25 years of age living alone (divided into three groups: single women, single mothers and elderly women) in the European countries, highlighting national differences in the incidence and main characteristics of women living alone, and analyses the policies adopted to support their economic and living conditions, focusing on pension and assistance schemes and providing examples of good practices and policy recommendations.

Autor externo

IRS – Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale (Milano, Italy)

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