7

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India's multilateral relations

17-07-2015

India, once a leader of the Non-aligned Movement, is now moving away from its non-alignment position. New Delhi now maintains relationships in different configurations with a variety of countries for different purposes (such as within the BRICS). India also increasingly engages in regional groupings. The South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is supposed to be the main tool for integration in the region, but bilateral tensions with Pakistan have jeopardised its development. New Delhi ...

India, once a leader of the Non-aligned Movement, is now moving away from its non-alignment position. New Delhi now maintains relationships in different configurations with a variety of countries for different purposes (such as within the BRICS). India also increasingly engages in regional groupings. The South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is supposed to be the main tool for integration in the region, but bilateral tensions with Pakistan have jeopardised its development. New Delhi is therefore shifting towards a sub-regional grouping within SAARC and connectivity projects, such as the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor (BCIM-EC). These projects coincide with the new 'Act East' policy, which builds on the previous 'Look East' policy, and whose key focus is represented by relations with the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN). By 2016 India will also join the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, which is focused on non-traditional security cooperation between China, Russia and other Central Asian countries. India has long lobbied for permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council, and maintains a pragmatic approach when voting in the UN General Assembly. India is also a major contributor to UN peacekeeping missions. In November 2014, India achieved a remarkable diplomatic success, when it negotiated with the US the right to stockpile and subsidise staple foods for the poor – an agreement that unblocked the Trade Facilitation Agreement within the World Trade Organization.

India's bilateral relations: First year of the Narendra Modi era

17-07-2015

'Build a strong, self-reliant and self-confident India': that was the 2014 electoral promise of the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He has not wasted time, and has immediately started to work on relations with New Delhi's immediate neighbours and with the south-eastern partners through the new 'Act East' policy. Major powers have showed a renewed interest in India. But while relations with Washington and other Western countries are promising, this has not come at the detriment of New Delhi's ...

'Build a strong, self-reliant and self-confident India': that was the 2014 electoral promise of the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He has not wasted time, and has immediately started to work on relations with New Delhi's immediate neighbours and with the south-eastern partners through the new 'Act East' policy. Major powers have showed a renewed interest in India. But while relations with Washington and other Western countries are promising, this has not come at the detriment of New Delhi's traditional ties with Moscow. A mix of mutual interest and competitiveness characterises relations with China. All this demonstrates how India's foreign policy is guided by the pragmatism necessary to gain global status. Now that Prime Minister Modi has gained trust at international level, his next challenge is to overcome internal resistance to the required major economic reforms to make India a global manufacturing hub.

ACP-EU Relations after 2020: State of Play

01-12-2014

The question of the form of post-2020 relations between the EU and ACP countries will soon acquire political visibility. The ACP group of states has established an Eminent Persons Group (EPG) to examine the options for the future of the ACP group and the post-Cotonou situation. The forthcoming EPG report aims to advance realistic, doable and reachable recommendations that will require political support from the highest level. The EU development Commissioner has noted the possibility of agreeing overarching ...

The question of the form of post-2020 relations between the EU and ACP countries will soon acquire political visibility. The ACP group of states has established an Eminent Persons Group (EPG) to examine the options for the future of the ACP group and the post-Cotonou situation. The forthcoming EPG report aims to advance realistic, doable and reachable recommendations that will require political support from the highest level. The EU development Commissioner has noted the possibility of agreeing overarching principles with ACP countries, coupled with specific regional programmes. A public consultation will take place in 2015. A potential division exists between EU Member States favouring the status quo and those seeking to establish a new framework. The JPA should ensure that a strong parliamentary branch is part of the new framework – whatever form the framework takes. An ambitious JPA position could play a role in shaping future ACP-EU relations.

The Role of Brics in the Developing World

13-04-2012

The role of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) as emerging protagonists in international development cooperation is significantly and rapidly changing. Over the last decade, BRICS have increased their financial as well as technical assistance and established distinct ways and means of economic cooperation, especially through southsouth- cooperation with Low Income Countries (LIC). BRICS are striving for more political influence, thereby challenging traditional western donors such ...

The role of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) as emerging protagonists in international development cooperation is significantly and rapidly changing. Over the last decade, BRICS have increased their financial as well as technical assistance and established distinct ways and means of economic cooperation, especially through southsouth- cooperation with Low Income Countries (LIC). BRICS are striving for more political influence, thereby challenging traditional western donors such as the EU. BRICS impact on LICs through trade, foreign direct investment and development financing are significant and these south-south-efforts need to be reflected in EU development strategies. The high level conferences in Paris, Accra and Monterrey have not appreciated BRICS’ role as emerging donors, but the Busan Global Partnership strategy has considered obvious changes in global development architecture more openly. Size, key areas and institutional settings of foreign assistance are differing among BRICS. The overall focus of development cooperation lies on neighbouring countries, regional integration and technical assistance. Economic growth is perceived to be crucial for sustainable development; non-interference and national sovereignty are guiding principles. Eye-to-eye level dialogue and trilateral settings of cooperation are means of addressing BRICS as new stakeholder in 21st century development politics.

Autor externo

MORAZÁN, Pedro (SÜDWIND-INSTITUTE, Germany), KNOKE, Irene (SÜDWIND-INSTITUTE, Germany), KNOBLAUCH, Doris (ECOLOGIC INSTITUTE, Germany) and SCHÄFER, Thobias (SÜDWIND-INSTITUTE, Germany)

Una nueva política de cooperación para el desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina

20-12-2011

El presente Estudio contiene un análisis de los principios claves de la política de cooperación para el desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina. De particular importancia son los siguientes temas: i) La relevancia de la cooperación con países de renta media y especialmente con los de América Latina y el Caribe. ii) Los objetivos que debe perseguir la cooperación al desarrollo de la UE con América Latina y el Caribe. iii) El alineamiento del proceso de la integración regional con la amplia ...

El presente Estudio contiene un análisis de los principios claves de la política de cooperación para el desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina. De particular importancia son los siguientes temas: i) La relevancia de la cooperación con países de renta media y especialmente con los de América Latina y el Caribe. ii) Los objetivos que debe perseguir la cooperación al desarrollo de la UE con América Latina y el Caribe. iii) El alineamiento del proceso de la integración regional con la amplia gama de realidades y estrategias existentes en América Latina y el Caribe. iv) La promoción de las políticas de cohesión social como uno de los ejes de la política al desarrollo de la UE. v) Las estrategias complementarias entre la política para el desarrollo de la UE y la cooperación sur-sur.

Autor externo

MORAZÁN Pedro (SÜDWIND Institute, Germany), FIAPP (International and Ibero-American Foundation for Administration and Public Policies, Madrid, Spain), SANAHUJA José Antonio (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain) and AYLLÓN Bruno (IUDC-UCM, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)

La efectividad de la cooperacìón al desarrollo entre la Unión Europea y América Latina: balance y perspectivas

30-04-2008

El presente documento examina la cooperación al desarrollo de la UE hacia América latina atendiendo, en primer lugar, a los cambios relevantes para la región en la agenda internacional del desarrollo: el debate sobre la pertinencia y modalidades de cooperación con los países de renta media, la aplicación de la Declaración de París sobre eficacia de la ayuda, y el desarrollo de la cooperación “sur-sur” en América latina, en el contexto de la redefinición del regionalismo y la integración en esta región ...

El presente documento examina la cooperación al desarrollo de la UE hacia América latina atendiendo, en primer lugar, a los cambios relevantes para la región en la agenda internacional del desarrollo: el debate sobre la pertinencia y modalidades de cooperación con los países de renta media, la aplicación de la Declaración de París sobre eficacia de la ayuda, y el desarrollo de la cooperación “sur-sur” en América latina, en el contexto de la redefinición del regionalismo y la integración en esta región. En segundo lugar, se analiza la cooperación de la UE en América Latina, en especial atendiendo a su dimensión regional, a las estrategias adoptadas, y al reto que supone adaptar la cooperación a la conformación de la “red” de acuerdos de asociación en la que se pretende fundamentar las relaciones birregionales. Especial atención se presta a la cooperación en ciencia y tecnología, una modalidad de creciente importancia para la cooperación con el conjunto de la región, y en particular con los países de renta media-alta.

Autor externo

José Antonio Sanahuja Perales (Director, Departamento de Desarrollo y Cooperación, Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales - ICEI, Madrid)

Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration in Africa

01-06-1996

A survey of the most important regional organisations in Africa, their objectives, structure and activities.

A survey of the most important regional organisations in Africa, their objectives, structure and activities.

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