31

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Empowering national competition authorities (NCAs)

18-02-2019

Since 2003, national competition authorities (NCAs) have boosted the enforcement of EU competition and antitrust rules significantly. However, each year losses of €181-320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels, which increase prices by between 17 % and 30 % on average. In March 2017, the Commission proposed a new directive to ensure that all NCAs have effective investigation and decision-making tools, could impose deterrent fines, and have well-designed leniency programmes and enough resources ...

Since 2003, national competition authorities (NCAs) have boosted the enforcement of EU competition and antitrust rules significantly. However, each year losses of €181-320 billion accrue because of undiscovered cartels, which increase prices by between 17 % and 30 % on average. In March 2017, the Commission proposed a new directive to ensure that all NCAs have effective investigation and decision-making tools, could impose deterrent fines, and have well-designed leniency programmes and enough resources to enforce EU competition rules independently. On 30 May 2018, Parliament and Council reached an agreement on the proposal in trilogue. It increases the independence, resources and powers of NCAs and envisages more harmonisation of the national leniency programmes and reduced burdens on undertakings. Parliament adopted the text on 14 November 2018, the final act was signed on 11 December 2018. Third edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Consumer Choice and Fair Competition on the Digital Single Market in the Areas of Air Transportation and Accommodation

16-10-2018

This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on the Internal Market. Through a series of case studies it provides an overview of measures implemented by states and firms that may harm competition and consumer choice. It explores the extent to which EU Law may apply to prevent such restrictive practices.

This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on the Internal Market. Through a series of case studies it provides an overview of measures implemented by states and firms that may harm competition and consumer choice. It explores the extent to which EU Law may apply to prevent such restrictive practices.

El transporte aéreo: normas del mercado

01-02-2018

La creación del mercado único de la aviación a finales del decenio de 1990 ha transformado profundamente el sector del transporte aéreo y ha contribuido en gran medida a su fuerte crecimiento en Europa en los últimos veinte años.

La creación del mercado único de la aviación a finales del decenio de 1990 ha transformado profundamente el sector del transporte aéreo y ha contribuido en gran medida a su fuerte crecimiento en Europa en los últimos veinte años.

El transporte marítimo: orientaciones estratégicas

01-02-2018

Las disposiciones de la Unión relativas al transporte marítimo abarcan principalmente la aplicación del principio de libre circulación de servicios y la correcta aplicación de las normas de la competencia, al tiempo que velan tanto por un elevado nivel de seguridad como por buenas condiciones de trabajo y del medio ambiente.

Las disposiciones de la Unión relativas al transporte marítimo abarcan principalmente la aplicación del principio de libre circulación de servicios y la correcta aplicación de las normas de la competencia, al tiempo que velan tanto por un elevado nivel de seguridad como por buenas condiciones de trabajo y del medio ambiente.

Empowerment of national competition authorities

13-07-2017

The IA consistently emphasises the benefits of effective enforcement of EU competition law throughout the EU and assesses the contribution of the screened policy options to the general and specific objectives of the proposal. Its strengths lie in the solid expertise, based on internal and external research, its clear structure and its overall coherence. The analysis of the problems and their causes, and of the objectives, is comprehensive and concise. However, despite a clear attempt to comply with ...

The IA consistently emphasises the benefits of effective enforcement of EU competition law throughout the EU and assesses the contribution of the screened policy options to the general and specific objectives of the proposal. Its strengths lie in the solid expertise, based on internal and external research, its clear structure and its overall coherence. The analysis of the problems and their causes, and of the objectives, is comprehensive and concise. However, despite a clear attempt to comply with the BR guidelines, there are some weaknesses. These include the limited quantification of costs and benefits, the rather limited range of policy options – considering that option 1 and 2 are identified from the start as being ineffective – and the limited assessment of the options, except for option 3, which appears to have been identified very early in the process as the preferred option. Finally, the IA does not develop any operational objectives for the preferred option. Consequently, the proposed core indicators relate to the specific objectives, which, in this case, are rather general. This might imply some challenges for the monitoring, measuring and evaluation of the implementation of the provisions in the future.

Digital Single Market: boosting e-commerce and combatting consumer discrimination in the EU. 8th Meeting of the IMCO Working Group on the Digital Single Market

25-08-2016

This report summarizes the discussion during the 8th Meeting of the IMCO Working Group on the Digital Single Market. It explains an exchange of views between MEPs, the European Commission and experts on the topic of boosting e-commerce and combatting consumer discrimination in the Digital Single Market. The proceedings were prepared by Policy Department A for the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee.

This report summarizes the discussion during the 8th Meeting of the IMCO Working Group on the Digital Single Market. It explains an exchange of views between MEPs, the European Commission and experts on the topic of boosting e-commerce and combatting consumer discrimination in the Digital Single Market. The proceedings were prepared by Policy Department A for the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee.

Franchising

27-04-2016

This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee. It presents the evolution of franchising regulation in the European Union and comparative analysis of franchising regulation in selected legal systems. It identifies problems in the area of franchising and indicates the impact of the EU rules on functioning of the franchising. Recommendations indicate at a need for a profound review of market conditions in the EU and corrective ...

This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee. It presents the evolution of franchising regulation in the European Union and comparative analysis of franchising regulation in selected legal systems. It identifies problems in the area of franchising and indicates the impact of the EU rules on functioning of the franchising. Recommendations indicate at a need for a profound review of market conditions in the EU and corrective legislative and regulatory actions.

Autor externo

Aneta Wiewiorowska

An Academic View on the Role and Powers of National Competition Authorities

19-04-2016

This study provides background on the ‘ECN plus project’ by describing the European Competition Network (ECN) and the role of National Competition Authorities (NCAs). It investigates the decentralisation of the enforcement of EU competition rules and the structure and the cooperation mechanisms of the ECN as well as the experiences with decentralised enforcement and the ECN during the last decade. The ECN has functioned largely successfully as a platform for NCAs' cooperation and the voluntary harmonisation ...

This study provides background on the ‘ECN plus project’ by describing the European Competition Network (ECN) and the role of National Competition Authorities (NCAs). It investigates the decentralisation of the enforcement of EU competition rules and the structure and the cooperation mechanisms of the ECN as well as the experiences with decentralised enforcement and the ECN during the last decade. The ECN has functioned largely successfully as a platform for NCAs' cooperation and the voluntary harmonisation of national procedural rules. However, national regimes still differ in certain aspects, particularly in Member States that follow the judicial enforcement model and/or that impose criminal remedies on breaches of competition rules. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

A Practitioner’s View on the Role and Powers of National Competition Authorities

18-04-2016

This study analyses the policy decisions resulting in a reform of EU competition law and establishing a decentralised application of EU completion rules, i.e. the European Competition Network (ECN) and its functions. It compares the institutional set-up, the investigative measures, the fining policy and the leniency programs of national competition authorities (NCAs). This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

This study analyses the policy decisions resulting in a reform of EU competition law and establishing a decentralised application of EU completion rules, i.e. the European Competition Network (ECN) and its functions. It compares the institutional set-up, the investigative measures, the fining policy and the leniency programs of national competition authorities (NCAs). This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

'Third-party ownership' of football players

22-01-2016

Third-party ownership (TPO) has been much debated in recent years. While some see it as a legitimate means to finance clubs, others highlight ethical and moral issues regarding the treatment of players and the integrity of competition. FIFA's decision to ban TPO use as of May 2015 has reignited the controversy and triggered legal challenges before the European Commission.

Third-party ownership (TPO) has been much debated in recent years. While some see it as a legitimate means to finance clubs, others highlight ethical and moral issues regarding the treatment of players and the integrity of competition. FIFA's decision to ban TPO use as of May 2015 has reignited the controversy and triggered legal challenges before the European Commission.

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