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Research for REGI Committee -The economic, social and territorial situation in LA REUNION

15-10-2018

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to La Réunion on 16th September 2018 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to La Réunion on 16th September 2018 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

Research for PECH Committee - Åland Islands

15-05-2018

The Åland Islands is an autonomous, demilitarised, Swedish-speaking region of Finland. The archipelago has its own government and parliament. The Åland Islands is a small society with an open economy that is dependent on trade with its neighbouring regions, notably Southern Finland and the Stockholm region. In 2017 the Åland Islands had 6 aquaculture facilities operating. The number of employed persons in the aquaculture sector was 95 people in that same year. The number of employed persons in the ...

The Åland Islands is an autonomous, demilitarised, Swedish-speaking region of Finland. The archipelago has its own government and parliament. The Åland Islands is a small society with an open economy that is dependent on trade with its neighbouring regions, notably Southern Finland and the Stockholm region. In 2017 the Åland Islands had 6 aquaculture facilities operating. The number of employed persons in the aquaculture sector was 95 people in that same year. The number of employed persons in the fishing sector in the Åland Islands amounted to 88 persons in 2016.

Outermost regions of the EU: A stronger and renewed partnership

19-01-2018

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in its communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing to face numerous ...

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in its communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing to face numerous challenges in areas such as mobility, unemployment and climate change, discussions were launched on the formulation of a new strategy, which was published in October 2017. The result of extensive consultation with stakeholders, including Parliament and the outermost regions themselves, the 2017 communication puts forward a new approach to support their development by making the most of the outermost regions' assets, exploiting new opportunities for growth and job creation and giving greater recognition to their specific circumstances and needs. To achieve this, the communication outlines a series of concrete and coordinated actions to be taken at EU and national level, as well as by the outermost regions, and calls for a stronger partnership between outermost regions, their respective Member States, and the EU. While broadly welcoming the new strategy, the outermost regions and its partners have highlighted several key issues that it fails to cover. Equally, although the Commission puts forward many commitments and positive measures, the strategy is very much a work in progress, and its measures will need to be developed further and incorporated into the EU legislative framework before they can be rolled out on the ground. In this context, the future shape of the EU's legislative and financial proposals post-2020 will be of crucial importance for the successful delivery of this strategy. This is a revised and updated version of a briefing from March 2017, PE 599.365.

RESEARCH FOR REGI COMMITTEE - The economic, social and territorial situation of the Azores (Portugal)

14-04-2017

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to the Azores (Portugal) of 22 to 26 May 2017 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development, the islands visited being São Miguel and Terceira.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to the Azores (Portugal) of 22 to 26 May 2017 of a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development, the islands visited being São Miguel and Terceira.

Regiones ultraperiféricas de la UE: Hacia una estrategia renovada

28-03-2017

Las regiones ultraperiféricas de la Unión tienen derecho a recibir un trato especial debido a las dificultades estructurales a las que se enfrentan, como por ejemplo su gran lejanía, difícil topografía o dependencia económica de algunos productos, que pueden obstaculizar gravemente su desarrollo. Las políticas en materia de cohesión, agricultura y pesca disponen de mecanismos específicos y la Comisión publicó una Comunicación en 2012 en la que se establece el modo de trabajar en asociación con las ...

Las regiones ultraperiféricas de la Unión tienen derecho a recibir un trato especial debido a las dificultades estructurales a las que se enfrentan, como por ejemplo su gran lejanía, difícil topografía o dependencia económica de algunos productos, que pueden obstaculizar gravemente su desarrollo. Las políticas en materia de cohesión, agricultura y pesca disponen de mecanismos específicos y la Comisión publicó una Comunicación en 2012 en la que se establece el modo de trabajar en asociación con las regiones ultraperiféricas y sus respectivos países para lograr los objetivos de la Estrategia Europa 2020. Si bien la Comisión debe preparar una nueva estrategia para finales de 2017, las regiones ultraperiféricas se siguen enfrentando a varios problemas en ámbitos como la movilidad, el desempleo y el cambio climático. Las partes interesadas ya han empezado a contribuir a esta estrategia renovada destacando cuestiones como la necesidad de garantizar que los acuerdos comerciales tengan debidamente en cuenta las necesidades de las regiones ultraperiféricas, mantengan disposiciones específicas para estas regiones en ámbitos como la política de cohesión, la agricultura y la pesca, y les faciliten un mejor acceso a los programas horizontales. Como parte de este proceso, la Comisión de Desarrollo Regional del Parlamento está preparando un informe de propia iniciativa sobre las regiones ultraperiféricas. Sin embargo, todavía está por ver en qué grado la Comisión se mostrará receptiva con respecto a estas propuestas habida cuenta de que la presión presupuestaria es cada vez mayor. El IV Foro de las Regiones Ultraperiféricas, que se celebrará los días 30 y 31 de marzo de 2017, reunirá a representantes de la Comisión y de las regiones ultraperiféricas, así como a algunas de las partes interesadas fundamentales, y proporcionará una plataforma de diálogo clave para determinar el futuro desarrollo de las regiones ultraperiféricas para las generaciones venideras.me.

Islands of the EU: Taking account of their specific needs in EU policy

29-01-2016

Many EU Member States have islands and insular territories (e.g. archipelagos). Among these islands are several world famous tourist destinations, while they are home to considerable natural and cultural wealth. Certain islands also produce renowned agricultural products and handcrafts. However, islands also face considerable challenges. They may lack adequate transport links with the nearest mainland. Their ecosystems are vulnerable and natural resources are often scarce. Some are small and/or mountainous ...

Many EU Member States have islands and insular territories (e.g. archipelagos). Among these islands are several world famous tourist destinations, while they are home to considerable natural and cultural wealth. Certain islands also produce renowned agricultural products and handcrafts. However, islands also face considerable challenges. They may lack adequate transport links with the nearest mainland. Their ecosystems are vulnerable and natural resources are often scarce. Some are small and/or mountainous. Many are located on the periphery of a Member State, or constitute border regions, placing considerable limitations on their potential for economic growth. Islands are usually too small to allow economies of scale. They may lack human capital and possess limited public resources in health, education, research and innovation. More recently, the EU's southern islands have seen a large influx of migrants, whilst lacking the resources needed for their accommodation or integration. In most cases, islands are not self-sufficient in agricultural and industrial products or tertiary-sector services. They are usually reliant on imported fossil fuels and dependent on mainland energy networks. As the majority of products and services have to be transported to islands, prices are considerably higher, adding to the cost of living in insular territories. However, although the state of insularity creates a large number of problems, various studies suggest that islands can become 'lands of opportunities' by investing in their relative strengths. Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) recognises the special nature of island territories. However, very few concrete EU measures have aimed to support islands to date. Several insular regions and municipalities call for the development of an 'insular dimension' in EU policies, and for EU regional policy to take insularity factors, that affect them disproportionately, into account. They also claim that due to the European Commission's established method of regional funding –based on GDP – certain islands and insular territories are severely penalised.

Environmental sustainability of EU islands

07-06-2010

EU islands share some of the challenges of the other EU regions but also have specific handicaps that might hinder their sustainable development prospects. Even if there is no EU insular law or specific funds for islands (except for outermost regions), and the definition of island regions remaining controversial, they can still use the available EU funds to tackle sustainable development. Aside from the cohesion policy 2007-2013, island regions can finance environmental sustainability projects ...

EU islands share some of the challenges of the other EU regions but also have specific handicaps that might hinder their sustainable development prospects. Even if there is no EU insular law or specific funds for islands (except for outermost regions), and the definition of island regions remaining controversial, they can still use the available EU funds to tackle sustainable development. Aside from the cohesion policy 2007-2013, island regions can finance environmental sustainability projects through the LIFE Programme, the European Agriculture Fund for Rural Development and the European Fisheries Fund.

La pesca en el Dodecaneso

15-07-2008

Nota informativa sobre el sector de la pesca y la acuicultura en el Dodecaneso para la Delegación de la Comisión de la Pesca del 1/10/2008 al 3/10/2008.

Nota informativa sobre el sector de la pesca y la acuicultura en el Dodecaneso para la Delegación de la Comisión de la Pesca del 1/10/2008 al 3/10/2008.

Public Hearing on Climate Change and Small Island States

01-02-1997

Public Hearing held by the ACP-Eu Joint Assembly, Luxembourg, 25 September 1996

Public Hearing held by the ACP-Eu Joint Assembly, Luxembourg, 25 September 1996

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