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Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing

18-09-2018

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of EU’s legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Second edition. This infographic updates an earlier one of November 2017. For more information on the EU's IUU Regulation 1005/2008 and on IUU fishing ...

The IUU Regulation (1005/2008) is the core of EU’s legal framework for action against global IUU fishing. Its primary objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate the trade of IUU-caught products into the EU. One of its key components is a multiple-step procedure for dealing with non-EU countries considered uncooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. Second edition. This infographic updates an earlier one of November 2017. For more information on the EU's IUU Regulation 1005/2008 and on IUU fishing, see the parallel EPRS briefing: PE 614.598.

Autor externo

CHAHRI, Samy

What if technologies challenged our ethical norms?

06-09-2018

Exploring the relationship between ethics and technological innovation has always been a challenging task for policy-makers. Ethical considerations concerning the impact of research and innovation (R&I) are increasingly important owing to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the transformative potential and complexity of contemporary advances in science and technology. The multiplication of legal references to ethical principles and the mushrooming of ad hoc ethics committees indicate ...

Exploring the relationship between ethics and technological innovation has always been a challenging task for policy-makers. Ethical considerations concerning the impact of research and innovation (R&I) are increasingly important owing to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the transformative potential and complexity of contemporary advances in science and technology. The multiplication of legal references to ethical principles and the mushrooming of ad hoc ethics committees indicate the institutional embedding of ethics into the scientific research process as such, but also into an increasing array of technological trajectories. Yet the rapid development of disruptive technologies means that social and ethical norms often struggle to keep up with technological development. But what if disruptive technologies were to challenge traditional ethical norms and structures?

What if technologies had their own ethical standards?

06-09-2018

Technologies are often seen either as objects of ethical scrutiny or as challenging traditional ethical norms. The advent of autonomous machines, deep learning and big data techniques, blockchain applications and 'smart' technological products raises the need to introduce ethical norms into these devices. The very act of building new and emerging technologies has also become the act of creating specific moral systems within which human and artificial agents will interact through transactions with ...

Technologies are often seen either as objects of ethical scrutiny or as challenging traditional ethical norms. The advent of autonomous machines, deep learning and big data techniques, blockchain applications and 'smart' technological products raises the need to introduce ethical norms into these devices. The very act of building new and emerging technologies has also become the act of creating specific moral systems within which human and artificial agents will interact through transactions with moral implications. But what if technologies introduced and defined their own ethical standards?

The future EU-UK relationship: options in the field of the protection of personal data for general processing activities and for processing for law enforcement purposes

24-08-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the available mechanisms for personal data transfers between the EU and the UK after Brexit. The study shows that an adequacy finding for the UK would be beneficial, but insufficient. Notably, and to the extent that there is a consensus on these points, there is a need for a bespoke instrument that establishes a standstill period, and ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the available mechanisms for personal data transfers between the EU and the UK after Brexit. The study shows that an adequacy finding for the UK would be beneficial, but insufficient. Notably, and to the extent that there is a consensus on these points, there is a need for a bespoke instrument that establishes a standstill period, and which allows the UK to participate in (i) the development of EU data protection policy, (ii) internal market data transfers, and (iii) security and law enforcement initiatives.

Autor externo

Hans GRAUX, Time.lex Alessandra INNESTI, Spark Legal Network Inês DE MATOS PINTO, Spark Legal Network Peter MCNALLY, Spark Legal Network Patricia YPMA, Spark Legal Network Rianne SIEBENGA, PwC Wim WENSINK, PwC

Competition issues in the area of Financial Technology (FinTech)

09-07-2018

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative ...

The increasing number of FinTech services provided by newcomer start-ups, traditional financial institutions and big tech companies can bring new competition challenges to the playing field. Some factors can result in anticompetitive behaviours, namely the network effects derived from the use of online platforms, the access to customer data, standardisation, interoperability and the use of algorithms. Combined with a service-by-service analysis, the study provides both, descriptive analysis and normative tools to anticipate and manage anticompetitive behaviours as they occur. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee.

Autor externo

Alberto FRAILE CARMONA, Iclaves S.L.; Agustín GONZÁLEZ-QUEL LOMBARDO, Iclaves S.L.; Rafael RIVERA PASTOR, Iclaves S.L.; Carlota TARÍN QUIRÓS, Iclaves S.L.; Juan Pablo VILLAR GARCÍA, Iclaves S.L.; David RAMOS MUÑOZ, Universidad Carlos III; Luis CASTEJÓN MARTÍN, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Research for PECH Committee - Training of Fishers

03-07-2018

Unlike the maritime transport sector, there is no single EU standard for the training and certification of fishers relating to health and safety on board. Member State safety training and certification requirements for fishers are complicated and vary significantly between Member States. This complexity is an obstacle to the free movement of fishers and it makes it harder to comply with statutory training and certification requirements. It may be contributing to illegal labour, and worker exploitation ...

Unlike the maritime transport sector, there is no single EU standard for the training and certification of fishers relating to health and safety on board. Member State safety training and certification requirements for fishers are complicated and vary significantly between Member States. This complexity is an obstacle to the free movement of fishers and it makes it harder to comply with statutory training and certification requirements. It may be contributing to illegal labour, and worker exploitation in the fishing sector.

Autor externo

Blomeyer & Sanz: Roderick Ackermann, Nicolò Franceschelli, Marga Sanz, George Maridis, Veronika Kubenova, Elsa Pereau ProSea: Bopp van Dessel, Tim Haasnoot Secoterg, France: Yvon Le Roy FishFix: Lisa Borges

Delegated Measures in the Banking Field : draft RTS on economic downturn in IRB modelling, Level 2 in CRD V/CRR II proposals, and CRD IV/CRR update 2018

18-06-2018

ECON’s 39th scrutiny slot on 18 June 2018 (17.15 to 18.15) is a follow-up of the ECON scrutiny session on 28 February 2017, and on 26 March 2018. It focuses on forthcoming "Level 2" acts in the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (EU) 575/2013 (CRR) that, together, constitute the core of the EU banking regulation, and in particular on - the Level 2 measures to be adopted in the near future under the CRD IV/CRR (update of the overview), and - ...

ECON’s 39th scrutiny slot on 18 June 2018 (17.15 to 18.15) is a follow-up of the ECON scrutiny session on 28 February 2017, and on 26 March 2018. It focuses on forthcoming "Level 2" acts in the Capital Requirements Directive 2013/36/EU (CRD IV) and the Capital Requirements Regulation (EU) 575/2013 (CRR) that, together, constitute the core of the EU banking regulation, and in particular on - the Level 2 measures to be adopted in the near future under the CRD IV/CRR (update of the overview), and - in particular, on the ongoing second EBA consultation on RTS on estimation and identification of an economic downturn in IRB modelling, and - a brief factual outlook to the delegated acts (DAs) and Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) as proposed by the Commission in the CRD V and CRR II proposals. CRD and CRR contain empowerments for the Commission to adopt ‘level 2’ measures (e.g. delegated acts and regulatory technical standards).

EU Multiannual Financial Framework [What Think Tanks are thinking]

15-06-2018

The European Commission has made proposals for the new long-term budget and on own resources for the European Union. The Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2021-2027 is slightly bigger than the current MFF, in constant prices. The budget proposal takes into account the shortfall on the revenue side caused by the UK's withdrawal from the EU, on the one hand, and the growing need to finance new priorities, on the other. The Commission proposes to increase funds for such areas as competitiveness ...

The European Commission has made proposals for the new long-term budget and on own resources for the European Union. The Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2021-2027 is slightly bigger than the current MFF, in constant prices. The budget proposal takes into account the shortfall on the revenue side caused by the UK's withdrawal from the EU, on the one hand, and the growing need to finance new priorities, on the other. The Commission proposes to increase funds for such areas as competitiveness, migration and security, and to reduce spending on traditional policies, such as cohesion and agriculture. For the first time, the Commission proposes to make the availability of funds dependent on the respect for the rule of law and EU values in recipient countries. This note offers links to a selection of recent commentaries, studies and reports from some of the major international think tanks and research institutes, which discuss the EU's long-term budget and related reforms. More reports on the topics are available in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking', published in March, PE 614.541.

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, June 2018

15-06-2018

The June plenary session highlights were the continuation of the debate on the future of Europe with the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte, and the preparation of the European Council meeting of 28 and 29 June 2018. The European Commission and Council participated in discussions on, inter alia, the independence of the judiciary in Poland, humanitarian emergencies in the Mediterranean and solidarity in the EU, and the economic and monetary union package. VP/HR Federica Mogherini's statements ...

The June plenary session highlights were the continuation of the debate on the future of Europe with the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte, and the preparation of the European Council meeting of 28 and 29 June 2018. The European Commission and Council participated in discussions on, inter alia, the independence of the judiciary in Poland, humanitarian emergencies in the Mediterranean and solidarity in the EU, and the economic and monetary union package. VP/HR Federica Mogherini's statements on the Iran nuclear deal, the annual report on human rights and democracy in the world (2017), and on the Georgian occupied territories ten years after the Russian invasion, were also discussed. Debates followed on the first anniversary of the signature of the Istanbul Convention and on the closure of the ivory market to combat poaching. Parliament approved the proposal to amend the regulation on OTC derivatives, an agreement on common rules in the field of civil aviation, on monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and on fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles. It approved the final text of a proposed directive on proportionality tests for new national professional regulations. It also approved the new composition of Parliament after 'Brexit', and further macro-financial assistance to Ukraine.

The legal framework to address “fake news”: possible policy actions at the EU level

15-06-2018

This paper argues that the current policy initiatives adopted by the European Commission are meaningful, but still incomplete. The policy response to online disinformation should ideally rely on: (i) the promotion of responsible behaviour in conveying information to end users; (ii) the enactment of a proactive media policy aimed at promoting pluralism and improving the exposure of diverse content to end users; and (iii) the empowerment of end users through media literacy initiatives, and supports ...

This paper argues that the current policy initiatives adopted by the European Commission are meaningful, but still incomplete. The policy response to online disinformation should ideally rely on: (i) the promotion of responsible behaviour in conveying information to end users; (ii) the enactment of a proactive media policy aimed at promoting pluralism and improving the exposure of diverse content to end users; and (iii) the empowerment of end users through media literacy initiatives, and supports to user behaviour.

Autor externo

Dr Andrea RENDA

Próximos actos

24-09-2018
Brexit and industry and space policy
Seminario -
ITRE
24-09-2018
Third meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
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LIBE
24-09-2018
Education in the digital era
Audiencia -
CULT

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