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The protection of fundamental rights in the EU: European Parliament achievements during the 2014-2019 legislative term and challenges for the future

17-04-2019

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively ...

In the years between 2014 and 2019, the EU has faced serious challenges related to the protection of fundamental rights within its territory, notably in connection to the Rule of Law (RoL) and democracy in some EU Member States. The Commission and the European Parliament (EP), led by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), have addressed these challenges by activating - for the first time since its introduction in the Treaties - the procedure foreseen in art. 7.1 TEU, respectively against Poland and against Hungary. The EP has also consolidated its former requests under the proposal for an EU mechanism on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental rights (EU DRF Pact). Important legislative dossiers on procedural rights were approved (presumption of innocence, safeguards for children in criminal proceedings, legal aid). While the EP continued to report annually on the situation of fundamental rights in the EU and on traditional issues of interest (among which minorities, Roma, anti-Semitism, right-wing extremism, prisons, media freedom, as well as follow up activities on mass surveillance and CIA), it has also addressed new issues, such as protection of whistle-blowers (a Commission proposal was issued following insistence of the EP), islamophobia, afrophobia and fundamental rights of intersex persons. The EP has also adopted resolutions on the situation in specific Member States, such as Malta, Slovakia, Romania, expressing Rule of Law concerns. Among the challenges that remain open for the next term are the art. 7 TEU procedures against Hungary and Poland, the strengthening of the protection of art. 2 TEU values including through the promotion of the EU DRF Pact, the EU accession to the ECHR, the enhancement of the EU and EP monitoring mechanisms, the adoption of pending files, including the Rule of Law conditionality for EU funds, the Rights and Values and Justice programmes, the equal treatment directive, the reform of the transparency regulation and, in the longer term; the reform of the Treaties.

Isikute vaba liikumine

01-03-2018

Isikute ELis liikumise ja elamise vabadus on liidu kodakondsuse nurgakivi, mis sätestati 1992. aastal Maastrichti lepinguga. Sisepiiride järkjärguline kaotamine Schengeni lepingute alusel toimus pärast seda, kui oli heaks kiidetud direktiiv 2004/38/EÜ, mis käsitleb Euroopa Liidu kodanike ja nende pereliikmete õigust liikuda ja elada vabalt ELi territooriumil. Kuigi nimetatud õigus on äärmiselt tähtis, on selle rakendamisel endiselt olulisi takistusi, seda ka kümme aastat pärast direktiivi rakendamise ...

Isikute ELis liikumise ja elamise vabadus on liidu kodakondsuse nurgakivi, mis sätestati 1992. aastal Maastrichti lepinguga. Sisepiiride järkjärguline kaotamine Schengeni lepingute alusel toimus pärast seda, kui oli heaks kiidetud direktiiv 2004/38/EÜ, mis käsitleb Euroopa Liidu kodanike ja nende pereliikmete õigust liikuda ja elada vabalt ELi territooriumil. Kuigi nimetatud õigus on äärmiselt tähtis, on selle rakendamisel endiselt olulisi takistusi, seda ka kümme aastat pärast direktiivi rakendamise tähtaega.

Põhiõiguste kaitse ELis

01-03-2018

Euroopa Liit rajaneb sellistel väärtustel nagu inimväärikuse austamine, vabadus, demokraatia, võrdsus, õigusriik ja inimõiguste, kaasa arvatud vähemuste hulka kuuluvate isikute õiguste austamine, nagu on sätestatud Euroopa Liidu lepingu artiklis 2. ELil on olemas mehhanism, mille abil tagada nende väärtuste järgimine ja teha kindlaks, kas liikmesriik on neid väärtusi oluliselt rikkunud või kas on olemas olulise rikkumise oht. Hiljuti võeti see mehhanism esimest korda kasutusele. Euroopa Liidu jaoks ...

Euroopa Liit rajaneb sellistel väärtustel nagu inimväärikuse austamine, vabadus, demokraatia, võrdsus, õigusriik ja inimõiguste, kaasa arvatud vähemuste hulka kuuluvate isikute õiguste austamine, nagu on sätestatud Euroopa Liidu lepingu artiklis 2. ELil on olemas mehhanism, mille abil tagada nende väärtuste järgimine ja teha kindlaks, kas liikmesriik on neid väärtusi oluliselt rikkunud või kas on olemas olulise rikkumise oht. Hiljuti võeti see mehhanism esimest korda kasutusele. Euroopa Liidu jaoks on siduv ka põhiõiguste harta, milles on sätestatud põhiõigused, mida Euroopa Liit ja liikmesriigid peavad ELi õiguse rakendamisel järgima. Samuti on EL võtnud kohustuseks ühineda Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooniga.

Euroopa Ombudsman

01-10-2017

Euroopa Ombudsman uurib Euroopa Liidu institutsioonide, organite ja asutuste tegevuses aset leidnud haldusomavoli juhtumeid, tegutsedes kas omal algatusel või ELi kodanike esitatud kaebuste alusel. Ombudsmani valib Euroopa Parlament ja tema ametiaeg vastab parlamendi koosseisu ametiajale.

Euroopa Ombudsman uurib Euroopa Liidu institutsioonide, organite ja asutuste tegevuses aset leidnud haldusomavoli juhtumeid, tegutsedes kas omal algatusel või ELi kodanike esitatud kaebuste alusel. Ombudsmani valib Euroopa Parlament ja tema ametiaeg vastab parlamendi koosseisu ametiajale.

Õigus esitada petitsioone

01-10-2017

Alates Maastrichti lepingu jõustumisest on igal ELi kodanikul õigus esitada Euroopa Parlamendile kas kaebuse või nõude vormis petitsioon Euroopa Liidu tegevusvaldkonda kuuluvas küsimuses. Petitsioonid vaatab läbi Euroopa Parlamendi petitsioonikomisjon, kes teeb otsuse nende vastuvõetavuse kohta ja vastutab nende käsitlemise eest.

Alates Maastrichti lepingu jõustumisest on igal ELi kodanikul õigus esitada Euroopa Parlamendile kas kaebuse või nõude vormis petitsioon Euroopa Liidu tegevusvaldkonda kuuluvas küsimuses. Petitsioonid vaatab läbi Euroopa Parlamendi petitsioonikomisjon, kes teeb otsuse nende vastuvõetavuse kohta ja vastutab nende käsitlemise eest.

The European Accessibility Act

15-08-2016

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with ...

TThis paper, produced by the Policy Department on Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, looks into the Commission proposal for a European Accessibility Act. It briefly describes its contents, the Council discussions on the proposal, its Impact Assessment and the main points of contention, as well as the views of disability advocacy groups, as well as of the business and industry organisations, both on the act and on its articles. A series of suggestions and recommendations are proposed with the objective of ensuring that the Act can effectively achieve its declared aims: implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by fostering the integration of disabled persons in society and guaranteeing equal access to goods and services.

Empowering women on the Internet

30-10-2015

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern ...

Upon request of the FEMM Committee, the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs examined the actions taken at the international and European level to empower women on the Internet. The research aims at exploring the opportunities, risks/threats and challenges for women in relation to the digital world and the Internet, notably in the areas of employment, entrepreneurship, cyber-activism, stereotyping, harassment, sexual violence and trafficking/modern slavery.

Privacy and Data Protection Implications of the Civil Use of Drones

10-06-2015

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental ...

At the request of the LIBE Committee, this research addresses the implications of the integration of drones for civilian use into the European civil aviation system. It notably looks into the EU policy on drones and the potential impacts on citizens' right to privacy and data protection, as well as on security and safety. The research concludes that a series of important pre-conditions still need to be addressed and met in order to ensure that drones do not pose serious risks for citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and data protection, to security and to safety.

Routine Tail-Docking of Pigs

25-11-2014

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Upon request of the PETI committee, the present In Depth Analysis examines the issues raised in Petition 0336/2012, the legal framework on the protection of pigs, the level of implementation of the Directive on the protection of pigs in relation to tail-docking on the basis of the available information, the actions being carried out, or that could be carried out, to ensure proper implementation by Member States of the Directive requirements.

Commitments Made at the Hearings of the Commissioners-Designate, Juncker Commission (November 2014 - October 2019)

14-11-2014

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

This compilation of briefings presents the most salient points and essential commitments made by the commissioners-designate during the hearings held in September/October 2014 before the parliamentary committees. These commitments concern the main on-going legislative procedures, the preparation of future legislative proposals as well as the scrutiny of the implementation of existing legislation. They also touch upon the crucial issue of inter-institutional cooperation.

Eelseisvad üritused

25-06-2019
Meeting EU energy and climate goals: Energy storage for grids and low-carbon mobility
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